Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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deformation associated with deep crustal levels
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
no alignment of crystals
sharp, steep ridges
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
plates slide past each other
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
non explosive lava rich in basalt
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
upward arching fold
formed by lithification of sediments
central theory behind most geological work
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
rigids segments of lithosphere
formed by magma crystallization
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
deforming force
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
places where plates move apart
large igneous bodies formed at depth
response to deforming force
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
engineering term for permeability
molten liquid rock
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
______ in mantle causes plate motions
clastic sediments classified by ____
tendency to break along planar surfaces
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
preferred alignment of crystals
angle of a plane below horizontal
zone below water table is ___
most common element in crust
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
strong sedimentary rocks
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
very slow downslope movement
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
zone above water table
subduction zones are formed
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
beds that store groundwater
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
cold outer shell of earth
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
process of loosening and moving soil
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
fastest kind of seismic waves
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
sediment transported in suspension
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
deformation with temporary change of shape
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
gneiss is a very _____ rock
sediment transported along stream bed
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
foliations are planes of ___

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