Science Quiz / Eponymous Diseases

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Can you name the diseases named after people?

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Description (first letter)DiseaseEponym
Rare, chronic endocrine disorder wherein the adrenal glands produce insufficient steroid hormones (A)Thomas _______ (1793-1860) - physician and scientist
A common degenerative disorder affecting the brain. Characterized by dementia. (A)Alois _________ (1864-1915) - psychiatrist and neuropathologist
An autism spectrum disorder characterized by significant difficulties in social interaction, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. (A)Hans ________ (1906-1980) - pediatrician
A cancer of the lymphatic system. (B)Denis Parsons _______ (1911-1993) - surgeon
A blood clotting disorder caused by a mutation of the Factor IX gene, leading to a deficiency of Factor IX. It is the second most common form of haemophilia. (C)Stephen ________ (1947-1993) - patient
Also known as regional enteritis, is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus. (C)Burrill Bernard _____ (1884-1983) - gastroenterologist
Also known as trisomy 21. A chromosomal condition caused by the presence of all or part of an extra 21st chromosome. (D)John Langdon ____ (1828-1896) - doctor
A common cause of food poisoning, colonization of the lower intestine by a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. (E)Theodor ________ (1857-1911) - pediatrician and professor
A genetic defect in a cluster of proteins responsible for DNA repair that may result in cancer or bone marrow failure. (F)Guido _______ (1892-1979) - pediatrician
An autoimmune disease where the thyroid is overactive, producing an excessive amount of thyroid hormones. (G)Robert James ______ (1796-1853) - surgeon
A cancer originating from white blood cells affecting the lymph system. (H)Thomas _______ (1798-1866) - physician and pathologist
A neurodegenerative genetic disorder that affects muscle coordination and leads to cognitive decline and dementia. (H)George __________ (1850-1916) - physician
Description (first letter)DiseaseEponym
More commonly known as hermaphrodism, a condition in which human males have an extra X chromosome. (K)Harry Fitch ___________ (1912-1990) - rheumatologist and endocrinologist
Also known as ALS, is an incurable fatal neuromuscular disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness, resulting in paralysis. (LG)___ ______ (1903-1941) - patient and baseball legend
A genetic disorder of the connective tissue. Patients tend to be unusually tall, with long limbs and long, thin fingers. (M)Antoine ______ (1858-1942) - pediatrician
A chronic disorder that can result in enlarged and misshapen bones. (P)Sir James _____ (1814-1899) - surgeon and pathologist
A degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. It results from the death of dopamine-containing cells in a region of the midbrain. (P)James _________ (1755-1824) - apothecary, surgeon, geologist, paleantologist, political activist
A neurodevelopmental disorder of the brain that affects females more commonly than males. Features include small hands, feet, and head. (R)Andreas ____ (1924-1997) - neurologist and author
Infection by a rod-shaped, gram-negative bacterium, causing food poisoning or typhoid fever. (S)Daniel Elmer ______ (1850-1914) - veterinary surgeon
An autosomal recessive genetic disorder that affects infants and causes a relentless and fatal deterioration of mental and physical abilities. (T-S)Warren ___ (1843-1927) - opthamologist, Bernard _____ (1858-1944) - neurologist
An inherited neuropsychiatric disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by multiple physical (motor) tics and at least one vocal (phonic) tic. (T)Georges Gilles de la ________ (1857-1904) - neurologist
The most common hereditary blood coagulation abnormality described in humans. (VW)Erik Adolf ___ __________ (1870-1949) - pediatrician
Also known as Leptospirosis, a disease caused by infection with bacteria of the genus Leptospira that affects humans as well as other mammals, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. (W)Adolf ____ (1848-1916) - physician
Also known as Progeria, a very rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the appearance of premature aging. (W)Otto ______ (1879-1936) - physician

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