First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations

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Can you name the First Aid Rapid Review Clinical Presentations?

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Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Strawberry tongue
Dry eyes, dry mouth, arthritis
Neonate with arm paralysis following difficult birth
Vascular birthmark (port-wine stain)
'Waxy' casts with very low urine flow
Back pain, fever, night sweats, weight loss
Chest pain on exertion
Resting tremor, rigidity, akinesia, postural instability
Slow, progressive muscle weakness in boys
Fever, night sweats, weight loss
Red urine in the morning, fragile RBCs
Painless erythematous lesions on palms and soles
Thyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma, ganglioneuromas
Painful blue fingers/toes, hemolytic anemia
'Cherry red spot' on macula
Vomiting blood following esophagogastric lacerations
Painful, pale, cold fingers/toes
Fever, cough, conjunctivitis, coryza, diffuse rash
Keratin pearls on a skin biopsy
Calf pseudohypertrophy
Severe RLQ pain with rebound tenderness
Dog or cat bite resulting in infection
Male child, recurrent infections, no mature B cells
Abdominal pain, ascites, hepatomegaly
Pupil accommodates but doesn't react
Child uses arms to stand up from squat
No lactation postpartum, absent menstruation, cold intolerance
HSM, osteoporosis, neurologic symptoms
HTN, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis
Fat, female, forty, and fertile
WBC casts in urine
Deep, labored breathing/hyperventilation
Severe jaundice in neonate
Indurated, ulcerated, non-painful genital lesion
Rash on Palms and Soles
Cafe-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, precocious puberty
Necrotizing vasculitis (lungs) and necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Splinter hemorrhages in fingernails
Hyperphagia, hypersexuality, hyperorality, hyperdocility
Thyroid and parathyroid tumors, pheochromocytoma
Chorea, dementia, caudate regeneration
Indurated, ulcerated, painful genital lesion
Bounding pulses, diastolic heart murmur, head bobbing
Urethritis, conjunctivitis, arthritis in a male
Pancreatic, pituitary, parathyroid tumors
Green-yellow rings around peripheral cornea
Small, irregular red spots on buccal/lingual mucosa with white collars
Palpable purpura on buttocks/legs, joint pain, abdominal pain (child)
Nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech, bilateral INO
Painless jaundice
Blue sclera
Pink complexion, dyspnea, hyperventilation
Multiple colon polyps, osteomas/soft tissue tumors, impacted/supernumerary teeth
Bilateral renal cell carcinoma, hemangioblastomas, angiomatosis, pheochromocytoma
Fever, chills, headache, myalgia following antibiotic Tx for syphilis
Hypercoagulability (leading to migrating DVTs and vasculitis)
Single palm crease
Dermatitis, dementia, diarrhea
Cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules (iris hamartoma)
Clinical PresentationDiagnosis/DiseaseNotes
Continuous 'machinery' heart murmur
Swollen gums, mucous bleeding, poor wound healing, spots on skin
Toe extension/fanning upon plantar scrape
Bone pain, bone enlargement, arthritis
Infant with microcephaly, rocker-bottom feet, clenched hands, and structural heart defect
Bilateral hilar adenopathy, uveitis
Oscillating slow/fast breathing
Gout, mental retardation, self-mutilating behavior in a boy
Short stature, increased incidence of tumors/leukemia, aplastic anemia
Painful, raised red lesions on palms and soles
Hypoxemia, polycythemia, hypercapnia
Athlete with polycythemia
Elastic skin, hypermobility of joints
Dilated cardiomyopathy, edema, polyneuropathy
Chronic exercise intolerance with myalgia, fatigue, painful cramps, myoglobinuria
'Butterfly' facial rash and Raynaud's phenomenon in a young female
Hereditary nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataracts
Dark purple skin/mouth nodules
Swollen, hard, painful finger joints
Myopathy (infantile HOCM), exercise intolerance
Hyperreflexia, hypertonia, positive Babinski sign
Infant with failure to thrive, HSM, neurodegeneration
Cold intolerance
Retinal hemorrhages with pale centers
Red, itchy, swollen rash of nipple/areola
Unilateral facial drooping involving forehead
Chest pain, pericardial effusion/friction rub, persistent fever following MI
Infant with hypoglycemia, failure to thrive, & hepatomegaly
Arachnodactyly, lens dislocation, aortic dissection, hyperflexible joints
Ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis
Child with fever develops red rash on face that spreads to body
Conjugate lateral gaze palsy, horizontal diplopia
Mucosal bleeding and prolonged bleeding time
Sudden swollen/painful big toe joint, tophi
Streak ovaries, congenital heart disease, horseshoe kidney, cystic hygroma at birth
Cutaneous/dermal edema due to connective tissue deposition
Large rash with bull's eye appearance
Weight loss, diarrhea, arthritis, fever, adenopathy
Red 'currant jelly' sputum in alcoholic or diabetic patients
Fibrous plaques in soft tissue of penis
Skin hyperpigmentation
Enlarged, hard left supraclavicular node
Polyuria, acidosis, growth failure, electrolyte imbalances
Dysphagia (esophageal webs) glossitis, iron deficiency anemia
Rapidly progressive leg weakness that ascends (following GI or upper resp. infection)
Smooth, flat, moist white lesions on genitals
'Worst headache of my life'
Recurrent colds, unusual eczema, high serum IgE
Positive anterior drawer sign
Systolic ejection murmur (crescendo-decrescendo)
Lucid interval after traumatic brain injury
Facial muscle spasm upon tapping
Achilles tendon xanthoma
Situs inversus, chronic sinusitis, bronchiectasis, infertility
Bluish line on gingiva
Adrenal hemorrhage, hypotension, DIC
Hamartomatous GI polyps, hyperpigmentation of mouth/feet/hands
Erythroderma, LAD, HSM, atypical T cells
Hyporeflexia, hypotonia, atrophy

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