Bio Study Guide

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Breathing out
Bends wrist and hand
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Fingers and toes
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Kissing muscle
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Upper jaw
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Knee cap
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Commonly known as the throat
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Straightens fingers and wrist
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Longest, strongest bone in body
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Maximal sustained contraction
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Single long bone in the arm
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study