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Type of circuit where the current only has 1 path to take
Describes how an abundance of prey increases the population of their predators
Name element 2
Name element 11
A massive explosion in which the entire outer portion of a star is blown off
role and function of an organism or species within an ecosystem
Life cycle with P
Reactive metals. Cations in their ionic forms (1+) (Lithium, Sodium, Potassium, Rubidium, Cesium, Francium).
Occurs when an object is affected by an induced charge separation and is then grounded on the other side, resulting in a permanent static charge once the ground is disconnected
Phase 4 in Sigmoidal Growth:All available resources being used, population has reached equilibrium (birth & death rates about equal) and the ecosystem’s carrying capacity
A gauge to measure the energy in electrons in the circuit. Placed in parallel with a load. Requires two readings to calculate
Oxygen (O2) + glucose (C6H12O6) = water (H2O) + carbon dioxide (CO2)
Name element 5
Sunlight + carbon dioxide (CO2) + water (H2O) = oxygen (O2) + glucose (C6H12O6) + chemical energy
A star with 12 or more solar masses is considered a __________?
A positively charged subatomic particle
Life cycle with N
Name element 14
Occurs when negative charges collect at the bottom of a cloud. This repels the negative charges in the ground which in turn repel the positive charges in the cloud because of the p
They consist of two non-metals and are related to covalent bonds
Process that releases energy from organic molecules, especially carbohydrates, in the absence of oxygen
The speed at which electrons flow past a certain point
Describes how a shortage in organisms at the base of the food chain causes population decline in higher trophic levels
Name element 18
Laws of Attraction: Opposite charges _______?
Name element 8
Abiotic and biotic factors interacting with one another
Letters for the calculation of voltage in a pyramid
Resistance of a fluid to flow
Name element 9
Electrons on the outermost shell of an atom
Laws of Attraction: Similar charges _________?
A form of energy that is a result of the interaction between charged particles, such as electrons and protons
have the properties of both metals and non-metals. They are not in just one group in the periodic table. (Carbon and silicon)
Life cycle with W
Stable elements due to their full valence shells
Relationship between two species in which both species benefit
A rod that is grounded, used to protect buildings from lightning strikes
A negatively charged subatomic particle
List of materials organized by their ability to hold onto electrons
Metals right beside the alkali metals or group 2. Slightly less reactive than alkali metals, but the second most reactive elements in the periodic table. Cations in their ionic for
Name element 7
Relationship in which one species benefits while the other is left unaffected
When a substance breaks down into smaller parts
A unit of measurement for stars and galaxies. Our Sun is 1 solar mass
How hard or soft something is
Compounds made of oppositely charged ions
Name element 1
No. of protons
Features that can be observed when a substance changes to become a new substance
Chemical bonds that form between oppositely charged ions
An element is not shiny, malleable or ductile as metals are. Poor conductors of electricity and heat. (Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus and Sulfur)
Substance’s ability to be made into a flat sheet
Describes the feel of a substance
Break down dead plants and animals as well as waste matter
Name element 10
Group of organisms of one species with the ability to reproduce and who are living in the same place and time
What happens when a material is mixed with acid
Increase of toxin concentrations as they go up in trophic levels
The state of shining by reflecting light
A gauge to measure the amount of electrons in the circuit. Placed in series with a load
Name element 17
The magnitude of a star that we would observe if the star were placed 32.6 light years away from Earth
Name element 15
Name element 3
A material in which electrons can somewhat easily pass through
Name element 12
Materials that hold onto their electrons very closely
Relationship involving an organism whose niche is dependent on close association with a larger host organism. The host is usually harmed from the relationship
Atomic Mass - Atomic number
A particle that is neither positively, nor negatively charged
Letters for the calculation of resistance in a pyramid
What happens when a material is exposed to oxygen
Anything that has mass and takes up volume, can exist as a solid, liquid or gas
consumes hydrogen much faster than low-mass stars, around 10 billion years. When they use up all their hydrogen, the core collapses, contracts and the temperature rises.
Materials that hold onto their electrons very strongly
Ability of an ecosystem to sustain a population
Variants of atoms of elements which have an irregular number of neutrons
A star so dense that only neutrons can exist in the core
If a star began with around 12-15 solar masses, its core will eventually shrink to around 20 km in diameter. The pressure will be so great it will become a __________?
Phase 1 in Sigmoidal Growth: A delay from exponential growth due to reproductivity
Total useful energy output divided by Total useful energy input x 100%
Laws of Attraction: Neutral objects _______ charged objects.
Ability to be stretched into wires
Name element 4
Different ecosystems in a given area. Contains common features throughout
The Earth rotates at a constant _____degree angle.
A characteristic of a substance that can be observed or measured without changing the actual substance
Something’s ability to conduct heat/electricity
Ingestion of material (usually toxins) in an organism faster than it can be eliminated
Laws of Attraction: Neutral and ________ do nothing.
Letters for the calculation of current in a pyramid
Foundation of food cycles. Harvest natural sources of energy such as sunlight to produce life sustaining materials
Ability to dissolve in another matter
Name element 6
The distance light travels in 1 year, equivalent to about 63,000 AU or 9.5 x 10^12 kilometers
When 2 materials rub together and transfer electrons, the result is a net-static charge on each material
When a charged object touches a ________, like the Earth, the object becomes neutral.
The energy in electrons, also called potential difference
A positively or negatively charged atom or molecule
-The distance from the earth to the sun, mostly used in large measurements of distance within our galaxy. AU = 149,597,871 kilometers
If the material is either solid, liquid or a gas
An electric charge that tends to stay on the surface of an object, rather than flowing away quickly
Ability to catch on fire and burn in oxygen
Relationship between two species in which one kills and consumes the other
Name element 16
Life cycle with C
The average distance between the sun and an object that is orbiting the Sun
Have less mass than the sun, they lose significant mass as they consume their hydrogen over a period that can be as long as 100 billion years.
Name element 19
A category of organisms defined by the way they receive their energy
Any friction met in the circuit either by loads or by wires. Slows down the flow of electrons
Chemical bonds in which one or more pairs of electrons are shared by two atoms
Reactive elements that are toxic, non-metals. Only need one electron to have filled valence shells
Group of populations interacting with one another
Mass/ Volume, how compact something is
Type of circuit where the current has multiple paths to take
A device that detects the presence of an electric charge
No. of protons + no. of neutrons
Phase 3 in Sigmoidal Growth:Resources become scarce, the population is still growing, but the reproductive rate has dropped
Factor of the environment that limits the growth, distribution or population of organisms within an ecosystem
Phase 2 in Sigmoidal Growth:Population begins to grow rapidly (exponentially)
isms of an ecological food chain that receive energy by consuming other organisms
A star's total energy output per second; its power in joules per second (J/s)
A small, dim, hot star that takes tens of billions of years to cooldown, which will eventually become a black dwarf, however the universe is not old enough to contain any black dwa
Name element 20
When contact is made between a charged object and a neutral object, the charge on the charged object transfers to the neutral one, resulting in both objects having that same charge
Name element 13
What happens when 2 chemicals mix

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