discovered/invented | Scientist |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Exclusion Principle | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Double slit experiment | |

Model of the atom | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

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