First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Athlete with polycythemia
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Positive anterior drawer sign
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Skin hyperpigmentation
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Single palm crease
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Painless jaundice
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Bluish line on gingiva
Rash on Palms and Soles
Strawberry tongue
Chest pain on exertion
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Blue sclera
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
WBC casts in urine
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Cold intolerance
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
'Worst headache of my life'
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Severe jaundice in neonate
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male

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