discovered/invented | Scientist |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Cat thought experiment | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Matter waves | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

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