discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Her most noteworthy work is that on the X-ray diffraction images of DNA. | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

'No physical theory of local hidden variables can ever reproduce all of the predictions of quantum mechanics.' | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Francis Crick acknowledged him as the 'father of molecular biology' | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Invented the microscope | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

## Show Comments