discovered/invented | Scientist |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Invented the microscope | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |