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Can you name the Cell Bio Exam 3?

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QuestionAnswer
long lasting erection
Y's at the side of each replication bubble
flag for export of mRNA from nucleus, prevents degradation
Level of compaction after nucleosomes
1 copy of each chromosome
fatal anthrax due to inhalation of spores
end of DNA that has unmodified phosphate
type of supercoiling resulting form helicase
raw materials and energy for transcription
substrate binds to repressor controlling transcription
can pair with U, C, or A, in wobble position
HV causing cross linking of
DNA lying between genes
something that kills cells (adjective)
Cell that lyses in herpes
DNA lying between expressed segments of genes but don't code
sites specifying beginning and end of introns
make molecules
whats deleted each replication (end-replication problem)
sequences that are the same in promoters amongst species
Anthrax anti-microbial; inhibits bacterial DNA gyrase
Prevents DNA from falling off
base change leads to stop codon
type of topoisomerase that no energy is used
excessive urine
everything after stop codon (mRNA)
site where tRNA exits
remove introns
moves peptide onto the new amino acid (an ase)
Elongation factor in eukaryotic translation
reason the terminator forms a hairpin
diabetes type: cells don't respond to insulin
code for regulatory proteins, control expression of structural genes
repairs breaks in backbone, makes final phosphodiester bonds between gaps
synthetic steroid example
HNF binds to this creating a complex
cAMP binds to, forming a complex (regulation of lactose)
narrow or broad (in reference to antimicrobials)
Exclude liquid matter from cytoplasm leaving DNA
binds to origin and separates DNA strands
single strand binding proteins, prevent re-annealing
to bind single DNA strands back together
2 copies of each chromosome
lower blood glucose
upstream is what direction (5' or 3')
blood vessels in the brain (adjective)
promote transcription
Phosphorylates guanosine; activates it
site where peptide grows (middle)
Environment of cytoplasm that results in ricin A & B separaitng
virus stops replication, lays dormant until reactivation
portions far away from promoter
TFs binding to TFIID complex
muscle pain
product binds to repressor controlling transcription
end of DNA that has unmodified hydroxyl group
binds to TATA box first
DNA polymerase with built in RNA template, adds in bases to stop end-replication problems
dominant protein in blood, prevent h2o loss, carrier molecule
guanines across from each other (1 away) crosslinked
transcription binds to this thing (-25 base pairs upstream0
redness ofs kin
transcriptional defect from inherited mutation causing diabetes
QuestionAnswer
Infected and an immune response has been mounted
multiple ribosomes on a single mRNA
portions around promoter
mutation in this in 70% of MODY
two adjacent guanines crosslinked
strand copied in fragments
lose purine/base off a sugar
positive gene regulation: as glucose goes up, cAMP goes
excised intron form, quickly degraded
Time when virus is transmissible between people
drop in cardiac output and blood flow due to bacterial infection
Initiation needs the addition of how many NTPs before elongation
2 molecules of DNA/RNA only differ in degree of supercoiling
makes cuts in lumps due to wrong base pairing
steroids bind to this to move through blood
amino acid can be coded for by more than one codon
number of stop codons
Initiator + TATA complex
strand copied continuously
Length after stretching out chromosome linearly
a protein that modulates transcription
dead (refers to tissue)
diabetes type: deficiency of insulin secretion; autoimmune
diseases of retina
base change mutation
Anti-viral drug treates herpes; guanosine look-alike
where to line up mRNA binding site on prokaryotes
(mRNA) multiple genes, multiple binding sequences
removes 5' cap after polyA degradation
end of tRNA that binds to amino acid
new infection, invasion of something resistant to drug in use
DNA polymerase, get rid of primers
Chromatin Type: folded and compacted; inactive
upper layers of dermis
everything before a start codon (mRNA)
DNA lying within genes; expressed
hair loss
part of ricin that is cytotoxic
 
Bonds between complement bases in DNA
EF-G uses how many GTP
cell old age
excessive thirst
Adds a primer
where ribosomal RNA synthesis occurs
blistering agent
prevents suprcoiling
Topoisomerase type such as gyrase that uses energy
inhibit transcription (not completely stop)
steroids based on this (type of molecule)
Part of virus, helps infect host cells, hide from immune system
kill bacterial (adjective)
Immune system cell that gobbles up anthrax in lungs
elevated blood sugar
shape of prokaryotic DNA
pyrmidine loses amino group (change of base)
peptide chain is built in the
lower layers of dermis
sequence between promoter and first gene
group of 3 sequential bases, designate amino acid
isolated guanine with mustard gas sticking off
sets lifetime of transcript
several genes with related functions, regulated together
QuestionAnswer
Ricin A depurinates this on rRNA
first mRNA modificaiton
Accumulation of ketones (drop plasma pH)
DNA and histone complex
surrounding sequence of +1
code for enzymes/proteins
cell wall inhibitor example
lethal dose amount of anthrax spores
degrades transcript after polyA degradation
a strand to which you will add bases to
total ATP and GTP usage (__,___)
start codon
start point in transcription designated with numerical value of
Bonds that form the phosphate backbone
Amount of base pairs per turn on DNA
melt's duplex DNA
disease of nerves, typically peripheral
finds polyA signal and then cleaves hairpin off
DNA polymerase, 5' to 3' polymerass 3' to 5' exonuclease
adding carbon chains
moving ester bonds, involved in splicing
Intestinal anthrax
The terminator is located in the (transcript or DNA)
cell bursts, spilling out its guts
3rd position of anticodon
EF-TU takes how many GTP
Prokaryotic number of replication origins
stop growth of bacteria (adjective)
enlargement
Length of one turn on DNA (in nm)
substrate induction and end-product repression are _______forms of regulation
reduction in hemoglobin content
a DNA strand and all genes it carries
base change no effect on amino acid sequence
includes both natural and synthetic substances against organisms
gum disease
Chromatin type: less densely packed; active state
Anthrax through cut or abrasion
Process of adding a polyA tail
break up molecules
type of factor required to allow RNA poly to bind to DNA
nucleic acid inhibitor example
Positively charged proteins that DNA binds to for neutralization and compaction into the nucleus
Anthrax factor: leads to cell lysis, cleaves cell division enzymes
Anthrax factor: endocytoses self into cells
strand that is being copied
site where tRNA comes in
synthesized by microorganisms against other ones
Does translocaiton
bond between ricin A and B
body's mechanism of transporting fat and blood (molecule)
Anthrax factor: leads to water imbalance, cAMP drownage
overdevelopment of male breast tissue
shrinking
Difficulty breathing
base added or deleted
sweating
eyelid becomes inflammed
type of RNA poly that makes mRNA (pre-)
part of ricin that enters cells
Ricin A depurinates results in inhibiting what binding to the large subunit
Nucleic acid sequence necessary for synthesis of functional protein

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