First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Painless jaundice
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Rash on Palms and Soles
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Blue sclera
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Strawberry tongue
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
'Worst headache of my life'
Severe jaundice in neonate
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Skin hyperpigmentation
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Cold intolerance
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Positive anterior drawer sign
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Chest pain on exertion
Athlete with polycythemia
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
WBC casts in urine
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Single palm crease
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Bluish line on gingiva
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss

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