discovered/invented | Scientist |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Matter waves | |

Invented the microscope | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Cat thought experiment | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Model of the atom | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

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