discovered/invented | Scientist |

Discovered natural radioactivity | |

In 1967 invented the twistor theory which maps geometric objects in Minkowski space into the 4-dimensional complex space with the metric signature (2,2). | |

Credited with the law of refraction | |

Developed second law of thermodynamics, a statement that the entropy of the Universe always increases. | |

Electromagnetic Induction | |

Navier-_______ Equation for fluid dynamics | |

Improvements to the Newcomen steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution | |

Discovery of penicillin launched the modern era of antibiotics | |

Developed chemical thermodynamics; introduced concepts of free energy and chemical potential | |

Developed the resonance technique for measuring the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei | |

She is well-known for her 45-year study of chimpanzee social and family interactions in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania | |

His law relates the distribution of electric charge to the resulting electric field. | |

Contributed to theoretical nuclear physics, especially concerning the mechanism for energy production in stars. | |

Path integral formulation of quantum field theory | |

Predicted the existence of antimatter by combining quantum mechanics with special relativity | |

He gave the earliest public lecture on the principles behind the laser and the maser and developed the first gravitational wave detectors | |

Described a convenient tabular presentation for binomial coefficients | |

His work included early telescopic studies elucidating the nature of the rings of Saturn and the discovery of its moon Titan, the invention of the pendulum clock and other investig | |

Best known for his theorem regarding right triangles. | |

Worked with Otto Hahn in the discovery of fission | |

Developed new methods of classical/analytical mechanics | |

Double slit experiment | |

Founding contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics | |

widely known for developing the basis of Absolute Zero | |

He derived the transformation equations subsequently used by Albert Einstein to describe space and time. | |

Pilot wave interpretation of quantum mechanics | |

In 1974, he calculated that black holes should thermally create and emit subatomic particles | |

Best known as the creator of set theory | |

Model of the atom | |

first version of the law of conservation of mass | |

Creation of a theory of radioactivity | |

Exclusion Principle | |

Patents and theoretical work formed the basis of modern alternating current (AC) electric power systems, including the polyphase system of electrical distribution and the AC motor | |

A famous example of his leadership in mathematics is his 1900 presentation of a collection of problems that set the course for much of the mathematical research of the 20th century | |