Bio Study Guide

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Knee cap
Single long bone in the arm
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Bends wrist and hand
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Longest, strongest bone in body
Maximal sustained contraction
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Commonly known as the throat
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Kissing muscle
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Fingers and toes
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Upper jaw
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Breathing out
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Straightens fingers and wrist
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study