discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Double slit experiment | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Invented the microscope | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

## Show Comments