Science Quiz / The Endocrine System

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Can you name the The Endocrine System?

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Glucagon _______ release of glucose from liver
Hormone: Lowers blood calcium levels and phosphate levels
Hormone class: most simple
25% of cells in Islet: _________ release _________ which raise blood glucose
Insulin facilitates glucose transport through everywhere but these two organs
Hormone: highers blood glucose, from pancreas
Another name for Posterior pituitary gland
Hormones are usually controlled by _______feedback systems
Steroid mechanism: a _______floats out of nucleus and translation begins
Steroid hormones are secreted by the ___, ___, and ____
What are the two major control systems of the body?
Excerise __________ GH secretion
Hormone class: 2 examples of steroids
Endocrine gland: releases cortisol, aldosterone
Type 2 diabetes in adults
Diabetics have __ times the amount lipoproteins in plasma
A hyrih that stimulates pituitary gland production of ACTH
Hormone: increase blood glucose, affects lipid metabolism relased by adrenal cortex
GH operates under ________ feedback systems for regulation
Examples of Direct Activation Hormones (2)
Diabetes type due to beta cell destruction by autoimmune attack
Neurons in the hypothalamus secrete and synthesize
The _______ is neurally connected to hypothalamus
Insulin ______ release of glucose from liver
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of _________ smooth muscle and __________ cells around alveoli of mammary glands
Hormone that inhibits release of growth hormone
cAMP system: Hormone binds with ________, activating ________
Hormones that exert local effects
Problems of diabetics: Loss of ______ in _______, ______ effect, and ________
Diabetes type due to no response to insulin
Make up 20% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Corticotropes secrete _____-
Breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose
Meeting of hypothalamus & posterior gland
Steroids are ______allowing them to diffuse through the membrane
Undersecretion of Parathyroid hormone leads to __________-________ excitability, while oversecretion leads to _____________
Growth hormone stimulates release of ________ which acts like insulin mediating GH's effects
in the median eminence, HyRIH is secreted and absorbed in the _______________ of the _______________
3 Hormone Mechanisms: ______ _____, ______ _____ system, Activation of ______
Peak time of growth hormone release
Neurons that secrete HyRIH terminate in the ________
Growth hormone also stimulates ________ as a self-regulation mechanism
Diabetics have an increase risk of __________ which can lead to ______
Endocrine gland: releases thyorxine, triidothryoine, and calcitonin
In adults, gigantism is _______
24 hour light-dark cycle
Short loop negative feedback mechanism, the ______ affects the hypothalamus
Steroid mechanism: hormone-receptor complex in nucleus activates __________ of _______
Hormone class: Amines are modified from what amino acid
Insulin Mechanism: Uptake of glucose -> ________ activity up
the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system transports hyRIH to hormone producing cells of the ________
Lipase Pathway: Liver converts fatty acids into ____, _____, and more _____-
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into ___ and ___
cAMP system: adenylate cyclas converts _______ into _______
Hormone: milk production stimulation
Examples include epinephrine, norepinephrine, renin, GT, and thryoid hormone; secreted by endocrine glands and transported into blood
_______cells form ______: a hormone that stimulates uterine muscles & mammary glands
Disorder associated with undersecretion TSH
_____ cells form _____: a hormone which regulates blood osmolality
Contains circadian oscillators, right above optic chiasm
Another name for pituitary gland
Undersecretion of GH leads to ________ while oversecretion leads to __________
Growth Hormone increases rate of ______ entering cells and rate of __________
25% of the pituitary gland is ______ secreting _____ major hormones
Insulin has the opposite effect of ______
75% of the pituitary gland is _________ secreting ____ major hormones
Hormonal control by neural system going through blood stream before the cell
Steroid mechanism: binds to __________ first in order to _______ into the nucleus
3 external factors that can control pituitary hormone release
Formation of glucoes from triglycerides and other nutrients
Axon of the supraoptic nerve fiber
Hormonal controls by proximity longest to shortest (3)
A chemical substance secrted into body fluids by one cell or group and exert physiology control effects on other ones
Axon of the paraventricular nerve fiber
Parts of the pancreas that contain endocrine cells
Hormone: Raises calcium levels, reduces phosphate levels
Release of hormones in anterior pituitary gland are controlled by _____________
Undersecretion of insulin leads to __________ and eventually __________
Hormone class: 2 examples of proteins & polypeptides (abbreviated) along with all anterior hormones
Diseases: Undersecretion of cortisol __________, oversecretion of cortisol _________
Insulin Mechanism: Phosphofructokinase and glycogen synthase causes less glycogen breakdown -> ________ activity down
Glucose goes through cells with this type of transport
Hormone: Promotes reabsorption of water in urinary system
60% of cells in Islet: _________release ________ which lowers blood glucose
Endocrine gland: releases growth hormones, ACTH, thryoid stimulating, follicle stilating, LH, and PRL
Endocrine gland: releaes parathormone
Six Major hormones released by anterior pituitary gland in order of (FLAGTP)
10% of cells in Islet: _________ release _______ which inhibits GH release
Long loop negative feedback mechanism, the ________ affects the hypothalamus
Hormone: Stimulates thryoid
Disorder association with undersecretion of ADH
Insulin promotes break up of glucose into _________ and________ in the _______
Besides glucose, Insulin also promotes cell uptake of _______
Insulin Mechanism ends up with a decrease in ______
cAMP system: cAMP activates ___________ which __________ proteins
Make up 30-40% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Deficient secretion or use of insulin
Another name for ADH
Endocrine gland: releases insulin, glucagons
2 examples of local hormones
Hormone that stimulates release of growth hormone
Endocrine gland: releases ADH, OT
Somatotropes secrete _______
Hyperglycemia _______GH secretion while hypoglycemia __________ GH secretion
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes ________ in ________
Posterior pituitary gland is composed of ______ which ______ hormones
Hormone: Stimulates growth and metabolism
Hormone: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol among other glucocorticoids
The insulin receptor is a ___________
Hormone: ___________ stimulating hormone and __________ hormone stimulate gonads to produce gametes
Hormone: stimulates contraction of uterine smoth muscle; involved with milk ejection
Insulin Mechanism: Glucokinase causes up glycogen synthesis -> _________ and ___________activity up
Hormone class: structure similar to cholesterol
Another name for anterior pituitary gland
Hormone class: 3 examples of amines (alphabetical order)
Hormone: lowers blood glucose from pancreas

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Created May 3, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, system

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