Famous Scientists

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discovered/inventedScientist
Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements
Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry
Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution
Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays
Best known as the creator of set theory
Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century
Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values
Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics
Creation of a theory of radioactivity
Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients
Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum
Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics
Cat thought experiment
Approximated functions with series.
Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors
Evolution by natural selection
Originated the concept of a programmable computer
Incompleteness Theorem
Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics
Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.
Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity
Discovered oxygen
His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra
In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles
Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion
Credited with the law of refraction
Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky
His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig
Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles.
Discovered natural radioactivity
Law of Universal Gravitation
discovered/inventedScientist
Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him.
Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases.
He created the first vaccine for rabies
widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero
French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie.
His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star.
Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.
Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants
His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity.
Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display.
first version of the law of conservation of mass
Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century
Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics
Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing.
Demonstrated existence of the electron
Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821)
Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation
Exclusion Principle
Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest
Uncertainty Principle
Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials.
Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect
Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project
Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential
First effective polio vaccine
Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission
He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field
Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler
Mathematical basis for computer
discovered/inventedScientist
4 Equations of electromagnetism
Credited with double helix structure of DNA
Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology'
He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes.
Matter waves
The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday
Double slit experiment
Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor
Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics
His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.
He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations
First heliocentric model of the solar system
Harmonic law of planetary motion
Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton
Best known as the father of fractal geometry
His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming.
'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.'
Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars.
She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
Invented the microscope
In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws
Model of the atom
Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem
Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring
Relativity
In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2).
Electromagnetic Induction
Invented the refracting telescope
Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians'
Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter

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Created Apr 13, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:discovery, famous, invented, scientist