Ultimate Country Quiz

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Can you name the country that....?

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...is the home country of Nobel laureates Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott, making it the country with the most laureates per capita?
...has the shortest coastline?
...contains the headwaters of both the Senegal and Niger Rivers?
...is the only OPEC member located wholly within the southern hemisphere?
...was the first to elect a female head of government?
...has .cf as its Internet country code top-level domain?
...has the smallest area and borders at least two other countries?
...is the world's most densely populated?
...has a flag with five stars representing the Federal Republic of Central America?
...that has about 20% of its land area located below sea level?
...is home to Boiling Lake, the world's second largest hot springs?
...is home to the driest location on Earth?
...produces Pilsner Urquell beer?
...has an exclave of Nakhchivan?
...has the most saline body of water outside of Antarctica?
...that was formerly known as Dahomey?
...was formed in 1990 when its formerly separated northern and southern halves united?
...has a quarter of Jerusalem's Old City named after it?
...has the most total area of any landlocked country in Africa?
...was the first Eastern Bloc nation to begin to dismantle its border fence with western Europe?
...has a name meaning 'ancient and bearded?'
...is the only nation in North America not to border the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea?
...is the smaller of the two that are the only two in the world to have their capital cities located across a river from one another?
...is home to the only volcano on mainland Europe to have erupted within the last 100 years?
...contains the region of Transylvania?
...was the first to be invaded by Nazi Germany?
...has the world's tallest building?
...is home to the world's fastest diesel ferry?
...has a flag with stars that are a geographically-accurate representation of the country's islands?
...is located closest to the USA without actually bordering it?
...lost most of it's men's national soccer team in a 1993 plane crash?
...has the most official languages?
...has the greatest number of languages spoken?
...is home to the two holiest Muslim sites?
...is closest to the Arctic Circle without having any territory inside it?
...was the first in the Eastern Bloc to elect a non-communist government?
...hosted the first Winter Olympic Games?
...is the only one to have elected a female-majority legislature?
...had the story of its bobsled team dramatized in the movie 'Cool Runnings?'
...was home to the dodo before its extinction?
...lost its status as a UN Security Council permanent member in 1971?
...is the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...has a 2.5-mile wide, 160-mile long demilitarized zone as its northern border?
...has the largest percentage of its land area protected in parks and reserves?
...is the least populated country that has officially acknowledged its possession of nuclear weapons?
...has the longest written Constitution?
...was the site of the Chernobyl disaster?
...has the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas?
...that defeated Bolivia in the Chaco War?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Carthage?
...was invaded by U.S. troops in 1983?
...contains the land claimed by the breakaway country of Transnistria?
...shares a name with a region of Greece, causing a naming dispute between the countries?
...contains the first New World land visited by Christopher Columbus?
...has had a runner win either the men's or women's Boston Marathon every year since 1991?
...has won the most Summer Olympics medals without ever having won gold?
...has the most populated metropolitan area in Africa?
...has the highest proportion of Roman Catholic residents in Asia?
...has the only absolute monarchy in Europe?
...is the larger of the only two to be surrounded by landlocked countries?
...had the longest civil war in Latin American history, spanning from 1960-1996?
...was the first to have its voters reject European Union membership?
...had the deadliest tornado on record?
...has won the most Olympic gold medals in men's ice hockey?
...is closest to Antarctica without any Antarctic territorial claims?
...has residents who are known as Malagasy?
...has 70% of its population residing on the island of Viti Levu?
...is referred to as 'Hellas' in its native language?
...was invaded during 'Operation Enduring Freedom?'
...is the world's least densely populated?
...that is home to the world's deepest known cave?
...has the highest mountain outside of Asia?
...uses the somoni as its unit of currency?
...is the only non-island nation in North America not to border the Pacific Ocean?
...is located closest to the intersection of the Equator and the Prime Meridian?
...is home to the launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight?
...is the only one besides Italy to have Italian as its sole official language?
...was where the hottest temperature on the Earth's surface was recorded?
...has the longest-serving current head of state?
...renamed its largest city in 1976 to honor its first president and leader of its independence movement?
...has the northernmost capital?
...does not maintain foreign relations with any permanent members of the UN Security Council?
...has the southernmost capital?
...is believed to be home to the most Palestinian refugees?
...has its capital located on the shore of Lake Tanganyika?
...is the place of origin of Dalmatians?
...was the only Pacific island nation to avoid formal colonization?
...has a main island that was known by 'Hairouna' to the indigenous population?
...is the only non-European country to be completely surrounded by one other country?
...that contains the land at the southern end of the world's longest overland animal migration?
...was the first to be admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations without ever having been a part of the British Empire?
...is planning to move its capital to Ramciel by 2015?
...produces Madeira wine?
...was the first in Africa to reach the FIFA World Cup quarterfinals?
...has a tricolor flag whose colors represent forests, the Equator, and the sea?
...was formely known as Upper Volta?
...is the westernmost in the Arab League?
...is named after the desert that is believed to be the world's oldest?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Troy?
...produces Aldaris beer?
...has its capital located on the island of Guadalcanal?
...was where the first pterodactyl fossil was discovered?
...regained autonomy as a result of the Russo-Turkish War, after more than 450 years of Ottoman rule?
...has the least total area of any landlocked country outside of Europe?
...does not allow its citizens to visit Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, or Yemen without special permission?
...gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993?
...is home to Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall?
...is the first to see dawn of each new day?
...is where LEGO pieces were created?
...contains the Aïr Mountains?
...had its best known site under joint U.S. control until 1999?
...provides the soldiers who serve as Vatican guards?
...has Bambara as its most widely understood language?
...now has a population of more than 500,000 but was uninhabited until being settled by Portugal in the 15th Century?
...has the largest number of Muslims?
...was founded and colonized by freed American slaves?
...is the smallest in the Americas in both size and population?
...is the only communist nation in the western hemisphere?
...had coups d'etat in both 1999 and 2001?
...has both Arabic and English as official languages?
...is the only one not bordering Russia where Russian is an official language statewide?
...is the smallest current European Union member?
...was formerly known as Nyasaland?
...is the least populated OPEC member?
...has its capital located on the island of Bioko?
...was formerly known as Kampuchea?
...has hosted the most Olympic Games?
...is the most populated country in Africa?
...has a name meaning 'Land of the Pure' in its national language?
...takes its name and borders from the river that passes through its center?
...has the greatest population of Albanians outside of Albania?
...has the lowest high point above sea level, at 7 ft. 7 inches?
...is the location of the titular 2006 'Casino Royale' in the 2006 film?
...is the smallest original European Union member?
...is named after France's King Louis XV's Minister of Finance?
...has the least populated national capital?
...is home to Victoria Falls National Park?
...was the first that the United Nations graduated from 'least developed' to 'developing' status?
...sentenced an American teenager to caning for vandalism in 1994?
...was the only one to have gained its independence from New Zealand?
...has a legislature called 'Oireachtas?'
...has Krio as the most widespread language?
...is home to the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world?
...is home to the headquarters of both the European Union and NATO?
...is named after a man who led multiple Latin American countries to independence?
...has a church that has been under construction since 1882?
...that was known as New Hebrides until independence?
...is the most recent and southernmost member of the Arab League?
...had a constitutional monarchy after gaining independence from France in 1954 until being overthrown by communists in 1975?
...is the only English-speaking nation in South America?
...is the northernmost nation through which the Prime Meridian passes?
...has a capital city whose construction began on previously undeveloped land in 2002?
...has the least total area of any country the Prime Meridian passes through?
...has the highest percentage of Christian residents of any Arab League member?
...is the only one whose flag is not a rectangle?
...received its current name after independence to decrease confusion with a neighboring country?
...is the only Pacific Ocean nation to consist of only one island?
...is the only one in Africa to be represented by a pavilion at Epcot?
...has the most distant point from the center of the Earth?
...has the most FIFA World Cup appearances without a championship?
...is where Nobel Prizes are awarded?
...Kosovo has declared independence from?
...was known as Zaire until 1997?
...is the smallest through which the Equator passes?
...served as the test site for 67 U.S. nuclear weapons tests between 1946 and 1958?
...has the northernmost metropolitan area of more than one million people?
...has the Vysshaya Liga as its top division of professional soccer?
...was the first former Soviet Socialist Republic to declare independence from the USSR?
...was where the first season of 'Survivor' was filmed?
...has Avianca as its flag carrier airline?
...has, since 1974, had part of its territory under control of a separate state that is only formally recognized by Turkey?
...is the most populated not to have diplomatic relations with the USA?
...has a name derived from a word in its official language meaning 'fortresses built near water?'
...is the least populated in South America?
...has a flag whose design represents the Pacific Ocean and the country's four island groups?
...contains most of the Tatra Mountains?
...had militants that received funding from the U.S. government as part of the Iran-contra affair?
...has the most total area of any country on the Mediterranean Sea?
...is the world's leading producer of renewable energy?
...is home to the $27 million and 160-foot tall African Renaissance Monument?
...has the greatest life expectancy at birth?
...uses the Nikkei 225 as an index for its main stock exchange?
...has its national bird, the grey crowned crane, on its flag?
...is the only one to have red and black as the only two colors on its flag?
...is the only former Yugoslav state to border only one other former Yugoslav state?
...has the largest desert that is located within only one country?
...is the most recent to gain independence from the UK?
...is the easternmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...has the largest number of Roman Catholics?
...is the most populated nation with no standing army?
...that is believed to contain the location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
...is the only one in South America to have only two colors in its flag?
...is the oldest independent state in Africa?
...has about 70% of its land area covered by the Karakum Desert?
...was the setting for the book and movie 'Black Hawk Down?'
...is connected to the continental mainland by the King Fahd Causeway?

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