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QUIZ: Can you name the American history facts?

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Concept of invalidation of a federal law within the borders of a state; first used in the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1798), cited by South Carolina in its Ordinance of Null
Throughout American history the debate has ensued on whether the federal government or the state governments should hold more power. In the system of federalism the states and the
Henry David Thoreau supported this idea that if a law is unjust you shouldn’t follow it; in fact you should break that law as an act of resistance. Also, you should accept the co
Allowed settlers in a disputed territory to decide whether or not there would be slavery in the territory. This was used to avoid the confrontation the slavery debate caused in the
Operating in the decades before the Civil War, the “railroad” was a system of routes and safe houses through which slaves were led to freedom in the North.
Deal purposed by Kentucky senator Henry Clay to resolve the slave/free imbalance in Congress that would result from Missouri’s admission as a slave state; in the compromise of Ma
(1861) The first battle of the Civil War that took place in Washington. Both sides were overconfident that they would win. The Union troops believed it would be an easy victory but
(1807-1870) Even though he had served in the US Army for thirty years, he chose to fight on the side of the Confederacy during the Civil War and took command of the Army of North V
Imperialist phrase first used in 1845 to urge annexation of Texas; used thereafter to encourage American settlement of European colonial and Indian lands in the Great Plains and Fa
Foreign policy that proclaimed the American continents were no longer open to colonization and America would be neutral in European affairs
(1805-1879) He was the face of the abolition movement and advocated the direct end to slavery. He started the abolitionist newspaper, the Liberator in 1831 and started the American
(1800-1859) He was willing to use violence to further his antislavery beliefs. In 1856, a pro-slavery mob sacked the free-state town of Lawrence, Kansas. In response, he went to th
(1793-1863) During Texas’s fight for independence from Mexico, he was the commander in chief of the Texas forces, and he led the attack that captured General Antonio Lopez de San
Area of western New York strongly influenced by the revivalist fervor of the Second Great Awakening; Disciples of Christ and Mormons are among the many sects that trace their roots
These two sisters gave anti-slavery speeches to crowds of mixed gender that caused some people to condemn them for engaging in unfeminine activities. The sisters rejected this opin
An anti-slavery newspaper that was started by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831 in which he renounced gradualism and called for abolition.
Lowell mills were the first to bring all the processes of spinning and weaving cloth together under one roof and have every aspect of the production mechanized. In addition, the Lo
Amendment to the US Constitution that freed all slaves in the US. After the Civil War ended, the former confederate states were required to ratify this amendment before they could
(1794-1876) In 1834, he seized political power in Mexico and became a dictator. In 1835, Texans rebelled against him and he led his army to Texas to crush their rebellion. He captu
Fought in southern Pennsylvania, July 1-3, 1863; the Confederate defeat and the simultaneous loss at Vicksburg spelled the end of the South’s chances in the Civil War.
He was one of the major supporters of transcendentalism or rising above the limits of reason. He was a life-long abolitionist and wrote an essay called Civil Disobedience in 1849.
An anti-slavery party started in New York in 1840. In the election of 1844 they nominated James G. Birney for their presidential candidate and drew enough votes away from the Whig
After winning independence from Mexico, Texas became its own nation. In 1836, Texans drafted themselves a constitution, legalized slavery, banned free blacks, named Sam Houston pre
(1818-1895) He escaped from slavery and became an eloquent speaker and writer against slavery. In 1845, he published his autobiography entitled Narrative of the Life of Frederick D
Violence between pro and antislavery settlers in the Kansas Territory in 1856. After the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act it was agreed that Nebraska would be a free state but Ka
In 1845, an epidemic of potato rot brought a famine to rural Ireland that killed over 1 million peasants and instigated a huge increase in the number or Irish immigrating to Americ
(1793-1836) He established the first colony of Americans in Texas, which eventually attracted 2,000 people by 1824. The Americans soon outnumbered the Mexicans in the area and show
(1854) Law sponsored by Illinois senator Stephen A. Douglas to allow settlers in newly organized territories north of the Missouri border to decide the slavery issue for themselves
(1820-1913) She was born a slave, but escaped to the North. Then she returned to the South thirteen times and guided over 300 slaves to freedom through the Underground Railroad. Sh
(1815-1902) She was a prominent reformer and advocate for the rights of women, and she helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention to discuss women’s rights. The convention was t
(1782-1850) He served in both the House of Representatives and the Senate for South Carolina and then became secretary of war under President Monroe and then vice president under P
Refers to the slaves during the Civil War because when they would run away or join the Union troops the Confederacy saw this as their property being taken or stolen from them.
(1805-1844) In 1823, he claimed that the Angel Moroni showed him the location of several gold tablets on which the Book of Mormon was written. Using the Book of Mormon as his gospe
On June 14, 1846, a group of Americans in California captured Sonoma from the Mexican army and declared it the Republic of California whose flag featured a grizzly bear. In July, t
A disease created by a Southern doctor, Samuel Cartwright. The disease supposedly induces slaves to run away from their masters. The doctor says the disease is caused because slave
Peggy Eaton was the wife of John Eaton, President Jackson’s secretary of war. Supposedly her first husband had committed suicide after learning that she was having an affair with
Proposal to prohibit slavery in any land acquired in the Mexican War, but southern senators, led by John C. Calhoun of South Carolina, defeated the measure in 1846 and 1847 by clai
This was a battle that took place on April 12, 1864 on the Tennessee bank of the Mississippi River. The battle is now generally accepted as a massacre due to the high death toll am
(1800-1831) He was the leader of the only slave revolt to get past the planning stages. In August of 1831, the revolt began with the slaves killing the members of Turner’s master
One of the leading cavalry leaders of the Civil War. After the Civil War he became one of the early leaders of the Ku Klux Klan.
Program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by Speaker of the House Henry Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824; his proposals formed the core of Whig ideo
(1822-1885) After distinguishing himself in the western theater of the Civil War, he was appointed general in chief of the Union army in 1864. Afterward, he defeated Robert E. Lee
(1836) Americans kept themselves in the Alamo to stay in Texas. Mexican forces took the Alamo and killed most of the Americans leaving women and children. This led to a rebellion o
(1851) Restricted the Plains Indians from using the Overland Trail and permitted the building of government forts. The government was to pay an annual cash payment to the Indians a
Nativist, anti-Catholic third party organized in 1854 in reaction to large-scale German and Irish immigration; the party’s only presidential candidate was Millard Fillmore in 185
(1841) Book by Catherine Beecher, a founder of women’s schools in Connecticut and Ohio. It was a published guide prescribing the domestic sphere for women. It became the leading
(1777-1852) In the first half of the nineteenth century, he was the foremost spokesman for the American system. As speaker of the House in the 1820s, he promoted economic nationali
Union General Winfield Scott developed this three-pronged strategy to defeat the Confederacy. Like a snake strangling its prey, the Union army would crush its enemy through exertin
(1850) Gave federal government authority in cases involving runaway slaves; so much more punitive and prejudiced in favor of slaveholders than the 1793 Fugitive Slave Act had been.
(1797?-1883) She was born into slavery, but New York State freed her in 1827. She spent the 1840s and 1850s traveling across the country and speaking to audiences about her experie
Philosophy of a small group of mid-nineteenth-century New England writers and thinkers, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, and Margaret Fuller; they stressed “pl
Founded in 1834 to unite factions opposed to President Andrew Jackson, the party favored federal responsibility for internal improvements; the party ceased to exist by the late 185
Cherokees’ own term for their forced march, 1838-1839, from the southern Appalachians to Indian lands (later Oklahoma); of 15,000 forced to march, 4,000 died on the way
First battle of the Civil War, in which the federal fort in Charleston, SC Harbor was captured by the Confederates on April 14, 1861 after two days of shelling.
(1801-1877) Following Joseph Smith’s death he became the leader of the Mormons and promised Illinois offices that the Mormons would leave the state. In 1846, he led the Mormons t
Complex compromise mediated by Senator Henry Clay that headed off southern secession over California statehood; to appease the South it included a stronger fugitive slave law and d
(1857) US Supreme Court decision in which Chief Justice Roger B. Taney ruled that slaves could not sue for freedom and that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories,
Shortly after President Abraham Lincoln was elected, southern states began dissolving their ties with the United States because they believed that Lincoln and the Republican party
Most important and profitable of the barge canals of the 1820s and 1830s; stretched from Buffalo to Albany, New York, connecting the Great Lakes to the East Coast and making New Yo
(1803-1882) As the leader of the transcendentalist movement, he wrote poems, essays, and speeches that discussed the sacredness of nature, optimism, self-reliance and the unlimited
The idea of ending slavery over time instead of all at once to try to prevent angering slaveholders in the South so they could try to avoid having a Civil War.
(1863) President Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary proclamation on September 22, 1862, freeing the slaves in the Confederate state as of January 1, 1863, the date of the final p
(1765-1825) He invented the cotton gin which could separate cotton from its seeds. One machine operator could separate fifty times more cotton than worker could by hand, which led

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