Science Quiz / HTN Treatments/Guidelines

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Can you name the treatments and guidelines for treating hypertension?

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QuestionAnswer
Beta-1 selective agents are selective for receptors in the tissue of which organ?
Which trial supports the following statement: Adding Candesartan to an antihypertensive regimen that includes Lisinopril will have no additional benefit in preventing CV events.
Dry cough and hyperkalemia are potential side effects of ACE inhibitors. What is another, rarer and potentially more life-threatening side effect associated with ACE inhibitors?
Which classes of antihypertensives decrease the risk of having additional heart attacks after your first MI?
What is the JNC 7 BP goal for patients with diabetes or CKD?
What is the AHA BP goal for patients with left ventricular dysfunction due to heart failure?
Which trial supports the following statement: Murray is a 78 year old male with HTN. The benefits of treating the HTN will outweigh the risks of an ADR during treatment.
What is the JNC 7 BP goal for patients with uncomplicated HTN?
These OTC drugs used to treat pain can raise BP.
While working at BMC, you receive an order from the SICU for Captopril 25mg q2h prn. In what disease state is this order appropriate?
QuestionAnswer
An increase in 10 mmHg in blood pressure corresponds to a ____% increase in risk of having a stroke in a patient with HTN.
Which trial supports the following statement: A patient on HCTZ for treatment of HTN can be switched to Amlodipine with equal risk reduction for CV events.
Which hormone do the RAAS inhibitors attempt to decrease the activity of?
This class of antidepressant/antiparkinsonian medication can raise BP.
What antihypertensive is becoming preferred over Methyldopa to treat HTN in pregnant women?
These OTC drugs used to treat rhinitis can raise BP.
_____ diuretics act by blocking Na, Cl and K reabsorption, and cause the most fluid loss of all diuretics. (Class)
Drugs like propranolol are contraindicated in patients with what disease state?
_______ acts by blocking the action of ________, reducing the expression of Na/K pumps on cells in the collecting duct. (Drug, Hormone)
Name a controllable risk factor for developing HTN.
QuestionAnswer
Name an uncontrollable risk factor for developing hypertension.
What is an example of TOD in a hypertensive emergency?
What first-line agents for the treatment of HTN dilate peripheral arterioles through relaxation of the smooth muscle? (Class)
_____ diuretics act by blocking NaCl reabsorption in the DCT. (Class)
What is a side effect shared by Ramipril, Olmesartan, and Spironolactone other than hypotension?
Which classes of antihypertensives are indicated as first-line treatment in patients with Diabetes or CKD?
Which class of (indicated) antihypertensives is associated with a risk of causing acute exacerbation of heart failure?
Which antihypertensives can also improve the symptoms of BPH? (Class)
How much weight would you have to lose to decrease your systolic blood pressure by 5-10 mmHg?
_______ acts by blocking the Na/K pump channel in the collecting duct. (Drug)

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