discovered/invented | Scientist |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Discovered oxygen | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Invented the microscope | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Invented a form of symbolic logic in which 'true' or 'false' are the only two greatest possible values | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

Invented the refracting telescope | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Relativity | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Matter waves | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Particularly remembered for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. A type of particle is named after him. | |

Figurehead of the new science of genetics for his study of the inheritance of certain traits in pea plants | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Influential German mathematician who made lasting contributions to analysis and differential geometry, some of them enabling the later development of general relativity. | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

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