Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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Questionanswerhint
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
biological vector of heartworms
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
Right ventricle contains what valve?
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
scientific name of heartworms
most common oral tumor of cats
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
most common oral tumor of dogs
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
left ventricle contains what valve?
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
Questionanswerhint
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
rapid breathing
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
Megacolon is more common in what species?
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
left AV valve is also called what?
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
Questionanswerhint
straining to defecate is known as what?
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
the principal glucocorticoid is
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
sequelae means '_____ _____'
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
the main mineralocorticoid is
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
treatment for cushings in dogs
straight breathing, extended necks
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
having difficulty defecating is _______
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
injectable heartworm preventative
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
hematochezia is _____ in stool
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?

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