Science Quiz / Block 6 Infectious disease - Viral

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Can you name the Block 6 Infectious disease - Viral?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Subclass of Acyclovir that treats genital HSV
Karposi sarcomas in AIDS
Fluctuating ALT, hepatocellular carcinoma. MCC of hepatitis in US. Cirrhoisis. Porphyria tarda
HIV prophylaxis
activated by radiation, immune supression, age surgery. Runs along dermatomes
Antiviral Tx. for Influenza A and B. Sialic acid analogue. Neuraminidase inhibitor.
What polyomavirus causes ureteral stenosis
orthopox. Disrupts the Basement membrane (scaring) all lesions look the same age
Type A or B cause ependemic flu
4 corners/ sin nombre virus. pink frothy sputum
Same as RSV, just a little older
What is rubelavirus also known as
Military, Respiratory and Ocular symptoms (pneumonia and conjunctivitis. Dose not cause neoplastic transformation. Obesity
Anviral Tx for influenza A only. Inerferes with uncoating. Resistance is through a mutation of M2. Side effect: hallucination
HIV integrase inhibitor
Causes the expression of antiviral genes. Treats Chronic hepatitis B and C, and HPV
Elevated ST. myocarditis, pericaditis. enterovirus
warts, cervical cancer
Asians, native americns, pacific islanders. RNA intermediate. Diabtetics. Hepatocellular carcinoma. Sexually transmitted disease. Chronic infection
Jaundice. Travelers illness. massive increase in ALT and AST. No chronic stage
flacid paralysis. Destruction of the anterior horn
sandfly fever, rift valley fever
Hand foot and mouth disease. fever, rashes (papules), acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis
Oral hairy leukoplakia.
MCC of aseptic meningitis
@ less than 100 count cd4
Replicates in CD4 lymphocytes, delays appearance of AIDS
disrupts p53.
Drug 1 in chronic Hep C infection tx (alphabetical order)
HIV NNRTI
Hits oligodendrocytes. Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (hemiparisis, gait, speech, visual, cognition changes) demylinating disease. AIDS. Also ureteral stensos
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
transmission is viral load dependent. initial presentation is fever, malasie, LAD, pharyngitis, diarrhea. GP120 utilizes CCR5 to fuse with target cell
Tx for CMV infection (1 of 4)
What specific virus cause PML
cancerous strains of HPV (higher to lower without a space)
@ less then 50 cuont cd4
Classic = fever vomiting, epigastric pain, black vomitis. Phase 1 - non specific febrile illness. remission and improvement. Phase 2 metabolic intoxification (hepatic/renal falure)
Paramyxoviruses (first four letters in alphabetical order)
MCC of cold. Fall and Spring
Cruise ships (cramped contained areas). Diarrhea 1-3 days in adults
knock out of this gene conveys immunity to HIV
Severe diarrhea. First 3 years of life. Destruction of enterocyte, Varient = colorado tick fever
Infection into already individually infected cells
Two required drugs to tx HIV (NRTI) - alphabetical order
HIV protease inhibitor
Topica Tx for genital warts
'Slapped cheaks' Infx of RBC precursors. Chronic anemia, hydrops fetalis. also called fifths disease
Burkitts lymphoma - massive inflamation of face and jaw. Histologicaly lymphoma looks like a 'stary night'
Mono in health adults. Splenomegaly. hemolytic anemia. significant LAD.
Filovirus, Zaire, sudan, Ivory. Histological 'shepards hook' look. Hemorrhagic fever. Bats
break bone fever (joint pain) rash. Aedes agypti
umbilicated lesions. Skin to skin transmission. Look like skin tags
Cough, head cold, conjunctivitis. Koplik's spots (in mouth), Maculopapular erythematous rash
California encephalitis, Lacrosse fever, aedes triseriatus
Rhabdovirus. Bullet shapped. Negri body. Skunk
microcephaly, cortical atrophy, limb hypoplasia, scars, hypo-pigmentation, blistering
Congo, ticks
Roseola, maculopapular rash (exanthems) looks like a thousand mosuito bites
Drug 3 in chronic Hep C infection tx (alphabetical order)
tick born encephalitis (japanese virus, west nile, st luise)
Atypical lymphocytes
new and old world encephalitis
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
CNS disease, mosquitos, ticks fleas
Hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, sensorineural hearing loss, Owl eye inclusions
under what number of RNA copies is the HIV virus considered supressed
Dependent on hepatitis B for entry into cells. Coinfection/ superinfection. Replicates in nucleus
High Alt.. Live stock. Waterborne.
What is the MCC of encephalitis in the US, seen in lower socioeconomic classes
MCC of respiratory hospitiliztions in children. Bronchitis/wheezing
croup and stridor. Fall, spring. Flu like syptoms
Neuraminidase is to enter or exit the cell
Viruses belonging to enterovirus (abreviation in alphabetical order)
Chicken pox. Can (rarely) cause pneumonia.
Morbillivirus is also known by what common name
Mild disease in healthy. Prenatal infx - deafness, cateract, cadiac problems
Acquired in childhood. Causes gingiostomatitis (inflammation of gums and tongue) keratitis (major cause of congenital blindness US) Whitlow (inflammation of digit) Encephalitis (MC
Massive swelling of the neck. Fever headache, pancreatitis,
Infection with another virus
Second most common cause of the cold. URTI. SARS
Orthomyxoviridea. Neuraminidase, hemagluttinin. Rhinorrhea, malaise, pharyngitis
@ less then 200 count CD4
Inceases Tax gene expression. Japan/Caribbean. Cutaneous leukemic infiltrate in the ear and skin. Adult T cell Lymphoma (ATL) Conifection with strongiloides
What human herpes virus apears after puberty. skin lesions 'erythematous base with grouped vesicles'. STD
Subclass of acyclovir that treats mucocutaneous HSV and Herpes Zoster
lassa fever
Tx. for Herpes vericella/zoster
Hep B Tx Drug 2 (alphabetical order)
Drug 2 in chronic Hep C infection tx (alphabetical order)
Tx for HSV and Vericella. Guanosine analogue. DNA chain terminator.
Tx for RSV. Guanosine analogue. Alters mRNA formation. Teratogen and causes Anemia. Hep C Tx.
Hep B Tx. Drug 1 (alphabetical order)

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