Landmark US Supreme Court Cases

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Can you name the Landmark US Supreme Court Cases?

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HintCase
Does a Texas law making it a criminal offense to obtain an abortion except when the life of the mother was at stake violate the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
A regulation to provide minimum wages for categories of workers who are at a disadvantaged bargaining position can be upheld as a valid exercise of government authority to protect
Creates a merger of the concept of substantive due process and the idea that the “liberty” protected under the 14th Amendment was a strong right of contract that could not be e
Congress has the authority to regulate all goods and services produced for interstate commerce, including the conditions under which they are produced. The mere fact that there is
New York exceeded its authority in seeking to limit the interstate navigation of its waters. Congress has regulated this type of activity and its laws are supreme. The commerce pow
The power to regulate interstate commerce includes the right to regulate production of products that have a large role in interstate commerce.
Congress may regulate the ability of commercial enterprises to deny service on the basis of race, as that discrimination substantially impacts interstate commerce
Does a California law banning the distribution of obscene materials through the mail violate the First Amendment?
Holds that viewpoint discrimination is barred by the First Amendment. If St. Paul is going to ban the burning cross and the swastika, then has to ban everything or nothing.
Does a Louisiana law mandating separate cars for white and black passengers on railways violate the equal protection clause?
Does the Texas law making it illegal to “desecrate a venerated object” (which included a state or national flag) violate the First Amendment?
The state may not regulate an individual’s right to contract for his labor without a reasonable relationship to a legitimate government purpose, such as protection as public heal
The restrictions on the use of landmark buildings did not constitute a taking under the constitution’s protections in the 5th Amendment.
Does the Texas system of financing public education based on school district property taxes violate the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment?
The Court holds that neither a State nor the Federal Government can constitutionally force a person 'to profess a belief or disbelief in any religion''. Further, a state can not pa
The Commerce Clause does permit Congress to prohibit certain types of drugs despite contrary state law. Congress may regulate activities which it finds have a substantial impact on
Property development may be regulated to an extent, but any regulation that makes the intended use of this property impossible constitutes a “taking” under the clause.
Congress has broad authority under the Commerce Clause, but does not include the authority to interfere with state sovereignty. Despite the fact that it was an administrative (and
Does a Minnesota law shutting down the publishing of any “malicious, scandalous and defamatory newspaper” violate the First Amendment?
The Equal Protection clause affords individual rights – and it is clear that the alternatives offered are not meaningfully equal within the definition of what one considers when
Does the presence of the Ten Commandments in a public park violate the Establishment Clause?
Is the use of nonsectarian prayer at a graduation ceremony that is not mandatory for students a violation of the Establishment Clause?
What is the appropriate remedy for school districts found in violation of the ruling in Brown I?
Congress possesses unenumerated powers that were not specifically stated within the Constitution. Within that authority included the right to charter a national bank. In addition,
In order to pass scrutiny, any government support for religion must meet 3 criteria (which becomes The Lemon Test)
These type of regulations are only permissible when there is an exceptional need to do so. This regulation only limits people based on gender, not as related to the specifics of a
The state can not condition a benefit on the requirement that a citizen violate their religious beliefs.
Does an Idaho law giving men preference over women in the administration of a legal estate violate the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
When words are used in “such circumstances and are of such a nature as to create a clear and present danger,” Congress has the right to prevent such a “substantive evil.”
The doctrine of separation of powers, as well as the need for confidentiality for advisors, without some additional need does not create a broad power to avoid judicial scrutiny. T
HintCase
Does the West Virginia mandatory flag salute law violate the first amendment?
Do the provisions of the Child Decency Act of 1996 banning “indecent” and “patently offensive” communications on the Internet violate the First Amendment?
The Law School has a compelling interest in attaining a diverse student body.
Does the all-male admissions policy of VMI violate the Equal Protection Clause?
Does the Nebraska law banning a medical procedure used to perform late-term abortions violate the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment?
Congressional authority to regulate interstate commerce is conditioned on some connection between the activity being regulated and interstate commercial activity. No such connectio
While imposing a limitation on the basis of race is constitutionally suspect, the authority of the government during times of “emergency and peril” would allow the detention pr
Initial application of the concept that the Due Process clause protected a substantive liberty interest in freedom from regulation for contract
The organization has a right of “expressive association” that is protected above the state interest in protecting people via public accomodation laws. As the organization is ex
The development of the code outside of specific Congressional enactment was a constitutional violation, as it gave too much power to the Executive branch. In addition, the local sa
Does a Colorado state constitutional amendment prohibiting the enactment, adoption or enforcement of any law providing legal protection to individuals based on bisexual, homosexual
The Executive Branch is provided broad latitude in executing this proclamation because of the President’s unique role in delegating between internal and foreign affairs. Such pow
Does an 1879 Connecticut law making it illegal to distribute information about birth control and/or use contraceptives violate the right to personal privacy?
The State has the authority to regulate the time, place and manner of speech on public streets and preserve order.
Does requiring a reporter to appear and testify before a grand jury violate the freedom of speech and press guaranteed by the First Amendment?
Does the fact that the vast majority of the programs provide religious schooling and the close relationship between the value of the vouchers and religious school tuition costs vio
The use of eminent domain is subject to great deference to local authorities. It does not require that the use be for the general public, but can include a broad public purpose.
Does suppressing the publication of the Pentagon Papers violate the First Amendment?
There is no general right of Presidential Immunity from civil suits arising from “private action”. The President’s unique role in the system of government is insufficient to
Does a Pennsylvania law establishing a 24 hour mandatory waiting period before obtaining an abortion, spousal consent to receive an abortion, “informed consent” before making a
The ruling in National League of Cities v. Usery has led to an unworkable analysis and is overruled. Such decisions moving forward will be left to the political process.
Did false statements about the conduct of a public official in an advertisement placed in the New York Times constitute libel?
: Bowers is no longer good law and is explicitly overruled by this decision. Intimate sexual conduct between adults is protected by the 14th Amendment’s Due Process clause, when
Religious motivation does not exempt an individual from a generally applicable criminal statute.
Without a Congressional enactment, the President has no authority to take possession of private property. The President’s argument of ‘inherent authority’ lacks support under
Certain speech does not fall within the boundaries of constitutional protection if it is lewd and obscene, the profane, the libelous, and the insulting or 'fighting' words those wh
Does an Oklahoma law establishing different ages for men and women to purchase beer with a higher alcohol content violate the Equal Protection Clause?
Does a system of state-mandated racial segregation in the public schools violate the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment?
The Court held regulation of child labor in purely internal (to a single state) manufacturing, the products of which may never enter interstate commerce, to be beyond the power of
Admissions program involved the unlawful use of an explicit racial classification, thereby disregarding individual rights as guaranteed by the Fourteenth Amendment.

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