Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
the principal glucocorticoid is
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
left ventricle contains what valve?
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
scientific name of heartworms
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
Megacolon is more common in what species?
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
hematochezia is _____ in stool
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
injectable heartworm preventative
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
treatment for cushings in dogs
having difficulty defecating is _______
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
straight breathing, extended necks
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
sequelae means '_____ _____'
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
biological vector of heartworms
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
left AV valve is also called what?
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
rapid breathing
most common oral tumor of dogs
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
Right ventricle contains what valve?
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
most common oral tumor of cats
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
the main mineralocorticoid is
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
straining to defecate is known as what?
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles

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