Bio Study Guide

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Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Single long bone in the arm
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Extends thigh backwards; butt
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Commonly known as the throat
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Longest, strongest bone in body
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Maximal sustained contraction
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
Fingers and toes
Knee cap
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Kissing muscle
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Raises scapula; pulls head back
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Upper jaw
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Bends wrist and hand
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Breathing out
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Straightens fingers and wrist

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study