Science Quiz / The Endocrine System

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Can you name the The Endocrine System?

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Steroids are ______allowing them to diffuse through the membrane
Six Major hormones released by anterior pituitary gland in order of (FLAGTP)
3 Hormone Mechanisms: ______ _____, ______ _____ system, Activation of ______
Make up 30-40% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Diabetics have __ times the amount lipoproteins in plasma
the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system transports hyRIH to hormone producing cells of the ________
Lipase Pathway: Liver converts fatty acids into ____, _____, and more _____-
Neurons that secrete HyRIH terminate in the ________
Endocrine gland: releases thyorxine, triidothryoine, and calcitonin
Insulin Mechanism ends up with a decrease in ______
Hormone class: 3 examples of amines (alphabetical order)
Hormone that stimulates release of growth hormone
Endocrine gland: releases ADH, OT
Steroid hormones are secreted by the ___, ___, and ____
Hormones are usually controlled by _______feedback systems
Hormone class: 2 examples of steroids
Undersecretion of GH leads to ________ while oversecretion leads to __________
Disorder associated with undersecretion TSH
Formation of glucoes from triglycerides and other nutrients
cAMP system: adenylate cyclas converts _______ into _______
24 hour light-dark cycle
Hormone class: most simple
Growth hormone also stimulates ________ as a self-regulation mechanism
Another name for Posterior pituitary gland
Hormone: Raises calcium levels, reduces phosphate levels
Hormone: Stimulates thryoid
Undersecretion of Parathyroid hormone leads to __________-________ excitability, while oversecretion leads to _____________
Steroid mechanism: binds to __________ first in order to _______ into the nucleus
A hyrih that stimulates pituitary gland production of ACTH
Hormone: Stimulates growth and metabolism
cAMP system: Hormone binds with ________, activating ________
Short loop negative feedback mechanism, the ______ affects the hypothalamus
Disorder association with undersecretion of ADH
Besides glucose, Insulin also promotes cell uptake of _______
Endocrine gland: releases growth hormones, ACTH, thryoid stimulating, follicle stilating, LH, and PRL
Release of hormones in anterior pituitary gland are controlled by _____________
Axon of the paraventricular nerve fiber
60% of cells in Islet: _________release ________ which lowers blood glucose
Hormone: Lowers blood calcium levels and phosphate levels
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes ________ in ________
Insulin facilitates glucose transport through everywhere but these two organs
The _______ is neurally connected to hypothalamus
Insulin Mechanism: Phosphofructokinase and glycogen synthase causes less glycogen breakdown -> ________ activity down
Insulin ______ release of glucose from liver
A chemical substance secrted into body fluids by one cell or group and exert physiology control effects on other ones
Deficient secretion or use of insulin
Hormone: milk production stimulation
Endocrine gland: releaes parathormone
Diabetes type due to no response to insulin
Another name for anterior pituitary gland
Hormone: lowers blood glucose from pancreas
Diabetics have an increase risk of __________ which can lead to ______
Type 2 diabetes in adults
Glucose goes through cells with this type of transport
In adults, gigantism is _______
Axon of the supraoptic nerve fiber
The insulin receptor is a ___________
Insulin promotes break up of glucose into _________ and________ in the _______
Posterior pituitary gland is composed of ______ which ______ hormones
Endocrine gland: releases insulin, glucagons
3 external factors that can control pituitary hormone release
Parts of the pancreas that contain endocrine cells
Breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose
Problems of diabetics: Loss of ______ in _______, ______ effect, and ________
Another name for ADH
25% of cells in Islet: _________ release _________ which raise blood glucose
10% of cells in Islet: _________ release _______ which inhibits GH release
Long loop negative feedback mechanism, the ________ affects the hypothalamus
Hormone: stimulates contraction of uterine smoth muscle; involved with milk ejection
Insulin Mechanism: Glucokinase causes up glycogen synthesis -> _________ and ___________activity up
Contains circadian oscillators, right above optic chiasm
Hyperglycemia _______GH secretion while hypoglycemia __________ GH secretion
What are the two major control systems of the body?
Hormonal control by neural system going through blood stream before the cell
Make up 20% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Excerise __________ GH secretion
Hormone: Promotes reabsorption of water in urinary system
Diabetes type due to beta cell destruction by autoimmune attack
Hormone: highers blood glucose, from pancreas
Growth hormone stimulates release of ________ which acts like insulin mediating GH's effects
Hormone class: 2 examples of proteins & polypeptides (abbreviated) along with all anterior hormones
Hormone: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol among other glucocorticoids
_______cells form ______: a hormone that stimulates uterine muscles & mammary glands
cAMP system: cAMP activates ___________ which __________ proteins
Corticotropes secrete _____-
Growth Hormone increases rate of ______ entering cells and rate of __________
_____ cells form _____: a hormone which regulates blood osmolality
Hormone that inhibits release of growth hormone
Somatotropes secrete _______
25% of the pituitary gland is ______ secreting _____ major hormones
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into ___ and ___
GH operates under ________ feedback systems for regulation
Endocrine gland: releases cortisol, aldosterone
Diseases: Undersecretion of cortisol __________, oversecretion of cortisol _________
Another name for pituitary gland
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of _________ smooth muscle and __________ cells around alveoli of mammary glands
Hormonal controls by proximity longest to shortest (3)
Steroid mechanism: hormone-receptor complex in nucleus activates __________ of _______
75% of the pituitary gland is _________ secreting ____ major hormones
Peak time of growth hormone release
Hormone class: Amines are modified from what amino acid
Hormone: ___________ stimulating hormone and __________ hormone stimulate gonads to produce gametes
Examples include epinephrine, norepinephrine, renin, GT, and thryoid hormone; secreted by endocrine glands and transported into blood
Hormone: increase blood glucose, affects lipid metabolism relased by adrenal cortex
Glucagon _______ release of glucose from liver
Undersecretion of insulin leads to __________ and eventually __________
Neurons in the hypothalamus secrete and synthesize
Meeting of hypothalamus & posterior gland
2 examples of local hormones
Examples of Direct Activation Hormones (2)
Steroid mechanism: a _______floats out of nucleus and translation begins
Insulin has the opposite effect of ______
Hormones that exert local effects
in the median eminence, HyRIH is secreted and absorbed in the _______________ of the _______________
Insulin Mechanism: Uptake of glucose -> ________ activity up
Hormone class: structure similar to cholesterol

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