Science / Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
scientific name of heartworms
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
rapid breathing
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
Right ventricle contains what valve?
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
hematochezia is _____ in stool
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
the main mineralocorticoid is
Questionanswerhint
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
most common oral tumor of cats
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
straining to defecate is known as what?
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
biological vector of heartworms
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
most common oral tumor of dogs
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
Megacolon is more common in what species?
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
injectable heartworm preventative
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
the principal glucocorticoid is
Questionanswerhint
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
treatment for cushings in dogs
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
straight breathing, extended necks
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
left AV valve is also called what?
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
sequelae means '_____ _____'
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
having difficulty defecating is _______
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
left ventricle contains what valve?
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys

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