Science Quiz / Brain and Behaviour

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Can you name the terms by the hints given??

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What is another term for the 'where' pathway? a. ganglion b. ventral stream c. nerve d. dorsal stream
What is damaged in nerve deafness? a. auditory nerve b. hammer c. cochlea d. a and c e. a or c
Where light energy is converted to electrical energy. a. sclera b. fovea c. retina d. pupil e. a and b
Rods are for ___ vision. a. night b. day c. color d. a and c e. all of the above
The visual pigments of rods. a. rhodopsin b. photopsin c. codopsin d. rotropin e. a and b
The incidental non-adaptive evolutionary by-products are called a. spandrels b. spindrels c. scoundrels d. incidentals e. none of the above
The PNS is comprised of the __ and __ a. PNS CNS b. sympathetic parasympathetic c. somatic autonomic d. nerves and neurons e. c and d
What part of the neuron receives signals from other neurons? a. axon hillock b. synaptic terminal c. cell body d. dendrites e. nodes of ranvier
The fatty substance around many axons a. adipocytes b. globules c. myelin d. glycerides e. a and c
Most common class/type of neuron a. unipolar b. bipolar c. tripolar d. multipolar e. motor
Oligodendrocytes, Schwann Cells, Microglia and Astrocytes are all classes of a. myelin b. glial cells c. motor neurons d. sensory neurons e. none of the above
The largest cerebral commissure connecting the cerebral hemispheres a. axon mesh b. hemi-link c. corpus callosum d. dendritic intersection e. Einstein's fissure
The caudate, putamen, and globus pallidus are all parts of the a. hypothalamus b. basal ganglia c. corpus callosum d. parietal lobe e. occipital lobe
Charge of a resting neuron a. -40mV b. -50mV c. -60mV d. -70mV e. -80mV
Action potentials are generated near the a. axon hillock b. nucleus c. cerebrum d. dendrites e. node of ranvier
Opiate drugs exert their effects most strongly on the part of the brain stem known as the a. third ventricle b. periaqueductal gray c. occipital lobe d. basal ganglia e. cerebellum
What technique affects activity in an area of the cortex by creating a magnetic field under a coil positioned next to the skull a. MRI b. MEG c. Invasive fMRI d. TMS e. a and c
The Wisconsin Card Sorting Task is often used as a measure of a. frontal lobe function b. memory abilities c. language function d. language lateralization e. both c and d
The types of receptors in the human retina are a. rhodopsin and cones b. rods and rhodopsin c. amacrine and bipolar cells d. rods and cones e. none of the above
__ neurons are particularly responsive to color, fine pattern detail, and slowly moving objects? a. magnocellular b. parvocellular c. a and b d. lateral geniculate e. motorhead
Damage to what part of the brain is associated with prosopagnosia? a. hippocampus b. fusiform face area c. cerebellar face area d. amygdala e. fornix
The auditory receptor organ is the a. semicircular canals b. tympanic membrane c. ossicles d. organ of corti e. cochlea
Damage to the ossicles can cause a. nerve deafness b. age-related hearing loss c. difficulty discriminating s, f and t sounds d. auditory cortex damage e. conductive deafness
The inability to smell is called a. aguesia b. anosmia c. simultanagnosia d. agnosia e. none of the above
Meningiomas are a. difficult to identify on a CT scan b. usually malignant c. encapsulated tumors d. usually metastatic tumors e. both a and b
Much of the brain damage associated with stroke is a consequence of excessive release of a. glutamate b. serotonin c. acetylcholine d. NMDA e. Dopamine
Neurofibrillary tangles, amyloid plaques, and neuron loss tend to occur in which disease? a. Huntington’s b. Parkinson’s c. Multiple Sclerosis d. Alzheimer’s e. Epilepsy
The degeneration of the segment of a cut axon between the cut and the cell body is known as __ degeneration. a. anterograde b. retrograde c. myelin d. soma e. dendritic
Explicit memories for general facts or information are known as a. episodic memories b. working memory c. semantic memories d. primed memories e. none of the above
The psychoactive effects of marijuana are largely attributable to a constituent called a. disulfiram b. teratogens c. amphetamine d. THC e. Anandamide
Damage to the left angular gyrus has been implicated in a. the inability to read b. the inability to write c. the inability to speak d. a and c e. a and b
Brain damage in individuals who were already capable of reading is known as a. developmental dyslexia b. acquired dyslexia c. deep dyslexia d. surface dyslexia e. phonemic dyslexia

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