Famous Scientists

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discovered/inventedScientist
He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming.
Credited with the law of refraction
'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.'
Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century
widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero
Demonstrated existence of the electron
French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie.
Harmonic law of planetary motion
Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2).
Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion
Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission
First heliocentric model of the solar system
He created the first vaccine for rabies
A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century
In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles
Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution
Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.
Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
Approximated functions with series.
Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display.
First effective polio vaccine
Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him.
Credited with double helix structure of DNA
Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
Best known as the creator of set theory
Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays
Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics
His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.
discovered/inventedScientist
Invented the microscope
Discovered natural radioactivity
Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field
Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics
Law of Universal Gravitation
He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity.
Best known as the father of fractal geometry
Mathematical basis for computer
Uncertainty Principle
Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect
Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project
Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation
Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter
Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem
Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry
Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity
Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles.
Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring
Electromagnetic Induction
Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential
Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky
Evolution by natural selection
He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes.
Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum
Discovered oxygen
Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor
Creation of a theory of radioactivity
Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing.
Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements
The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday
Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials.
His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra
discovered/inventedScientist
Originated the concept of a programmable computer
Exclusion Principle
Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics
His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig
Model of the atom
Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821)
first version of the law of conservation of mass
Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton
Matter waves
Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics
4 Equations of electromagnetism
Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants
Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.
Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler
Double slit experiment
Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians'
She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star.
Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases.
Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars.
Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations
Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology'
Cat thought experiment
Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values
Incompleteness Theorem
Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients
In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws
Invented the refracting telescope
Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics
Relativity
Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest

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Created Apr 13, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:discovery, famous, invented, scientist