Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
________ shock --> heart failure
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
HintTerm
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
HintTerm
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.

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