discovered/invented | Scientist |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

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