discovered/invented | Scientist |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Incompleteness Theorem | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |