Science / Bio Study Guide

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Can you name the Bio Study Guide?

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Portion of brain that interprets taste
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Maximal sustained contraction
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Bends wrist and hand
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Single long bone in the arm
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Fingers and toes
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Commonly known as the throat
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
QuestionAnswer
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Longest, strongest bone in body
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Knee cap
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Upper jaw
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Kissing muscle
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Breathing out
Straightens fingers and wrist
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Movement: Joint angle decreases

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