First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Blue sclera
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Single palm crease
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Bluish line on gingiva
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Athlete with polycythemia
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Cold intolerance
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
WBC casts in urine
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Positive anterior drawer sign
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Severe jaundice in neonate
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Painless jaundice
Chest pain on exertion
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Skin hyperpigmentation
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Strawberry tongue
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Rash on Palms and Soles
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
'Worst headache of my life'
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts

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