Science / Animal Disease 2, exam 2

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 2?

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biological vector of heartworms
causes ventricles to contract in a rhythmic way
congenital heart problem, lethargy, exercise intolerant, loud murmur, occurs when a normal fetal structure doesn't close after birth
suddenly stopping steroids may cause:
this can be acute or chronic, typically occurs post-holidays, has various levels of severity, and can result in death
by what age should deciduous teeth be out?
hypoinsulinemia occurs in type one or type two diabetes?
oral monthly microfilaricide approved for use in cats
Area of the heart muscle that originates the coordinated beating of the heart
thick heart walls, small lumen, may be genetic, increased size of cardiac muscle, poor prognosismore common in cats
One type of drug or drug that causes liver disease:
what percent injury to liver results in acute failure?
This directs blood from the portal vein to the vena cava, bypassing part of the liver and is usually diagnosed by 6 months of age
Cells resistant to insulin/ not getting enough insulin- may be lack of receptors on cell, glucose not getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus
two topical monthly heartworm preventatives
inflammation of ligaments and bones of teeth
term used to describe the state when the heart is unable to maintain adequate cardiac output
Are gastric or linear foreign bodies more serious?
dilation of heart chambers, thin and weak cardiac muscle, all organ systems affected, almost always fatal, usually unknown causetypically affects older, giant, or large breed dogs
what hormones does the adrenal cortex produce?
PPID is common in horses over ___ years old
rapid breathing
The first __ weeks after tx with adulticide are critical
injectable heartworm preventative
Megacolon is more common in what species?
what sided heart failure is this? ascites, hepatic and splenic enlargement, jugular vein distention, pleural and pericardial effusions
Islets of Langerhans secrete ______ hormone
Islets of langerhans are not producing insulin, glucose isn't getting into cells- what type of diabetes mellitus?
the main mineralocorticoid is
the principal glucocorticoid is
treatment of hyperthyroid is:
melarsamine is given in __ injections __ hrs apart
4th upper premolar, has 3 roots, 'big tooth in back', when abscesed frequently shows below eye (which tooth is this)
The heartworm snaptest tests for a _____ in female worms
severe inflammation of the soft tissues of the mouth
% of dogs with diabetes that are type 1
oral monthly heartworm preventative (two words)
Right AV valve is also called the ______ valve
congenital heart problem, valvular (pulmonic and aortic), subaortic, smaller opening
hyperthyroid is typically seen in middle-aged to older _____
dogs __ months and older must be heartworm tested
giving too high of doses of steroids may cause:
scientific name of heartworms
when it is impossible to defecate is known as what?
the thyroid gland is made up of _______
melarsamine dihydrochloride is a(n) _______ given in the _____ muscles
sequelae means '_____ _____'
congenital malformation, can be high or low, abnormal communication between ventricles
treatment for hypothyroidism includes:
Right ventricle contains what valve?
How are the adrenal gland hormones regulated?
heart worms cause ____ sided heart failure signs
having difficulty defecating is _______
exogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
________ are involved in water and electrolyte balance
Atrial septal defect occurs when what fetal structure doesn't close?
left AV valve is also called what?
diagnosis of hyperthyroid is a serum test for ___
most common oral tumor of dogs
% of cats with diabetes that are type 1
Two digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas
left ventricle contains what valve?
an endogenous cause of hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia
most common oral tumor of cats
hypothyroid is primarily seen in middle-aged ____
T4, T3, and TSH are used to diagnose _______
iatrogenic hyperadrenocortcism is caused by who?
the adrenal glands are located ___________ to kidneys
straining to defecate is known as what?
congenital heart problem, blood mixes from left and right atria
what hormones does the adrenal gland medulla produce?
this type of diabetes involves the pancreas and insulin
straight breathing, extended necks
what is more difficult to diagnose, hyper or hypo thyroidism?
causes heart murmurs grades 2-5/6, associated with periodontal dz, most common cause of CHF in old dogs
increased permeability of BBB to avermectins is a problem in what breed?
_____adrenocorticism is rare in cats and more common in dogs and horses
________ are involved in inhibition of phospholipase and cell stabilization, increase in blood glucose levels, and storing glycogen in the liver
which is reversible? gingivitis or periodontitis
what is the tx for carnassial tooth abscess?
treatment for cushings in dogs
the term for growing a lot of hair and not shedding it out
hematochezia is _____ in stool
what sided heart failure is this? pulmonary congestion, edema, crackles, cough, dyspnea, tachypnea, orthopnea, cyanosis
Pulse deficit occurs when ____ is faster than ______
Why, after tx with adulticide, should dogs not be exercised or excited? (increased risk of ____)

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