Science Quiz / Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Bone fungal infections
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
HIV Finger nail infection
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
right angle hyphae
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
diaper rash
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Fungal infection causing baldness
Distal finger nail infection
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
Narrow base budding
Risk factor for yeast infection
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Tx for Zygomycetes
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Ring worm
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
Diabetic mucormycosis
Dose dependent Candida strain
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Dx stain for Cryto
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Apical lung fungal ball
Athletes foot
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
candida strain resistant to azoles
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection

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