Atoms and Bonding

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Definition of termVocabulary term
The 18 vertical columns in the Periodic Table of Elements. Each element in a ____ has the same number of electrons in its outer shell.
The smallest particles of an element which still displays the properties of that element. Also known as building blocks of matter.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0.- the atoms share electrons either equally or somewhat unequally.
A physical combination of two or more substances where each substance maintains its own chemical properties.
The seven horizontal rows in the periodic table
The neutral particle in an atom’s nucleus.
A negatively charged ion
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms do not share electrons equally.
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is 2.0 or greater- one atom takes the other’s electrons.
Substance composed of only one type of atom
positively charged particle in an atom’s nucleus.
Two or more elements that have been chemically combined.
Negatively-charged particles in the outer-most electron shell of an atom
Bond between elements where the electronegativity difference is less than 2.0- the atoms share electrons equally.
Forces that hold atoms together.
The electrical energy present in an atomic particle. Usually categorized as positive or negative and, for an ion, is equal to the difference between the number of protons and the n
The center of every atom,containing positively-charged protons and neutrally-charged neutrons.
Definition of termVocabulary term
Another term for energy levels. Rings around the nucleus of an atom in which specific electrons are most probably located.
An element that has some characteristics of metals and some of nonmetals.
The minimum amount of energy required to completely remove an electron from a gaseous atom or ion
Groupings of elements in the periodic table with similar properties - not necessarily the same period
Elements that are good conductors, are malleable and ductile.
Four numbers that describe the “address” of an electron in an atom according to a mathematical model
A positively-charged ion.
Without a crystalline structure
Symbols used to show how many valence electrons an atom has. Also called Lewis Structures
Negatively charged particle outside an atom’s nucleus.
The smallest particle of a substance which still displays the properties of that substance that may or may not contain just one kind of atom chemically bonded.
A molecule comprised of two atoms.
An atom or covalently-bonded molecule with an overall charge. These can form ionic bonds with others of opposite charge
The elements on the right side of the periodic table, like sulfur, which tends to gain electrons.
Two atoms of the same element with different atomic masses.
The distance from the center of the nucleus of an element to the outer edge of its electron cloud. This characteristic follows a trend on the periodic table

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Created Nov 14, 2011ReportNominate
Tags:definition, vocabulary, atom, bonding, term