First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Single palm crease
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Skin hyperpigmentation
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Severe jaundice in neonate
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Chest pain on exertion
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Athlete with polycythemia
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Rash on Palms and Soles
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Achilles tendon xanthoma
'Worst headache of my life'
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Cold intolerance
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Strawberry tongue
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
WBC casts in urine
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Blue sclera
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Painless jaundice
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Bluish line on gingiva
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
'Cherry red spot' on macula
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Positive anterior drawer sign
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth

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