Science Quiz / The Digestive System

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Can you name the The Digestive System?

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QuestionAnswer
Up Alveolar ventilation -> CO2 goes ___ -> pH goes ______
CCK triggers release of ___________
In the small intestine: ________ turn fat globules into ______
In the oral cavity, __________ turns starch into _________
Kidney acid-base regulation: ____ ions in tubular lumen combine with _____ ions to form water and co2
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (written out)
Cells in stomach that release HCL
Path of the gastrointestinal tract (6)
In the stomach: _______ turns protein into ______
Bursting Activity: At the burst of BP the ________ contracts
Phase when food enters stomach
The common bile duct is the _________ and _________
Secretin inhibits ____________, and stimulates relase of _____ solution from liver
Bil pigment that is a breakdown product of hemoglobin
Phosphate buffer system controls pH of ____ and _____
Nerve plexus in submucosa
Bile is secreted by _______ cells
In the Gastric Phase Excitatory signals are _____
In the small intestine: __________ turns polysaccharides into__________
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____, _____, and ____ cause depolarization
Short secretion loop: stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCl vs. Long loop, stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCL
Release of gastrin is triggered by _________ which is caused by ______ which triggers _____ nerve to increase _______
Bile is made of bile _____and bile _______
Small Intestine: Active transport of (5)
Pancreas: cells secrete bicarbonate
Breaking of food in molecular builidng blocks using acids and enzymes in the GI system
Enterogastrone is released by ______ cells of the ________ and is trigerred by _______
________ is converted into ________ by HCL
Increase in CO2 -> pH goes ___
Content of saliva: protects mouth lining against abrasion, lubricates food for easier swallowing
Made in the small intestine, promotes gastric secretion
Layers of gastrointestinal wall from outer to inner (5)
The Common bile duct connects to the ____________ where they the opening is controlled by the ____________
Pharynx leads to both the ________ and ______
in the small intestine: ________ or _______ turns polypeptides into smaller polypeptides
Tongue functions: spreads _______, helps shape food into a _______, and sense of _______
QuestionAnswer
Thick mixture of food particles and secreted fluids produced in stomach
Phase before food enters stomach
Kidneys secrete ____ and reabsorb ___- from tubules
In the small intestine: most _________ are absorbed along with _______
Trachea is blocked by _____ when swallowing
In the brush border: ___________ turns small peptides into _______
The stomach environment is ______
For H and HCO3 equation to become a right shifted reaction
Four functional aspects of GI system (SDAM)
Bilirubin is broken into ___________, the brown characteristics of _______
In the brush border: _________ turns dissacharides into ________
Secretin is triggered by ________
In the Intestinal Phase, Excitatory signals are ____, inhibitory ones are _____
Mucosa in stomach is lined with cells that secrete _______ which forms 1-1.5 ____ protect layer which neutralizes _________ in the immediate area
Chylomicron and lacteal solution is called ______ and goes to the ________ emptied into the blood stream at the ______
Bicarbonate Buffer System controls pH of _____
H+ secretion and Bicarbonate reabsorption occurs in the ____
Things absorbed in the stomach (3)
Small Intestine: Passive transport (2)
3 Inputs of gastric secretion
________ are produced by the epithelial duodenum and then transport lipids in the lymph duct
Endocrine glands in mucosa: secrete hormones into blood, carried by _______to _________, then returned to GI through _______ system
Respiratory systems have an ____ compared to kidneys which have a ____ response, but are most ____
Nerve plexus between longitudal and circular layer
Food enters stomach stimulating release of ______ hormone which stimulates release of ______
The _____ produces bile due to hormone ______ in response to __________ in the duodenum
Nervous regulation of gastrin: _______ fibers of the _____ nerve and local _______
GI tract receives both _______ and _________ innervation
Parietal cells and Chief cells are located in the _____ of the ____
condition when pH < 7.4
Gastric acid is ____
Another name for gastrointestinal tract
In the small intestin: _______ or ______ turns small polypeptides into _________
CCK is triggered by __________ and ________ in the __________
In the small intestine: ______ turns fat into ________ (3)
pH is controlled by these (3)
QuestionAnswer
Content of saliva: splits starch into smaller polysaccharides
____ liters absorbed by small intestine dailiy
Three phases of gastric secretion in order
Entergastrone ________ gastric secretion and _______
More than __ liter of saliva secreted daily
Bursting Activity: At rest, ______ occur
Buffer Systems resist ____ change
The spot where the next peristaltic contraction will occur in _ seconds
Swallowing reflex: action potential end up in ________ where the _______ is
condition when pH > 7.4
small molecules from digestion crossing from small intestine into blood and lymph
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____ and ____ cause hyperpolarization
Chylomicrons turn into a mix with _______
Epiglottis closes, ________ contracts
Food in _______triggers nervous reflex causing __________ to deliver saliva through ducts
pH going down is becoming more ___
An example of a weak acid absorbed in stomach
Involuntary waves of contraction
henderson hasselbalch equation (no spaces)
Protein buffer system operates on the ____ system
The hormone ________ gall bladder contraction and relaxation of sphincter of oddi
Outermost layer of gastrointestinal wall
Hormonal regulation of gastric secretion: respones to gastrin: released into blood from walls of _______
Pancreas: the lower located exocrine cell
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (Numbers out)
The stomach secretes ______ which partially digests stuff
Pancreas: cells secrete enzymes
Phase when food is in duodenum/upper small intestine
Swallowing Reflex: _____ stimulated by bolus
3 exocrine glands outside of the GI tract
Cells in stomach that release pepsinogen
Intestinal Phase Major Hormone
Saliva contains three elements:
The GI tract can undergo both ______ and ______ contractions

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