Physiology 2 Test 2

Can you name the Physiology 2 Test 1 Part 2?

Forced Order Answers have to be entered in order
Wrong Answers Some wrong answers will appear in red
Which nephron is close to the corticomedullary junction?
T or F; sodium is passively reabsorbed.
What is average Pg?
T or F; without ADH water remains in the tubular system.
Criteria 1 of glomerular filtration states that the fluid within the Bowman's capsule must not contain ___.
One theory for autoregulation states that ___ cells in the ___ sense Na+ flow rate in the adjacent distal tubule and signal the afferent arteriole to constrict.
Concentration of any substance in the ECF can be modified by what?
What is the name of the glomerulus and glomerulus capsule complex?
What is the outer layer of the kidney called?
What is average Po?
T or F; witihin the glomerular capillary, Pg is virtually constant.
Where do the largest collecting ducts empty into?
What is the condition where hyper-permeability of the glomerular capillaries causes plasma proteins to pass from blood to filtrate, increasing urine output?
What term describes low osmolality causing excretion of excess water in urine?
An increase in the ratio of afferent arteriole resistance to efferent arteriole resistance will ___ Peff
Which hormone enhances Na+ and water reabsorption by distal convoluted and collecting tubules?
If ΔE is negative for an anion, the passive flux is directed ___ the cell.
The renal tubules ultimately join together to form what?
Of the two capillary beds associated with the nephron, which is the high pressure bed?
What is the average GFR?
What condition describes the reduction of general arterial pressure or inflammation of the glomeruli, decreasing urine output?
The kidneys remove ___ and ___ from the blood plasma to form urine.
T or F; phosphate is actively reabsorbed.
A change in arterial pressure from ___ to ___ mmHg hardly changes GFR.
Excitation of the supraoptic nuclei in the hypothalamus causes the posterior pituitary gland to release what?
During sympathetic stimulation, the ___ arterioles are constricted preferentially.
What hormone increases reabsorption of calcium?
Cell's function depends on (1) continuous supply of ___; (2) removal of ____ end products; (3) existence of stable ____ conditions of extracellular fluid.
What pressure rises steadily as plasma flows towards the efferent arteriole?
Where is the distal tubule located?
T or F; in glomerular filtration one may assume that Pob=0 because no proteins are filtered into the Bowman's capsule.
What is average Pb?
Increased rate of renal blood flow greatly increases GFR by increasing ___ and decreasing ___.
What is the daily number of times that the entire plasma volume is filtered by the kidneys?
What is the percentage of the volume filtered that escapes the body as urine?
Of the two capillary beds associated with the nephron, which is the low pressure bed?
What are all of the parts of a nephron in order?
The proximal end of the renal tubule forms a double walled cup known as what?
How much plasma volume remains within the renal blood vessels?
T or F; Kidney function depends on the relationship between tubular and vascular components.
Criteria 3 of glomerular filtration states that the blood hydrostatic pressure in the ___ must be greater that that of the opposing pressure in the ___.
What is a specialized region in the cortex of the kidney where the thick segment of the loop of Henle makes a contact witht the afferent and efferent capillaries of the glomerulus?
What is the term for pressure inside the capillaries that promotes filtration of fluid?
Which nephron does not penetrate deeply?
Where is water lost to the external environment?
What is the total volume of plasma?
What is the first step in the production of urine?
What is the movement of certain components of glomerular filtrate back into the blood of the vasa recta?
What are the three general regions of the kidney?
What are the most important substances of the Extracellular Fluid?
Under normal conditions is there a net change of body water?
What is the second lining of the glomerulus and its filtration size?
What are the two types of nephrons and their ratios?
What term is used for a network of capillaries that descend around the lower portions of the loop of Henle?
Permeability of the collecting tubule is regulated by what?
Blood flows through the ___ into the glomerular cappillary bed.
What is the percentage of the volume filtered that is reabsorbed into the peritubular capillaries?
T or F; glucose is actively reabsorbed.
What is the first lining of the glomerulus and its pore size?
What is the effective net filtration pressure?
What is the volume of blood plasma needed to supply the amount of the solute to the urine in unit time?
T or F; Blood cells and plasma proteins do not get filtered through the kidneys.
Secretion of K+ is driven by the Na+-K+ pump in the ___.
What is the average excreted urine volume?
What is the forcing of fluids/substances through a membrane by pressure?
What are the two components of a nephron?
Blood flows through the ___ into the peritubular capillary bed.
Where does 65% of all reabsorption and secretion occur?
T or F; amino acids are passively reabsorbed.
Approximately how many nephrons are in each kidney?
What is another name for the renal pyramid?
What is the term for pressure inside the capillaries that results from increased protein content in the veins and opposes filtration?
T or F; urea is passivley reabsorbed.
Osmoreceptors in the ___ of the hypothalamus respond to changes in osmolality of ECF.
Where is the thirst center located at within the hypothalamus?
What hormone decreases reabsorption of calcium?
What is the third lining of the glomerulus and its filtration size?
T or F; the glomerulus has active transport.
The total amounts of a substance ingested and produced must equal the total amounts ___ and ___.
Where is urine formed?
What is defined as the glomerular filtration rate in both kidneys per mmHg of effective filtration pressure?
What is the normal filtration coefficient?
Which nephron penetrates deeply into the medulla?
Criteria 2 of glomerular filtration states that the fluid within the Bowman's capsule must contain all ___ in virtually the same ___ as the ___.
What subunits make up the pelvis?
What is the transport of substances from peritubular capillaries to tubular lumen called?
What term describes high osmolality causing excretion of excess solute in urine?
Angiotensin II stimulates the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal complex to produce and secret what hormone?
Within the control by JGC theory of autoregulation, two combined special feedback mechanisms called ___ provide the degree of GFR autoregulation required.
Approximately, how many renal pelvises are there in each kidney?
What is the average daily volume of fluid filtered into the Bowman's capsule?
Approximately, how many nephrons are connected to each renal pelvis?
What is the term for pressure developed due to the resistance of walls and fluid that has already filled the capsule, and also opposes filtration?
What are two primary processes for maintaining water balance?

Quiz Scoreboard

More to Explore

You Might Also Like...

May contain spoilers

Today's Top Quizzes in Science

Browse Science

Today's Top Quizzes in Definition

Browse Definition

More By:

Quiz Plays Rating Category Featured Created
161 Science Feb 12, 2012
43 Geography Jan 23, 2013
31 Science Feb 9, 2012
25 Science Feb 27, 2012
22 Science Feb 13, 2012

Go to Creator's Profile

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.

Report this User

Report this user for behavior that violates our Community Guidelines.