Science / Bio Study Guide

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Can you name the Bio Study Guide?

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Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Maximal sustained contraction
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Upper jaw
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Single long bone in the arm
Knee cap
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Fingers and toes
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Breathing out
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Straightens fingers and wrist
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Longest, strongest bone in body
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Commonly known as the throat
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Bends wrist and hand
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Kissing muscle
Movement: body part moves toward midline
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight

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