Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
HintTerm
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
________ shock --> heart failure
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
HintTerm
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
ADH is produced in the _________.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.

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