MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
A method that seperates components by interactions
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
A microscope that uses visible light to see
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
DefinitionVocab Word
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
The set of all genes in an organism
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
Focuses light on a specimen
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
A machine that spins really fast
DefinitionVocab Word
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
cDNA copies of expressed genes
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
A change in the DNA sequence
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
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