Just For Fun / First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Bluish line on gingiva
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Athlete with polycythemia
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Strawberry tongue
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
'Worst headache of my life'
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Painless jaundice
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Skin hyperpigmentation
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Rash on Palms and Soles
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Blue sclera
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Positive anterior drawer sign
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Chest pain on exertion
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Severe jaundice in neonate
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Cold intolerance
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
WBC casts in urine
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Single palm crease
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection

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