Bio Study Guide

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Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Straightens fingers and wrist
Commonly known as the throat
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Single long bone in the arm
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Breathing out
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Knee cap
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Longest, strongest bone in body
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Kissing muscle
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Upper jaw
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Bends wrist and hand
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Maximal sustained contraction
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Fingers and toes
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study