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Can you name the Cell Bio Exam 3?

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moves peptide onto the new amino acid (an ase)
upstream is what direction (5' or 3')
stop growth of bacteria (adjective)
(mRNA) multiple genes, multiple binding sequences
to bind single DNA strands back together
Part of virus, helps infect host cells, hide from immune system
Exclude liquid matter from cytoplasm leaving DNA
transcriptional defect from inherited mutation causing diabetes
first mRNA modificaiton
blood vessels in the brain (adjective)
start point in transcription designated with numerical value of
base added or deleted
whats deleted each replication (end-replication problem)
Prevents DNA from falling off
promote transcription
sites specifying beginning and end of introns
code for enzymes/proteins
type of supercoiling resulting form helicase
multiple ribosomes on a single mRNA
cAMP binds to, forming a complex (regulation of lactose)
Cell that lyses in herpes
substrate binds to repressor controlling transcription
diabetes type: cells don't respond to insulin
remove introns
DNA polymerase, get rid of primers
sequences that are the same in promoters amongst species
prevents suprcoiling
Positively charged proteins that DNA binds to for neutralization and compaction into the nucleus
hair loss
Anthrax anti-microbial; inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
new infection, invasion of something resistant to drug in use
raw materials and energy for transcription
site where tRNA exits
HNF binds to this creating a complex
can pair with U, C, or A, in wobble position
diseases of retina
code for regulatory proteins, control expression of structural genes
degrades transcript after polyA degradation
make molecules
2 copies of each chromosome
Nucleic acid sequence necessary for synthesis of functional protein
end of DNA that has unmodified hydroxyl group
disease of nerves, typically peripheral
a protein that modulates transcription
sets lifetime of transcript
group of 3 sequential bases, designate amino acid
a strand to which you will add bases to
portions around promoter
upper layers of dermis
Prokaryotic number of replication origins
fatal anthrax due to inhalation of spores
transcription binds to this thing (-25 base pairs upstream0
steroids bind to this to move through blood
excessive thirst
strand copied in fragments
Length of one turn on DNA (in nm)
Ricin A depurinates results in inhibiting what binding to the large subunit
Intestinal anthrax
part of ricin that enters cells
long lasting erection
mutation in this in 70% of MODY
surrounding sequence of +1
blistering agent
a DNA strand and all genes it carries
Length after stretching out chromosome linearly
guanines across from each other (1 away) crosslinked
binds to TATA box first
strand copied continuously
Chromatin Type: folded and compacted; inactive
cell old age
pyrmidine loses amino group (change of base)
cell bursts, spilling out its guts
adding carbon chains
Phosphorylates guanosine; activates it
everything after stop codon (mRNA)
where ribosomal RNA synthesis occurs
Elongation factor in eukaryotic translation
amino acid can be coded for by more than one codon
where to line up mRNA binding site on prokaryotes
Infected and an immune response has been mounted
DNA lying between genes
Y's at the side of each replication bubble
Ricin A depurinates this on rRNA
muscle pain
overdevelopment of male breast tissue
includes both natural and synthetic substances against organisms
eyelid becomes inflammed
Initiation needs the addition of how many NTPs before elongation
everything before a start codon (mRNA)
base change leads to stop codon
Adds a primer
Accumulation of ketones (drop plasma pH)
Bonds that form the phosphate backbone
reason the terminator forms a hairpin
drop in cardiac output and blood flow due to bacterial infection
shape of prokaryotic DNA
part of ricin that is cytotoxic
type of factor required to allow RNA poly to bind to DNA
Amount of base pairs per turn on DNA
excised intron form, quickly degraded
makes cuts in lumps due to wrong base pairing
Anthrax through cut or abrasion
DNA lying between expressed segments of genes but don't code
DNA polymerase with built in RNA template, adds in bases to stop end-replication problems
isolated guanine with mustard gas sticking off
product binds to repressor controlling transcription
kill bacterial (adjective)
synthetic steroid example
Level of compaction after nucleosomes
moving ester bonds, involved in splicing
gum disease
sequence between promoter and first gene
Anti-viral drug treates herpes; guanosine look-alike
Anthrax factor: leads to water imbalance, cAMP drownage
something that kills cells (adjective)
Process of adding a polyA tail
lower layers of dermis
2 molecules of DNA/RNA only differ in degree of supercoiling
inhibit transcription (not completely stop)
DNA lying within genes; expressed
portions far away from promoter
diabetes type: deficiency of insulin secretion; autoimmune
lower blood glucose
cell wall inhibitor example
EF-TU takes how many GTP
3rd position of anticodon
dominant protein in blood, prevent h2o loss, carrier molecule
Time when virus is transmissible between people
base change mutation
type of RNA poly that makes mRNA (pre-)
dead (refers to tissue)
Anthrax factor: leads to cell lysis, cleaves cell division enzymes
positive gene regulation: as glucose goes up, cAMP goes
virus stops replication, lays dormant until reactivation
body's mechanism of transporting fat and blood (molecule)
break up molecules
Initiator + TATA complex
site where tRNA comes in
EF-G uses how many GTP
end of DNA that has unmodified phosphate
Bonds between complement bases in DNA
TFs binding to TFIID complex
site where peptide grows (middle)
Environment of cytoplasm that results in ricin A & B separaitng
steroids based on this (type of molecule)
nucleic acid inhibitor example
narrow or broad (in reference to antimicrobials)
melt's duplex DNA
lose purine/base off a sugar
single strand binding proteins, prevent re-annealing
synthesized by microorganisms against other ones
number of stop codons
redness ofs kin
binds to origin and separates DNA strands
substrate induction and end-product repression are _______forms of regulation
Does translocaiton
several genes with related functions, regulated together
excessive urine
Topoisomerase type such as gyrase that uses energy
removes 5' cap after polyA degradation
type of topoisomerase that no energy is used
repairs breaks in backbone, makes final phosphodiester bonds between gaps
bond between ricin A and B
end of tRNA that binds to amino acid
DNA polymerase, 5' to 3' polymerass 3' to 5' exonuclease
strand that is being copied
elevated blood sugar
base change no effect on amino acid sequence
flag for export of mRNA from nucleus, prevents degradation
Immune system cell that gobbles up anthrax in lungs
peptide chain is built in the
two adjacent guanines crosslinked
Anthrax factor: endocytoses self into cells
The terminator is located in the (transcript or DNA)
DNA and histone complex
total ATP and GTP usage (__,___)
Difficulty breathing
start codon
finds polyA signal and then cleaves hairpin off
1 copy of each chromosome
lethal dose amount of anthrax spores
Chromatin type: less densely packed; active state
reduction in hemoglobin content
HV causing cross linking of

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