First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Strawberry tongue
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Athlete with polycythemia
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Rash on Palms and Soles
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Chest pain on exertion
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Single palm crease
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Blue sclera
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Painless jaundice
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
WBC casts in urine
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Bluish line on gingiva
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Skin hyperpigmentation
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Severe jaundice in neonate
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
'Worst headache of my life'
Positive anterior drawer sign
Cold intolerance
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances

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