Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
ADH is produced in the _________.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
HintTerm
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
________ shock --> heart failure
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
HintTerm
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.

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Created Jul 19, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:Anatomy Quiz, prep, term

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