First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Painless jaundice
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Strawberry tongue
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Cold intolerance
Severe jaundice in neonate
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Single palm crease
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
WBC casts in urine
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Positive anterior drawer sign
Rash on Palms and Soles
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Blue sclera
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Skin hyperpigmentation
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Chest pain on exertion
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Athlete with polycythemia
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Bluish line on gingiva
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
'Worst headache of my life'
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors

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