First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Skin hyperpigmentation
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Positive anterior drawer sign
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
WBC casts in urine
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
'Worst headache of my life'
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Bluish line on gingiva
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Severe jaundice in neonate
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Blue sclera
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Single palm crease
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Strawberry tongue
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Painless jaundice
Athlete with polycythemia
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Chest pain on exertion
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Cold intolerance
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Rash on Palms and Soles
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)

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