discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Author of the astronomical treatise now known as the Almagest | |

Dutch computer researcher who published on eavesdropping on the contents of a CRT and LCD display. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Explained wavelength distribution of blackbody radiation | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Invented the microscope | |

Most widely known for observing that electric currents induce magnetic fields. He shaped post-Kantian philosophy and advances in science throughout the late 19th century. | |

Developed the principle of least action of classical mechanics | |

The American scientist who discovered electromagnetic induction independently of and at about the same time as Michael Faraday | |

Double slit experiment | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

His Kitab al-Jabr wa-l-Muqabala presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. He is considered the founder of algebra | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

Harmonic law of planetary motion | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Formulated the general theory of elasticity in a mathematically usable form (1821) | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

His limit describes the maximum mass of a white dwarf star. | |

Law of Universal Gravitation | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |