Geography / Ultimate Country Quiz

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Can you name the country that....?

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...was formerly known as Nyasaland?
...has about 70% of its land area covered by the Karakum Desert?
...has an exclave of Nakhchivan? has a population of more than 500,000 but was uninhabited until being settled by Portugal in the 15th Century?
...has the largest desert that is located within only one country?
...has the most populated metropolitan area in Africa?
...has the longest-serving current head of state? home to the driest location on Earth? the only former Yugoslav state to border only one other former Yugoslav state?
...has a tricolor flag whose colors represent forests, the Equator, and the sea? home to the $27 million and 160-foot tall African Renaissance Monument?
...was the site of the Chernobyl disaster?
...has won the most Summer Olympics medals without ever having won gold?
...produces Pilsner Urquell beer?
...has a name meaning 'ancient and bearded?'
...has the greatest population of Albanians outside of Albania?
...has Bambara as its most widely understood language?
...has the most total area of any country on the Mediterranean Sea? the only one whose flag is not a rectangle?
...that defeated Bolivia in the Chaco War?
...was the first in the Eastern Bloc to elect a non-communist government?
...has Avianca as its flag carrier airline? the southernmost of the Lesser Antilles?
...has a flag with stars that are a geographically-accurate representation of the country's islands? the only Pacific Ocean nation to consist of only one island? home to the only volcano on mainland Europe to have erupted within the last 100 years? the smallest original European Union member?
...has its capital located on the island of Guadalcanal?
...produces Madeira wine?
...renamed its largest city in 1976 to honor its first president and leader of its independence movement?
...that contains the land at the southern end of the world's longest overland animal migration? home to Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall? the home country of Nobel laureates Arthur Lewis and Derek Walcott, making it the country with the most laureates per capita?
...was formerly known as Kampuchea? the only one not bordering Russia where Russian is an official language statewide?
...does not allow its citizens to visit Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, or Yemen without special permission?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Troy?
...has the lowest high point above sea level, at 7 ft. 7 inches?
...had coups d'etat in both 1999 and 2001?
...received its current name after independence to decrease confusion with a neighboring country?
...has residents who are known as Malagasy?
...was the only one to have gained its independence from New Zealand?
...was the first Eastern Bloc nation to begin to dismantle its border fence with western Europe?
...was formely known as Upper Volta?
...has a main island that was known by 'Hairouna' to the indigenous population?
...contains the first New World land visited by Christopher Columbus?
...was the first to elect a female head of government?
...was home to the dodo before its extinction? the oldest independent state in Africa? the easternmost of the Lesser Antilles? the smallest in the Americas in both size and population?
...had a constitutional monarchy after gaining independence from France in 1954 until being overthrown by communists in 1975? the only nation in North America not to border the Atlantic Ocean or Caribbean Sea?
...has the most total area of any landlocked country in Africa? named after the desert that is believed to be the world's oldest?
...has the shortest coastline?
...has the greatest number of languages spoken? home to Victoria Falls National Park?
...was the first former Soviet Socialist Republic to declare independence from the USSR? the world's most densely populated?
...does not maintain foreign relations with any permanent members of the UN Security Council? the location of the titular 2006 'Casino Royale' in the 2006 film?
...regained autonomy as a result of the Russo-Turkish War, after more than 450 years of Ottoman rule? the smallest current European Union member?
...gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993?
...has the southernmost capital?
ClueCountry named after France's King Louis XV's Minister of Finance?
...has the largest number of Muslims?
...has a quarter of Jerusalem's Old City named after it? the only one besides Italy to have Italian as its sole official language?
...had the longest civil war in Latin American history, spanning from 1960-1996? the world's least densely populated?
...was formed in 1990 when its formerly separated northern and southern halves united?
...has a capital city whose construction began on previously undeveloped land in 2002?
...has a legislature called 'Oireachtas?' the least populated OPEC member? home to the two holiest Muslim sites? the most populated not to have diplomatic relations with the USA?
...had the story of its bobsled team dramatized in the movie 'Cool Runnings?'
...contains the land claimed by the breakaway country of Transnistria?
...has Krio as the most widespread language?
...has the largest number of Roman Catholics?
...has the least total area of any country the Prime Meridian passes through?
...lost most of it's men's national soccer team in a 1993 plane crash? located closest to the intersection of the Equator and the Prime Meridian?
...was the only Pacific island nation to avoid formal colonization? home to the launchpad for the world's first human spaceflight? home to Boiling Lake, the world's second largest hot springs?
...has the highest proportion of Roman Catholic residents in Asia?
...has hosted the most Olympic Games? believed to be home to the most Palestinian refugees?
...has a flag with five stars representing the Federal Republic of Central America?
...has its capital located on the island of Bioko?
...has a flag whose design represents the Pacific Ocean and the country's four island groups?
...had its best known site under joint U.S. control until 1999?
...was invaded during 'Operation Enduring Freedom?'
...has 70% of its population residing on the island of Viti Levu?
...lost its status as a UN Security Council permanent member in 1971? home to the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world? the least populated in South America?
...was known as Zaire until 1997?
...has the highest percentage of Christian residents of any Arab League member?
...has the least total area of any landlocked country outside of Europe?
...has the Vysshaya Liga as its top division of professional soccer? the only one to have elected a female-majority legislature? the world's leading producer of renewable energy?
...has a 2.5-mile wide, 160-mile long demilitarized zone as its northern border?
...has .cf as its Internet country code top-level domain? the most populated nation with no standing army? the only one to have red and black as the only two colors on its flag?
...contains the region of Transylvania?
...has its national bird, the grey crowned crane, on its flag?
...takes its name and borders from the river that passes through its center?
...has the most distant point from the center of the Earth?
...had militants that received funding from the U.S. government as part of the Iran-contra affair?
...that has about 20% of its land area located below sea level?
...uses the somoni as its unit of currency?
...has the most FIFA World Cup appearances without a championship?
...has the northernmost capital? closest to the Arctic Circle without having any territory inside it?
...has both Arabic and English as official languages? located closest to the USA without actually bordering it?
...has a name meaning 'Land of the Pure' in its national language? the larger of the only two to be surrounded by landlocked countries?
...was the setting for the book and movie 'Black Hawk Down?'
...that is believed to contain the location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon?
...had the deadliest tornado on record? named after a man who led multiple Latin American countries to independence? where LEGO pieces were created? home to the world's fastest diesel ferry?
...has the highest mountain outside of Asia? closest to Antarctica without any Antarctic territorial claims?
...has the world's tallest building? the only OPEC member located wholly within the southern hemisphere?
...was founded and colonized by freed American slaves?
...contains most of the Tatra Mountains? the only non-European country to be completely surrounded by one other country?
...that is home to the world's deepest known cave?
...provides the soldiers who serve as Vatican guards?
...that contains the location of the ancient city of Carthage? the smallest through which the Equator passes? the most recent to gain independence from the UK?
...was the first that the United Nations graduated from 'least developed' to 'developing' status?
...has the most saline body of water outside of Antarctica?
...was the first in Africa to reach the FIFA World Cup quarterfinals?
...shares a name with a region of Greece, causing a naming dispute between the countries? the first to see dawn of each new day? the only one in Africa to be represented by a pavilion at Epcot?
...contains the headwaters of both the Senegal and Niger Rivers? the northernmost nation through which the Prime Meridian passes? connected to the continental mainland by the King Fahd Causeway? the smaller of the two that are the only two in the world to have their capital cities located across a river from one another?
...has the most official languages?
...was the first to be admitted to the Commonwealth of Nations without ever having been a part of the British Empire? the only English-speaking nation in South America?
...Kosovo has declared independence from? the only communist nation in the western hemisphere?
...that was formerly known as Dahomey?
...that was known as New Hebrides until independence?
...was the first to be invaded by Nazi Germany?
...has the oldest continuously inhabited European settlement in the Americas?
...has the greatest life expectancy at birth?
...has the smallest area and borders at least two other countries? the least populated country that has officially acknowledged its possession of nuclear weapons?
...has the northernmost metropolitan area of more than one million people?
...has, since 1974, had part of its territory under control of a separate state that is only formally recognized by Turkey? the most recent and southernmost member of the Arab League? the only one in South America to have only two colors in its flag?
...has a church that has been under construction since 1882?
...has the only absolute monarchy in Europe? the most populated country in Africa?
...has its capital located on the shore of Lake Tanganyika? where Nobel Prizes are awarded?
...uses the Nikkei 225 as an index for its main stock exchange?
...was the first to have its voters reject European Union membership?
...has the longest written Constitution? the place of origin of Dalmatians?
...has won the most Olympic gold medals in men's ice hockey?
...contains the Aïr Mountains?
...was where the hottest temperature on the Earth's surface was recorded? referred to as 'Hellas' in its native language?
...hosted the first Winter Olympic Games?
...has had a runner win either the men's or women's Boston Marathon every year since 1991? home to the headquarters of both the European Union and NATO?
...produces Aldaris beer?
...was where the first pterodactyl fossil was discovered? planning to move its capital to Ramciel by 2015?
...has the largest percentage of its land area protected in parks and reserves?
...sentenced an American teenager to caning for vandalism in 1994? the only non-island nation in North America not to border the Pacific Ocean?
...has a name derived from a word in its official language meaning 'fortresses built near water?'
...was where the first season of 'Survivor' was filmed?
...has the least populated national capital?
...was invaded by U.S. troops in 1983?
...served as the test site for 67 U.S. nuclear weapons tests between 1946 and 1958? the westernmost in the Arab League?

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