Science Quiz / MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research

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Can you name the MCDB 205 - Cell Components and Research ?

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DefinitionVocab Word
A thin, cylindrical projection of plasma membrane supported by actin filaments
Dense network of intermediate filaments inside nucleus of eukaryotic cell
Proteins that can couple the downhill movement of one molecular to the uphill movement of another through the plasma membrane
Focuses light on a specimen
A method where the interaction of two proteins attached to polymerase allow synthesis of a protein
A short cylinder of nine microtubule triplets in center of cell, creates microtubules
Polypeptide chain of amino acids, many uses
S. pombe - used to study basic cell functions
Attaching antibodies to beads and letting it bind with a protein and associated moelcules
The formation of cellular components from molecules without aid of templates or enzymes
A detergent that dissociate components for gel electrophoresis
Pathway involving the amplification and transmission of signals
Membrane bound pit on surface of cell that can receieve materials
Membrane bound bags containing catalase and various oxidases
The copying of DNA into mRNA strands in nucleus
Creates contrast by interferance between light from the sample and a reference beam
Drosophila Melanogaster - used to study multicellular functions
Impermeable membrane bound bags of hydrolytic enzymes
Specified signals incorporated into structures of proetiens and nucleic acids that route these moelcules to right place
A protein that glows green and allows labling of cellular components
A seperation method that uses charged groups attached to beads
A method that seperates components by running them in lanes
Uses a sharp point of laser light that sweeps across a sample
A PCR method that can create a mutation in the cloned DNA
The growth, synthesis, mitosis and cytokinesis of a cell
Coating with metal to produce contrast
Membrane bounded compartment containing the chromosomes etc
'microfilaments,' tracks for myosin motors
cDNA copies of expressed genes
In this method, a ligand that binds a molecule is attached to a solid and purified
Complexes of protein and RNA that synthesize proteins
A reaction to produce large amounts of DNA segments using restriction enzymes
Flattened bags of membrane without ribosomes involved in lipid synthesis and deals with drugs and calcium
Lipid Bilayer that surrounds the cell and has protiens and transmitters
Transfer of proteins from gel to a sheet of nylon
DefinitionVocab Word
A methodology that assumes that it is possible to understand a system by breaking down and studying the parts
Recieve and process inputs for a variety of stimuli
A method that seperates components by interactions
C. Elegans - used to study animal functions
Ways to improve the detection of a microscope beyond its limits
The creation of two sets of DNA, happens before mitosis
The set of all genes in an organism
Carries information for constructing a particular protein
A cell or group of cells that only have half the normal number of chromosomes
A cell or group of cells that have the full complement of chromosomes
A change in the DNA sequence
The reading of mRNA into protien structures in ribosomes
Usually double stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
Organisms that have had so much study done on them that they are easy to use
A microscope that uses visible light to see
Proteins that open selectively and facilitate passive movement across membrane
Large gated channels that control all traffic to the nucleus
A cylindrical polymer of tubulin that forms cilia, flagella and mitotic spindles, provides tracks for dynein and kinesin
Usually single stranded molecule composed of phosphate, sugar, base
A type of microscope that bombards samples with electrons that go through the sample
Intranuclear site of ribosomal RNA synthesis and assembly
Large organelle made of microtubules that primarily provides movement for cell through dynein movement
Formed from arrangement of microtubules during division, pulls cellular components to either side
Display of thousands of tiny spots on a glass slide each different
An annular junction sealing the gap between two epithelial cells
Flattened bags of membrane with associated ribosomes that create integral proteins
The DNA partner of a strand of RNA
Membrane vesicles that deliver ingested materials to lysosomes
A preparation method that makes samples cold and then cracks them
A method that fragments proteins then measures by weight
Insertion of a segment of DNA into a plasmid vector
Seperates components based on the size of the molecules
Mus musculus - used to study vertebrate functions
Small organelles formed from microtubules that extend outside the cell, provide sensory information and motion
DefinitionVocab Word
The creation of secondary and tertiary structures in proteins to maximize attractions and to shield from water
Breaking up a cell to release molecules through physical means
A method where specimens are dried from aqueous solutions of metal salts
Proteins that actively transmit materials through the plasma membrane
Insertion of RNA to decrease amount of protein
A type of method of preparation that embeds cells in plastic and then slices it
an example is mitochondrion, which was incorporated by an archaea billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A vast database of genes and proteins that allows for better manipulation
A sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a protein
Lens that collects and recombines beams of light
Looks as if shaft of light coming at sample from an angle, produced by beam interferance
A machine that spins really fast
Complex cell with a nucleus and membrane bounded organelles
Division of a cell into two diploid daughter cells
Stack of flattened membrane bags that packages and glycosylates protiens
Web of materials outside cell that provide support and binding to other cells
Physical exchange of regions of genous between homologues
Dictyostelium Discoideum - used to study basic cell functions
A type of microscope that bombards samples with elections in a raster pattern to see the surface
Fusions with this enzyme are used for chromatography because it binds well to glutathione
Consists of nuclear DNA compacted by associated protein
A method of microscopy that just shines light and captures visible light on a white background
Simple bacterial organism used to study cellular hardware
A circular DNA that self replicates in cytoplasm of a bacterium
Composed of microtubules and filaments, provides structure for the cell
One of the domains of biology, incorporated a bacteria billions of years ago to form eukaryotes
A type of microscopy that uses the absorbance and emission of light
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae - used to study basic cell fundtions
Arabidopsis Thaliana - used to study plant biology
Starting with a known gene and disrupting its function to observe what happens
A pair of concentric membranes connected to ER, surrounds the nucleus
Organelle that contains enzymes for fat oxidations and phosphorylation of ADP into ATP
Move things, includes dynein, kinesin and myosin

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