Science Quiz / Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
right angle hyphae
Distal finger nail infection
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Dx stain for Cryto
candida strain resistant to azoles
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Ring worm
diaper rash
Bone fungal infections
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Dose dependent Candida strain
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Athletes foot
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Tx for Zygomycetes
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Narrow base budding
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Apical lung fungal ball
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
HIV Finger nail infection
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Fungal infection causing baldness
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Diabetic mucormycosis
Risk factor for yeast infection
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection

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