First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
'Worst headache of my life'
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Blue sclera
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Chest pain on exertion
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Achilles tendon xanthoma
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Bluish line on gingiva
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Strawberry tongue
Rash on Palms and Soles
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Athlete with polycythemia
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Cold intolerance
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Severe jaundice in neonate
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Positive anterior drawer sign
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
WBC casts in urine
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Skin hyperpigmentation
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Painless jaundice
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Single palm crease
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability

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