Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
having difficulty defecating is _______
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
straight breathing, extended necks
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
biological vector of heartworms
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
most common oral tumor of cats
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
most common oral tumor of dogs
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
Questionanswerhint
sequelae means '_____ _____'
scientific name of heartworms
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
treatment for cushings in dogs
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
rapid breathing
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
Right ventricle contains what valve?
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
straining to defecate is known as what?
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
left ventricle contains what valve?
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
hematochezia is _____ in stool
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
left AV valve is also called what?
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
the principal glucocorticoid is
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
Questionanswerhint
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
the main mineralocorticoid is
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
injectable heartworm preventative
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
Megacolon is more common in what species?
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?

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