Anatomy Prep Exam2

Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
HintTerm
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
________ shock --> heart failure
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
ADH is produced in the _________.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
HintTerm
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
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  • Covers blood vessels, and intro to immunity
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Last Updated: Feb 16, 2017

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