discovered/invented | Scientist |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Matter waves | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Invented the microscope | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

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