Science Quiz / The Digestive System

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Can you name the The Digestive System?

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QuestionAnswer
Another name for gastrointestinal tract
Phase before food enters stomach
CCK triggers release of ___________
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____ and ____ cause hyperpolarization
Small Intestine: Active transport of (5)
In the small intestine: ______ turns fat into ________ (3)
Food in _______triggers nervous reflex causing __________ to deliver saliva through ducts
Chylomicron and lacteal solution is called ______ and goes to the ________ emptied into the blood stream at the ______
Content of saliva: protects mouth lining against abrasion, lubricates food for easier swallowing
In the small intestin: _______ or ______ turns small polypeptides into _________
3 exocrine glands outside of the GI tract
Kidney acid-base regulation: ____ ions in tubular lumen combine with _____ ions to form water and co2
condition when pH < 7.4
Swallowing Reflex: _____ stimulated by bolus
____ liters absorbed by small intestine dailiy
The common bile duct is the _________ and _________
Food enters stomach stimulating release of ______ hormone which stimulates release of ______
Buffer Systems resist ____ change
In the Gastric Phase Excitatory signals are _____
pH is controlled by these (3)
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (written out)
GI tract receives both _______ and _________ innervation
Cells in stomach that release HCL
Phase when food enters stomach
Made in the small intestine, promotes gastric secretion
Epiglottis closes, ________ contracts
Pancreas: the lower located exocrine cell
Secretin inhibits ____________, and stimulates relase of _____ solution from liver
Layers of gastrointestinal wall from outer to inner (5)
The spot where the next peristaltic contraction will occur in _ seconds
Enterogastrone is released by ______ cells of the ________ and is trigerred by _______
3 Inputs of gastric secretion
In the brush border: ___________ turns small peptides into _______
For H and HCO3 equation to become a right shifted reaction
Intestinal Phase Major Hormone
The GI tract can undergo both ______ and ______ contractions
QuestionAnswer
H+ secretion and Bicarbonate reabsorption occurs in the ____
________ is converted into ________ by HCL
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (Numbers out)
Three phases of gastric secretion in order
henderson hasselbalch equation (no spaces)
CCK is triggered by __________ and ________ in the __________
Secretin is triggered by ________
Cells in stomach that release pepsinogen
Breaking of food in molecular builidng blocks using acids and enzymes in the GI system
Pancreas: cells secrete bicarbonate
Path of the gastrointestinal tract (6)
Phase when food is in duodenum/upper small intestine
Bicarbonate Buffer System controls pH of _____
Short secretion loop: stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCl vs. Long loop, stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCL
Release of gastrin is triggered by _________ which is caused by ______ which triggers _____ nerve to increase _______
The Common bile duct connects to the ____________ where they the opening is controlled by the ____________
In the stomach: _______ turns protein into ______
in the small intestine: ________ or _______ turns polypeptides into smaller polypeptides
Mucosa in stomach is lined with cells that secrete _______ which forms 1-1.5 ____ protect layer which neutralizes _________ in the immediate area
Outermost layer of gastrointestinal wall
Pharynx leads to both the ________ and ______
Pancreas: cells secrete enzymes
Hormonal regulation of gastric secretion: respones to gastrin: released into blood from walls of _______
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____, _____, and ____ cause depolarization
Small Intestine: Passive transport (2)
condition when pH > 7.4
Involuntary waves of contraction
Things absorbed in the stomach (3)
An example of a weak acid absorbed in stomach
More than __ liter of saliva secreted daily
Parietal cells and Chief cells are located in the _____ of the ____
In the brush border: _________ turns dissacharides into ________
Increase in CO2 -> pH goes ___
Thick mixture of food particles and secreted fluids produced in stomach
Entergastrone ________ gastric secretion and _______
The _____ produces bile due to hormone ______ in response to __________ in the duodenum
QuestionAnswer
Nerve plexus in submucosa
Bilirubin is broken into ___________, the brown characteristics of _______
________ are produced by the epithelial duodenum and then transport lipids in the lymph duct
Endocrine glands in mucosa: secrete hormones into blood, carried by _______to _________, then returned to GI through _______ system
Bile is secreted by _______ cells
Phosphate buffer system controls pH of ____ and _____
The stomach secretes ______ which partially digests stuff
Chylomicrons turn into a mix with _______
Four functional aspects of GI system (SDAM)
The stomach environment is ______
Respiratory systems have an ____ compared to kidneys which have a ____ response, but are most ____
In the Intestinal Phase, Excitatory signals are ____, inhibitory ones are _____
pH going down is becoming more ___
In the small intestine: __________ turns polysaccharides into__________
Bursting Activity: At rest, ______ occur
Bil pigment that is a breakdown product of hemoglobin
Up Alveolar ventilation -> CO2 goes ___ -> pH goes ______
Nervous regulation of gastrin: _______ fibers of the _____ nerve and local _______
Saliva contains three elements:
Bile is made of bile _____and bile _______
The hormone ________ gall bladder contraction and relaxation of sphincter of oddi
Content of saliva: splits starch into smaller polysaccharides
In the small intestine: most _________ are absorbed along with _______
Trachea is blocked by _____ when swallowing
Swallowing reflex: action potential end up in ________ where the _______ is
Tongue functions: spreads _______, helps shape food into a _______, and sense of _______
Gastric acid is ____
small molecules from digestion crossing from small intestine into blood and lymph
Bursting Activity: At the burst of BP the ________ contracts
In the small intestine: ________ turn fat globules into ______
Kidneys secrete ____ and reabsorb ___- from tubules
Protein buffer system operates on the ____ system
Nerve plexus between longitudal and circular layer
In the oral cavity, __________ turns starch into _________

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