Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
________ shock --> heart failure
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
HintTerm
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
HintTerm
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.

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