Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
ADH is produced in the _________.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
________ shock --> heart failure
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportFavoriteNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, prep, term

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