discovered/invented | Scientist |

The idea is that the local motion of a rotating reference frame is determined by the large scale distribution of matter | |

Invented infinitesimal calculus independently of Newton | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

Discovered splitting of spectral lines in a strong magnetic field | |

Invented the microscope | |

Remembered today as the creator of a tool still used by biologists to predict the probability of possible genotypes of offspring | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Accurately measured speed of light; invented the gyroscope; demonstrated the Earth's rotation | |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

4 Equations of electromagnetism | |

He conducted an expedition to observe the Solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of relativity. | |

Preeminent rocket engineer of the 20th century | |

Approximated functions with series. | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Evolution by natural selection | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

First heliocentric model of the solar system | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

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