Bio Study Guide

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Can you name the Bio Study Guide?

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Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Bends wrist and hand
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Fingers and toes
Upper jaw
Longest, strongest bone in body
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Breathing out
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
QuestionAnswer
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Single long bone in the arm
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Commonly known as the throat
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Maximal sustained contraction
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Straightens fingers and wrist
Knee cap
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Kissing muscle
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels

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