First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Single palm crease
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Achilles tendon xanthoma
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Bluish line on gingiva
'Worst headache of my life'
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Cold intolerance
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Rash on Palms and Soles
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Skin hyperpigmentation
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Painless jaundice
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Athlete with polycythemia
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Chest pain on exertion
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Positive anterior drawer sign
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Strawberry tongue
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Blue sclera
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
WBC casts in urine
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Severe jaundice in neonate
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation

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