Chapter 25 - World War II Terms

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Can you name the Chapter 25 - World War II?

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August 14, 1945; unconditional surrender of Japan
Name for the narrowest part of the English Channel where the Germans thought the D-Day invasion would take place
Communist leader of the Soviet Union during World War II; first sided with Germany through the Nazi-Soviet Treaty of Nonaggression, later sided with Allied forces
Greatest naval battle in world history; US Navy crushed Japanese armada in the Pacific near the Philippines
Name of the B-29 Super Fortress bomber that was used to drop the atomic bombs on Japan
German general who controlled German forces in most of Northern Africa (“Desert Fox”)
Assigned the overall commander of Allied forces involved in the D-Day invasion
Name of the first atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945
Strategic island won by the U.S. Marines in Pacific campaign; site of symbolic flag raising
Date of the beginning of World War II and Germany’s invasion of Poland
Vice President under Roosevelt during his fourth term who later became President when he died in Hot Springs, Georgia in 1945
Northern territory of China invaded by Japan starting in 1931
Battle that became a morale boost for the Allies where 300,000+ troops were rescued from France and evacuated to Britain
“The leader” in German
Agreement between Roosevelt and Churchill that pledged freedom of the seas and trade between the two nations
German counterattack in December 1944 launched to capture the Allies supply port at Antwerp, Belgium lasting more than a month and ending with the German forces driving back 55 mi
Codename of Germany’s failed invasion of the Soviet Union
Icon symbolizing women working in factories on the home front during World War II
Meeting between Truman, Attlee, and Stalin in Germany where the post-war plans of Japan were discussed
“The Lightning War”
Famous Lieutenant Colonel who boosted American morale with a successful aerial raid of Tokyo in 1942
Name of the second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki on August 9, 1945
Hitler’s idea of bringing all the German speaking people of other countries into the German Empire
German secret police
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Nationalist leader of China who rallied forces together against the Japanese
“Youth” in German
Head of the SA who was murdered by Hitler on the “Night of the Long Knives”
Air battle between Germany and Britain that began in November 1940 and was won by the undermanned Royal Air Force
Peacekeeping organization created as a result of World War II
“Jew” in German
The act of one power giving into a stronger power for the sake of avoiding conflict
Turning point of the war in Europe
Adolf Hitler’s alleged last name; ironically Jewish
The group of African American pilots who fought in World War 2
Concrete wall built by the French that extended north to south along the entire French-German border
Admiral of the US Navy who defeated the Japanese at the Battle of Midway (*turning point of the war in the Pacific)
Republican candidate defeated by Roosevelt during the election of 1940
Hitler’s henchman who controlled German propaganda during World War II
German word describing the inferior
Order by Roosevelt that relocated all Japanese-Americans to one of ten internment camps on the west coast
Chaired Senate committee in 1933 that researched exactly why the US went to war with Germany in 1917
Date of D-Day
Defensive alliance signed between Axis powers Germany, Italy and Japan
Emperor of Japan during World War II
Codename for D-Day invasion of Normandy beaches in Northern France by Allied forces
Anti-semitic laws in Nazi Germany that deprived Jews of Germany citizenship and took away their businesses.
Project headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer in Los Alamos, New Mexico that led to the creation of the atomic bomb
Hitler’s plan for the execution of the Jews
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Date on which Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japanese
Campaign launched by US Marines used to reach the mainland of Japan by capturing each island in the Pacific
Launched by all-black Pittsburgh Courier; called for a victory in the war abroad and a victory in the racial wars at home
Hitler’s biography written during his time in jail (“My Struggle”)
“Living space” in German; Hitler’s excuse for expanding Germany’s borders
Southern region of France created by Germany as a puppet government; led by Fascist Philippe Petain
Hitler’s henchman who headed the German air force during World War II
May 7, 1945; date on which the German government surrendered unconditionally
Policy that allowed Britain (and later the Soviet Union) to obtain arms from United States and reimburse them after the war
Meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin in February 1945 at a Russian seaport where the post-war division of Germany and Europe were discussed
Agreement between Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler in which Hitler promised no further advancements in exchange for the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia
“The Night of Broken Glass”; first large-scale action by the Nazis against the Jews in Germany
Hitler’s henchman who headed the SS during World War II
Bill passed that gave war veterans government funding for education, housing, healthcare, etc.
Fascist leader in Spain whose forces drove out the democratic government in the Spanish Civil War
Fascist leader of Italy during World War II
Colonel in the US Air Force who dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
General in charge of US forces in the Pacific during World War II
Admiral that led Japanese naval forces in the Pacific during World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor
“divine wind”; Japanese pilots who crashed planes into American vessels on suicide missions
Name of the first peacetime draft in the United States initiated in 1940
Fascist leader of Germany during World War II
German air force during World War II
Prime Minister and military leader of the Empire of Japan during World War II

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