Bio Study Guide

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Stores calcium in a cell of a muscle
Involuntary muscle found in hollow organs and blood vessels
Extends thigh backwards; butt
Part of the nervous system that consists of nerves throughout the body
A single contraction lasting a fraction of a second
Modified neuron that is a sensory receptor for the sense of smell
Portion of brain that interprets taste
Protects the brain and is composed of 8 bones fitting tightly together
Knee cap
Straighten leg at the knee; raises thigh
A continuous, partial contraction of alternate muscle fibers causing themselves to look firm
Involuntary muscle found in the heart
Upper jaw
Chronic achy muscles that is not well understood
Bends wrist and hand
Cytoplasm of a muscle cell
Movement: body part moves toward midline
Kissing muscle
Sudden noisy explosion of air from the lungs
Nerve cell that characteristically has three parts; dendrites, cell body, and axon
Thin filament that aid in the movement of muscle
Nostrils - opening that leads to the nasal cavity
Designed for strength, light in color, few mitochondria, fewer blood vessels
Only bone in the body that does not articulate with another bone; anchor the tongue
Commonly known as the throat
Extension from the middle ear to the nasopharynx that equalizes air pressure on the eardrum
Breathing out
Muscles working in groups for a common action
Raises scapula; pulls head back
A nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it stimulates
QuestionAnswer
Muscular ring that surrounds the pupil and regulates the passage of light through the opening
Voluntary muscle that is attached to the skeleton
Short extensions off of nerve cells that receive signals from sensory receptors or other neurons
Brings arm away from the body (up and down)
Another term used for breathing that includes both inspiration and expiration
Attachment of a muscle on a bone that moves
Eating muscle, clinches teeth
Muscles that work in opposite directions
Straightens fingers and wrist
Movement: Joint angle decreases
Widely distributed throughout the body and include such senses as touch, pressure, pain, temperature, and vibrations
Ensures that oxygen enters the body and carbon dioxide leaves the body
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens above the soft palate
Designed for endurance, dark in color, many mitochondria, many blood vessels
Part of the nervous system that includes the brain and spinal cord (midline of the body)
Either of the two cranial nerves that carry nerve impulses from the retina of the eye to the brain, therby contributing to the sense of sight
Plasma membrane of a muscle cell
Fingers and toes
Non-conducting nerve cells that are intimately associated with neurons and function in a supportive capacity; nourishes neurons
Air is conducted from the atmosphere to the lungs by a series of cavities, tubes, and openings
Longest, strongest bone in body
Maximal sustained contraction
Single long bone in the arm
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens at the oral cavity
Moves thigh toward midline; raises thigh
Structure of the upper respiratory tract that opens the larynx
Connective tissue that connects muscle to bone
Attachment of a muscle on a stationary bone
Thick filaments shaped like golf clubs
Bends vertebral column, compresses abdoamen

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Created Nov 22, 2009ReportNominate
Tags:biology, guide, study