Animal Disease 2, exam 1

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 1?

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Name, in order, the steps of phagocytosis
intact skin, gravity, normal flora, mucus, pH are all inborn or _____ immunity
causes inflammation of spinal cord, reservoirs are wild birds and rodents, vector is mosquitos, name the dz (several possible)
transmission from contact with infected skin, mucus membranes, droplets or transplacental, transmammary, or through ovum or sperm
upper respiratory infection, can be cause of kennel cough, aerosol transmission, tracheobronchitisname dz
inactivated toxins, active immunity, short duration of effectiveness, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
EWE, EEE, West Nile, Tetanus, and Rabies are core vaccines for what species?
term for increased thirst
term for increase of blood in a part
common cause of infectious enteritis, survives years in environment, shed in environment 1-2 weeks post infection, tx is supportive carename dz
highly contagious respiratory, gi, and nervous system dz, airborne, high mortality rate, signs include fever, oculo-nasal discharge, coughing, seizuresname dz
what kind of exudate is associated with infection?
may cause mild conjunctivitis in kittens, highly contagious upper resp dz, kittens may develop arthritisname dz
term for jaundice
term for cause of disease
lost it's virulence, microorganisms replicate within patient to provide immunity, lasts longer, may cause mild dz, may shed in environmenttype of vaccine
dilation of blood vessels, excess blood to a body part, red color, warmth, higher pulse is what kind of hyperemia?ex:inflammation
feline viral rhinotracheitis, most common cause of bilateral conjunctivitis in kittens, usually respiratory disease present, aerosol and contact transmissionname dz
which is a form of indirect transmission, airborne or droplet?
highly contagious virus, resp and urogenital tract, coughing, nasal discharge, soft shell eggs, vaccinate to preventname dz
term for hair loss
raccoon, bat, skunk, and fox are reservoirs, always fatal, salivary transmission, virusname dz
term for decrease in size as a result in the decrease of number or size of cells
Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper virus, and Adenovirus-2 are core vaccines of what species?
panleukopenia, rabies, herpesvirus, and calicivirus are core vaccines of what species?
Clostridium perfringens C & D and tetanus are vaccines for what species?
term for fever
What is one infectious causes of disease?
Does cell-mediated immunity involve antibody production?
immune components develop in another animal and are transferred, recipient immune w/o exposure, lasts 6-8 wks (type of immunity)ex: transplacental
what is the state of not being susceptible known as?
This species has no routine vaccinesname dz
term for death of tissue
term for not enough body fluid
these prevent vaccines from working properly, so we do not vaccinate newborn animals
injection of antigens, can be killed, live, attenuated, etc (type of immunity)ex: vaccines
what kind of exudate is associated with burns?
antibodies are produced by ____ cells
accumulation of fluid in intercellular space is what?
injections of preformed antibodies, gut absorption of immunoglobulins occurs in 12-24hrs (type of immunity)ex: antitoxin, antiserum
secondary immune response is also known as ______ response
contains more than one antigen, convenient, fewer injections, cheaper, more adverse reactionstype of vaccine, ex:DHLLP
single antigen, can give different vaccines on different days, more injections, higher adjuvant amountstype of vaccine
antibody, associated with hypersensitivity or allergic reactions and parasitic infections
serum with antibodies, passive immunity, short duration, may contain preservatives that cause rxntype of vaccine
highly contagious gastroenteritis, feline parvovirus, feline distemper, fever, dehydration, death, tx includes iv fluidsname dz
individual's immune system responds to antigen that enters unintentionally, takes days to weeks to develop, lasts long (type of immunity)
name one innate immunity response that is a non-specific defense
BVD, IBR, BRSV, Leptospira pomona and hardjo, Brucellosis (heifers only), are core vaccines of what species
Disease that causes sawhorse stancename dz
term for outlook
made from live microorganisms, few doses needed, long lasting, cheaper, no adjuvant needed, virulent, needs careful handlingtype of vaccine
term for lack of energy or being tired
hypertrophy is increase in the ____ of cells while the number stays the same
these are essential for the survival and reproduction an organism, can be animate or inanimate
most abundant antibody, produced with 2nd exposure, crosses placenta
offer an environment for maintenance of an organism, can be several different species of this for one organism
highly contagious tumor causing virus, paralysis of wings and legs, causes blindness, no tx, prevent by vaccinatingname dz
term for increased urination
Does humoral immunity involve antibody production?
transmission that utilizes agents or intermediates that carry the agent from one source to another, can be vectorborne or vehiclborne
contain antibodies to toxin, provide passive immunity, short duration, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
part of gene removed from pathogenic organism and inserted into another microorganism, few side effects, varied admin routes, more costlytype of vaccine
heat, pain, swelling, redness, and loss of function are cardinal signs of what?
macro, 2nd most common, produced in primary response, does not cross placenta
antigenic structure intact, safe, stable, need repeated doses, adjuvant required, safest for pregnant animalstype of vaccine
What is the acronym for the non-infectious causes of disease?
primarily important for mucosal immunity, found in mucous secretions, passed via nursing
highly contagious virus, clinical signs vary, respiratory, neurologic, sudden death, humans exposed have flu-like dzname dz
hyperplasia is increase in the ____ of normal cells in normal arrangement
Marek's dz, newcastle dz, and infectious bronchitis are vaccines of what species?
signs in young: red urine, fever, anorexia, dyspnea, anemia; signs in adults: abortion, stillbirth, low milk production, fever, icterus name the dz
This is immunity specific to a particular agent, requires time to develop, and occurs faster and more vigorously with second exposure
can we mix vaccines together if we are giving them in the same route?
escape of cellular debris, cells, and fluid is what?
term for not eating
diminished outflow, dark red or blue color, low temperature is what kind of hyperemia? ex:torsions, constrictions, CHF

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