Science Quiz / CP Part 1

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Can you name the CP vocabulary terms?

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The pressure differential between the R and L sides of the heart is represented by the Central Venous Pressure and _____ respectively.
Mitral and tricuspid valve regurgitation would be heard as a _______ murmur.
Large vessels occasionally have a _______ _________ in their tunica adventitia to serve tissue within the vessel.
Ribs 11 and 12 are also known as the _______ ribs.
The Frank-Starling mechanism states that if you increase preload, you'll get an increase in
Lymphatic fluid from the superior right thorax ultimately drains into the ______________.
A PR interval longer than ____ ms indicates first degree heart block.
Current between cardiac cells travels through:
This is the ability of the heart to generate force (contractility) and is independent of preload and afterload
Conduction from the atria to the ventricles occurs across the __ ______
The only veins in the body that do not drain into the vena cava OR the coronary sinus are the ___________.
____________ ____________ can constrict to cut off blod flow to a capillary bed.
Neural crest cells migrate to help form the __________ septum, which divides the outflow tract.
True or false: during a pleural tap, the physician inserts a needle above the superior border of the rib to avoid damaging intercostal vessels.
Phase 3 on a voltage diagram of a ventricular cardiomyocyte correlates to _______.
As cycle length decreases, the action potential duration will:
Pathological murmurs tend to occur during ________ of the cardiac cycle.
The orifice in the septum secondum that allows blood to flow into the left atrium is known as the:
This branch of the coronary arteries can develop from either the LCA or RCA, and determines the 'dominance' of the heart.
Contraction of ____________ muscles during systole prevents the atrioventricular valves from prolapsing.
Ventricular myocardial cells will _________ during an action potential to around +30 mV.
Putting your stethoscope over the apex of the heart is a good way to listen to the sounds of the _____valve.
Hydrostatic pressure in the legs will be _________ than at the level of the heart, when standing.
The orifice in the septum primum formed by blood spurting from the inferior vena cava is known as the:
hintanswer
These are the connective tissue connections that provide structural support to the breast tissue.
T/F: Transposition of the great vessels is fatal unless the patient also has an interventricular septal defect.
Progressively lengthening PR intervals leading to a dropped QRS complex is a sign of _________.
During isometric contraction, there is a steep increase in pressure, but ________ does not change.
Functionally, the interventricular septum is part of the __________.
The four chambered heart creates two separate circulations: the pulmonary circulation and the _______ circulation.
Area of the heart with the greatest pressure fluctuation is the?
Various congenital heart defects are associated with the _______ _________, which initially connects the pulmonary artery and aorta in utero.
A QRS complex that is not preceded by a P wave but is otherwise normal is likely a ________.
If the length of a vessel is increased, resistance will _________.
Kidneys have a specialized subtype of ___________ capillary.
Vagal innervation belongs to the _____ nervous system.
This is the most anterior chamber of the adult heart in its native orientation.
A heart rate of 100 bpm would have ___ large boxes between each QRS on the EKG recording.
Diastolic depolarization corresponds to a slow, inward _____ current
Abnormal deflections with no pattern or discernable P waves between QRS complexes is a sign of:
Is central venous pressure high/low when the heart works its hardest?
Neurotransmitter for parasympathetic nervous system:
If you give a blood transfusion rapidly, you increase stretch and thus must increase heart rate to maintain cardiac output via this mechanism
The _______ lymph nodes drain 75% of the fluid from the breast.
The __________ projects posteriorly to T4 and T5.
Clumps of cells that form first in the yolk sac that are key in the process of vasculogenesis are called:
Factors affecting contractility have ______ effects.
Name a clinical sign of breast cancer.
hintanswer
All mechanical events are preceded by an ______ event
This staircase mechanism involves a change in inotropism associated with more frequent stimulation of cardiac myocytes.
The lead with a positive electrode on the left foot and negative electrodes on the right and left arm is lead:
If a patient becomes dehydrated, his blood may become more viscous and therefore, flow would be ________ turbulent.
Heart muscle contractions are due to this ion.
__________ ___________, or AV shunt for short, circuits blood away from capillary beds.
In the embryo, the devleoping kidneys are drained by the ___________ veins.
Calcification of valves leads to valve _________.
Blood flow is driven by a _____ gradient created by the heart
Another way to measure heart rate on an EKG strip is divide the number of small boxes between two QRS complexes into ______.
The process whereby tissue from the right side of the sinus venosus folds in to become incorporated in the wall of the right atrium:
____ gallop is a sign of early heart failure, but may occur normally in children.
We increase the radius of a vessel by a factor of 2. By what factor will Q increase?
Normal, regular heart beating is called ____ rhythm.
This is the centermost space in thorax, between the lung pleura.
Standing up suddenly causes blood to pool in the legs; what system is activated to counteract this pooling effect?
T/F - The parasympathetic nervous system has an effect on contractility
Circulations in series have a _________ resistance compared to circulations in parallel.
Connections between the dorsal and ventral aortae are generally termed _______ _______.
Aneurysms are caused by a weakening in the tunica ________.
The apex beat of the heart is in the _th intercostal space, left of the midline.
The cardiogenic mesoderm is formed from _____________ mesoderm.
Vitelline veins, cardinal veins, and umbilical veins converge into the _______ venosus in the developing heart tube.

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