discovered/invented | Scientist |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Matter waves | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |