discovered/invented | Scientist |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Double slit experiment | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Invented the microscope | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

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