Science Quiz / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What base is a part of ATP?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Another name for variable domain
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
What is another name for electron transport?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
Where do B-cells go after production?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
Immunity that you are born with
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Weight/Height^2
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
What is another name for liver cells?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Loss of electrons
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Programmed cell death
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
Another name for constant domain
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Most common coenzyme
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What is the breakdown of fat?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Why use secondary antibodies?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
Are MHCs specific?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What is another name for a MHC?
Using energy to form glucose
High levels of lipids in the blood
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
String of amino acids
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
Where do T-cells mature?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?

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