discovered/invented | Scientist |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |