Interesting Geography Facts – Asia

Can’t get enough geography? We’re right there with you. The world is a big, beautiful, fascinating place. Here are a few interesting geography facts related to Asia.

1. Asia is home to both Earth’s highest point on land, and lowest.

Asia Geography Facts
At 29,029 feet, Mount Everest, on the border between Nepal and China, is the tallest mountain on Earth. Conversely, the Dead Sea, a salt lake between Israel, Palestine, and Jordan, is 1,412 feet below sea level, making it the lowest land elevation on the planet. Interestingly, the surface of the Dead Sea is actually dropping about 3 feet per year, as water in the region has been diverted elsewhere in recent years.

2. Asia has a lot of tall stuff.


Most of the highest mountain peaks in the world (including Mount Everest) can be found in the Himalayas, a mountain range that separates the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. Furthermore, of the top ten tallest buildings in the word, nine are found in Asia, including the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, the world’s tallest.

3. Asia has a lot of people.


With a population of over 4 billion people, Asia has more people than all the other continents combined. India and China, both in Asia, are the only countries in the world with populations above 1 billion people. Of the ten most populous cities in the world, seven are in Asia.

4. China borders 14 countries, but has only one time zone.


China is one of the largest countries in the world in terms of area. It borders 14 other countries, which along with Russia (also with 14 borders), is the most of any other country. But even given this large size, China only has one national time zone, China Standard Time. Russia, on the other hand, spans 11 time zones.

5. The Arabian Desert is the world’s largest continuous sandy desert.


The Arabian Desert is a vast desert wilderness in Western Asia. With an area of 900,000 square miles, it occupies most of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the fourth largest desert in the world, and the largest in Asia. At its center is the Rub’al-Khali, the largest contiguous sand desert in the world.

6. Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands.


Located in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic country. It has more than 17,000 islands, which make up the Indonesian archipelago. It is also the world’s 4th most populous country, with Java, the world’s most populous island, containing more than half of the country’s population.

7. In the Philippines, there’s an island that’s within a lake, on an island that’s within a lake, on an island.


Taal Lake is a freshwater lake on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Located in Taal Lake is Volcano Island, which lies near the center of the lake. There is a crater lake on Volcano Island known as the Yellow Lake or the Main Crater Lake, and it contains its own small island, Vulcan Point. Did you follow all that?

8. Mongolia is sparse.


Mongolia has the lowest population density of any other country in the world. Spanning about 600,000 square miles, Mongolia is the 18th largest country in the world by land area. It has a population of about 3 million, which means there are about 5 people per square mile. This low population density can be attributed to the fact that the country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south.

9. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth.


Don’t let the name fool you. The Caspian Sea in Western Asia is usually classified as the world’s largest lake. It has a surface area of about 143,200 square miles, and it has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third of the salinity of most seawater. Lake Baikal in Siberia (also in Asia) is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22–23% of the world’s fresh surface water.

10. There are 12 landlocked countries in Asia.


The largest landlocked country in the world is Kazakhstan. Bhutan, Mongolia, and Nepal are landlocked by just two mutually bordering neighbors. Uzbekistan in Central Asia is ‘doubly landlocked’, which means it is surrounded entirely by other landlocked countries.

Like these Asia geography facts? Make sure to check out interesting geography facts for North America, South America, Europe, and Africa.

Mark Heald

Mark Heald is an Associate Product Manager and Sporcle Admin. He enjoys spending time with his family, traveling, and bemoaning the fact the Sonics left Seattle.

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Mark Heald
About Mark Heald 139 Articles
Mark Heald is an Associate Product Manager and Sporcle Admin. He enjoys spending time with his family, traveling, and bemoaning the fact the Sonics left Seattle.