First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Blue sclera
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
WBC casts in urine
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Strawberry tongue
Cold intolerance
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Positive anterior drawer sign
Bluish line on gingiva
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Severe jaundice in neonate
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
'Worst headache of my life'
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Chest pain on exertion
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Single palm crease
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Athlete with polycythemia
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Rash on Palms and Soles
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Skin hyperpigmentation
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Painless jaundice
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)

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