Science Quiz / NMES

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Can you name the different aspects of NMES?

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HintAnswer
True or false: excessive swelling may increase impedence to e-stim?
What amplitude do you want for a NMES strengthening protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area affected by PVD, venous thrombosis or thrombophlebitis?
What is the first sign of denervation recovery, even in the absence of volitional contraction?
Prolonged low force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
What technique should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
What device should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area over carotid sinus?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: stimulates peripheral nerve directly
Indication or contraindication for NMES: abnormal tone, spasticity, or contracture
What does NMES stand for?
Intermittent high force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
Motor level stimulation of what may activate inhibitory interneurons at the spinal cord level (renshaw cells), fatigue the mm, & decrease tone?
True or false: sensory effects of NMES provide feedback during movement & can enhance volitional recruitment?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: does not utilize synaptic connections, CNS?
What Rx time range is used for NMES ROM protocol?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: follows size principle?
What is the interburst interval (msec) for Russian stim?
What amplitude is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
What amplitude is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
True or false: motor points may move after a denervation injury?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: pacemaker or AICD?
What is the Rx time range for NMES strengthening protocol?
Electrodes should be placed over what for maximum effect of NMES?
HintAnswer
What law: to stimulate excitable tissue, you must have a sudden variation in current flow (why denervated mm contraction is only seen when circuit is initially established)?
What is the frequency (bps) of Russian stim?
CCC>ACC>AOC>COC
Volitional contraction or e-stim: slow twitch, fatigue resistant fibers recruited first?
What waveform would you use for NMES of a denervated muscle?
What Rx time range is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx of edema?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: disuse atrophy?
What waveform would you use for NMES if you wanted polar effects (besides biphasic asymmetrical)?
What frequency range should be used for ALL of the NMES protocols?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: order of muscle recruitment is random or reversed?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: recruit progressively larger motor units as greater force is required?
What is the carrier frequency (Hz) of Russian stim?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES ROM protocol?
When stimulating denervated muscle, Russian or biphasic can be used for what kind of denervation?
Stimulating what may produce reciprocal inhibition of the spastic muscle?
What 2 waveforms are most commonly used for NMES?
What kind of circuit is most effective in producing excitation of denervated muscle?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES? Rx area over anterior chest wall?
What duty cycle (x:y) should be used for NMES strengthening protocol?
What Rx time range is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
What waveform would you use for NMES for small muscle groups?
What frequency range is used to produce fused tetanic contraction (in pps)?
What frequency range is used to produce slow twitch contraction (in pps)?

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