First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Painless jaundice
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Single palm crease
Blue sclera
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Skin hyperpigmentation
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
'Worst headache of my life'
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Athlete with polycythemia
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
WBC casts in urine
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Positive anterior drawer sign
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Severe jaundice in neonate
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Rash on Palms and Soles
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Chest pain on exertion
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Bluish line on gingiva
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Cold intolerance
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Strawberry tongue
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy

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