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Can you name the Cell Bio Exam 3?

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steroids based on this (type of molecule)
2 copies of each chromosome
virus stops replication, lays dormant until reactivation
EF-TU takes how many GTP
Chromatin type: less densely packed; active state
HNF binds to this creating a complex
multiple ribosomes on a single mRNA
base change no effect on amino acid sequence
makes cuts in lumps due to wrong base pairing
(mRNA) multiple genes, multiple binding sequences
number of stop codons
drop in cardiac output and blood flow due to bacterial infection
sets lifetime of transcript
product binds to repressor controlling transcription
pyrmidine loses amino group (change of base)
dominant protein in blood, prevent h2o loss, carrier molecule
Y's at the side of each replication bubble
sequences that are the same in promoters amongst species
elevated blood sugar
site where peptide grows (middle)
hair loss
binds to origin and separates DNA strands
Time when virus is transmissible between people
adding carbon chains
DNA polymerase, 5' to 3' polymerass 3' to 5' exonuclease
overdevelopment of male breast tissue
type of supercoiling resulting form helicase
Level of compaction after nucleosomes
guanines across from each other (1 away) crosslinked
long lasting erection
Accumulation of ketones (drop plasma pH)
melt's duplex DNA
DNA and histone complex
peptide chain is built in the
type of topoisomerase that no energy is used
sites specifying beginning and end of introns
flag for export of mRNA from nucleus, prevents degradation
removes 5' cap after polyA degradation
end of tRNA that binds to amino acid
strand copied continuously
several genes with related functions, regulated together
Amount of base pairs per turn on DNA
lower layers of dermis
fatal anthrax due to inhalation of spores
Anti-viral drug treates herpes; guanosine look-alike
excessive thirst
repairs breaks in backbone, makes final phosphodiester bonds between gaps
cAMP binds to, forming a complex (regulation of lactose)
part of ricin that is cytotoxic
muscle pain
DNA lying within genes; expressed
blood vessels in the brain (adjective)
Ricin A depurinates results in inhibiting what binding to the large subunit
Anthrax anti-microbial; inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
finds polyA signal and then cleaves hairpin off
where to line up mRNA binding site on prokaryotes
end of DNA that has unmodified hydroxyl group
steroids bind to this to move through blood
type of RNA poly that makes mRNA (pre-)
reason the terminator forms a hairpin
diabetes type: cells don't respond to insulin
dead (refers to tissue)
body's mechanism of transporting fat and blood (molecule)
includes both natural and synthetic substances against organisms
total ATP and GTP usage (__,___)
stop growth of bacteria (adjective)
DNA lying between expressed segments of genes but don't code
part of ricin that enters cells
Difficulty breathing
Chromatin Type: folded and compacted; inactive
amino acid can be coded for by more than one codon
positive gene regulation: as glucose goes up, cAMP goes
single strand binding proteins, prevent re-annealing
promote transcription
2 molecules of DNA/RNA only differ in degree of supercoiling
kill bacterial (adjective)
lose purine/base off a sugar
start point in transcription designated with numerical value of
Topoisomerase type such as gyrase that uses energy
portions around promoter
base change mutation
remove introns
base change leads to stop codon
Anthrax factor: leads to cell lysis, cleaves cell division enzymes
code for regulatory proteins, control expression of structural genes
blistering agent
mutation in this in 70% of MODY
Anthrax through cut or abrasion
cell wall inhibitor example
base added or deleted
Elongation factor in eukaryotic translation
Adds a primer
shape of prokaryotic DNA
a DNA strand and all genes it carries
degrades transcript after polyA degradation
The terminator is located in the (transcript or DNA)
Cell that lyses in herpes
Infected and an immune response has been mounted
type of factor required to allow RNA poly to bind to DNA
bond between ricin A and B
DNA lying between genes
isolated guanine with mustard gas sticking off
raw materials and energy for transcription
excised intron form, quickly degraded
synthetic steroid example
moving ester bonds, involved in splicing
Intestinal anthrax
start codon
reduction in hemoglobin content
sequence between promoter and first gene
EF-G uses how many GTP
Ricin A depurinates this on rRNA
redness ofs kin
two adjacent guanines crosslinked
Positively charged proteins that DNA binds to for neutralization and compaction into the nucleus
cell bursts, spilling out its guts
substrate binds to repressor controlling transcription
site where tRNA exits
lethal dose amount of anthrax spores
group of 3 sequential bases, designate amino acid
make molecules
Nucleic acid sequence necessary for synthesis of functional protein
substrate induction and end-product repression are _______forms of regulation
binds to TATA box first
lower blood glucose
transcriptional defect from inherited mutation causing diabetes
inhibit transcription (not completely stop)
Initiator + TATA complex
diseases of retina
a strand to which you will add bases to
Prevents DNA from falling off
a protein that modulates transcription
code for enzymes/proteins
upstream is what direction (5' or 3')
nucleic acid inhibitor example
whats deleted each replication (end-replication problem)
Exclude liquid matter from cytoplasm leaving DNA
synthesized by microorganisms against other ones
everything before a start codon (mRNA)
Length after stretching out chromosome linearly
DNA polymerase, get rid of primers
narrow or broad (in reference to antimicrobials)
transcription binds to this thing (-25 base pairs upstream0
Bonds that form the phosphate backbone
gum disease
prevents suprcoiling
Initiation needs the addition of how many NTPs before elongation
upper layers of dermis
Part of virus, helps infect host cells, hide from immune system
first mRNA modificaiton
can pair with U, C, or A, in wobble position
Process of adding a polyA tail
site where tRNA comes in
Bonds between complement bases in DNA
HV causing cross linking of
to bind single DNA strands back together
Anthrax factor: endocytoses self into cells
portions far away from promoter
Prokaryotic number of replication origins
diabetes type: deficiency of insulin secretion; autoimmune
3rd position of anticodon
TFs binding to TFIID complex
strand that is being copied
excessive urine
disease of nerves, typically peripheral
Length of one turn on DNA (in nm)
Phosphorylates guanosine; activates it
moves peptide onto the new amino acid (an ase)
1 copy of each chromosome
break up molecules
DNA polymerase with built in RNA template, adds in bases to stop end-replication problems
Immune system cell that gobbles up anthrax in lungs
something that kills cells (adjective)
new infection, invasion of something resistant to drug in use
Environment of cytoplasm that results in ricin A & B separaitng
where ribosomal RNA synthesis occurs
eyelid becomes inflammed
Does translocaiton
surrounding sequence of +1
cell old age
strand copied in fragments
everything after stop codon (mRNA)
end of DNA that has unmodified phosphate
Anthrax factor: leads to water imbalance, cAMP drownage

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Created Apr 10, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:cell, exam

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