Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
________ shock --> heart failure
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, prep, term

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