Science Quiz / Design and Discovery Test 1

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Can you name the terms for Test 1?

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Definition/QuestionTermDefinition Continued
Adult cells that have been genetically reprogrammed to an embryonic stem cell–like state by being forced to express genes and factors important for maintaining the defining properties of embryonic stem cells.
A tumor composed of tissues not normally present at the site (the site being typically in the gonads).
Company who owned the well
iPS cell gene #2
Korean scientist responsible for major breach in research ethics (Last Name)
Code of Ethics for Medicine #1
The consequences of your conduct are the basis for any judgment about the morality of that conduct. (Ends justify the means.) You should decide what to do based on the consequences
Ethical frameworks for analyzing system-level phenomena, such as policy, teamwork norms, organizational cultures, technical standards, etc.)
Transferring matter from one species into another
Transferring something out of one patients body and into another
iPS cell gene #1
iPS cell gene #4
Company responsible for publishing false data about their drug Vioxx
Largest marine oil spill in history
If an action might cause harm to the public or environment, in the absence of scientific consensus, the burden of proof to show that it is not harmful falls on those taking the act
You should make ethical decisions based on principles. (e.g. don’t kill someone because murder is inherently wrong)
A branch of philosophy that addresses questions about morality (concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and justice).
A _______ occurs when a person is forced to choose between two relevant ethical principles with conflicting implications.
Definition/QuestionTermDefinition Continued
Purposely leaving out data
Company who failed to convey information about their faulty pacemakers
The DNA of an unfertilized egg is replaced by the DNA of a somatic cellby blocking the action of a gene (caudal type homeobox 2 [Cdx2]) that enables the developing embryo to implant
Encourages pharmaceutical companies to develop drugs for diseases that have a small market (fewer than 200,000 Americans have this disease).Drug can sell without competition for seven years and may get clinical trial tax incentives.
Creating of data from nothing.
Code of Ethics for Medicine #3
The rightness or wrongness of one’s conduct comes from the behavior itself rather than the consequence of the behavior.You should decide what to do based on the moral acceptability of an action using a rights-based or duty-based system of analysis. (e.g. Always tell the truth, even if it puts someone in harms way.)
The capacity to think imaginatively and creatively about possibilities for solving moral dilemmas.1) Making sure you fully understand the problem. 2) Examining the dilemma from a variety of theoretical angles. 3) Discussed it with stakeholders. 4) Brainstormed all possible solutions.
The emphasis is on the character of the person performing the action and not the action itself.
Code of Ethics for Medicine #2
Taking something out of a patient’s body and back into the same patient
iPS cell gene #3
The ability of a cell to differentiate into a limited number of cell types or into closely related family of cells.
Company who serviced the well
The ability of stem cells to multiply in an undifferentiated state
Purposely manipulating data
Comapny who leased the well
Code of Ethics for Medicine #4

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