First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Rash on Palms and Soles
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Severe jaundice in neonate
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Positive anterior drawer sign
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Chest pain on exertion
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Strawberry tongue
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
WBC casts in urine
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Single palm crease
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Skin hyperpigmentation
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Blue sclera
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Cold intolerance
Bluish line on gingiva
Athlete with polycythemia
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Painless jaundice
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
'Worst headache of my life'
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy

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