Science Quiz / The Endocrine System

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Can you name the The Endocrine System?

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Hyperglycemia _______GH secretion while hypoglycemia __________ GH secretion
A hyrih that stimulates pituitary gland production of ACTH
Hormone class: Amines are modified from what amino acid
Hormone: increase blood glucose, affects lipid metabolism relased by adrenal cortex
Hormone class: 2 examples of proteins & polypeptides (abbreviated) along with all anterior hormones
Hormone class: 3 examples of amines (alphabetical order)
Hormone that inhibits release of growth hormone
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into ___ and ___
Insulin Mechanism: Uptake of glucose -> ________ activity up
Lipase Pathway: Liver converts fatty acids into ____, _____, and more _____-
Endocrine gland: releaes parathormone
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes ________ in ________
The insulin receptor is a ___________
_____ cells form _____: a hormone which regulates blood osmolality
Hormone: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol among other glucocorticoids
Diabetes type due to beta cell destruction by autoimmune attack
Posterior pituitary gland is composed of ______ which ______ hormones
Steroid mechanism: binds to __________ first in order to _______ into the nucleus
Insulin facilitates glucose transport through everywhere but these two organs
Glucose goes through cells with this type of transport
Hormones that exert local effects
the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system transports hyRIH to hormone producing cells of the ________
Disorder associated with undersecretion TSH
Hormone: ___________ stimulating hormone and __________ hormone stimulate gonads to produce gametes
in the median eminence, HyRIH is secreted and absorbed in the _______________ of the _______________
Hormone: highers blood glucose, from pancreas
Undersecretion of GH leads to ________ while oversecretion leads to __________
Steroid mechanism: a _______floats out of nucleus and translation begins
In adults, gigantism is _______
10% of cells in Islet: _________ release _______ which inhibits GH release
Insulin Mechanism: Glucokinase causes up glycogen synthesis -> _________ and ___________activity up
Growth Hormone increases rate of ______ entering cells and rate of __________
Corticotropes secrete _____-
_______cells form ______: a hormone that stimulates uterine muscles & mammary glands
Growth hormone also stimulates ________ as a self-regulation mechanism
Examples include epinephrine, norepinephrine, renin, GT, and thryoid hormone; secreted by endocrine glands and transported into blood
Hormonal controls by proximity longest to shortest (3)
Undersecretion of insulin leads to __________ and eventually __________
Hormone class: most simple
Peak time of growth hormone release
cAMP system: Hormone binds with ________, activating ________
Hormone: Stimulates thryoid
Release of hormones in anterior pituitary gland are controlled by _____________
A chemical substance secrted into body fluids by one cell or group and exert physiology control effects on other ones
Besides glucose, Insulin also promotes cell uptake of _______
Hormone: stimulates contraction of uterine smoth muscle; involved with milk ejection
cAMP system: adenylate cyclas converts _______ into _______
Hormone that stimulates release of growth hormone
Insulin ______ release of glucose from liver
Meeting of hypothalamus & posterior gland
Make up 30-40% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Axon of the supraoptic nerve fiber
cAMP system: cAMP activates ___________ which __________ proteins
Problems of diabetics: Loss of ______ in _______, ______ effect, and ________
Insulin Mechanism ends up with a decrease in ______
Diabetics have an increase risk of __________ which can lead to ______
Hormone: Raises calcium levels, reduces phosphate levels
Endocrine gland: releases cortisol, aldosterone
Diseases: Undersecretion of cortisol __________, oversecretion of cortisol _________
Another name for pituitary gland
Deficient secretion or use of insulin
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of _________ smooth muscle and __________ cells around alveoli of mammary glands
Short loop negative feedback mechanism, the ______ affects the hypothalamus
Hormone: lowers blood glucose from pancreas
Steroids are ______allowing them to diffuse through the membrane
Hormone class: 2 examples of steroids
Neurons in the hypothalamus secrete and synthesize
75% of the pituitary gland is _________ secreting ____ major hormones
Make up 20% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Glucagon _______ release of glucose from liver
60% of cells in Islet: _________release ________ which lowers blood glucose
Hormone: Lowers blood calcium levels and phosphate levels
Breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose
Another name for ADH
Hormone: milk production stimulation
Type 2 diabetes in adults
The _______ is neurally connected to hypothalamus
Excerise __________ GH secretion
Insulin promotes break up of glucose into _________ and________ in the _______
Another name for Posterior pituitary gland
Long loop negative feedback mechanism, the ________ affects the hypothalamus
3 Hormone Mechanisms: ______ _____, ______ _____ system, Activation of ______
Insulin Mechanism: Phosphofructokinase and glycogen synthase causes less glycogen breakdown -> ________ activity down
Another name for anterior pituitary gland
Formation of glucoes from triglycerides and other nutrients
Hormone: Promotes reabsorption of water in urinary system
Insulin has the opposite effect of ______
Hormones are usually controlled by _______feedback systems
Disorder association with undersecretion of ADH
Hormone class: structure similar to cholesterol
2 examples of local hormones
3 external factors that can control pituitary hormone release
Endocrine gland: releases thyorxine, triidothryoine, and calcitonin
25% of cells in Islet: _________ release _________ which raise blood glucose
Contains circadian oscillators, right above optic chiasm
24 hour light-dark cycle
Examples of Direct Activation Hormones (2)
Somatotropes secrete _______
Parts of the pancreas that contain endocrine cells
Hormone: Stimulates growth and metabolism
Undersecretion of Parathyroid hormone leads to __________-________ excitability, while oversecretion leads to _____________
Neurons that secrete HyRIH terminate in the ________
Endocrine gland: releases growth hormones, ACTH, thryoid stimulating, follicle stilating, LH, and PRL
Diabetes type due to no response to insulin
Six Major hormones released by anterior pituitary gland in order of (FLAGTP)
Diabetics have __ times the amount lipoproteins in plasma
Growth hormone stimulates release of ________ which acts like insulin mediating GH's effects
Endocrine gland: releases insulin, glucagons
Steroid mechanism: hormone-receptor complex in nucleus activates __________ of _______
Axon of the paraventricular nerve fiber
25% of the pituitary gland is ______ secreting _____ major hormones
Hormonal control by neural system going through blood stream before the cell
What are the two major control systems of the body?
Steroid hormones are secreted by the ___, ___, and ____
GH operates under ________ feedback systems for regulation
Endocrine gland: releases ADH, OT

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