Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
gneiss is a very _____ rock
subduction zones are formed
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
deforming force
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
sharp, steep ridges
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
response to deforming force
preferred alignment of crystals
formed by lithification of sediments
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
formed by magma crystallization
process of loosening and moving soil
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
cold outer shell of earth
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
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foliations are planes of ___
beds that store groundwater
upward arching fold
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
very slow downslope movement
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
molten liquid rock
rigids segments of lithosphere
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
most common element in crust
angle of a plane below horizontal
deformation with temporary change of shape
central theory behind most geological work
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
fastest kind of seismic waves
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
zone above water table
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
______ in mantle causes plate motions
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
strong sedimentary rocks
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
sediment transported along stream bed
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
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weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
sediment transported in suspension
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
places where plates move apart
plates slide past each other
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
engineering term for permeability
tendency to break along planar surfaces
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
no alignment of crystals
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
non explosive lava rich in basalt
large igneous bodies formed at depth
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
zone below water table is ___
clastic sediments classified by ____
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture

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