discovered/invented | Scientist |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

His contributions include the discovery of the cell nucleus and cytoplasmic streaming. | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

Relativity | |

Invented the microscope | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Best known for his role as the scientific director of the Manhattan Project | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Significant contributions to game theory, differential geometry, and partial differential equations | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |