First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Positive anterior drawer sign
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Strawberry tongue
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Skin hyperpigmentation
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Athlete with polycythemia
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Chest pain on exertion
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Severe jaundice in neonate
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Blue sclera
Rash on Palms and Soles
Single palm crease
Bluish line on gingiva
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Cold intolerance
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
'Worst headache of my life'
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Painless jaundice
WBC casts in urine
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin

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