discovered/invented | Scientist |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Demonstrated existence of the electron | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Relativity | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Founded analytic geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry. | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

He created the first vaccine for rabies | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Controlled, liquid-fueled rocketry | |

Discovered a relationship between trigonometric functions and complex exponentials. | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |