Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
very slow downslope movement
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
deforming force
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
subduction zones are formed
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
upward arching fold
deformation with temporary change of shape
gneiss is a very _____ rock
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
process of loosening and moving soil
response to deforming force
clastic sediments classified by ____
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
formed by lithification of sediments
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
no alignment of crystals
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
engineering term for permeability
places where plates move apart
a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
sediment transported in suspension
sharp, steep ridges
beds that store groundwater
strong sedimentary rocks
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
large igneous bodies formed at depth
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
cold outer shell of earth
preferred alignment of crystals
zone below water table is ___
sediment transported along stream bed
tendency to break along planar surfaces
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
plates slide past each other
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
central theory behind most geological work
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
rigids segments of lithosphere
most common element in crust
molten liquid rock
non explosive lava rich in basalt
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
fastest kind of seismic waves
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
zone above water table
formed by magma crystallization
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
______ in mantle causes plate motions
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
foliations are planes of ___
angle of a plane below horizontal

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