First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Skin hyperpigmentation
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Bluish line on gingiva
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Single palm crease
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Positive anterior drawer sign
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Cold intolerance
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Blue sclera
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
WBC casts in urine
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Chest pain on exertion
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Strawberry tongue
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Rash on Palms and Soles
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
'Worst headache of my life'
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Painless jaundice
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Severe jaundice in neonate
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Athlete with polycythemia
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin

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