Bio Study Guide

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Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Bends wrist and hand
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Maximal sustained contraction
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Longest, strongest bone in body
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Knee cap
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Upper jaw
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Fingers and toes
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Straightens fingers and wrist
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Breathing out
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Single long bone in the arm
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Commonly known as the throat
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Kissing muscle
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study