First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Positive anterior drawer sign
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Athlete with polycythemia
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Single palm crease
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Cold intolerance
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Rash on Palms and Soles
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Painless jaundice
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Skin hyperpigmentation
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
'Worst headache of my life'
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Chest pain on exertion
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
WBC casts in urine
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Blue sclera
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Bluish line on gingiva
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Strawberry tongue
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Severe jaundice in neonate
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC

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