Science / Bio Study Guide

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Forced Order
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Upper jaw
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Maximal sustained contraction
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Fingers and toes
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Straightens fingers and wrist
Bends wrist and hand
Knee cap
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Longest, strongest bone in body
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Single long bone in the arm
Kissing muscle
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Commonly known as the throat
Breathing out
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Extends thigh backwards; butt

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