Miscellaneous Quiz / Humanists of the Year (1953-Present)

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Can you name the Humanists of the Year (1953-Present) given their career accomplishments?

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YearHumanist of the YearAccomplishment(s)
1953Swedish-American physiologist. His research on diabetes led to the use of insulin. He also contributed to the understanding of alcoholism and human aging.
1954American political scientist and philosopher. He contributed to the development of a behavioral methodology of political science.
1955American surgeon and advocate for social equality and economic democracy. Founded the National Cooperative Business Association.
1956American neurologist. He wrote The Evolution of Human Nature and defined the field of psychobiology.
1957American birth control activist, sex educator, and nurse. She popularized the term 'birth control' and opened the first birth control clinic in the United States.
1958American biologist. He is known for his research into the pituitary gland and for isolating the hormone prolactin.
1959Canadian WWI veteran, medical practitioner, first Director-General of WHO, and the 13th Canadian Surgeon General. He was a strong advocate of religious tolerance.
1960Hungarian-American physicist and inventor. He publicly warned against the development of the cobalt bomb, a new kind of nuclear weapon that might destroy all life on the planet.
1961American chemist, educator, and peace activist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954. In 1962, for his peace activism, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1962British evolutionary biologist, eugenicist (whoops!), and internationalist. He was the first Director of UNESCO and a founding member of the World Wildlife Fund.
1963American geneticist, educator, and Nobel laureate best known for his work raising awareness on the physiological and genetic effects of radiation.
1964American psychologist and among the founders of the client-centered approach to psychology and psychotherapy research.
1965American neurologist, leader in neuroendocrinology, and contributor to the development of the birth control pill.
1966German social psychologist, psychoanalyst, sociologist, humanistic philosopher, and democratic socialist. He was one of the founders of social humanism.
1967American psychologist known for his hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.
1968American pediatrician who was the first pediatrician to study psychoanalysis to try to understand children's needs and family dynamics. He was also an activist against the Vietnam War.
1969American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor. Environmental activist and conservationist, he declared his work 'the property of all humanity.'
1970American leader in the Civil Rights Movement and the American labor movement. His work led to the end of discrimination in the defense industries and segregation in the armed services.
1971American psychologist. He was one of the originators of the cognitive revolutionary paradigm shift in psychotherapy and the founder of cognitive-behavioral therapies.
1972American psychologist, inventor, and social philosopher. A pioneer of modern behaviorism, he promoted positive reinforcement as a way to keep society from destroying itself.
1973American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, and academic. He was known as a social critic of the moral and scientific foundations of psychiatry, of the social control aims of medicine in modern society.
1974American professor, founder of the theory of situational ethics, and pioneer in bioethics. He was a leading academic in the topics of abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, eugenics, and cloning.
1974American physician and public health advocate for sexual education. She served as president and co-founder of the Sex Information and Education Council of the United States from 1954 to 1982.
1975Canadian physician and pro-choice advocate who fought numerous legal battles to expand abortion rights in Canada. A pioneer in providing birth control pills to unmarried women.
1975American writer, activist, and feminist. A leading figure in the women's movement, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique helped spark the second wave of American feminism.
1976American medical researcher and virologist. He developed the first successful polio vaccine. When asked who owned the patent to it, he said, 'There is no patent. Could you patent the sun?'
1977American socialist philosopher and civil liberties advocate. He won the 1965 Lamont v. Postmaster General Supreme Court case, which struck down the anti-propaganda mail law of 1962.
1978American activist who founded the Gray Panthers movement in 1970, advocating for nursing home reform and fighting ageism. She also advocated for integration and mental health issues.
1979American Unitarian leader and humanist who helped draft the Humanist Manifesto and found the American Humanist Association.
1980Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist. He faced state persecution in the Soviet Union but earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975.
1981American astronomer, cosmologist, astrophysicist, astrobiologist, author, and science popularizer. His TV series Cosmos is the most watched series in the history of American public television.
1982Australian physician, author, and anti-nuclear advocate who founded associations opposing the use of nuclear power, depleted uranium munitions, nuclear weapons, and weapons proliferation.
1983American educator and promoter of a rational approach to family living and human sexuality. He taught in 'every state of the union, in Europe, the Middle East, and the Orient.'
1984American author and professor of biochemistry. He was an atheist, humanist, feminist, and rationalist who won numerous awards for his works of hard science fiction.
1985Canadian-American economist, public official, and diplomat. He wrote best-selling books on Post-Keynesian economics and served under the FDR, Truman, JFK, and LBJ administrations.
1986The first African-American and youngest president of Planned Parenthood Federation of America. She is an advocate for family planning, reproductive health, and the pro-choice movement.
1987Canadian poet, novelist, literary critic, essayist, and environmental activist. She is a winner of the Arthur C. Clarke Award and Prince of Asturias Award for Literature and inventor of the LongPen.
1988 American Jewish scholar, humanist, and lawyer. He is known as the 20th century's leading legal proponent for the separation of church and state.
1989American ordained minister, scholar, and eventual agnostic who, as the first president of the Hemlock Society, was a leading advocate of the right to die for terminally ill patients.
1990American media mogul and philanthropist who gave $1 billion to the United Nations, which created the United Nations Foundation, and who co-founded the Nuclear Threat Initiative.
1991American environmental analyst, founder of the Worldwatch Institute, and founder and president of the Earth Policy Institute, a nonprofit research organization based in Washington, D.C.
1992American writer, humanist, pacifist, and civil liberties advocate. His works, such as Cat's Cradle and Slaughterhouse-Five, blend satire, gallows humor, and science fiction.
1993American politician, writer, CPA, college professor, and lawyer. He served as the 38th Governor of Colorado and was concerned with environmental and health care issues.
1994American secular humanist couple. He was a businessman and philanthropist who served 2 terms as President of the AHA. She was a therapist, social reformer, and author.
1995British-American anthropologist who popularized the study of topics such as race and gender and their relation to politics and development. He is the writer/director of One World or None (1946).
1996English ethologist, evolutionary biologist, and writer. He popularized the gene-centred view of evolution, introduced the term 'meme', and promotes evolution-based science education.
1997American author and activist. She wrote the critically acclaimed novel The Color Purple (1982) for which she won the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
1998American author and political activist who has been called 'a veteran muckraker' by The New Yorker. She wrote a memoir entitled Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America.
1999American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist, and author. Known as the father of sociobiology and biology, he developed the theory of island biogeography.
2000Executive Director of Amnesty International USA, the U.S. division of Amnesty International, from March 1994 to 2006. He is also an ordained Unitarian Universalist minister.
2001American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science. His most significant contribution to evolutionary biology was the theory of punctuated equilibrium.
2002American theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate in Physics for his contributions to the unification of the weak force and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles.
2003American rabbi and a founding figure in Humanistic Judaism, a movement that emphasizes secular Jewish culture and Jewish history rather than belief in God as sources of Jewish identity.
2004American philosopher, writer, and cognitive scientist whose research centers on the philosophy of mind, science, and biology. He is currently the co-director of the Center for Cognitive Studies.
2005American physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work on the theory of elementary particles. He also introduced the quark.
2006American experimental psychologist, cognitive scientist, linguist, and popular science author. He is known for his advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind.
2007American author. She has won many awards for her writing, including the National Book Award for her novel them (1969), two O. Henry Awards, and the National Humanities Medal.
2008American politician who was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1973 to 2013. He is an opponent of corporate welfare and voted against the 2008 economic bailout.
2009American scientist and professor of biology at UMM. He is an outspoken critic of intelligent design (ID) and the creationist movement, and is active in the American creation–evolution controversy.
2010American science educator, comedian, television host, actor, writer, and scientist. He is popularly known as 'the Science Guy'. He is also an environmental and science education advocate.
2011American novelist and philosopher. She has written six novels, short stories and essays, and studies of Kurt Gödel, Baruch Spinoza, and Plato. Richard Dawkins Award winner, 2014.
2012American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist. Columnist for New York magazine and a founder of Ms. magazine, she published 'After Black Power, Women's Liberation' in 1969.
2013American gay activist, author, media pundit, and journalist. Writes international '[Name] Love' column and in 2010 began the It Gets Better Project to help prevent suicide among LGBT youth.
2014American politician who served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Massachusetts, 1981 to 2013. Was co-sponsor of 2010 reform of the US financial industry.
2015American theoretical physicist and cosmologist at ASU. Advocate of the public understanding of science, public policy based on sound empirical data, scientific skepticism, and science education.

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