Science Quiz / Neurodevelopmental Treatment

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Can you name the characteristics of neurodevelopmental treatment?

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How does NDT treat the client?
What is the technique used to increase muscle tone by using proprioceptive or cutaneous stimulation?
What are stereotyped movement patterns which are elicited in response to alterations in COG (may see associated reactions, primitive relfexes & abnormal tone)?
What is the change in background tonus that ocurs to meet the changes in the environment?
During certain stages of recovery which sensory system may be emphasized over the others?
NDT then or now?: uses problem-solving approach in multiple environmental contexts
What are automatic reactions that orient the head & provide proper alignment between the head/trunk/limbs?
NDT then or now?: excessive facilitation
The Bobaths wanted NDT to evolve over time or to be a what?
Where is shortening occurring when the patient leans to one side?
Where is elongation occurring when the patient leans to one side?
What are automatic responses that help maintain the COG over the BOS when balance is displaced?
What are abnormal, stereotyped movements of the affected side that are triggered involuntarily?
NDT then or now?: treatment is active with no emphasis on reflexes
Facilitation is used in what 2 ways for functional tasks?
NDT then or now?: normalize tone while moving
NDT is based on the work of what people?
According to Bobath, what is a combination of disinhibition, plastic reorganization & mechanical changes?
What is essential for proper limb function?
NDT was developed for treatement of patients with what kind of involvement?
In NDT you want to challenge the patient, but you also want them to be what?
What is the ability of an individual to hold a limb/limb segment at any stage of the normal ROM?
Approach is different for every patient since the techniques are guided by what?
What is a term for methods used to move/assist a pt to move as independently as possible?
hintanswer
NDT attempts to facilitate normal what?
NDT now is based on what model?
What is the term for the proximal body parts used to alter postural reflexes & muscle tone of the rest of the body?
What is the ability to refrain from one action in favor of another?
Facilitation uses sensory & proprioceptive controls to do what?
After removing facilitation what do you hope to observe?
NDT then is based on what model?
Facilitation is part of an acitve learning process that assists individuals to overcome what?
What involves placing & holding positions which break up pathological postural patterns?
NDT then or now?: normalize tone before moving
What is the primary rationale for treatment interventions?
What are the 2 things facilitation aims to affect?
According to Bobath, the aim of treatment is not to promote 'normal movement' but to promote what?
NDT then or now?: treatment is static with emphasis on reflexes.
NDT then or now?: missing components of development are not facilitated
According to Bobath, it is not the strength of individual muscles that matter so much as what?
The Bobaths believed you could influence recovery from hemiplegia by placing demand where?
NDT utilizes what?
NDT then or now?: remove facilitation when appropriate
What 2 aspects of the musculoskeletal system does NDT try to influence for better alignment & efficient activation/movement?
NDT then or now?: assume carryover will happen automatically
What is the necessary background tonus upon which normal movement & functional skills occur?
NDT then or now?: facilitate the missing componenets of the normal developmental sequence

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