Science Quiz / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

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Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

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Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Programmed cell death
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
Triglycerides can be split into what?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
Where do B-cells go after production?
Cells divide and become more numerous
To respond to a wide array of antigens
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
What is another name for liver cells?
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What base is a part of ATP?
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Using energy to form glucose
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What is imflammation of the intestine?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
Glycerols can be converted into what?
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
Stands for Immunoglobulin
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
Immunity that you are born with
Loss of electrons
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
High levels of lipids in the blood
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
Why use secondary antibodies?
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
What is another name for a MHC?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Where do T-cells mature?
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
What is another name for electron transport?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
Are MHCs specific?
Most common coenzyme
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
What is required for leukocyte activation?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
Another name for variable domain
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
What is the breakdown of fat?
String of amino acids
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
Bind to sugars on bacteria
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
Another name for constant domain
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
Weight/Height^2
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
Amino acid with a Thiol group
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?

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