discovered/invented | Scientist |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Relativity | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Cat thought experiment | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |