Science Quiz / Anatomy Prep Exam2

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Can you name the Anatomy Prep Exam2?

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HintTerm
________ shock --> loss of whole blood/plasma/interstitial fluid
Increased levels of ADH will _______ MAP.
________ is the average pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries.
True or False? This quiz does not cover the lymphatic system.
Smaller venules are referred to as ______ venules.
As viscosity increases, resistance ______.
Systolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
When there is a decrease in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a increase in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle (aka vasodilator).
Receptors in the aortic arch and caroti sinuses that monitor pressure.
Long-term control of MAP is primarily controlled by which organ?
Pulse pressure _______ when arteries become rigid.
Disorder defined by fatty streak of foam cells adhered to vessel walls, leading to lumen narrowing or obstruction.
True or false? Blood in the capillaries moves faster to facilitate better diffusion and transfer of nutrients.
Pulse pressure _______ when blood volume decreases
_________ is the intermittent, slow low of blood through capillaries based on opening/closing of precapillary sphincters.
______ arteries are also referred to as conducting arteries
______ arteries are also referred to as distributing arteries.
Disorder defined by vein inflammation associated with a blood clot.
________ refers to the throbbing felt in arteries during the cycle of systole and diastole.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate mean arterial pressure and provide units.
Atrial natriuretic peptide leads to loss of _______ and water in the urine.
_________ pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid in an enclosed space.
ADH serves to _________ blood volume.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine ___________ resistance and MAP.
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in smooth muscle fibers.
In _______ , vasoconstriction and vasodilation controls distribution of blood to capillary beds.
______ occurs when NFP is greater than zero.
______ have thin walls that permit the exchange of gasses, nutrients and wastes with interstitial fluid.
Venous ______ are large diameter veins consisting ONLY of endothelium.
Veins are also referred to as ______ vessels, since they contain approximately 50% of the blood.
When there is an increase in MAP, plasma O2, and pH, or a decrease in plasma CO2, the vasomotor center is _________.
Valves in the veins are formed from folds in the __________.
Hypertension is defined as _______ (answer format xx/xx)
Receptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinuses that monitor pH.
________ shock --> generalized vasodilation
How does the MAP change during vasoconstriction due to stress? (increase/decrease/same)
Which contains a greater portion of a person's blood volume? Capillaries, arterioles, or the aorta?
Angiotensin II stimulates the release of _________ from the adrenal cortex.
The layer of the tunica intima that contains simple squamous epithelium and lines the lumen is called _____.
Flow is equal to the difference in arterial and venous pressure divided by the ________ in the vessel.
When CO2 increases, pH __________ (increases/decreases/same)
State of partial arteriolar constriction that helps maintain normal MAP.
_____ collect blood from tissue capillaries and carry it to the veins.
The ________ is the arterial portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed by precapillary sphincters and allows for continuous blood flow to the venous side of the capillary bed
How does the MAP change during prolonged standing? (increase/decrease/same)
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in digestive viscera and external genitalia.
Atrial natriuretic peptide serves to _______ resistance and MAP.
HintTerm
The binding of norepinephrine to alpha adrenergic receptors induces ______.
Endothelin is produced by vascular ___________.
The tunica _____ protects and reinforces vessels and attaches them to surrounding structures.
_________ pressure is the pulling pressure that a hypertonic solution exerts on a hypotonic solution.
An inhibited vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
The central opening to a blood vessel is called the _______.
The __________ is the venous portion of a capillary bed that is unobstructed and allows for continuous blood flow from the arterial side of the capillary bed.
Alcohol inhibits the secretion of ______.
Osmotic P _____ (increases/decreases/same) from arterial end to venous end of capillaries b/c large molecules cannot diffuse through capillary walls.
As a result of vasodilation, MAP __________.
Disorder defined by inflammation of a vein.
_____________ are smooth muscle structures that open an close to distribute the blood through capillary beds.
Renin is used to convert _________ to Angiotensin I.
In a system, arterial pressure equals 30 mmHg, venous pressure equals 3 mmHg, and vascular resistance equals 3 mmHg * min/L. Pause quiz, and calculate the flow and include units.
Atrial natriuretic peptide is produced in _________ muscle.
Baroreceptors of an artery sense that pressure is increased and could damage vessel walls. Would the more likely myogenic response be arteriolar dilation or constriction?
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when no underlying cause is evident.
Cardiac output multiplied by resistance equals ___________.
The binding of norepinephrine to beta adrenergic receptors induces ________.
Nitric oxide is produced by vascular _______.
True or False? In order to get an A on the exam, I should still study the book and focus on concepts, not just definitions.
Norepinephrine and epinephrine are vaso______ors.
As a result of vasoconstriction, MAP __________.
The ________ of blood flow can be calculated by dividing 1 by the total cross-sectional area of a vessel.
When metabolic rate increases, blood flow to into tissues is ________.
A _____ is made of a single layer of endothelium, resting on a basement membrane.
____________ is the force per unit area exerted on a vessel wall by the blood it contains.
As vessel length increases, resistance ______.
Disorder defined by localized dilation or outpouching of a blood vessel.
_______ are connective tissue cells that stabilize the capillary walls.
__________ is characterized by low blood volume, and is diagnosed clinically when systolic blood pressure < 100 mmHg.
_________ (Neurotransmitters/Receptors) are the main determining factor in how a body system will react when neurotransmitters and receptors bind.
True or False? If I'm stuck, I can always pause the timer while I think about the answer.
______ have a tunica media composed of a single layer of smooth muscle cells.
The layer of the tunica intima that containing areolar connective tissue is the ______ layer.
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for stretch and recoil of the vessel.
Endothelin is a vaso_______or.
Endothelial product that contracts vascular smooth muscle (aka vasoconstriction).
Angiotensin II is a strong vaso_______or.
__________ is clinically diagnosed when blood pressure is elevated > 140/90 mmHg.
_______ is the opposition to or impedance of blood flow.
If CO2 increases, decreasing pH below normal levels, the rate of respiration would most likely _______. (increase/decrease/same)
The diameter of a patient's blood vessel doubles... Resistance drops by a factor of ____.
Alcohol acts as a vaso______or.
Sympathetic neurons in the medulla oblongata that control resistance by stimulating vasoconstriction.
Atrial natriuretic peptide acts as a vaso_______or
True or False? This quiz is just a study aid. I promise not to beat up Chris if I get a bad grade on the exam.
True or False? The inflammatory chemicals, to include kinins, histamine, and prostacyclins are released by damaged tissue cells.
HintTerm
________ shock --> immune response triggers extreme vasodilation
______ arteries have a tunica media rich in elastic fibers, and the adventitia is thin.
A patient's blood pressure is 132/84 mmHg. Pause quiz and calculate pulse pressure and provide units.
_______ are leaky, and found in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
In the _______, autoregulation is opposite of that seen in most tissues.
These vessels branch off of metarterioles and return blood to thoroughfare channels.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to increased metabolic rate.
How does the MAP change during hemorrhage? (increase/decrease/same)
Norepinephrine and Epinephrine are produced in the ____________.
Disorder defined by damge to one or more valves in a vein.
______________ centers: include cerebral cortex and hypothalamus.
______ occurs when NFP is less than zero.
Disorder defined by narrowed lumen due to abnormal thickening and hardening of artery walls.
ADH is produced in the _________.
Arteries and veins have ___ layers (tunics), in general.
__________ hypertension is diagnosed when there is an identifiable cause.
Nitric oxide is a vaso_______or.
True or False? This quiz only covers a portion of the material needed for the exam.
Angiotensin II stimulates thirst. Thirst stimulation is controlled by the _______ (part of brain).
ADH increases the level of _______ in plasma.
True or False? The creator of this quiz can only set a maximum time limit of 20 minutes.
In veins, all three tunics are present, and have an irregular shape. The tunica ______ is the thicker of the three.
Inflammatory chemicals are vaso_______ors.
ADH is stored in the _____________.
_______ capillaries have pores, and are found in the kidneys, small intestine, and endocrine organs.
An activated vasomotor center causes __________ or arteries and veins.
True or False? If I want to pass this exam, I should really make sure I understand what's going on in the diagram on page 3.26 of the course notes.
Kinins, hitamine, and prostacyclins are __________ chemicals.
Angiotensin converting enzyme is produced by the __________.
_________ refers to the automatic adjustment of blood flow tissues based on their changing needs.
Diastolic pressure average is ________ (include units).
During times of decreased blood pressure, the kidneys secrete _______.
_______ capillaries have tight junctions between endothelial cells.
_________ are small blood vessels that nourish the wall of larger blood vessels.
_____________ is measured as the volume of blood flowing through a vessel usually in mL/min.
_________ is equal to the diastolic pressure + (pulse pressure / 3)
________ shock --> heart failure
_________ cholinergic fibers induce vasodilation in the digestive system, uterus, kidneys, and lungs.
_________ = net pressure out - net pressure in.
How does the MAP change during elevated heart rate? (increase/decrease/same)
_____ fibers in the tunica media allow for vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
Angiotensin I is converted to Angiotensin II by the _____________.
As vessel diameter increases, resistance ______.
How does the MAP change during polycythemia? (increase/decrease/same)
______ describes an accumulation of fluid where it shouldn't be.
Endothelial product that relaxes vascular smooth muscle AND repels platelets.
_________ hyperemia is increased tissue blood flow in response to a period of ischemia (think rubber-band on finger).

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