Animal Disease 2, exam 1

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Can you name the Animal Disease 2, exam 1?

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transmission that utilizes agents or intermediates that carry the agent from one source to another, can be vectorborne or vehiclborne
secondary immune response is also known as ______ response
BVD, IBR, BRSV, Leptospira pomona and hardjo, Brucellosis (heifers only), are core vaccines of what species
term for not eating
signs in young: red urine, fever, anorexia, dyspnea, anemia; signs in adults: abortion, stillbirth, low milk production, fever, icterus name the dz
antibody, associated with hypersensitivity or allergic reactions and parasitic infections
can we mix vaccines together if we are giving them in the same route?
causes inflammation of spinal cord, reservoirs are wild birds and rodents, vector is mosquitos, name the dz (several possible)
diminished outflow, dark red or blue color, low temperature is what kind of hyperemia? ex:torsions, constrictions, CHF
primarily important for mucosal immunity, found in mucous secretions, passed via nursing
What is one infectious causes of disease?
accumulation of fluid in intercellular space is what?
what kind of exudate is associated with burns?
antigenic structure intact, safe, stable, need repeated doses, adjuvant required, safest for pregnant animalstype of vaccine
highly contagious virus, resp and urogenital tract, coughing, nasal discharge, soft shell eggs, vaccinate to preventname dz
Name, in order, the steps of phagocytosis
feline viral rhinotracheitis, most common cause of bilateral conjunctivitis in kittens, usually respiratory disease present, aerosol and contact transmissionname dz
highly contagious virus, clinical signs vary, respiratory, neurologic, sudden death, humans exposed have flu-like dzname dz
What is the acronym for the non-infectious causes of disease?
immune components develop in another animal and are transferred, recipient immune w/o exposure, lasts 6-8 wks (type of immunity)ex: transplacental
transmission from contact with infected skin, mucus membranes, droplets or transplacental, transmammary, or through ovum or sperm
made from live microorganisms, few doses needed, long lasting, cheaper, no adjuvant needed, virulent, needs careful handlingtype of vaccine
term for cause of disease
macro, 2nd most common, produced in primary response, does not cross placenta
intact skin, gravity, normal flora, mucus, pH are all inborn or _____ immunity
highly contagious gastroenteritis, feline parvovirus, feline distemper, fever, dehydration, death, tx includes iv fluidsname dz
Questionanswerhint
single antigen, can give different vaccines on different days, more injections, higher adjuvant amountstype of vaccine
highly contagious respiratory, gi, and nervous system dz, airborne, high mortality rate, signs include fever, oculo-nasal discharge, coughing, seizuresname dz
contain antibodies to toxin, provide passive immunity, short duration, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
most abundant antibody, produced with 2nd exposure, crosses placenta
what is the state of not being susceptible known as?
Disease that causes sawhorse stancename dz
upper respiratory infection, can be cause of kennel cough, aerosol transmission, tracheobronchitisname dz
panleukopenia, rabies, herpesvirus, and calicivirus are core vaccines of what species?
name one innate immunity response that is a non-specific defense
highly contagious tumor causing virus, paralysis of wings and legs, causes blindness, no tx, prevent by vaccinatingname dz
term for decrease in size as a result in the decrease of number or size of cells
Clostridium perfringens C & D and tetanus are vaccines for what species?
term for not enough body fluid
term for increase of blood in a part
part of gene removed from pathogenic organism and inserted into another microorganism, few side effects, varied admin routes, more costlytype of vaccine
offer an environment for maintenance of an organism, can be several different species of this for one organism
term for fever
inactivated toxins, active immunity, short duration of effectiveness, may contain adjuvantstype of vaccine
Parvovirus, Rabies, Distemper virus, and Adenovirus-2 are core vaccines of what species?
Does cell-mediated immunity involve antibody production?
term for outlook
hyperplasia is increase in the ____ of normal cells in normal arrangement
Marek's dz, newcastle dz, and infectious bronchitis are vaccines of what species?
This species has no routine vaccinesname dz
which is a form of indirect transmission, airborne or droplet?
This is immunity specific to a particular agent, requires time to develop, and occurs faster and more vigorously with second exposure
Questionanswerhint
common cause of infectious enteritis, survives years in environment, shed in environment 1-2 weeks post infection, tx is supportive carename dz
term for jaundice
Does humoral immunity involve antibody production?
antibodies are produced by ____ cells
lost it's virulence, microorganisms replicate within patient to provide immunity, lasts longer, may cause mild dz, may shed in environmenttype of vaccine
term for death of tissue
may cause mild conjunctivitis in kittens, highly contagious upper resp dz, kittens may develop arthritisname dz
dilation of blood vessels, excess blood to a body part, red color, warmth, higher pulse is what kind of hyperemia?ex:inflammation
contains more than one antigen, convenient, fewer injections, cheaper, more adverse reactionstype of vaccine, ex:DHLLP
these are essential for the survival and reproduction an organism, can be animate or inanimate
these prevent vaccines from working properly, so we do not vaccinate newborn animals
term for lack of energy or being tired
raccoon, bat, skunk, and fox are reservoirs, always fatal, salivary transmission, virusname dz
EWE, EEE, West Nile, Tetanus, and Rabies are core vaccines for what species?
term for hair loss
what kind of exudate is associated with infection?
term for increased urination
individual's immune system responds to antigen that enters unintentionally, takes days to weeks to develop, lasts long (type of immunity)
hypertrophy is increase in the ____ of cells while the number stays the same
injection of antigens, can be killed, live, attenuated, etc (type of immunity)ex: vaccines
injections of preformed antibodies, gut absorption of immunoglobulins occurs in 12-24hrs (type of immunity)ex: antitoxin, antiserum
term for increased thirst
heat, pain, swelling, redness, and loss of function are cardinal signs of what?
serum with antibodies, passive immunity, short duration, may contain preservatives that cause rxntype of vaccine
escape of cellular debris, cells, and fluid is what?

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