Science Quiz / Brain Terms

Random Science or Definition Quiz

Can you name the Brain Terms?

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Score 0/54 Timer 10:00
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
A signal which will not fire a neuron
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Produces myelin
Largest part of occipital lobe
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Signals that go from body to brain
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Signals that go from brain to body
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
When a neuron fires
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Toxin that mimics ACh
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
Monoamine known as adrenaline
A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Network of neurons in brain stem
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Group of single strand amino acids
A signal which will fire a neuron
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't

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