Animal Disease 2, exam 3

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 3?

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This dz is caused by avascular/aspetic necrosis of the femoral head and neck when blood supply to them dies
The most common location for osteochondrosis dissecans is the ____
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage of femoral head, shallow socket
This type of fracture has an increased risk of infection and longer healing time
what can be measured, passive or functional hip laxity?
When a bone breaks into 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
in the equation for DI the r = ____ of the _______ _____
diagnosis of cruciate ligament injury is ____ _____ sign
medial patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
name the seven OFA grades in order from best to worst
CHD:
a bony spur or osteophyte that is loose is a ____ ____
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in puppies and young dogs that have laxity and are at high risk for developing dysplasia
When a bone breaks into more than 2 pieces it is called a(n) _____ fracture
This disease is caused by malformation of cartilage resulting in articular cartilage fractures in the shoulder, elbow, stifle, or hock; typically occurs in large breeds under 1 yr
to keep the leg dry you may cover it with a plastic bag and rubberband if the animal has a ____ but NOT if it has a _____
this is a possible treatment for severe cases of legg-calve perthes
name the OFA grade: incongruent, no arthritic changes, repeat test in 6 months, 50% do not progress
TPLO:
FHO:
75--80% of all patellar luxations are ____
Grades 3 and 4 patellar luxations are the ____ type
common stifle injury of dogs causing acute hindlimb lameness, can occur in old or young
OFA has _ grades
in intervertebral disc disease when the jelly-like nucleus escapes it is called
name the OFA grade: congruent joint space, most of acetabulum covers femoral head
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually but returns to normal. spends almost all of time in groove.
Grades 1 and 2 patellar luxations are the ____ type
tendons connect _____-_____
questionanswerhint
When the break in a bone occurs in the epiphyseal plate, it is a _______ fracture
When a bone breaks through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
PennHip is graded on a scale of _ to _
An open surgical approach to remove the cartilage flap as a tx for OCD has a recovery time of how long?
OCD:
Name the common rear leg locations for osteosarcomas
OFA uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?
Short leash means _ feet max
distraction index = __/__
PennHIP measures the ______ ____
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella luxates manually, remains until returned manually. 1/2 time spent in groove
The treatment for OCD with the shorter recovery time is what?
CCL:
in the equation for DI the d = ____ between the ____
Treatment for hip dysplasia includes medical management with ____ and ______
With this treatment for hip dysplasia physical therapy starts soon after the incision heals, animals have good ambulation in 6-8 weeks with max function in 6-10 monthsnote: larger dogs have less chance to be 100% sound
in intervertebral disc disease when fibrous rings bulge/weaken it is called
name the OFA grade: slightly incongruent, good coverage of femoral head
Treatment for osteosarcoma is _________ if possible
Arthroscopic surgery as a treatment for OCD has a recovery time of _____
When a bone does not break through the skin it is called a(n) _____ fracture
name the OFA grade: subluxation to luxation, partial to no coverage, marked arthritic changes
Legg-Calve Perthes occurs most often in ___ breeds and develops in _-_ months of age
name the common front leg locations for osteosarcomas
PennHIP scores closer to __ are tighter (less chance of dysplasia)
DI:
ligament connects ____-_____
delayed healing may be seen in ______ fractures or older patients.
lateral patellar luxations occur more in ____ breeds
questionanswerhint
transposing the tibial crest is a tx for:
a DI of 0.58 means the femoral head comes out of the join by __%
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella nearly always luxated. can be reduced manually. reluxates when manual pressure is removed.
can hip dysplasia be affected by environmental factors?
this treatment for hip dysplasia is good in animals under 30-45 lbs and is excellent for use in cats
Fractures are usually caused by _____
TTA:
OFA:
how many times daily should a post-op broken bone repair incision be checked?
the most common inherited oprthopedic dz:
loss of ability to move in part or most of body, also can include loss of feeling
healthy bone heals in _-_ weeks
Post op treatment for a cruciate ligament injury includes activity restriction for _ weeks
What grade patellar luxation is this: patella always luxated, cannot be manually reduced.
intervertebral disc disease is a common spinal cord disorder in __________ breeds
patellar luxations are gaded on a scale of _-_
TPO:
DI indicates the _____ out of joint
name the OFA grade: subluxation, partial coverage, shallow socket, arthritic changes
legg-calve perthes is diagnosed by:
muscular weakness caused by nerve damage/dz, sometimes has partial paralysis
20-25% of all patellar luxations are _____
DJD:
Osteosarcoma is more common in what species?
With the TTA repair of a CCL injury, what happens with the gaps
PennHIP:
With this treatment for hip dysplasia activity is restricted for at least 8 weeks to just one floor or room, no stairs or slick floors allowed, and bathroom breaks are the most act
name the OFA grade: tight joint, no luxation, almost complete coverage of femoral head
PennHIP uses how many views to determine a score for the hip?

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