Literature Quiz / Rhetorical Elements

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Can you name the Rhetorical Elements ?

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The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Understatement,esp. that in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary
A comparision without the use of 'like' or 'as'
The substitution of a word referring to an attribute for the thing that is ment.
sound words
A phrase that puts two contradicting words together
A self contradictory and false proposition
Giving an inanimate object human like qualities
he humorous use of a word or phrase so to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications
a comparison with the use of 'like' or 'as'
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general ofr the general for the special
To state or repressent less strongly or strikingly than the facts would bear out
The repitition of consonant sounds in a phrase
Repetitino of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences
Opposition; contrast; the direct opposite
A digression in the form of an address to someone not present, or to a personified object of idea
resemblance of sounds; also called vowel rhyme
A reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases
The substitution of a mild, indirect, or vague expression for one thought to be offensive, harsh, or blunt
obvious and intentional exaggeration
The repetition of words in successive clauses, but in transposed grammatical order
Rejecting an arguement because of its insignificance, error, or wickedness
To mention by not mentioning
A rhetorically useful expression of doubt
a sentence is deliberately broken off and left unfinished
a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrasesm are placed side by side, with one element sercing to define or modify the other
The classification of ethos, pathos, and logos
A trite expression whose effectiveness has been worn out through overuse and excessive familiarity
Mounting by degrees through words or sentences of increasing weight and in parallel construction with an emphasis on the high point or culmination of a series of events or of an ex
A statement or bit of knowledge that is commonly shared among a given audience or community
A sentence that contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause
A sentence that contains at least two independent clauses
An argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer acknowledges the validity of an opponent's point
The main part of a speech or text in which logical arguments in support of a position are elaborated
The emotional implications and associations that a word may carry, in contrast to its denotative meanings
Expansive richness and amplification as a stylistic goal
Verbal bit or fragment used as an autonomous unit to create an effect of abruptness and rapid transition from one point of view to another
The use of a style that is appropriate to a subject, situation, speaker, or audience. According to Cicero's discussion of decorum in De Oratore, the grand and important theme shoul
A method of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the stated premises; inference by reasoning from the general to the specific
Dissuasive advice given with authority
Repetition of a word or phrase broken up by one or more intervening words
The practice of arriving at a conclusion by the exchange of logical arguments, usually in the form of questions and answers
Explicit references to various meanings of a word--usually for the purpose of removing ambiguities
A detailed personal description: a head-to-toe inventory of a person's physical attributes or charms
The omission of one or more words, which must be supplied by the listener or reader
A tribute or eulogy in prose or verse honoring people, objects, ideas, or events
Generic term for a visually powerful description that vividly recreates something or someone in words
An informally stated syllogism with an implied premise
Repetition at the end of a clause or sentence of the word or phrase with which it began
A circumstance in which a speaker quotes a passage and comments on it
One of the three major branches of rhetoric: speech or writing that praises or blames
Frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point
The repetition of a word or phrase at the end of successive clauses
Asking questions to rebuke or reproach rather than to elicit answers; A form of argument in which a speaker attempts to shame an opponent into adopting a particular point of view
Using an appropriate adjective (often habitually) to characterize a person or thing
Repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis, usually with no words in between
A rhetorical question implying strong affirmation or denial
- putting oneself in the place of another so as to both understand and express his or her feelings more vividly. (empathy)
- a persuasive appeal (one of the three artistic proofs) based on the character or projected character of the speaker or writer.
The substitution of an inoffensive term (such as 'passed away') for one considered offensively explicit ('died').
An elaborately patterned prose style, characterized in particular by the extensive use of similes and metaphors, parallelism, alliteration, and antithesis
An emotional utterance that seeks to move an audience to a similar feeling.
A fictional narrative meant to teach a moral lesson.
regularly used sayings that hold their own meaning
Similar sound endings to words, phrases, or sentences
