Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

Random Science or Geology Quiz

Can you name the geology terms?

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beds that store groundwater
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
deformation with temporary change of shape
clastic sediments classified by ____
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
rigids segments of lithosphere
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
preferred alignment of crystals
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
response to deforming force
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
fastest kind of seismic waves
molten liquid rock
engineering term for permeability
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
most common element in crust
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
gneiss is a very _____ rock
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
angle of a plane below horizontal
places where plates move apart
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
deforming force
formed by lithification of sediments
large igneous bodies formed at depth
formed by magma crystallization
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
sediment transported in suspension
very slow downslope movement
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
upward arching fold
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
central theory behind most geological work
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
sediment transported along stream bed
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
no alignment of crystals
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
cold outer shell of earth
sharp, steep ridges
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
tendency to break along planar surfaces
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
strong sedimentary rocks
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
non explosive lava rich in basalt
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
subduction zones are formed
zone below water table is ___
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
foliations are planes of ___
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
______ in mantle causes plate motions
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
process of loosening and moving soil
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
plates slide past each other
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
zone above water table

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