Science Quiz / The Endocrine System

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Can you name the The Endocrine System?

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Hormone: increase blood glucose, affects lipid metabolism relased by adrenal cortex
Somatotropes secrete _______
the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system transports hyRIH to hormone producing cells of the ________
Glucagon _______ release of glucose from liver
Hormone class: 2 examples of steroids
Hormone: Lowers blood calcium levels and phosphate levels
Hormone class: Amines are modified from what amino acid
Hormone class: 2 examples of proteins & polypeptides (abbreviated) along with all anterior hormones
Hormone: lowers blood glucose from pancreas
Problems of diabetics: Loss of ______ in _______, ______ effect, and ________
Lipase Pathway: Liver converts fatty acids into ____, _____, and more _____-
Excerise __________ GH secretion
Neurons in the hypothalamus secrete and synthesize
Hormone that inhibits release of growth hormone
Hormones that exert local effects
Hormone: Stimulates growth and metabolism
Oxytocin stimulates contraction of _________ smooth muscle and __________ cells around alveoli of mammary glands
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes ________ in ________
Glucose goes through cells with this type of transport
Besides glucose, Insulin also promotes cell uptake of _______
Diseases: Undersecretion of cortisol __________, oversecretion of cortisol _________
Insulin facilitates glucose transport through everywhere but these two organs
Steroids are ______allowing them to diffuse through the membrane
cAMP system: cAMP activates ___________ which __________ proteins
Type 2 diabetes in adults
A chemical substance secrted into body fluids by one cell or group and exert physiology control effects on other ones
Hormone class: structure similar to cholesterol
Disorder association with undersecretion of ADH
Posterior pituitary gland is composed of ______ which ______ hormones
25% of the pituitary gland is ______ secreting _____ major hormones
Contains circadian oscillators, right above optic chiasm
Hormones are usually controlled by _______feedback systems
Steroid mechanism: a _______floats out of nucleus and translation begins
Growth hormone also stimulates ________ as a self-regulation mechanism
Hyperglycemia _______GH secretion while hypoglycemia __________ GH secretion
Lipase Pathway: Lipase hydrolyzes triglycerides into ___ and ___
Endocrine gland: releases thyorxine, triidothryoine, and calcitonin
Short loop negative feedback mechanism, the ______ affects the hypothalamus
75% of the pituitary gland is _________ secreting ____ major hormones
Hormonal control by neural system going through blood stream before the cell
Insulin Mechanism ends up with a decrease in ______
Long loop negative feedback mechanism, the ________ affects the hypothalamus
Formation of glucoes from triglycerides and other nutrients
Breakdown of liver glycogen into glucose
Make up 30-40% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Hormone class: most simple
The _______ is neurally connected to hypothalamus
Corticotropes secrete _____-
Meeting of hypothalamus & posterior gland
Hormone class: 3 examples of amines (alphabetical order)
10% of cells in Islet: _________ release _______ which inhibits GH release
cAMP system: adenylate cyclas converts _______ into _______
Diabetics have an increase risk of __________ which can lead to ______
What are the two major control systems of the body?
Hormone: ___________ stimulating hormone and __________ hormone stimulate gonads to produce gametes
Steroid hormones are secreted by the ___, ___, and ____
Six Major hormones released by anterior pituitary gland in order of (FLAGTP)
24 hour light-dark cycle
25% of cells in Islet: _________ release _________ which raise blood glucose
Hormone that stimulates release of growth hormone
Steroid mechanism: binds to __________ first in order to _______ into the nucleus
Release of hormones in anterior pituitary gland are controlled by _____________
Insulin Mechanism: Glucokinase causes up glycogen synthesis -> _________ and ___________activity up
Hormone: stimulates contraction of uterine smoth muscle; involved with milk ejection
_____ cells form _____: a hormone which regulates blood osmolality
A hyrih that stimulates pituitary gland production of ACTH
_______cells form ______: a hormone that stimulates uterine muscles & mammary glands
Hormonal controls by proximity longest to shortest (3)
Diabetes type due to no response to insulin
Hormone: Stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete cortisol among other glucocorticoids
Growth hormone stimulates release of ________ which acts like insulin mediating GH's effects
Hormone: highers blood glucose, from pancreas
Endocrine gland: releaes parathormone
Undersecretion of Parathyroid hormone leads to __________-________ excitability, while oversecretion leads to _____________
Another name for pituitary gland
Another name for ADH
Diabetes type due to beta cell destruction by autoimmune attack
cAMP system: Hormone binds with ________, activating ________
Examples of Direct Activation Hormones (2)
In adults, gigantism is _______
Growth Hormone increases rate of ______ entering cells and rate of __________
Neurons that secrete HyRIH terminate in the ________
Deficient secretion or use of insulin
Undersecretion of insulin leads to __________ and eventually __________
Endocrine gland: releases insulin, glucagons
Axon of the paraventricular nerve fiber
3 Hormone Mechanisms: ______ _____, ______ _____ system, Activation of ______
Insulin has the opposite effect of ______
60% of cells in Islet: _________release ________ which lowers blood glucose
2 examples of local hormones
Insulin promotes break up of glucose into _________ and________ in the _______
The insulin receptor is a ___________
Examples include epinephrine, norepinephrine, renin, GT, and thryoid hormone; secreted by endocrine glands and transported into blood
Diabetics have __ times the amount lipoproteins in plasma
Axon of the supraoptic nerve fiber
in the median eminence, HyRIH is secreted and absorbed in the _______________ of the _______________
Hormone: Stimulates thryoid
3 external factors that can control pituitary hormone release
Peak time of growth hormone release
Disorder associated with undersecretion TSH
Another name for anterior pituitary gland
Steroid mechanism: hormone-receptor complex in nucleus activates __________ of _______
Parts of the pancreas that contain endocrine cells
Endocrine gland: releases cortisol, aldosterone
Insulin ______ release of glucose from liver
Endocrine gland: releases growth hormones, ACTH, thryoid stimulating, follicle stilating, LH, and PRL
Endocrine gland: releases ADH, OT
Insulin Mechanism: Phosphofructokinase and glycogen synthase causes less glycogen breakdown -> ________ activity down
Another name for Posterior pituitary gland
Hormone: milk production stimulation
Undersecretion of GH leads to ________ while oversecretion leads to __________
GH operates under ________ feedback systems for regulation
Hormone: Raises calcium levels, reduces phosphate levels
Make up 20% of cells in anterior pituitary gland
Hormone: Promotes reabsorption of water in urinary system
Insulin Mechanism: Uptake of glucose -> ________ activity up

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