First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Bluish line on gingiva
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Strawberry tongue
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Cold intolerance
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Positive anterior drawer sign
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Severe jaundice in neonate
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Skin hyperpigmentation
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Painless jaundice
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Chest pain on exertion
Single palm crease
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Athlete with polycythemia
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
WBC casts in urine
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Blue sclera
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
'Worst headache of my life'
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Rash on Palms and Soles
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy

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