First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Athlete with polycythemia
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Rash on Palms and Soles
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Strawberry tongue
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Blue sclera
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Skin hyperpigmentation
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Chest pain on exertion
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
WBC casts in urine
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Severe jaundice in neonate
'Worst headache of my life'
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Painless jaundice
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Single palm crease
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Cold intolerance
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Positive anterior drawer sign
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Bluish line on gingiva
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)

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