First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Single palm crease
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Chest pain on exertion
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Skin hyperpigmentation
Blue sclera
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
WBC casts in urine
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
'Worst headache of my life'
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Severe jaundice in neonate
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Painless jaundice
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Athlete with polycythemia
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Rash on Palms and Soles
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Bluish line on gingiva
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Strawberry tongue
Cold intolerance
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Positive anterior drawer sign
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male

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