Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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zone above water table
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
upward arching fold
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
______ in mantle causes plate motions
cold outer shell of earth
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
deforming force
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
foliations are planes of ___
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
response to deforming force
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
very slow downslope movement
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
deformation with temporary change of shape
non explosive lava rich in basalt
subduction zones are formed
plates slide past each other
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angle of a plane below horizontal
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
tendency to break along planar surfaces
sharp, steep ridges
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
rigids segments of lithosphere
process of loosening and moving soil
large igneous bodies formed at depth
most common element in crust
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
strong sedimentary rocks
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
engineering term for permeability
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
sediment transported along stream bed
gneiss is a very _____ rock
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
places where plates move apart
sediment transported in suspension
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
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seismic waves generally causing most destruction
no alignment of crystals
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
preferred alignment of crystals
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
central theory behind most geological work
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
fastest kind of seismic waves
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
clastic sediments classified by ____
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
zone below water table is ___
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
beds that store groundwater
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
formed by lithification of sediments
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
formed by magma crystallization
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
molten liquid rock
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels

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