Science Quiz / EPSC 221 Review

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Can you name the geology terms?

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a fracture in the crust associated with movement of one side relative to the other
lowest point to which a stream can erode its channel
formed by transformation of rocks under heat, pressure or chemically active fluids
angle of a plane below horizontal
rigids segments of lithosphere
created by tributary glacier mouths, often leave awesome waterfalls
foliations are planes of ___
fastest kind of seismic waves
very slow downslope movement
distance of displacement along fault during earthquake
no alignment of crystals
breaking down of rocks at earths surface
upward arching fold
heaviest particle a stream can erode is referred to as the stream _____
zone below water table is ___
volotile, explosive lava rich in rhyolites
sediment transported in suspension
max amount of solid load a stream can carry is referred to as stream ____
removal of _____ may trigger mass wasting
deformation associated with deep crustal levels
most common element in crust
sharp, steep ridges
places where plates move apart
normal fault, hanging wall moves...
brittle deformations occur at ____ crustal levels
central theory behind most geological work
dark coloured igneous rock, low in silica
light coloured igneous rock, rich in silica
clastic sediments classified by ____
zone above water table
safety factor < _____ means a slope is unsafe
landscape created by groundwater dissolving sedimentary rock such as limestone
cold outer shell of earth
weak hot layer of mantle below lithosphere
seismic waves generally causing most destruction
downslope movement of material under influence of gravity
______ in mantle causes plate motions
extrusive rocks have ____ grained texture
large igneous bodies formed at depth
process of loosening and moving soil
dragging of small rocks over other rocks, by a glacier
classification of metamorphic rocks is based on mineral composition and ___
point at which breakage in an earthquake occurs, below surface
large mass of ice on land flowing due to gravity
intrusive rocks have ______ crystals
deformation with temporary change of shape
non explosive lava rich in basalt
measure of how hard earth shakes in a given location
sedimentary rocks are the source for almost all fossils and ____
alpine glacial valleys flooded by rising sea levels
ridges of hill deposited at ends/margins of a glacier
glacier breaks small rocks and carries them
sea level will rise approx _____ cm over next hundred years (estimated)
cyclical movement of water from ocean to atmosphere
formed by magma crystallization
sediment transported along stream bed
compass direction of a horizontal line on a plane
term for rocks transported far away form their source area
bowl shaped valleys created at head of glacier
tendency to break along planar surfaces
subduction zones are formed
formed by lithification of sediments
molten liquid rock
volume of water passing a given point at a given time
when rock below surface is limestone ____ are common
process of magma emerging through the crust as lava and cooling into volcanic rock
naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, crystalline substance with definite chemical composition
plates slide past each other
gneiss is a very _____ rock
engineering term for permeability
response to deforming force
preferred alignment of crystals
strong sedimentary rocks
tendency to break along irregular surfaces
physical or chemical changes taking place in a sediment or sedimentary rock
beds that store groundwater
deforming force
region of land surrounded by divides and crossed by streams

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