discovered/invented | Scientist |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

First effective polio vaccine | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Invented the microscope | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Double slit experiment | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Incompleteness Theorem | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

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