Science Quiz / Chemistry Chapter One

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QUIZ: Can you name the Chemistry Chapter One?

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Definition/ConceptKey Term/Main IdeaChapter and Section #
the use of mathematics and computers to understand the principals behind observed chemical behavior and to design and predict the properties of new compoundsChap. 1 Sec. 1
a mixture that is uniform in compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
the ability to be stretched into thin wireChap. 1 Sec. 3
has neither definite shape nor volume; the particles move very fast and are far apartChap. 1 Sec. 2
anything that has mass and takes up spaceChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of non-organic substances, many of which have organic fragments (organometalics)Chap. 1 Sec. 1
the ability to be hammered or flattened out
the study of the composition structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes, and the energy changes that accompany these processesChap. 1 Sec. 1
substance that can be broken down into simple and stable substances; made up of multiple elements that are chemically bondedChap. 1 Sec. 2
the amount of 3 Dimensional space an object occupiesChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of carbon-containing compoundsChap. 1 Sec. 1
the measure of the amount of matter Chap. 1 Sec. 2
has a definite volume but not a definite shape; the particles are close together but move faster, which can allow them to temporarily overcome the binding attractive forceChap. 1 Sec. 2
relates to a substances ability to undergo changes that transform it into different substancesChap. 1 Sec. 2
a horizontal row of elements on the Periodic TableChap. 1 Sec. 3
has definite volume and shape and is bound together by strong attractive forcesChap. 1 Sec. 2
a mixture that is not uniform in compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
a verticle column of elements on the Periodic TableChap. 1 Sec. 3
the substance that reacts in a chemical changeChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of the properties and changes of matter and their relation to energyChap. 1 Sec. 1
can define a group of substances; several can define a specific substanceChap. 1 Sec. 2
research performed solely for the purpose of sating one's curiosityChap. 1 Sec. 1
a blend of two or more kinds of matter, each of which retains its own identity and propertiesChap. 1 Sec. 2
Definition/ConceptKey Term/Main IdeaChapter and Section #
when a substance changes state but not identity, i.e. cutting, melting, or boilingChap. 1 Sec. 2
a physical change from one state of matter to another, i.e. gas to liquidChap. 1 Sec. 2
an element that conducts heat and electricity wellChap. 1 Sec. 3
a high-temperature physical state of matter in which atoms lose most of their electronsChap. 1 Sec. 2
a change in which one or more of the substances are converted into different substancesChap. 1 Sec. 2
the identification of the componets and composition of materialsChap. 1 Sec. 1
the ability to resist breaking when pulled on Chap. 1 Sec. 3
a property that depends on the quantity of matter present, i.e. volume, mass, total energyChap. 1 Sec. 2
a substance that has a definite compositionChap. 1 Sec. 1
a characteristic that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the substance, i.e. melting/boiling pointChap. 1 Sec. 2
the study of substances and processes occuring in living thingsChap. 1 Sec. 1
the smallest unit of an element/compound that retains the properties of the element/compoundChap. 1 Sec. 2
a homogeneous mixtureChap. 1 Sec. 2
an element that has some characteristics of both metals and nonmetalsChap. 1 Sec. 3
the smallest unit of an element that maintains the chemical identity of that elementChap. 1 Sec. 2
has a fixed composition: is not a mixture because: 1. every sample has exactly the same characteristics. 2. each sample has the exact same compositionChap. 1 Sec. 2
an element that conducts heat and electricity poorlyChap. 1 Sec. 3
a pure substance that cannot be broken down into simpler, more stable substances and is comprised of one atom typeChap. 1 Sec. 2
the substance that is formed by the chemical changeChap. 1 Sec. 2
the inventing/production of products that improve daily lifeChap. 1 Sec. 1
research performed to solve a problemChap. 1 Sec. 1
a property that that does not depend on the quantity of matter present, i.e. melting/boiling point, density, is it a conductor, is it a insulator, is it a heat conductorChap. 1 Sec. 2

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