Science Quiz / Neurodevelopmental Treatment

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Can you name the characteristics of neurodevelopmental treatment?

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NDT then or now?: missing components of development are not facilitated
The Bobaths wanted NDT to evolve over time or to be a what?
NDT utilizes what?
NDT then or now?: treatment is static with emphasis on reflexes.
Facilitation uses sensory & proprioceptive controls to do what?
After removing facilitation what do you hope to observe?
NDT then or now?: normalize tone while moving
Approach is different for every patient since the techniques are guided by what?
What is the necessary background tonus upon which normal movement & functional skills occur?
In NDT you want to challenge the patient, but you also want them to be what?
NDT is based on the work of what people?
What is the ability of an individual to hold a limb/limb segment at any stage of the normal ROM?
NDT then is based on what model?
Where is shortening occurring when the patient leans to one side?
What are stereotyped movement patterns which are elicited in response to alterations in COG (may see associated reactions, primitive relfexes & abnormal tone)?
What is the term for the proximal body parts used to alter postural reflexes & muscle tone of the rest of the body?
NDT now is based on what model?
What 2 aspects of the musculoskeletal system does NDT try to influence for better alignment & efficient activation/movement?
Facilitation is used in what 2 ways for functional tasks?
According to Bobath, what is a combination of disinhibition, plastic reorganization & mechanical changes?
How does NDT treat the client?
Facilitation is part of an acitve learning process that assists individuals to overcome what?
What are abnormal, stereotyped movements of the affected side that are triggered involuntarily?
Where is elongation occurring when the patient leans to one side?
According to Bobath, the aim of treatment is not to promote 'normal movement' but to promote what?
The Bobaths believed you could influence recovery from hemiplegia by placing demand where?
NDT then or now?: treatment is active with no emphasis on reflexes
What involves placing & holding positions which break up pathological postural patterns?
NDT then or now?: excessive facilitation
What is essential for proper limb function?
NDT then or now?: assume carryover will happen automatically
What is the change in background tonus that ocurs to meet the changes in the environment?
What is the technique used to increase muscle tone by using proprioceptive or cutaneous stimulation?
What is a term for methods used to move/assist a pt to move as independently as possible?
NDT was developed for treatement of patients with what kind of involvement?
During certain stages of recovery which sensory system may be emphasized over the others?
NDT then or now?: normalize tone before moving
What are automatic reactions that orient the head & provide proper alignment between the head/trunk/limbs?
NDT attempts to facilitate normal what?
What are the 2 things facilitation aims to affect?
NDT then or now?: remove facilitation when appropriate
NDT then or now?: uses problem-solving approach in multiple environmental contexts
NDT then or now?: facilitate the missing componenets of the normal developmental sequence
What is the primary rationale for treatment interventions?
According to Bobath, it is not the strength of individual muscles that matter so much as what?
What is the ability to refrain from one action in favor of another?
What are automatic responses that help maintain the COG over the BOS when balance is displaced?

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