History Quiz / 17th Century Names

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Can you name the 17th Century Names?

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(r.1643-1715) A French monarch who believed he ruled by the 'divine right'. He was an absolutist monsrch who created the palace of Versailles. Called the 'sun King' he promoted mer
(r. 1688-1713) A Prussian who was granted the title 'King in Prussia' by Leopold I
The greatest French playwright of the 17th Century. He wrote sparkling comedies of manners that revealed much about the new aristocratic behavior.
(1642-1727) he invented calculus and made the laws if motion.
The lord protector of England. The leader of the Puritan republic which was set up during/after the English Civil War. He created Great Britain and 'ruled' during the interregnum.
(r. 1611-1632) A Swedish monarch who made a very strong army during the 30 yrs. war; he died during the war. He made Sweden a Supreme Power of Northern Europe
He led the Catholic French gov't during the 30 Yrs. War and he offered to susidize the Swedish peopl and he tried to keep Spain out of war. He was Louis XIII's chief minister
A family that began small in 1415 and grew to become large and powerful and became the ruling family in Prussia.
(1588-1679) wrote 'Leviathan' which argued for unlimited authority in a ruler. He was famous for saying that in the state of nature people were 'nasty, brutish, and short'. He also
He collected planetary observations and used evidence to develop the 3 laws of planetary motion. He used math to back-up heliocentircism and elliptical orbits.
A great French mathematician who was a jansenist who wrote provincial letters to defend jansenism against charges of herecy.
The greatest playwright in the English language famous for a majority of the over 3 dozen plays he wrote including Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and others.
A Prussian Hohenzollern who succeeded in welding his scattered lands into an absolutist state. He was a Calvanist who expanded the Prussian army.
(r. 1660-1685) a monarch who was reinstated after the death of Oli Cromwell. He restored the king to full partnership with parliament even though he had some bad luck at first.
The Ruling family in France from Henry IV in 1589 through Louis XVI in 1792
James II's daughter. She went against him w/her husband William and became the co-monarch of England. She was a protestant who agreed to the Bill of Rights and started the Glorious
An Italian cardinal who provide advice for Louis XIV and his mother when Louis was too young to rule himself. He started the Fronde because he refused o agree to his opponents dema
(r. 1665-1700) a mentally and physically feeble man who died without a direct heir. He started the War of the Spanish Succession Before he died he named LXIV's second grandson as h
(1564-1642) an Italian who supported heliocentricism and he built a telescope. He was arrested for going against church values and views.
(1627-1704) a supporter of Louis XVI's idea that he ruled by divine right. He thought that the king, like a father, should insruct his subject in the true religion, or at least mak
Head of the royal finances, public works, nad the navy. He invented mercantilism and under him the French gov't. established overseas trading companies and granted manufacturing mo
A French monarch who was partially responsible for the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. He was a Hugenot and a Bourbon who married Margo and had to flee and try to escape because he
A Dutch, baroque artist who painted ordinary things and made them look biblical by using different light.
(1533-1592) A French magistrate who wrote about the need for tolerance and open-mindedness. Known for the quote, 'all that is certain is that nothing is certain'. He called newly f
The Russian ruling family from tsar Michael in 1613 through the last tsar, Nicholas II in 1917.
(1562-1626) A French mathematician and philosopher. He helped to come up with the scientific method and is famous for the quote 'I think, therefore I am'
(r. 1685-1688) An English monarch pursued pro-Catholic and absolutist policies. He fled to France because parliament hated him. Asked William and Mary of Orange to rule.
(r. 1625-1649) an English monarch who tried to rule without a parliament. He lived cheap and enforced unfair taxes because he didn't have to pass anything through a parliament. It
(r. 1603-1625)English and Scottish monarch who succeeded Elizabeth because she had no heirs. He believed that he ruled by divine right. He was the first of the Stuart family. He wa
An English poet who gave priority to individual liberty. he believed in areopagitica which was one of the first defenses of the freedom of the press. He wrote 'Paradise Lost'
(1632-1704) He used a social contract to provide a foundation for constitutionalism. He said that in the state of nature that people were peaceful and reasonable. He's also well kn

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