discovered/invented | Scientist |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Model of the atom | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Originated the concept of a programmable computer | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Relativity | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Incompleteness Theorem | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |