discovered/invented | Scientist |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Matter waves | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Incompleteness Theorem | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

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