Science Quiz / Infectious Disease Block 6 - Fungus

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Can you name the Infectious Disease Block 6?

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QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Strain of cryptococcus that hits immunecompromised
Immunecompromised w/ old dressings or IVs mucormycosis
Antifungal to treat fungal UTI's and has CSF penetration. Great pharmacokinetics.Treats coccidioides.
Dx stain for Cryto
Serology is great and should ALWAYS be followed
When in serum grows pseudohyphae. Retinal presentations
Apical lung fungal ball
Never use this for diagnosis of cryptococcus
erythema nodosum, hilar adenopathy. Apical cavitary disease. Dark skin and pregnancy are risk factors. Meningitis = Tx for life
Halo sign, wedge shaped pulmonary emboli infarct, immune compromised
Ubiquitous with hyphae branching at acute angles
Strain of cryptococcus on the west coast and hits non-immuncompromised
Anti-fungal with 3 fluorides. Tx for aspergillus. S/E - Bone pain, alteration in electroretinogram, increased alkaline phos, periostitis, Visual scatoma. Multiple drug interactions
HIV Finger nail infection
Drug addict, diabetic w/ ketoacidosis, Bone transplant recipient, Renal Failure. Black necrosis of the ororpharynx. Rapid presentation
Bone fungal infections
diaper rash
Intracellular fungus, Spelunking, prisons, chicken coops
Narrow base budding
Serology is terrible and is often false positive for histoplasmosis
Skinny white male with COPD gets this fungal infection. pneumoia pericarditis, adrenal disease, adenocarcinoma like bowel lesions
Tx for histoplasmosis, spirotrichosis, and blastomyces. Taken with food/coca cola. Side effects: Adrenal excess (edema, hypertension, hypokalemia) nausea, vomiting. Long term - per
Parental drug addict mucormycosis
Low Alkaline phosphatase, LDH less than 300, Leukocytopenia. Diagnosed via urine serology
Jock Rot 'well demarcated line'
Ring worm
Risk factor for yeast infection
Broad base budding, In soil. Great lakes. Beavers. Hits Normal immune systems. Fisherman, campers, hunters
QuestionAnswerAdditional information
Tx for cryptococcus meningitis (Abv.)
Verrucous/warty skin lesions in cooler areas (tip of nose, fingers)
Pseudo membrane in oropharynx - thrush.
Rapid O2 desaturation upon exertion. Life threatening pneumonia in AIDS. Ubiquitous
Diabetic mucormycosis
Antifungal drug whose mechanism is similar to that of penicillin to bacteria. Tx for candida and aspergillus.
DNA synthesis inhibitor. Goes to the CNS. Can Cause hemorrhagic colitis and pancytopenia
Drug with multiple double bonds and intercalates into fungal plasma membranes creating lytic pores
Drug that is concentrated in the skin. Side effect is a loss of taste. Effective against dimorphic fungi in nails and skin
Arizona/mexico border, Confussion/meningitis
prophylaxis for pneumocystis and toxoplasmosis
HIV, Thailand, Red pigment
MCC of fungal meningitis in AIDS pts. Pidgeon poop.
Fungal infection that runs along lymphatic vessel. Rose growers disease
Anti-fungal with Side effects of adrenal Insufficiency and hepatic necrosis. Needs gastric acid for absorption
Side effects are: Shake and Bake (fever chills, headache, nausea, vomiting) mediated through release of prostaglandin E. Renal toxicity is closely watched.
Tx for Zygomycetes
Massive laryngeal mass causing obstruction - South americam agricultural worker
Treats ring worm and nail infections. Inhibits nucleic acid synthesis
candida strain resistant to azoles
Dose dependent Candida strain
Athletes foot
Bind to fungal heme iron in cytochrome P-450
Fungal infection causing baldness
Bone marrow recipients/leukemic pts. mucormycosis
right angle hyphae
Distal finger nail infection
Need to suppliment with potassium, magnesium and EPO because of its renal toxicity.

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Created Jun 23, 2012ReportNominate
Tags:block, disease, fungus, infection

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