discovered/invented | Scientist |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Invented the microscope | |