discovered/invented | Scientist |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Double slit experiment | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |