Famous Scientists

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discovered/inventedScientist
Mathematical basis for computer
Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential
Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.
Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky
Approximated functions with series.
Discovered oxygen
Invented the refracting telescope
The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday
He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity.
Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect
His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig
Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie.
Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases.
Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants
Electromagnetic Induction
He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors
Creation of a theory of radioactivity
Best known as the father of fractal geometry
First heliocentric model of the solar system
Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients
Best known as the creator of set theory
He created the first vaccine for rabies
Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation
Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821)
Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.
Cat thought experiment
Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology'
Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials.
His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.
A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century
Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry
discovered/inventedScientist
Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations
Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles.
Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring
'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.'
Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem
In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2).
Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution
In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles
Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him.
Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics
Matter waves
Exclusion Principle
His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra
Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians'
Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing.
Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion
Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values
Relativity
Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics
Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor
Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements
Uncertainty Principle
Originated the concept of a programmable computer
His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star.
Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field
Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project
4 Equations of electromagnetism
His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
Model of the atom
In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws
Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars.
discovered/inventedScientist
Credited with the law of refraction
He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum
Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler
Incompleteness Theorem
His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming.
Law of Universal Gravitation
first version of the law of conservation of mass
Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
Double slit experiment
Credited with double helix structure of DNA
Demonstrated existence of the electron
widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero
Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics
Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest
He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes.
Discovered natural radioactivity
She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter
Invented the microscope
Harmonic law of planetary motion
Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics
Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays
First effective polio vaccine
Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton
Evolution by natural selection
Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century
He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission
Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display.
Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity

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Created Apr 13, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:discovery, famous, invented, scientist