discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Incompleteness Theorem | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Relativity | |

Model of the atom | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

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