Famous Scientists

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discovered/inventedScientist
First effective polio vaccine
Incompleteness Theorem
Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler
Credited with the law of refraction
Evolution by natural selection
Law of Universal Gravitation
Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients
Double slit experiment
Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity
Invented the refracting telescope
He created the first vaccine for rabies
Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest
'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.'
He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect
Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project
Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics
Relativity
Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements
Best known as the creator of set theory
Demonstrated existence of the electron
Originated the concept of a programmable computer
Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century
Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion
Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics
first version of the law of conservation of mass
Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum
Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases.
First heliocentric model of the solar system
His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.
He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display.
The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday
Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton
discovered/inventedScientist
His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star.
Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians'
Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor
Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation
Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution
Matter waves
Invented the microscope
Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars.
Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
Cat thought experiment
Exclusion Principle
Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays
The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter
Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.
He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors
widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero
Model of the atom
French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie.
Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics
Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky
In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2).
Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values
Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials.
His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig
Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring
Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants
4 Equations of electromagnetism
Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem
discovered/inventedScientist
In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles
Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821)
Electromagnetic Induction
Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing.
Credited with double helix structure of DNA
Approximated functions with series.
His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming.
He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity.
Best known as the father of fractal geometry
Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology'
Harmonic law of planetary motion
Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him.
Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles.
Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry
Discovered natural radioactivity
Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes.
Discovered oxygen
Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations
Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.
Mathematical basis for computer
His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra
In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws
A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century
Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential
Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics
Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics
Creation of a theory of radioactivity
Uncertainty Principle
Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field

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