Famous Scientists

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discovered/inventedScientist
Demonstrated existence of the electron
In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles
Discovered oxygen
She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania
Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians'
Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect
4 Equations of electromagnetism
Discovered natural radioactivity
Best known as the father of fractal geometry
Model of the atom
First heliocentric model of the solar system
widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero
Creation of a theory of radioactivity
French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie.
Exclusion Principle
Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem
His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star.
Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.
Uncertainty Principle
Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring
Path integral formulation of quantum field theory
Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century.
His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig
Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential
Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology'
Originated the concept of a programmable computer
Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor
Double slit experiment
Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics
His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra
Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation
The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday
Incompleteness Theorem
Invented the refracting telescope
discovered/inventedScientist
Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution
In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2).
Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry
Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases.
Credited with the law of refraction
Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials.
Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton
His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design.
He created the first vaccine for rabies
Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission
In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws
His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming.
Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler
'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.'
Evolution by natural selection
Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics
Relativity
He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time.
Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century
First effective polio vaccine
first version of the law of conservation of mass
He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes.
A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century
Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients
Approximated functions with series.
Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project
Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics
Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion
Law of Universal Gravitation
Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky
His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field.
Cat thought experiment
Best known as the creator of set theory
Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him.
discovered/inventedScientist
Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display.
Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics
Matter waves
Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations
Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity.
He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
Invented the microscope
Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy
Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics
Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values
Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field
Electromagnetic Induction
Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars.
Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum
Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation
Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA.
Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles.
Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants
Mathematical basis for computer
Harmonic law of planetary motion
He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors
Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements
Credited with double helix structure of DNA
Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing.
Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest
The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter
He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity.
Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays
Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity
Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821)

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Created Apr 13, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:discovery, famous, invented, scientist