Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
the main mineralocorticoid is
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
hematochezia is _____ in stool
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
treatment for cushings in dogs
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
rapid breathing
most common oral tumor of dogs
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
Right ventricle contains what valve?
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
Questionanswerhint
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
sequelae means '_____ _____'
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
having difficulty defecating is _______
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
straining to defecate is known as what?
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
the principal glucocorticoid is
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
Questionanswerhint
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
scientific name of heartworms
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
most common oral tumor of cats
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
Megacolon is more common in what species?
injectable heartworm preventative
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
straight breathing, extended necks
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
biological vector of heartworms
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
left AV valve is also called what?
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
left ventricle contains what valve?
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses

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