Science Quiz / Eponymous Diseases A-Z

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Can you name the diseases or disorders that are named after a person (A-Z)?

 Plays Quiz Updated Dec 10, 2018

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A common form of dementia, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by progressive loss of mental ability.A
Drooping in one side of the face due to malfunction of the facial nerve and inability to control the affected muscles.B
Condition caused by excess corticosteroid hormones in the body, characterized by obesity of the trunk and face.C
Congenital disorder caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome causing mild mental retardation and a flattened facial profile.D
Disorder that affects collagen structure and function, forming abnormally weak connective tissues and hyperextensible skin.E
Inherited disorder affecting blood which leads to bone marrow failure and increased sensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents.F
Autoimmune disease which affects the thyroid, causing it to enlarge and become overactive, with bulging eyes seen in some patients.G
Nervous disorder with symptoms including progressive dementia and involuntary movements, usually appearing in the fourth decade of life.H
Peripheral nerve disease which causes hyperactivity of the muscles, cramping, and rippling muscle movements.I
A type of incurable and fatal transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in humans similar to 'mad cow disease'.J
Lack of thiamine (Vitamin B1) in the brain causing anterograde amnesia and tendency for confabulation, often seen in chronic alcoholism.K
Disease caused by degeneration of motor neurons leading muscles to weaken and atrophy. Often known by this term in North America, named after a famous athlete.L
Disorder of the inner ear affecting hearing and balance, linked to surplus of lymph fluid in the lymphatic systems of one or both ears.M
Genetic disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance leading to congenital heart defect. Patients share similar physical traits as those with Turner's syndrome.N
Spasms in the sphincter at the opening of the common bile duct into the duodenum, causing pain and jaundice.O
Degeneration of the basal ganglia of the brain due to reduced production of dopamine, resulting in tremors and postural instability.P
Inflammation of the mucous sheaths of the tendons on the back of the wrist, causing soreness and difficulty gripping.Q
Childhood developmental disorder almost exclusively affecting girls, who develop stereotypic hand-wringing movements and loss of speech.R
Infection with a rod-shaped, Gram-negative enterobacteria often due to food poisoning from unclean food or contaminated chicken eggs.S
Genetic disorder with increased prevalence among Ashkenazi Jews where harmful quantities of fatty gangliosides accumulate in the brain.T
Genetic disorder that is a leading cause of deafblindness, associated with a defective inner ear and degeneration of retinal cells.U
Common hereditary coagulation abnormality due to lack of an important protein factor needed for proper platelet adhesion.V
Chronic disease in which copper accumulates in tissues such as the brain, liver, and cornea, resulting in a brownish ring around the iris.W
Disorder where increased levels of the hormone gastrin are produced, causing the stomach to produce excess hydrochloric acid, often due to a pancreatic or duodenal tumor.Z

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