First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Severe jaundice in neonate
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
'Worst headache of my life'
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Bluish line on gingiva
Cold intolerance
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Painless jaundice
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Skin hyperpigmentation
Single palm crease
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Athlete with polycythemia
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Blue sclera
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Chest pain on exertion
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Positive anterior drawer sign
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Strawberry tongue
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
WBC casts in urine
Rash on Palms and Soles
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
'Cherry red spot' on macula

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