A figure of speech that uses disruption or inversion of customary word order to produce a distinctive effect; also, a figure in which language takes a sudden turn--usually an inte
Exaggerating the gestures or speech habits of another in order to mock him. A form of parody.
A rhetorical term for the strategy in which a speaker raises a question and then immediately answers it.
An arrangement of phrases or clauses in a dependent or subordinate relationship.
any of the wide variety of means by which an author may establish a shared sense of values, attitudes, and interests with his readers.'
a form of reasoning where the writer collects a group of instances and generalizes a result for all the instances.
In classical rhetoric, proofs from character that are created by a rhetor or are available by virtue of the rhetor's position on an issue
the discovery of the resources for persuasion inherent in any given rhetorical problem.
succession of clauses of approximately equal length and corresponding structure.
the opportune time and/or place, the right or appropriate time to say or do the right or appropriate thing
A figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.
the main clause followed by a subordinate clause, which tends to expand the main clause
Absurd or humorous misuse of a word, especially by confusion with one of similar sound.
compact expression of a general truth or rule of conduct.
methods and devices (including figures of speech) to aid and improve the memory.
Words that result from the mishearing or misinterpretation of a statement or song lyric
A story, usually short and simple, that illustrates a lesson
The rhetorical strategy (and logical fallacy) of emphasizing a point by seeming to pass over it
To belittle, use a degrading epithet or nickname, often through a trope of one word
Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
Punning, playing with words
The insertion of some verbal unit that interrupts the normal syntactic flow of the sentence
Corresponding structure in a series of phrases or clauses--adjective to adjective…
The means of persuasion (one of the three artistic proofs) that appeals to the audience's emotions
A long and frequently involved sentence, marked by suspended syntax, in which the sense is not completed until the final word--usually with an emphatic climax
Voice or mask that an author or speaker or performer puts on for a particular purpose
A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is given human qualities or abilities
Small talk: the non-referential use of language to share feelings or establish a mood of sociability rather than to communicate information or ideas; ritualized formulas intended t
The use of words to emphasize what is clear without them.
A rhetorical term for repetition of a word or name with a new or more specific sense
repetition of words derived from the same root but with different endings.
a sentence style that employs many conjunctions
Figurative device by which a future event is presumed to have already occurred.
A short, pithy statement of a general truth, one that condenses common experience into memorable form. Or, as defined by Miguel de Cervantes, 'a short sentence based on long experi
The part of an argument in which a speaker or writer counters opposing points of view.
the speaker or writer
the art of conveying ideas through paper or speech
A form of criticism (or close reading) that employs the principles of rhetoric to examine the interactions between a text, an author, and an audience.
A measure of how close -- emotionally or intellectually -- a reader feels to a speaker based on the kind of language that speaker is using
A question asked merely for effect with no answer expected. The answer may be obvious or immediately provided by the questioner
The context of a rhetorical act; minimally, made up of a rhetor, an issue, and an audience
Sentence style that appears to follow the mind as it worries a problem through
The way in which something is spoken, written, or performed
A simple style
A sentence with only one independent clause
Proof from character that depends on a rhetor's reputation in the community
Professional teachers of rhetoric
The rehearsed spontaneity, studied carelessness, and well-practiced naturalness that underlies persuasive discourse.
A kind of ellipsis in which one word (usually a verb) is understood differently in relation to two or more other words, which it modifies or governs
A rhetorical term for the piling up of adjectives, often in the spirit of invective.
A rhetorical term for name calling: undignified language that debases a person or thing. A kind of meiosis.
In rhetoric, the underlying idea or principal subject that is the meaning of a metaphor
A series of four members, usually in parallel form.
A person's account of an event or state of affairs.
the subject matter of a essay or paper
A series of three parallel words, phrases, or clauses.
A rhetorical device that produces a shift in the meanings of words--in contrast to a scheme, which changes only the shape of a phrase.
In a metaphor, the figure itself--that is, the image that embodies the tenor
In traditional grammar, the quality of a verb that indicates whether its subject acts (active voice) or is acted upon (passive voice). The distinction between active and passive vo
A rhetorical term for the use of a word to modify or govern two or more words although its use may be grammatically or logically correct with only one.

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