Science Quiz / What's my Syndrome?

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Can you name the medical syndrome from its cause and clinical features?

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Due to lung cancer compressing a vessel, this causes puffy distension of the head and arms.
Pressure on brachial plexus + subclavian vessels from extra rib or tumour. Causes arm + head ischaemia + pain
Rare chromosome 15 neurological disorder, causing learning disability, micorcephaly and epilepsy
Swelling or pressure on the elbow that leads to ulnar nerve palsy
Can be caused by aspirin consumption in infancy, or a viral illness. Causes rash, vomiting, liver damage and encephalopathy. And possibly death too.
Chromosome 15 mutation causing learning disabilities, excessive hunger, short stature and behavioural difficulties
Caused by enterochromaffin cell tumours in GI tract, causes flushing, diarrhoea, abdo pain, hypotension, wheezing, palpitations
Uric acid disorder causing itchy skin and skin picking
Causes oligomenorrhoea, obesity, acne, hirsutism and reduced fertility. Associated with high LH levels
Caused by a failure to breathe deep enough to fulfil body's oxygen needs (often in the obese). Causes snoring, headaches and hypertension.
XXY Chromosomal disorder, causing phenotypically male person with gynaecomastia, absence of secondary sexual features and learning disability
Widespread inflammation and necrosis of the skin - can be life threatening. Triggered by antibiotics, other medications or infection.
Anti-glomerular basement antibodies that cause damage to lungs and kidneys.
Grey matter disorder of girls. Causes autistic-like symptoms, small hands and feet and stereotyped movements.
Caused by a teratogen, leads to neurological abnormalities, small face + nose, eye folds and indistinct philtrum.
rheumatoid arthritis, splenomegaly and neutropenia
Disorder of the X chromosome, linked with autism. Also causes elongated forehead, large testes, stereotypic movements and abnormal ear shape
Caused by fractures or surgery, presents with petichiae, respiratory distress, CNS symptoms + fever
Damage to sympathetic trunk e.g. by lung cancer. Causes partial ptosis, anhidrosis and misosis
Damage to throacic inlet and brachial plexus by lung cancer. Causes partial ptosis, anhidrosis, miosis, shoulder and arm pain and muscle atrophy in arm.
Autosomal dominant condition causing small fingernails + kneecaps
Due to aPl antibodies, causes thrombi and sequelae and spontaneous miscarriage
Monosomy X, causes short stature, subfertility, unusual ear shape and heart defects.
Genetic connective tissue disorder causing congenital heart defects, eye problems, long slender limbs and spine abnormalities
A collagen abnormality, causing hyper-mobile joints, pain, stretchy skin and heart problems
Trisomy 21, at higher risk with older mothers and family history. Causes mental deficiency, flat philtrum, high palate and congenital heart defects
A gastrin secreting tumour in the pancreas, causing multiple severe peptic ulcers.
Caused by drug interactions or overdose involving many antidepressants. Causes seizures, clonus, sweating, hyperreflexia and fever.

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