Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
________ shock --> heart failure
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
HintTerm
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
HintTerm
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.

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