Science Quiz / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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QUIZ: Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
Where do B-cells go after production?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Using energy to form glucose
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Most common coenzyme
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
What is another name for electron transport?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
What is another name for liver cells?
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Self becomes recognized as foreign
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What base is a part of ATP?
Weight/Height^2
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
Glycerols can be converted into what?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
Why use secondary antibodies?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What is imflammation of the intestine?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What is the breakdown of fat?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Immunity that you are born with
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Another name for variable domain
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
String of amino acids
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Are MHCs specific?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
High levels of lipids in the blood
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
Programmed cell death
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Where do T-cells mature?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
What is another name for a MHC?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
What is required for leukocyte activation?
Another name for constant domain
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
Loss of electrons

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