Bio Study Guide

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Can you name the Bio Study Guide?

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A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Knee cap
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Bends wrist and hand
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Breathing out
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Commonly known as the throat
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Maximal sustained contraction
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Fingers and toes
Single long bone in the arm
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Kissing muscle
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Longest, strongest bone in body
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Upper jaw
Straightens fingers and wrist

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