discovered/invented | Scientist |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |