Ultimate Country Quiz

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Can you name the country that....?

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...now has a population of more than 500,000 but was uninhabited until being settled by Portugal in the 15th Century?
...has won the most Olympic gold medals in men's ice hockey?
...contains the first New World land visited by Christopher Columbus?
...is home to the two holiest Muslim sites?
...has a legislature called 'Oireachtas?'
...has the greatest number of languages spoken?
...is located closest to the USA without actually bordering it?
...was formerly known as Nyasaland?
...has the smallest area and borders at least two other countries?
...produces Pilsner Urquell beer?
...has the largest desert that is located within only one country?
...is the least populated country that has officially acknowledged its possession of nuclear weapons?
...shares a name with a region of Greece, causing a naming dispute between the countries?
...had its best known site under joint U.S. control until 1999?
...is the world's most densely populated?
...has the southernmost capital?
...is the only one besides Italy to have Italian as its sole official language?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Troy?
...is home to Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall?
...has Avianca as its flag carrier airline?
...is the only English-speaking nation in South America?
...is the only nation in North America not to border the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea?
...has an exclave of Nakhchivan?
...has had a runner win either the men's or women's Boston Marathon every year since 1991?
...is where Nobel Prizes are awarded?
...has the longest-serving current head of state?
...renamed its largest city in 1976 to honor its first president and leader of its independence movement?
...uses the somoni as its unit of currency?
...was invaded during 'Operation Enduring Freedom?'
...was the first to elect a female head of government?
...is home to Boiling Lake, the world's second largest hot springs?
...that has about 20% of its land area located below sea level?
...is the smallest original European Union member?
...has the highest proportion of Roman Catholic residents in Asia?
...has its capital located on the shore of Lake Tanganyika?
...was the only Pacific island nation to avoid formal colonization?
...is the least populated in South America?
...was the site of the Chernobyl disaster?
...has its capital located on the island of Bioko?
...contains the land claimed by the breakaway country of Transnistria?
...that was formerly known as Dahomey?
...is located closest to the intersection of the Equator and the Prime Meridian?
...has the most populated metropolitan area in Africa?
...lost its status as a UN Security Council permanent member in 1971?
...takes its name and borders from the river that passes through its center?
...was the first that the United Nations graduated from 'least developed' to 'developing' status?
...lost most of it's men's national soccer team in a 1993 plane crash?
...is referred to as 'Hellas' in its native language?
...had the deadliest tornado on record?
...has the most FIFA World Cup appearances without a championship?
...is closest to the Arctic Circle without having any territory inside it?
...was the first in Africa to reach the FIFA World Cup quarterfinals?
...has a tricolor flag whose colors represent forests, the Equator, and the sea?
...hosted the first Winter Olympic Games?
...contains the region of Transylvania?
...was the only one to have gained its independence from New Zealand?
...gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993?
...has .cf as its Internet country code top-level domain?
...was the first in the Eastern Bloc to elect a non-communist government?
...has the northernmost metropolitan area of more than one million people?
...is the only one whose flag is not a rectangle?
...is where LEGO pieces were created?
...is planning to move its capital to Ramciel by 2015?
...has a name meaning 'ancient and bearded?'
...was the first former Soviet Socialist Republic to declare independence from the USSR?
...is home to the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world?
...is the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...is the only one in Africa to be represented by a pavilion at Epcot?
...is closest to Antarctica without any Antarctic territorial claims?
...is the smallest through which the Equator passes?
...has a church that has been under construction since 1882?
...is the smaller of the two that are the only two in the world to have their capital cities located across a river from one another?
...is the home country of Nobel laureates Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott, making it the country with the most laureates per capita?
...that is believed to contain the location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
...has the northernmost capital?
...was where the hottest temperature on the Earth's surface was recorded?
...uses the Nikkei 225 as an index for its main stock exchange?
...was the first Eastern Bloc nation to begin to dismantle its border fence with western Europe?
...contains the headwaters of both the Senegal and Niger Rivers?
...has a flag with stars that are a geographically-accurate representation of the country's islands?
...has the highest mountain outside of Asia?
...is believed to be home to the most Palestinian refugees?
...has the least populated national capital?
...is the location of the titular 2006 'Casino Royale' in the 2006 film?
...has the most saline body of water outside of Antarctica?
...is the most populated nation with no standing army?
...has the shortest coastline?
...is the first to see dawn of each new day?
...is the easternmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...that contains the land at the southern end of the world's longest overland animal migration?
...has a name meaning 'Land of the Pure' in its national language?
...was formerly known as Kampuchea?
...has the most distant point from the center of the Earth?
...was where the first pterodactyl fossil was discovered?
...is home to Victoria Falls National Park?
...is named after a man who led multiple Latin American countries to independence?
...has the greatest population of Albanians outside of Albania?
...is connected to the continental mainland by the King Fahd Causeway?
...contains the Aïr Mountains?
...is home to the launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight?
...was the first to be invaded by Nazi Germany?
...is the smallest current European Union member?
...produces Aldaris beer?
...is home to the driest location on Earth?
...is home to the only volcano on mainland Europe to have erupted within the last 100 years?
...is the northernmost nation through which the Prime Meridian passes?
...Kosovo has declared independence from?
...has hosted the most Olympic Games?
...has the highest percentage of Christian residents of any Arab League member?
...has the lowest high point above sea level, at 7 ft. 7 inches?
...is the oldest independent state in Africa?
...has a main island that was known by 'Hairouna' to the indigenous population?
...has the least total area of any landlocked country outside of Europe?
...was known as Zaire until 1997?
...has the largest number of Muslims?
...produces Madeira wine?
...is the most populated not to have diplomatic relations with the USA?
...that is home to the world's deepest known cave?
...has won the most Summer Olympics medals without ever having won gold?
...was where the first season of 'Survivor' was filmed?
...has the largest number of Roman Catholics?
...has the most total area of any country on the Mediterranean Sea?
...was the first to have its voters reject European Union membership?
...has the largest percentage of its land area protected in parks and reserves?
...was founded and colonized by freed American slaves?
...was the setting for the book and movie 'Black Hawk Down?'
...has the most total area of any landlocked country in Africa?
...has the world's tallest building?
...has about 70% of its land area covered by the Karakum Desert?
...has a capital city whose construction began on previously undeveloped land in 2002?
...is the most populated country in Africa?
...has a 2.5-mile wide, 160-mile long demilitarized zone as its northern border?
...is the most recent and southernmost member of the Arab League?
...provides the soldiers who serve as Vatican guards?
...had militants that received funding from the U.S. government as part of the Iran-contra affair?
...is the world's leading producer of renewable energy?
...was formely known as Upper Volta?
...had the longest civil war in Latin American history, spanning from 1960-1996?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Carthage?
...is the only non-European country to be completely surrounded by one other country?
...was formed in 1990 when its formerly separated northern and southern halves united?
...is the only former Yugoslav state to border only one other former Yugoslav state?
...has the longest written Constitution?
...is the world's least densely populated?
...served as the test site for 67 U.S. nuclear weapons tests between 1946 and 1958?
...does not maintain foreign relations with any permanent members of the UN Security Council?
...had coups d'etat in both 1999 and 2001?
...is named after the desert that is believed to be the world's oldest?
...has the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas?
...has the most official languages?
...is the only Pacific Ocean nation to consist of only one island?
...that defeated Bolivia in the Chaco War?
...is the place of origin of Dalmatians?
...is the smallest in the Americas in both size and population?
...has a quarter of Jerusalem's Old City named after it?
...was home to the dodo before its extinction?
...has the Vysshaya Liga as its top division of professional soccer?
...has 70% of its population residing on the island of Viti Levu?
...is home to the headquarters of both the European Union and NATO?
...has, since 1974, had part of its territory under control of a separate state that is only formally recognized by Turkey?
...has residents who are known as Malagasy?
...is the only non-island nation in North America not to border the Pacific Ocean?
...that was known as New Hebrides until independence?
...has the greatest life expectancy at birth?
...is the westernmost in the Arab League?
...has a flag with five stars representing the Federal Republic of Central America?
...is the only communist nation in the western hemisphere?
...has a name derived from a word in its official language meaning 'fortresses built near water?'
...has Krio as the most widespread language?
...has its national bird, the grey crowned crane, on its flag?
...regained autonomy as a result of the Russo-Turkish War, after more than 450 years of Ottoman rule?
...is the only one in South America to have only two colors in its flag?
...was invaded by U.S. troops in 1983?
...received its current name after independence to decrease confusion with a neighboring country?
...had a constitutional monarchy after gaining independence from France in 1954 until being overthrown by communists in 1975?
...has both Arabic and English as official languages?
...is the only one to have elected a female-majority legislature?
...has the least total area of any country the Prime Meridian passes through?
...is the only one to have red and black as the only two colors on its flag?
...has the only absolute monarchy in Europe?
...is the only OPEC member located wholly within the southern hemisphere?
...has its capital located on the island of Guadalcanal?
...is named after France's King Louis XV's Minister of Finance?
...has Bambara as its most widely understood language?
...sentenced an American teenager to caning for vandalism in 1994?
...is home to the world's fastest diesel ferry?
...has a flag whose design represents the Pacific Ocean and the country's four island groups?
...contains most of the Tatra Mountains?
...is the least populated OPEC member?
...is the larger of the only two to be surrounded by landlocked countries?
...does not allow its citizens to visit Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, or Yemen without special permission?
...was the first to be admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations without ever having been a part of the British Empire?
...is the only one not bordering Russia where Russian is an official language statewide?
...had the story of its bobsled team dramatized in the movie 'Cool Runnings?'
...is home to the $27 million and 160-foot tall African Renaissance Monument?
...is the most recent to gain independence from the UK?

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