Science Quiz / Brain Terms

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QUIZ: Can you name the Brain Terms?

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A rope of neural tissue inside the hollows of vertebrae
Monoamine needed for emotional states, impulse control, and dreaming
Part of the brain essential for coordination and balance
Brain structure that associates things with emotions and processes emotional information
Allows for chemical symbols to pass through neuron
Signals that go from brain to body
A small brain structure in the limbic system vital for temperature regulation, emotion, sexual behavior, and motivation
Brain structure important for formation of certain types of memory
Responsible for motor control at junction between nerves and muscles. Involved in dreaming, memory, sleeping and learning
Outer layer of brain tissue which forms the surface of the brain
Region at front of cerebral cortex concerned with planning and movement
A chemical substance which carries signals across synaptic cleft
When neuron goes back to resting membrane potential; only strong signals can make it fire
Neurons that communicate in short or local distances
Momentary hyperpolarization when sodium ions stop flowing into the neuron
Signals that go from body to brain
Directs muscles to contract or relax thus causing movement
A signal which will fire a neuron
Neurotransmitters that bind to own receptors to regulate release of neurotransmitters
In charge of metabolism and genetic material
Looks at overall amount of differences between individuals in a population
Sodium channels become more resistant to sodium ions and the neuron does not fire
Comprised of spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum
Houses basic functions: breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, orgasm
Gateway to the brain which receives almost all incoming sensory information
The first part of the neuron to receive signals
Looks at the transmission of genes from parents to offspring
A rush of sodium ions into the neuron causing the neuron to fire
A principle that states a neuron either fires or it doesn't
Monoamine known as adrenaline
Detects information from physical world and passes it on
Lobe which is important for processing auditory information and memories
Release chemicals into the synapse to send to another neuron
Largest part of occipital lobe
Produces myelin
When a neuron fires
Amino acid which is the primary inhibitory signal in the nervous system
Toxin that mimics ACh
Fatty substance which protects the axon
Group of single strand amino acids
A signal which will not fire a neuron
Process where neurotransmitters return to original vesicles
The electrical charge of a neuron when it is not active
Lobe almost exclusive for vision
When an enzyme destroys transmitter substance in synaptic cleft
Collects information from thousands of neurons
Space where axon is exposed; action potentials can move through neuron
Network of neurons in brain stem
Monoamine involved in reward, motivation, and motor control
Peptides involved in natural pain reduction and reward
Lobe in charge of sense of touch and spacial layout
A system of subcortical structures important for movement
Specialized protein molecules on neuron
Monamine important for arousal and vigilance

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