Countries by Wikipedia facts (5/5: FINAL!)

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Can you name the countries by Wikipedia facts (part 5 of 5)?

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Wikipedia FactCountry
It has the lowest Human Development Index on Earth due to its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education/healthcare, poverty and lack of infrastructure.
Its population of 12,373 makes it the second-least populous sovereign state in the world, with only Vatican City having fewer inhabitants.
(Country) was an important centre of the transatlantic slave trade until 1792, when (Capital city) was founded as a home for formerly enslaved African Americans.
Politicians in the Philippines once contemplated naming their state '(Country)', but (Country) adopted the name first in 1963.
(Country)'s terrain is highly mountainous due to the presence of the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 metres, and its highest point is 3,797 metres.
Since ancient times, the country has served as a major crossroads between Europe, Asia and Africa. Five of the ten Trans-European corridors run through its territory.
(Country) continued as a protectorate of France from 1863-1953, administered as part of the colony of French Indochina, though occupied by the Japanese empire from 1941-1945.
On June 4, 1920, the Treaty of Trianon was signed, which established new borders for (Country). It lost 71% of its territory and 66% of its population.
The official language is French, but Bambara, which is the country's principal lingua franca and marketplace language, is spoken by about 80% of the population.
Rape is a common problem; (Country) is ranked 1st in the world for rapes per capita. In a 2009 survey, one in four men in the country admitted to raping someone.
Formerly known as French (Country), it is today sometimes called (Country)-(Capital city) to distinguish it from its similarly-named neighbour.
One trace of the indigenous Guaraní culture that has endured is the Guaraní language, understood by 90% of the population. About 75% speak Spanish, the other official language.
The population is estimated at 8.19 million, of which just under 20% are (Country) nationals, while the majority of the population are expatriates.
Wikipedia FactCountry
One of the most traditional dishes is hákarl, which consists of shark's head which is left buried underground to ferment for several months, then consumed with extreme caution.
In 1973, (Country) tried to regain control of the Golan Heights from Israel in a surprise attack on Yom Kippur, the holiest day of the Jewish year.
(Country) was one of the last to introduce TV (1999). The King said that TV was a step to modernisation, as well as a major contributor to the country's Gross National Happiness.
Its cuisine is a mixture of three great regional cuisines; Central European (especially Austrian and Hungarian), Mediterranean and Balkan.
By GDP per capita, it is the 3rd richest country in the Americas, as well as the richest one in the world whose population is predominantly black.
Descendants of Indian contract labourers brought to the islands by the British colonial powers in the 19th century make up 38% of the population.
It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who happened to arrive at the island on his feast day.
Christopher Columbus named the island after the day of the week on which he spotted it, a Sunday ((Country) in Latin), November 3, 1493.
In the 19th century, (Country) acquired land from France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Mexico and Russia.
The official language is Catalan, although Spanish, French, and Portuguese are also commonly spoken.
The name 'San Cristobal' was given by Columbus to the island now called Saba; it was applied to (Country) only as a mapping error. British colonists used its English translation.
Due to this distance from the sea and the country's largely desert climate, (Country) is sometimes referred to as the 'Dead Heart of Africa'.
With their wide-ranging political, legal, religious and military reforms, (Country) emerged as the first world power in the 1400s.
Wikipedia FactCountry
Of the five remaining Communist states in the world, it is one of only two (along with Cuba) with an almost entirely government-planned, state-owned economy.
(Country) is defined as the meeting point of three regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe and the Balkans, but cannot be truly included in any of them, giving it a unique culture.
In WWII, there was fierce fighting between the Americans and the Japanese in the (Country) campaign of 1942–45, including the Battle of Guadalcanal.
The name (Country) is the local pronunciation of 'Gilberts', derived from the main island chain, the Gilbert Islands.
It ranks it as the country with the lowest level of literacy in the world, despite a concerted effort to double its literacy rate from 12.8% in 1990 to 25.3% in 2008.
(Country) received international attention when 918 almost entirely American members of the Peoples Temple died in a mass murder/suicide in Jonestown, a Temple settlement.
Its name derives from the Arabic word القمر qamar ('moon').
In the latest Corruption Perception Index 2010, (Country) is ranked the most corrupt among Western European countries.
The Communist regime that controlled after WWII suppressed religious observance and institutions and banned religion; (Country) was declared to be the 1st atheist state.
(Country's people) are among the tallest in the world, with an average height of 1.81 m (5 ft 11) for adult males and 1.67 m (5 ft 6) for adult females.
In the Arab world, (Country) has the second-largest non-oil GDP, behind Egypt, as of 2005.
In 1462, Portuguese settlers arrived and founded a settlement they called Ribeira Grande. It was the first permanent European settlement in the tropics.
(Country) is known for its beauty pageant successes - (Country) has received 5 Miss World, 6 Miss Universe and 6 Miss International and 1 Miss Earth titles.

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