First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Painless jaundice
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Skin hyperpigmentation
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Severe jaundice in neonate
Bluish line on gingiva
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
'Worst headache of my life'
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Cold intolerance
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Positive anterior drawer sign
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Athlete with polycythemia
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
WBC casts in urine
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Chest pain on exertion
Strawberry tongue
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Single palm crease
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Rash on Palms and Soles
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Blue sclera
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury

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