Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
most common oral tumor of dogs
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
most common oral tumor of cats
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
scientific name of heartworms
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
biological vector of heartworms
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
Megacolon is more common in what species?
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
treatment for cushings in dogs
injectable heartworm preventative
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
having difficulty defecating is _______
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
rapid breathing
Questionanswerhint
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
the main mineralocorticoid is
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
Questionanswerhint
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
the principal glucocorticoid is
Right ventricle contains what valve?
left ventricle contains what valve?
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
straight breathing, extended necks
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
sequelae means '_____ _____'
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
left AV valve is also called what?
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
straining to defecate is known as what?
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
hematochezia is _____ in stool
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve

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