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Can you name the Cell Bio Exam 3?

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QuestionAnswer
cell old age
blistering agent
Part of virus, helps infect host cells, hide from immune system
DNA lying between expressed segments of genes but don't code
Length after stretching out chromosome linearly
long lasting erection
Intestinal anthrax
base added or deleted
melt's duplex DNA
redness ofs kin
includes both natural and synthetic substances against organisms
Exclude liquid matter from cytoplasm leaving DNA
remove introns
part of ricin that is cytotoxic
Anthrax anti-microbial; inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
substrate binds to repressor controlling transcription
repairs breaks in backbone, makes final phosphodiester bonds between gaps
base change mutation
strand copied in fragments
Anthrax through cut or abrasion
Chromatin type: less densely packed; active state
single strand binding proteins, prevent re-annealing
Infected and an immune response has been mounted
raw materials and energy for transcription
synthesized by microorganisms against other ones
DNA and histone complex
to bind single DNA strands back together
upstream is what direction (5' or 3')
transcriptional defect from inherited mutation causing diabetes
where to line up mRNA binding site on prokaryotes
sets lifetime of transcript
inhibit transcription (not completely stop)
Y's at the side of each replication bubble
disease of nerves, typically peripheral
enlargement
positive gene regulation: as glucose goes up, cAMP goes
upper layers of dermis
whats deleted each replication (end-replication problem)
isolated guanine with mustard gas sticking off
sweating
site where tRNA exits
drop in cardiac output and blood flow due to bacterial infection
steroids based on this (type of molecule)
a DNA strand and all genes it carries
Nucleic acid sequence necessary for synthesis of functional protein
something that kills cells (adjective)
sequences that are the same in promoters amongst species
make molecules
overdevelopment of male breast tissue
steroids bind to this to move through blood
Immune system cell that gobbles up anthrax in lungs
(mRNA) multiple genes, multiple binding sequences
amino acid can be coded for by more than one codon
Length of one turn on DNA (in nm)
Topoisomerase type such as gyrase that uses energy
Initiator + TATA complex
base change no effect on amino acid sequence
Positively charged proteins that DNA binds to for neutralization and compaction into the nucleus
base change leads to stop codon
Anthrax factor: endocytoses self into cells
end of DNA that has unmodified phosphate
site where peptide grows (middle)
2 copies of each chromosome
QuestionAnswer
part of ricin that enters cells
diseases of retina
Ricin A depurinates results in inhibiting what binding to the large subunit
cell bursts, spilling out its guts
The terminator is located in the (transcript or DNA)
nucleic acid inhibitor example
first mRNA modificaiton
DNA lying between genes
TFs binding to TFIID complex
elevated blood sugar
Accumulation of ketones (drop plasma pH)
Initiation needs the addition of how many NTPs before elongation
binds to origin and separates DNA strands
site where tRNA comes in
product binds to repressor controlling transcription
gum disease
dominant protein in blood, prevent h2o loss, carrier molecule
excessive thirst
lower layers of dermis
promote transcription
transcription binds to this thing (-25 base pairs upstream0
degrades transcript after polyA degradation
excessive urine
prevents suprcoiling
narrow or broad (in reference to antimicrobials)
removes 5' cap after polyA degradation
binds to TATA box first
code for enzymes/proteins
code for regulatory proteins, control expression of structural genes
diabetes type: deficiency of insulin secretion; autoimmune
Bonds that form the phosphate backbone
guanines across from each other (1 away) crosslinked
sequence between promoter and first gene
2 molecules of DNA/RNA only differ in degree of supercoiling
Level of compaction after nucleosomes
Chromatin Type: folded and compacted; inactive
1 copy of each chromosome
Phosphorylates guanosine; activates it
DNA lying within genes; expressed
stop growth of bacteria (adjective)
pyrmidine loses amino group (change of base)
Prevents DNA from falling off
Cell that lyses in herpes
peptide chain is built in the
type of topoisomerase that no energy is used
excised intron form, quickly degraded
flag for export of mRNA from nucleus, prevents degradation
break up molecules
EF-G uses how many GTP
number of stop codons
everything after stop codon (mRNA)
muscle pain
portions around promoter
kill bacterial (adjective)
cell wall inhibitor example
shape of prokaryotic DNA
can pair with U, C, or A, in wobble position
surrounding sequence of +1
shrinking
Anti-viral drug treates herpes; guanosine look-alike
substrate induction and end-product repression are _______forms of regulation
Anthrax factor: leads to water imbalance, cAMP drownage
type of RNA poly that makes mRNA (pre-)
QuestionAnswer
two adjacent guanines crosslinked
type of supercoiling resulting form helicase
start point in transcription designated with numerical value of
type of factor required to allow RNA poly to bind to DNA
reduction in hemoglobin content
mutation in this in 70% of MODY
lose purine/base off a sugar
Anthrax factor: leads to cell lysis, cleaves cell division enzymes
Process of adding a polyA tail
Bonds between complement bases in DNA
bond between ricin A and B
multiple ribosomes on a single mRNA
dead (refers to tissue)
strand that is being copied
moves peptide onto the new amino acid (an ase)
DNA polymerase with built in RNA template, adds in bases to stop end-replication problems
Adds a primer
everything before a start codon (mRNA)
fatal anthrax due to inhalation of spores
body's mechanism of transporting fat and blood (molecule)
DNA polymerase, 5' to 3' polymerass 3' to 5' exonuclease
synthetic steroid example
a protein that modulates transcription
portions far away from promoter
Time when virus is transmissible between people
HV causing cross linking of
Environment of cytoplasm that results in ricin A & B separaitng
Ricin A depurinates this on rRNA
reason the terminator forms a hairpin
where ribosomal RNA synthesis occurs
Amount of base pairs per turn on DNA
sites specifying beginning and end of introns
group of 3 sequential bases, designate amino acid
DNA polymerase, get rid of primers
adding carbon chains
lower blood glucose
makes cuts in lumps due to wrong base pairing
blood vessels in the brain (adjective)
Prokaryotic number of replication origins
diabetes type: cells don't respond to insulin
cAMP binds to, forming a complex (regulation of lactose)
Does translocaiton
Elongation factor in eukaryotic translation
total ATP and GTP usage (__,___)
start codon
finds polyA signal and then cleaves hairpin off
end of DNA that has unmodified hydroxyl group
 
eyelid becomes inflammed
HNF binds to this creating a complex
end of tRNA that binds to amino acid
new infection, invasion of something resistant to drug in use
strand copied continuously
Difficulty breathing
virus stops replication, lays dormant until reactivation
moving ester bonds, involved in splicing
3rd position of anticodon
several genes with related functions, regulated together
a strand to which you will add bases to
EF-TU takes how many GTP
lethal dose amount of anthrax spores
hair loss

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Created Apr 10, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:cell, exam

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