Science Quiz / NMES

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QUIZ: Can you name the different aspects of NMES?

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HintAnswer
Volitional contraction or e-stim: does not utilize synaptic connections, CNS?
When stimulating denervated muscle, Russian or biphasic can be used for what kind of denervation?
What technique should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
Indication or contraindication for NMES? Rx area over anterior chest wall?
What amplitude is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
Electrodes should be placed over what for maximum effect of NMES?
Prolonged low force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
What is the interburst interval (msec) for Russian stim?
What 2 waveforms are most commonly used for NMES?
True or false: sensory effects of NMES provide feedback during movement & can enhance volitional recruitment?
What waveform would you use for NMES of a denervated muscle?
What frequency range is used to produce fused tetanic contraction (in pps)?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
What duty cycle (x:y) should be used for NMES strengthening protocol?
What is the Rx time range for NMES strengthening protocol?
What waveform would you use for NMES if you wanted polar effects (besides biphasic asymmetrical)?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: stimulates peripheral nerve directly
Volitional contraction or e-stim: slow twitch, fatigue resistant fibers recruited first?
Intermittent high force e-stim yields effects that are similar to what kind of training (with traditional exercise)?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: recruit progressively larger motor units as greater force is required?
What Rx time range is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: pacemaker or AICD?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: disuse atrophy?
What is the frequency (bps) of Russian stim?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: order of muscle recruitment is random or reversed?
HintAnswer
Indication or contraindication for NMES: abnormal tone, spasticity, or contracture
What is the carrier frequency (Hz) of Russian stim?
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES ROM protocol?
True or false: excessive swelling may increase impedence to e-stim?
What Rx time range is used for NMES ROM protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx of edema?
Stimulating what may produce reciprocal inhibition of the spastic muscle?
What Rx time range is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area over carotid sinus?
What is the first sign of denervation recovery, even in the absence of volitional contraction?
What frequency range should be used for ALL of the NMES protocols?
Motor level stimulation of what may activate inhibitory interneurons at the spinal cord level (renshaw cells), fatigue the mm, & decrease tone?
What does NMES stand for?
Volitional contraction or e-stim: follows size principle?
What frequency range is used to produce slow twitch contraction (in pps)?
What waveform would you use for NMES for small muscle groups?
What amplitude do you want for a NMES strengthening protocol?
What amplitude is used for NMES spasticity protocol?
What kind of circuit is most effective in producing excitation of denervated muscle?
What device should you use for NMES over very small muscle groups?
CCC>ACC>AOC>COC
What duty cycle (x:y) is used for NMES facilitation protocol?
True or false: motor points may move after a denervation injury?
Indication or contraindication for NMES: Rx area affected by PVD, venous thrombosis or thrombophlebitis?
What law: to stimulate excitable tissue, you must have a sudden variation in current flow (why denervated mm contraction is only seen when circuit is initially established)?

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