discovered/invented | Scientist |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Matter waves | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

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