Science Quiz / Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2

Random Science or Definition Quiz

Can you name the Cell and Molecular Bio Test 2?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Challenge
Share
Tweet
Embed
Score 0/152 Timer 20:00
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
Loss of electrons
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 1?
What provides an enhanced secondary immune response to a previously encountered antigen?
A self protein that is recognized as an antigen in autoimmune disease
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 3?
What is another name for electron transport?
Cells respond directly and actively to eliminate antigens
What is the process by which the immune system is supressed for antigens seen on a fairly regular basis due to eating?
What pathway utilizes normal cells to spark an immune response through interaction with cytotoxic T-cells?
Fatty acids can be converted into what?
Part of antibody where antigens are bound
What base is a part of ATP?
Amino acid that is locked into a ring
What process induces apoptosis in T-cells that bind too well to self cells?
What are the products of glycolysis step 3
Are MHCs specific?
Granulocytes that cannot proliferate, and love phagocytosis.
What is ethanol converted into by ADH?
A discrete part of an antigen that is antigenic. There can be many of them.
Formation of acetaldehyde adducts yields what?
To respond to a wide array of antigens
Process of turning fermentable substrates into Lactate or Ethanol and CO2
String of amino acids
Monocytes in the tissue are called?
Acetaldehyde causes a depletion of what?
What is the name of the detergent that unfolds/denatures proteins in electrophoresis?
What is the synthesis of amino acids?
Immunity that you are born with
What class of MHCs is found on all antigen presenting cells?
How many ATPs are made from the NADH molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What is a substance used for storing energy as a carbohydrate in muscle and the liver?
Lipopolysaccharide, a molecule only found on some bacteria
Cells responsible for humoral immunity
Putting the antigen on the outside of the cell to display to other cells.
OH- is antiported out of the matrix using what substance?
Multiple antigens cross-link with antibodies
Antibodies bind to and inactivate antigens
What is a family of lipids bound to oligosaccharides that have parts of their structure that are identical to lipooligosaccharides?
Excess Acetyl CoA can be converted into what?
What recognizes and binds only to the protein of interest?
A systemic allergic reaction (as opposed to a localized allergic reaction)
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 4?
What is the breakdown of fat?
How many protons are transferred across the inner membrane through respiratory complex 2?
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on the intestinal wall that is exacerbated by ingestion of glutens?
What adjective describes the phenomena where you transcribe both parents copies of a particular protein?
Help discriminate between types of pathogens
Why use secondary antibodies?
What are the products of glycolysis step 2
Bind to sugars on bacteria
How much does the stalk rotate when three protons pass through it?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
What condition involves a slowly progressing autoimmune attack on your brain and spinal cord?
Electrophoresis separates molecules according to?
What is the net yield per glucose molecule after the TCA cycle?
What is the pH at which a protein's net charge is zero?
How many ATPs are made from the FADH2 molecules from 1 molecule of glucose?
What are the three types of effector cells for T-cells?
What is the name of the process of converting lactate back into glucose?
Amino acid with a Thiol group
The process of a cell engulfing solid particles.
What CD is mainly found on cytotoxic T-cells?
Self becomes recognized as foreign
A porous polymer, the voids in which are filled with a fluid
Where do T-cells mature?
What is another name for liver cells?
Weight/Height^2
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of FADH2 in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
Cells that have a single lobed, big nucleus, ruffles, lysosomes, can't proliferate, participate in phagocytosis and antigen display.
What recognizes and binds to all primary antibodies from a given species?
What is pyruvate converted into during fermentation?
What is the basis of lymphocyte production in the bone marrow?
Acetaldehyde increases generation of what?
ADP is antiported into the matrix using what substance?
A protein that binds tightly to specific epitopes for identification and elimination.
The vesicle in which the object now resides after phagocytosis.
What is required for leukocyte activation?
What pathway utilizes B-cells to spark an immune response through interaction with helper T-cells?
What condition involves a autoimmune attack on your joints?
What is another name for scarring of the liver and poor liver function?
What does acetaldehyde trigger secretion of?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; weird shape
What condition involves an autoimmune attack on pancreatic beta cells?
Which CD is taken advantage of by HIV?
What are the effector cells for B-cells?
Another name for constant domain
Antibodies cross-linked with antigen can form a precipitate
Using energy to form glucose
What process keeps only the T-cells that adequately bind to MHCs in self cells?
If the pH is raised, amino acids de-protonate, and the protein becomes more _____ overall.
What does acetyl CoA dump the carbons onto in the first step of the TCA cycle?
Condition in which patient is 20% or more heavier than their ideal weight
Some substance capable of inducing an immune response.
For previously encountered antigens to give a faster response on subsequent encounters.
Part of antibody involved in cell binding
What is the the antigen in urine that’s detected in pregnancy tests?
The breakdown of glucose to yield energy
Cells that have large nuclei, can proliferate, extensive rough ER
What are the products of glycolysis step 1
What is the breakdown of amino acids?
An enzyme system in the blood that can directly kill some foreign cells.
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 2
What receptors only bind to antigens on display?
Question/DefinitionAnswer/Term
A specific type of dendritic cell found in the epidermis.
What connects amino acids into linear chains?
Programmed cell death
A cell becomes more specific in its structure and function
A receptor whose ligand is an antigen
Antibody class that is secreted from B cells; y-shaped
Another name for variable domain
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane in reality?
How are fats converted into acetyl coa?
What is a Adenine connected to a Ribose sugar called?
Cells divide and become more numerous
Amino acid with a Hydrogen group
What differentiates into T-cells and B-cells?
What sugar is a part of ATP?
Where do B-cells go after production?
Antibody class that is stuck on surface of B cells; y-shaped
Cells responsible for cell mediated immunity
Most common coenzyme
Stands for Immunoglobulin
What is another name for the Kreb's/citric acid cyle
Glycerols can be converted into what?
Anaerobic metabolic breakdown of a nutrient molecule without net oxidation
Affecting many nerves sytemically
What is another name for a MHC?
Triglycerides can be split into what?
Another name for stationary phase or gel.
What is acetyl CoA converted into via the TCA cycle?
How many protons are required to flow through F0 to generate one ATP by F1?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 3
What transporter pumps viral proteins into the ER to be displayed on the surface?
Finger-like projections that suggest that the cell is reaching out and trying to reach something
Can respond to the one antigen that is present rather than all antigens
What class of MHCs is found on all nucleated cells?
What are the products of TCA entry (total per glucose molecule)?
Process of turning oxidizable substrates into H20 and CO2
What is Oxaloacetate converted into?
How many protons are transported across the inner membrane per molecule of NADH in Oxidative Phosphorylation?
What CD is mainly found on helper T-cells?
Pyruvate is symported into the matrix with what?
What is imflammation of the intestine?
Macrophage-like cells with long spike and sheet like protrusions.
has two identical light chains and two identical heavy chains
How many hydrophobic amino acids does it take to cross the cell membrane theoretically?
What is the unit for 1/12th the mass of a Carbon atom?
What is the role of Plasma cells?
What are the reagents of glycolysis step 1
If the pH is lowered, amino acids protonate and the protein becomes more _____ overall
How many residues per turn are there on an antibody?
What are the final products from one molecule of glucose that goes through aerobic respiration?
High levels of lipids in the blood

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Join for Free
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras

Top Quizzes Today


Score Distribution

Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.

Report this User

Report this user for behavior that violates our Community Guidelines.

Details: