Science Quiz / Scientists by what they're famous for

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Can you name the Scientists by what they're famous for?

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A friend of captain Robert FitzRoy of the Beagle
Born in 1743 and hailed as the founder of modern chemistry
Inventor the first high-speed petrol engine
Indian 7th Century Mathematician and Astronomer - Discovered zero
Born on Christmas day in 1642
Austrian founder of psychoanalysis
Proposed an atomic model with electrons in stable but jumping orbits
German Mathematician - Proved the Fundamental theorem of algebra
Contributed towards development of infinitesimal calculus
Demonstrated the electrical basis of nerve impulses
Coined the terms “recessive” and “dominant” in genetics
A physicist and chemist who also researched colour-blindness
Discoverer of the iridium layer and famed for dinosaur extinction theories
Greek 'Father of Geometry', wrote a book called 'Elements'
A pioneer of quantum mechanics, worked on nuclear fission under the Nazis
Discovered Redshift
Published 'De revolutionibus orbium coelestium' just before his death in 1543
Emigrated from Italy to the USA in 1938, and worked on manhattan project there
Born in 1778 and given a place in the royal society in 1804
Lived around 250BC in syracuse
Identified Cepheid variables and used them to prove the universe has other galaxies
Explained how the heart pumps blood to the brain and body
Italian physicist, who created the world's first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1
Showed that recessional velocity of a galaxy increases with its distance from the earth
Studied at trinity college cambridge and became president of Royal Society in 1703
Proved the association between bacteria and diseases
English polymath, discovered the law of elasticity
Born in Ireland in 1627, and hailed as a founder of modern chemistry
Developed cartesian analytical geometry and mind-body dualism
Proposed Heliocentricity - the idea that the earth orbits the sun
Founded modern atomic theory, with the atom as the smallest subunit
Recognized as the inventor of antiseptic surgery - sterile dressing, instruments etc.
Worked under Christopher Wren to help rebuild London after the Great fire
A student of Plato - then Philip of Macedon requested him to tutor Alexander the Great
Discovered the radiation that black holes emit
20th Century Gorilla Zoologist
HintAnswer
French physicist and mathematician - Definined a way to measure the flow of electrical current
Discovered the Neutron
Child prodigy who worked out how to add number 1-100 up in seconds
Suffers from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and wrote a brief history of time
Introduced the equivalence principle and the cosmological constant
16th Century Danish Nobleman, famous for his comprehensive astronomical and planetary observations
devised and improved a Military Compass and demonstrated bodies fall at speeds independent of mass
Physicist involved in the study spark shock-waves and ballistic shock-waves
Made discoveries of electromagnetic induction and the laws of electrolysis
German born pioneer of quantum physics - won Nobel Prize in 1954
Born 1646, a german polymath who made developments in mechanical calculators
Discovered the periodic law and created the 'modern' periodic table
Danish physicist given a Nobel prize in 1922
Stated the inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas
Developed the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb
Prolific American inventor, born 1847
The world's leading authority on chimpanzees
Head of library of Alexandria, accurately calculated Earth's size
Noted for his nebular hypothesis of the origin of the solar system
Born 15 April 1452, in a town beginning with V in Italy
English Victorian statistician who coined 'eugenics' as a term
Exchanged a series of letters with Newton
Discovered Azathioprine, Allopurinol, Trimethoprim and Acyclovir
A founder of atomic-molecular chemistry, named 6.02214179(30)×1023
Reasoned that regular polygons might make up the geometry of the universe in 'Mysterium Cosmographicum'
His pea plant experiments become the foundation of modern genetics
American Molecular Biologist, Co-discoverer of DNA
Discovered Hydrogen
17th century English astronomer who predicted the return of a comet
A french philosopher and mathematician born in 1596
19th Century Scottish Physicist, was a co-founder of a theory of movement in ideal gases
Born in 1706 and was governor of pennsylvania
Discovered the impossibility of knowing both momentum and position of a particle exactly
English physicist who discovered the physics behind the periodic table. Killed in Gallipoli.
early 20th century scientist that investigated the internal workings of stars
discovered the four largest satellites of Jupiter
HintAnswer
An English scientist, born in 1791 and an assistant to Humphry Davy
Wrote Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy
Invented a hydrostatic principle, screw, claw and heat ray
Italian chemist - Names the law: equal volumes of all gases, at the same temperature and pressure, have the same number of molecules
Greek thinker who lived around 350BC
Wrote 'The Starry Messenger'
Discovered positive and negative electricity and inventor of the lightning rod
Proposed a system of 5 elements, including Aether
first practical reflecting telescope and developed a theory of colour based on the observation that a prism
Used infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to calculate areas of spheres and circles
Identified the cause of TB and cholera + Helped make the petri dish
Born 15th February 1564 in Pisa
English natuarlist and geologist born in February 1809
formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation - uniting electricity, magnetism and light
Named oxygen and hydrogen
Russian 19th Century scientist who predicted the existence of 8 elements
Discovered sodium, potassium and calcium via electrolysis
Reasoned that the sun is at the centre of the universe (Heliocentricity)
Published Poor Richard's Almanack under the pseudonym Richard Saunders
German Chemist - He investigated emission spectra of heated elements, and discovered caesium (in 1860) and rubidium (in 1861)
A Polish-French Chemist who won 5 Nobel prizes for work into radioactivity
Greek 2nd century physician - discovered difference between arteries and veins
Was tried, convicted, and guillotined in 1794 in Paris
Australian Physicist and Statistician, discovered an equation and distribution of ideal gases
British Biologist, Co-discoverer of the DNA molecule
First measured density of Earth
Worked with deaf people, which led to a big invention. Also worked on hydrofoils
The founding father of nanotechnology
Discovered Polonium and Radium
He received the 1921 Nobel Prize for his 'services to theoretical physics'
Developed the present day notation for the differential and integral calculus
17th century German thinker, best known for his laws of planetary motion
Biologist regarded as the father of microscopical anatomy and histology
A scottish inventor born in 1847

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