discovered/invented | Scientist |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Relativity | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |