discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Cat thought experiment | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |