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Can you name the Cell Bio Exam 3?

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EF-TU takes how many GTP
kill bacterial (adjective)
Length after stretching out chromosome linearly
gum disease
nucleic acid inhibitor example
to bind single DNA strands back together
Cell that lyses in herpes
pyrmidine loses amino group (change of base)
Anthrax factor: endocytoses self into cells
group of 3 sequential bases, designate amino acid
cell wall inhibitor example
base change leads to stop codon
eyelid becomes inflammed
strand copied in fragments
base change no effect on amino acid sequence
DNA lying between genes
product binds to repressor controlling transcription
melt's duplex DNA
Prevents DNA from falling off
Anti-viral drug treates herpes; guanosine look-alike
sequence between promoter and first gene
hair loss
Initiation needs the addition of how many NTPs before elongation
Length of one turn on DNA (in nm)
isolated guanine with mustard gas sticking off
whats deleted each replication (end-replication problem)
DNA and histone complex
Exclude liquid matter from cytoplasm leaving DNA
The terminator is located in the (transcript or DNA)
(mRNA) multiple genes, multiple binding sequences
TFs binding to TFIID complex
Anthrax anti-microbial; inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
where ribosomal RNA synthesis occurs
end of DNA that has unmodified phosphate
Adds a primer
blistering agent
diabetes type: cells don't respond to insulin
total ATP and GTP usage (__,___)
part of ricin that enters cells
make molecules
sites specifying beginning and end of introns
type of factor required to allow RNA poly to bind to DNA
inhibit transcription (not completely stop)
redness ofs kin
DNA polymerase with built in RNA template, adds in bases to stop end-replication problems
synthesized by microorganisms against other ones
upstream is what direction (5' or 3')
site where tRNA exits
Anthrax factor: leads to water imbalance, cAMP drownage
transcriptional defect from inherited mutation causing diabetes
overdevelopment of male breast tissue
2 molecules of DNA/RNA only differ in degree of supercoiling
cell bursts, spilling out its guts
repairs breaks in backbone, makes final phosphodiester bonds between gaps
portions far away from promoter
Amount of base pairs per turn on DNA
substrate binds to repressor controlling transcription
Anthrax factor: leads to cell lysis, cleaves cell division enzymes
diabetes type: deficiency of insulin secretion; autoimmune
virus stops replication, lays dormant until reactivation
a DNA strand and all genes it carries
raw materials and energy for transcription
DNA lying between expressed segments of genes but don't code
degrades transcript after polyA degradation
diseases of retina
Environment of cytoplasm that results in ricin A & B separaitng
type of RNA poly that makes mRNA (pre-)
2 copies of each chromosome
two adjacent guanines crosslinked
cAMP binds to, forming a complex (regulation of lactose)
positive gene regulation: as glucose goes up, cAMP goes
number of stop codons
Nucleic acid sequence necessary for synthesis of functional protein
body's mechanism of transporting fat and blood (molecule)
strand copied continuously
cell old age
elevated blood sugar
strand that is being copied
dead (refers to tissue)
lose purine/base off a sugar
steroids bind to this to move through blood
code for regulatory proteins, control expression of structural genes
Accumulation of ketones (drop plasma pH)
removes 5' cap after polyA degradation
DNA lying within genes; expressed
end of DNA that has unmodified hydroxyl group
Difficulty breathing
HNF binds to this creating a complex
sets lifetime of transcript
Bonds that form the phosphate backbone
excessive urine
long lasting erection
base change mutation
Time when virus is transmissible between people
fatal anthrax due to inhalation of spores
remove introns
multiple ribosomes on a single mRNA
new infection, invasion of something resistant to drug in use
code for enzymes/proteins
break up molecules
synthetic steroid example
EF-G uses how many GTP
start codon
substrate induction and end-product repression are _______forms of regulation
Ricin A depurinates this on rRNA
Phosphorylates guanosine; activates it
type of topoisomerase that no energy is used
drop in cardiac output and blood flow due to bacterial infection
peptide chain is built in the
Does translocaiton
site where tRNA comes in
first mRNA modificaiton
Y's at the side of each replication bubble
reduction in hemoglobin content
promote transcription
binds to origin and separates DNA strands
everything after stop codon (mRNA)
muscle pain
reason the terminator forms a hairpin
finds polyA signal and then cleaves hairpin off
bond between ricin A and B
mutation in this in 70% of MODY
part of ricin that is cytotoxic
Process of adding a polyA tail
can pair with U, C, or A, in wobble position
Bonds between complement bases in DNA
a strand to which you will add bases to
3rd position of anticodon
includes both natural and synthetic substances against organisms
1 copy of each chromosome
excised intron form, quickly degraded
end of tRNA that binds to amino acid
Topoisomerase type such as gyrase that uses energy
moves peptide onto the new amino acid (an ase)
sequences that are the same in promoters amongst species
surrounding sequence of +1
site where peptide grows (middle)
moving ester bonds, involved in splicing
Prokaryotic number of replication origins
DNA polymerase, 5' to 3' polymerass 3' to 5' exonuclease
everything before a start codon (mRNA)
Chromatin type: less densely packed; active state
disease of nerves, typically peripheral
Initiator + TATA complex
narrow or broad (in reference to antimicrobials)
Level of compaction after nucleosomes
HV causing cross linking of
something that kills cells (adjective)
binds to TATA box first
adding carbon chains
where to line up mRNA binding site on prokaryotes
start point in transcription designated with numerical value of
Immune system cell that gobbles up anthrax in lungs
lower layers of dermis
Intestinal anthrax
Ricin A depurinates results in inhibiting what binding to the large subunit
base added or deleted
stop growth of bacteria (adjective)
dominant protein in blood, prevent h2o loss, carrier molecule
flag for export of mRNA from nucleus, prevents degradation
Positively charged proteins that DNA binds to for neutralization and compaction into the nucleus
shape of prokaryotic DNA
a protein that modulates transcription
Anthrax through cut or abrasion
Infected and an immune response has been mounted
portions around promoter
upper layers of dermis
amino acid can be coded for by more than one codon
single strand binding proteins, prevent re-annealing
prevents suprcoiling
several genes with related functions, regulated together
lower blood glucose
excessive thirst
transcription binds to this thing (-25 base pairs upstream0
lethal dose amount of anthrax spores
blood vessels in the brain (adjective)
type of supercoiling resulting form helicase
DNA polymerase, get rid of primers
Chromatin Type: folded and compacted; inactive
Part of virus, helps infect host cells, hide from immune system
steroids based on this (type of molecule)
guanines across from each other (1 away) crosslinked
makes cuts in lumps due to wrong base pairing
Elongation factor in eukaryotic translation

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Created Apr 10, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:cell, exam

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