discovered/invented | Scientist |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |