Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
________ shock --> heart failure
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
ADH is produced in the _________.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, prep, term

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