Science Quiz / MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

Random Science or Vocabulary Quiz

Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Score 0/103 Timer 20:00
DefinitionVocab Word
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
A microscope that uses visible light to see
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
DefinitionVocab Word
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
DefinitionVocab Word
A method that seperates components by interactions
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A machine that spins really fast
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
The set of all genes in an organism
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
Focuses light on a specimen
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
cDNA copies of expressed genes
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
A change in the DNA sequence

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.