discovered/invented | Scientist |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Matter waves | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Invented the microscope | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Relativity | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |