Science Quiz / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

Random Science or Definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
Score 0/152 Timer 20:00
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
Immunity that you are born with
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Loss of electrons
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
What base is a part of ATP?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
Where do B-cells go after production?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What is another name for liver cells?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is the role of Plasma cells?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Where do T-cells mature?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Cells divide and become more numerous
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
Most common coenzyme
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
Programmed cell death
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
What is another name for a MHC?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Are MHCs specific?
Using energy to form glucose
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
High levels of lipids in the blood
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Another name for constant domain
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
Glycerols can be converted into what?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
String of amino acids
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
Another name for variable domain
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
What is the breakdown of fat?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Why use secondary antibodies?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
Weight/Height^2
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
What is another name for electron transport?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.