Science Quiz / The Digestive System

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Can you name the The Digestive System?

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QuestionAnswer
Bile is made of bile _____and bile _______
Increase in CO2 -> pH goes ___
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____ and ____ cause hyperpolarization
Tongue functions: spreads _______, helps shape food into a _______, and sense of _______
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (Numbers out)
condition when pH < 7.4
The Common bile duct connects to the ____________ where they the opening is controlled by the ____________
CCK triggers release of ___________
Phase before food enters stomach
In the small intestine: most _________ are absorbed along with _______
____ liters absorbed by small intestine dailiy
Pharynx leads to both the ________ and ______
Protein buffer system operates on the ____ system
Content of saliva: splits starch into smaller polysaccharides
Chylomicron and lacteal solution is called ______ and goes to the ________ emptied into the blood stream at the ______
3 Inputs of gastric secretion
Enterogastrone is released by ______ cells of the ________ and is trigerred by _______
In the brush border: ___________ turns small peptides into _______
Thick mixture of food particles and secreted fluids produced in stomach
More than __ liter of saliva secreted daily
________ is converted into ________ by HCL
An example of a weak acid absorbed in stomach
In the Gastric Phase Excitatory signals are _____
Bursting Activity: Stimulation by _____, _____, and ____ cause depolarization
Nerve plexus between longitudal and circular layer
In the brush border: _________ turns dissacharides into ________
pH going down is becoming more ___
Phase when food enters stomach
Kidney acid-base regulation: ____ ions in tubular lumen combine with _____ ions to form water and co2
In the stomach: _______ turns protein into ______
Four functional aspects of GI system (SDAM)
Phase when food is in duodenum/upper small intestine
Intestinal Phase Major Hormone
In the small intestine: ________ turn fat globules into ______
Release of gastrin is triggered by _________ which is caused by ______ which triggers _____ nerve to increase _______
GI tract receives both _______ and _________ innervation
QuestionAnswer
Small Intestine: Passive transport (2)
Bile is secreted by _______ cells
Breaking of food in molecular builidng blocks using acids and enzymes in the GI system
Secretin is triggered by ________
Respiratory systems have an ____ compared to kidneys which have a ____ response, but are most ____
Bursting Activity: At rest, ______ occur
Nervous regulation of gastrin: _______ fibers of the _____ nerve and local _______
Secretin inhibits ____________, and stimulates relase of _____ solution from liver
henderson hasselbalch equation (no spaces)
small molecules from digestion crossing from small intestine into blood and lymph
Made in the small intestine, promotes gastric secretion
pH is controlled by these (3)
Up Alveolar ventilation -> CO2 goes ___ -> pH goes ______
The common bile duct is the _________ and _________
The _____ produces bile due to hormone ______ in response to __________ in the duodenum
Bil pigment that is a breakdown product of hemoglobin
Phosphate buffer system controls pH of ____ and _____
Chylomicrons turn into a mix with _______
Saliva contains three elements:
Swallowing Reflex: action potential to cranial nerves in this order (written out)
Layers of gastrointestinal wall from outer to inner (5)
Pancreas: cells secrete bicarbonate
The stomach environment is ______
Pancreas: cells secrete enzymes
Gastric acid is ____
In the oral cavity, __________ turns starch into _________
Cells in stomach that release HCL
Small Intestine: Active transport of (5)
Cells in stomach that release pepsinogen
The stomach secretes ______ which partially digests stuff
Swallowing Reflex: _____ stimulated by bolus
________ are produced by the epithelial duodenum and then transport lipids in the lymph duct
In the small intestin: _______ or ______ turns small polypeptides into _________
Content of saliva: protects mouth lining against abrasion, lubricates food for easier swallowing
condition when pH > 7.4
Hormonal regulation of gastric secretion: respones to gastrin: released into blood from walls of _______
QuestionAnswer
Kidneys secrete ____ and reabsorb ___- from tubules
Another name for gastrointestinal tract
The hormone ________ gall bladder contraction and relaxation of sphincter of oddi
Things absorbed in the stomach (3)
CCK is triggered by __________ and ________ in the __________
Mucosa in stomach is lined with cells that secrete _______ which forms 1-1.5 ____ protect layer which neutralizes _________ in the immediate area
in the small intestine: ________ or _______ turns polypeptides into smaller polypeptides
Entergastrone ________ gastric secretion and _______
Food enters stomach stimulating release of ______ hormone which stimulates release of ______
Food in _______triggers nervous reflex causing __________ to deliver saliva through ducts
H+ secretion and Bicarbonate reabsorption occurs in the ____
Pancreas: the lower located exocrine cell
Three phases of gastric secretion in order
Bursting Activity: At the burst of BP the ________ contracts
Short secretion loop: stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCl vs. Long loop, stretch receptors to _______ to increase secretion of HCL
3 exocrine glands outside of the GI tract
Path of the gastrointestinal tract (6)
For H and HCO3 equation to become a right shifted reaction
Swallowing reflex: action potential end up in ________ where the _______ is
Trachea is blocked by _____ when swallowing
The GI tract can undergo both ______ and ______ contractions
The spot where the next peristaltic contraction will occur in _ seconds
Epiglottis closes, ________ contracts
Parietal cells and Chief cells are located in the _____ of the ____
In the small intestine: ______ turns fat into ________ (3)
Nerve plexus in submucosa
Bicarbonate Buffer System controls pH of _____
Buffer Systems resist ____ change
Outermost layer of gastrointestinal wall
Involuntary waves of contraction
Bilirubin is broken into ___________, the brown characteristics of _______
In the small intestine: __________ turns polysaccharides into__________
Endocrine glands in mucosa: secrete hormones into blood, carried by _______to _________, then returned to GI through _______ system
In the Intestinal Phase, Excitatory signals are ____, inhibitory ones are _____

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Created May 3, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:digestive, system

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