discovered/invented | Scientist |

Proved the stability of the solar system. He also put the theory of mathematical probability on a sound footing. | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

Mathematical basis for computer | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name. | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

In physics her theorem explains the fundamental connection between symmetry and conservation laws | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

He is best known for his work on theory of stochastic processes. | |

Developed empirical formula to describe hydrogen spectrum | |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

Founded qualitative dynamics (the mathematical theory of dynamical systems); created topology; contributed to solution of the three-body problem | |

Jean Dieudonné called him 'the last of the great mathematicians' | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Creator of the first version of the periodic table of elements | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Discovered argon; explained how light scattering is responsible for red color of sunset and blue color of sky | |

His studies of heat transfer between solids and fluids brought improvements in boiler and condenser design. | |

Best known as the father of fractal geometry | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Credited with double helix structure of DNA | |

Invented the microscope | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Credited with the most accurate astronomical observations of his time. Work used by his contemporary, Kepler | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Discovered radio waves and the photoelectric effect | |

French mathematician, mechanician, physicist and philosopher. He was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. | |

Uncertainty Principle | |

Devised an interferometer and used it to try to measure Earth's absolute motion | |

Principle states that for an inviscid flow, an increase in the speed of the fluid occurs simultaneously with a decrease in pressure or a decrease in the fluid's potential energy | |