Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
left AV valve is also called what?
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
injectable heartworm preventative
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
having difficulty defecating is _______
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
biological vector of heartworms
left ventricle contains what valve?
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
treatment for cushings in dogs
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
most common oral tumor of dogs
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
straight breathing, extended necks
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
Questionanswerhint
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
Right ventricle contains what valve?
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
hematochezia is _____ in stool
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
Questionanswerhint
Megacolon is more common in what species?
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
the principal glucocorticoid is
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
the main mineralocorticoid is
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
rapid breathing
scientific name of heartworms
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
sequelae means '_____ _____'
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
most common oral tumor of cats
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
straining to defecate is known as what?

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