First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Painless jaundice
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Blue sclera
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Strawberry tongue
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Rash on Palms and Soles
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
'Worst headache of my life'
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
WBC casts in urine
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Bluish line on gingiva
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Skin hyperpigmentation
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Positive anterior drawer sign
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Single palm crease
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Severe jaundice in neonate
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Chest pain on exertion
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Athlete with polycythemia
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Cold intolerance
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells

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