Science Quiz / The Endocrine System

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Can you name the The Endocrine System?

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Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into ___ and ___
Insulin has the opposite effect of ______
A chemical substance secrted into body fluids by one cell or group and exert physiology control effects on other ones
Axon of the supraoptic nerve fiber
Hormonal control by neural system going through blood stream before the cell
Hormone: Raises calcium levels, reduces phosphate levels
Insulin facilitates glucose transport through everywhere but these two organs
Insulin Mechanism: Phosphofructokinase and glycogen synthase causes less glycogen breakdown -> ________ activity down
Insulin promotes break up of glucose into _________ and________ in the _______
25% of the pituitary gland is ______ secreting _____ major hormones
Hormone class: 3 examples of amines (alphabetical order)
Hormone: Stimulates thryoid
Posterior pituitary gland is composed of ______ which ______ hormones
Endocrine gland: releaes parathormone
Hormone: increase blood glucose, affects lipid metabolism relased by adrenal cortex
Hormone class: structure similar to cholesterol
Hormones are usually controlled by _______feedback systems
Diabetes type due to beta cell destruction by autoimmune attack
Hormone class: 2 examples of steroids
Six Major hormones released by anterior pituitary gland in order of (FLAGTP)
Parts of the pancreas that contain endocrine cells
3 Hormone Mechanisms: ______ _____, ______ _____ system, Activation of ______
25% of cells in Islet: _________ release _________ which raise blood glucose
Excerise __________ GH secretion
GH operates under ________ feedback systems for regulation
Hormone: ___________ stimulating hormone and __________ hormone stimulate gonads to produce gametes
Insulin Mechanism: Uptake of glucose -> ________ activity up
cAMP system: adenylate cyclas converts _______ into _______
A hyrih that stimulates pituitary gland production of ACTH
cAMP system: Hormone binds with ________, activating ________
3 external factors that can control pituitary hormone release
Axon of the paraventricular nerve fiber
the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system transports hyRIH to hormone producing cells of the ________
The insulin receptor is a ___________
Another name for anterior pituitary gland
Endocrine gland: releases cortisol, aldosterone
In adults, gigantism is _______
Corticotropes secrete _____-
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of _________ smooth muscle and __________ cells around alveoli of mammary glands
Another name for pituitary gland
Endocrine gland: releases thyorxine, triidothryoine, and calcitonin
Hormone: Stimulates growth and metabolism
Glucagon _______ release of glucose from liver
Breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose
Hormone: milk production stimulation
Formation of glucoes from triglycerides and other nutrients
Another name for ADH
Peak time of growth hormone release
Glucose goes through cells with this type of transport
Release of hormones in anterior pituitary gland are controlled by _____________
Examples include epinephrine, norepinephrine, renin, GT, and thryoid hormone; secreted by endocrine glands and transported into blood
Hormone: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol among other glucocorticoids
Disorder associated with undersecretion TSH
Steroids are ______allowing them to diffuse through the membrane
Hormonal controls by proximity longest to shortest (3)
Hormone that inhibits release of growth hormone
Deficient secretion or use of insulin
What are the two major control systems of the body?
Endocrine gland: releases insulin, glucagons
Besides glucose, Insulin also promotes cell uptake of _______
Hormone class: Amines are modified from what amino acid
Growth hormone stimulates release of ________ which acts like insulin mediating GH's effects
Another name for Posterior pituitary gland
Make up 20% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Disorder association with undersecretion of ADH
Contains circadian oscillators, right above optic chiasm
Diseases: Undersecretion of cortisol __________, oversecretion of cortisol _________
Steroid mechanism: hormone-receptor complex in nucleus activates __________ of _______
24 hour light-dark cycle
_______cells form ______: a hormone that stimulates uterine muscles & mammary glands
Make up 30-40% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Growth Hormone increases rate of ______ entering cells and rate of __________
Long loop negative feedback mechanism, the ________ affects the hypothalamus
Problems of diabetics: Loss of ______ in _______, ______ effect, and ________
Hyperglycemia _______GH secretion while hypoglycemia __________ GH secretion
Diabetics have __ times the amount lipoproteins in plasma
75% of the pituitary gland is _________ secreting ____ major hormones
60% of cells in Islet: _________release ________ which lowers blood glucose
Steroid mechanism: binds to __________ first in order to _______ into the nucleus
Endocrine gland: releases ADH, OT
Hormone: Lowers blood calcium levels and phosphate levels
Diabetes type due to no response to insulin
Meeting of hypothalamus & posterior gland
2 examples of local hormones
_____ cells form _____: a hormone which regulates blood osmolality
The _______ is neurally connected to hypothalamus
Steroid mechanism: a _______floats out of nucleus and translation begins
Examples of Direct Activation Hormones (2)
cAMP system: cAMP activates ___________ which __________ proteins
Insulin ______ release of glucose from liver
Lipase Pathway: Liver converts fatty acids into ____, _____, and more _____-
Insulin Mechanism: Glucokinase causes up glycogen synthesis -> _________ and ___________activity up
Undersecretion of Parathyroid hormone leads to __________-________ excitability, while oversecretion leads to _____________
Diabetics have an increase risk of __________ which can lead to ______
Somatotropes secrete _______
Type 2 diabetes in adults
in the median eminence, HyRIH is secreted and absorbed in the _______________ of the _______________
Hormone class: 2 examples of proteins & polypeptides (abbreviated) along with all anterior hormones
Neurons in the hypothalamus secrete and synthesize
Steroid hormones are secreted by the ___, ___, and ____
Hormone: highers blood glucose, from pancreas
Neurons that secrete HyRIH terminate in the ________
Hormones that exert local effects
Undersecretion of GH leads to ________ while oversecretion leads to __________
Short loop negative feedback mechanism, the ______ affects the hypothalamus
Hormone: lowers blood glucose from pancreas
Growth hormone also stimulates ________ as a self-regulation mechanism
Hormone that stimulates release of growth hormone
Hormone class: most simple
10% of cells in Islet: _________ release _______ which inhibits GH release
Hormone: stimulates contraction of uterine smoth muscle; involved with milk ejection
Hormone: Promotes reabsorption of water in urinary system
Insulin Mechanism ends up with a decrease in ______
Undersecretion of insulin leads to __________ and eventually __________
Endocrine gland: releases growth hormones, ACTH, thryoid stimulating, follicle stilating, LH, and PRL
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes ________ in ________

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Created May 3, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:endocrine, system

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