discovered/invented | Scientist |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Invented the microscope | |

Relativity | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Matter waves | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Exclusion Principle | |

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