Science Quiz / NMES

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Can you name the different aspects of NMES?

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HintAnswer
What is the frequency (bps) of Russian stim?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: does not utilize synaptic connections, CNS?
What 2 waveforms are most commonly used for NMES?
What is the interburst interval (msec) for Russian stim?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
What amplitude do you want for a NMES strengthening protocol?
What does NMES stand for?
What waveform would you use for NMES if you wanted polar effects (besides biphasic asymmetrical)?
What kind of circuit is most effective in producing excitation of denervated muscle?
Stimulating what may produce reciprocal inhibition of the spastic muscle?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: pacemaker or AICD?
What amplitude is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
What waveform would you use for NMES of a denervated muscle?
True or false: motor points may move after a denervation injury?
What is the first sign of denervation recovery, even in the absence of volitional contraction?
True or false: excessive swelling may increase impedence to e-stim?
Electrodes should be placed over what for maximum effect of NMES?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES ROM protocol?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
What is the Rx time range for NMES strengthening protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: disuse atrophy?
What frequency range should be used for ALL of the NMES protocols?
Prolonged low force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: stimulates peripheral nerve directly
What Rx time range is used for NMES ROM protocol?
HintAnswer
True or false: sensory effects of NMES provide feedback during movement & can enhance volitional recruitment?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: follows size principle?
What law: to stimulate excitable tissue, you must have a sudden variation in current flow (why denervated mm contraction is only seen when circuit is initially established)?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx of edema?
What frequency range is used to produce fused tetanic contraction (in pps)?
What is the carrier frequency (Hz) of Russian stim?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: recruit progressively larger motor units as greater force is required?
What Rx time range is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: slow twitch, fatigue resistant fibers recruited first?
What duty cycle (x:y) should be used for NMES strengthening protocol?
What Rx time range is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
What frequency range is used to produce slow twitch contraction (in pps)?
What amplitude is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
Motor level stimulation of what may activate inhibitory interneurons at the spinal cord level (renshaw cells), fatigue the mm, & decrease tone?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: order of muscle recruitment is random or reversed?
When stimulating denervated muscle, Russian or biphasic can be used for what kind of denervation?
CCC>ACC>AOC>COC
What device should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
Intermittent high force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area affected by PVD, venous thrombosis or thrombophlebitis?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area over carotid sinus?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: abnormal tone, spasticity, or contracture
What technique should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
What waveform would you use for NMES for small muscle groups?
Indication or contraindication for NMES? Rx area over anterior chest wall?

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