Science Quiz / PGA Quiz 1

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Can you name the anatomical terms?

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HintAnswer
Fill in the analogy: subclavian artery : subclavian vein :: carotid artery : _______ vein.
Muscles help maintain posture, help in movement, and also stabilize joints. What is a fourth characteristic?
What embryonic germ layer develops into muscle, among other things?
During a coronary catheterization, the coronary circulation is accessed through the ________ artery and thus is minimally invasive.
Many pathologies of the liver can lead to _______, in which patients present with swollen abdomens.
The nose is _______ to the mouth.
A vein that is commonly used in coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is the ________ vein, also used in a 'cut-down' procedure to push large volumes of fluids at once.
The artery that ascends into the cranium and helps form the Circle of Willis is the:
This quiz is _____ just a shameless plug for Georgetown Cupcakes.
When making an incision, you should cut parallel to the _____________ to avoid horrendous scarring.
One can hear bowel sounds in the chest if a patient has suffered a _________
To stand on your toes, you must _________ your foot.
The arch of the aorta has three major arteries branching off of it; these are the left subclavian, left common carotid and the:
The muscles in the floor of the pelvis attach via a _______
Your friend is inside Georgetown Cupcakes; you knock on the glass and indicate that you want five cupcakes. To indicate the number five, you must extend and ______ your fingers.
To bite down on a Georgetown Cupcake when nomming it, you must _________ your mandible.
A carpenter who accidentally fired a nailgun into his foot returns for a followup visit in which you want to check for an infection. Which lymph nodes should you check?
Muscles on the posterior side of the thigh ______ the upper leg.
The left gonadal vein drains into the left renal vein, but the right gonadal vein drains into the ______________
Edema can be caused by increased capillary pressure, increased capillary permeability, obstruction of a lymph node or duct, and ________.
Muscles in the neck and throat generally function in:
HintAnswer
This procedure alleviates stenosis caused by atherosclerosis of the common carotid artery.
In proper anatomical position, the radius and ulna are parallel instead of crossed; this is because the forearm is fully:
Flexing the knee and forearm _________ the angle of those joints.
Epidural hematomas are frequently caused by damage to the ______ ________ arteries.
The vagus nerve is _______ to the phrenic nerve.
The 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th somitomeres develop into which muscles of the face and neck?
The intestinal structure responsible for absorbing dietary fats into the lymph system to bypass the liver is the:
Areas of the body that lack lymphatic tissues include the CNS, red bone marrow, parts of the spleen, and the ________ of the eye.
The unpaired artery that branches from the abdominal aorta and supplies the stomach, spleen, liver, gallbladder (collectively, known as the foregut) is the ________ artery.
True or false: testicular cancer can be diagnosed by biopsy of the inguinal lymph nodes.
In the first portion of a jumping jack, you must _______ the upper and lower limbs.
When the arm is in anatomical position, muscles on the anterior side generally work to ______ the hand.
Except for the right side of the upper limbs, torso, and head, all of the lymph duct ultimately drain into the:
You evaluate a man who was stabbed in the upper left thorax at a bar. You notice the patient is hoarse; what might be the problem?
A breast cancer lesion in the upper right quadrant of the breast necessitates thorough checking of the _______ lymph nodes to check for metastasis.
Compression or blockage of the ________ ________ will lead to severe edema, poor fat-soluble vitamin intake, and wasting.
The 1st, 2nd, and 3rd somitomeres give rise to which group of muscles of the trunk and head?
The proper term for an infection caused by trauma or parasitic invasion that damages lymph vessels and leads to lymphedema is:
Damage of the thoracic duct during surgery can lead to this condition, in which lung expansion is impeded by fluid accumulation in the chest.
The broad, flat tendon of the obliques is referred to as:
The ankle is ______ to the knee.
HintAnswer
Increased speed and ______________ are two benefits of a muscle working at a mechanical disadvantage.
If you were to lift an object using a seesaw, what class of lever would be in use?
Scalene syndrome manifests in patients who have an extra cervical rib and hypertrophy of the scalene muscles of the neck, impinging on the ________ artery.
The ________ plane divides your left arm from your right:
________ muscles hold the origin of a muscle steady so that prime movers can move the distal attachment.
True or false: the internal carotid artery has branches that go into the neck.
The muscles of the arm that flex the forearm function at a mechanical disadvantage at all times, because they are classified as a __________ class lever.
Your friend inside Georgetown Cupcakes sees you and gives you the A-okay sign to indicate that he will buy five for you. To make the A-okay sign, he must _______ his thumb.
The midgut and hindgut are served by the superior and inferior ________ arteries, respectfully.
The hepatic portal system involves ________ capillary beds.
The only action a muscle itself can do is:
A ruptured aneurysm in the brain is a common cause of a __________ hemorrhage
Coronary artery bypass grafting (bypass surgery) frequently uses the ____________ arteries as a graft.
The lymphatic system is responsible for draining interstitial fluid, protecting the body against invasion, and transporting __________ _____
Deep muscles of the thorax and the diaphragm generally function in what?
The ________ plane divides the trachea and esophagus.
In the proper anatomical position, the fingers are:
Muscles whose fascicles are organized in a _________ fashion generate more force than parallel organization because of a greater total number of fibers.
A patient with severe acne in the thorax would likely present with inflamed ________ lymph nodes too.
A beggar asking for some soup or change will _________ his forearms.

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