English Language A-Level Terminology

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Can you name the English Language A-Level Terminology?

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Refers to things that do not exist physically
Refers to the pronuncation of words
Adjustment of speech in accordance with whom we are addressing
Two part exchange
Describes a noun
Describes a verb
When two or more words begin with the same sound
A word that is opposite in meaning to another word
An old word or phrase no longer in general spoken or written use
The typographical feature where a portion of the letter goes above the usual height for letters in any font
The influence exercised by one sound upon the articulation of another so that the sounds become more alike
When the vowel sounds in the middle of two or more words are similar
Verbs that are placed in front of main verbs
Those who believe that language is acquired through imitation and reinforcment
One that cannot stand alone as an independent word, but must be attached to another morpheme/ word
Any of various speech patterns used by parents or care givers when communicating with young children, particularly infants, usually involving simplified vocabulary, melodic pitch,
Used to end a conversation
Those who believe that language acquisition is part of a wider development of understanding
The way in which text appears logical and well constructed
Groups of words that are commonly found alongside each other
A specific expression using informal language
Two simple sentences joined together with a conjunction
One or more subordinate clauses along with a main clause
Refers to types of people, places, feelings etc.
Joining words
The association a word has
A speech sound that is produced when the vocal tract is either blocked or so restricted that there is audible friction
A type of word that has an independent 'dictionary' meaning
When words are combined to form a shortened word
When the speech styles of two or more people move closer together
A verb used to join or couple a subject to a complement
Prestige that derives from behaviour that goes against the norms of 'respectable' society
The strategies used to help decode written texts successfully
Handwriting in which the characters are joined in rounded and flowing strokes
A statement
Describing a variety of English as lazy or wrong
Expressions that cannot be understood unless the context of the utterance is known
Lexical items that 'point' towards something and place words in context
The straighforward meaning of a word
The creation of new words by adding prefixes and suffixes
Where part of a letter goes below the baseline of a font
An attitude to language use that seeks to describe it without making value judgements
Precedes the noun and refers directly to them
Refers to the study of historical language change occuring over a span of time
Forms of language with distinct lexical, grammatical and pronunciation features
A graphic unit in which two symbols combine, or any sequence of the letters produced as a single sound
A vowel in which there is a perceptible change in quality during a syllable
When the speech styles of two or more people move away from each other
A process of linguistic change over a period of time
When an accent is tones down so that it is closer to that of the working class
The verb 'do' which is used to form questions and negatives or to add emphasis in a statement
A type of verb that expresses activities and changes of state, allowing such forms as the progressive
The running discourse style of speech used by children where no listener is directly addressed and the talk is focused on the child's activities
When words are combined to form a shortened word
Occurs when grammatical elements are omitted from the sentence
Children's early scribble writing, a stage of their literacy development
The online means of showing facial expressions and gestures
An accent that originated in London and the Southeast
Inoffensive word or phrase to suggest something less pleasant
Emphatic sentences
The development of a child's utterance into a longer more meaningful form
A way of spelling words that suggests a regional or social way of talking
Changing from one grammatical construction to another before initial construction has been completed
One of the divisions of a book published in parts
Often used but have little meaning can be used for hedging
Writimg techniques that take you beyond the literal
One that can stand alone as an independent word
A word whose role is largely or wholly to express a grammarical relationship
A written symbol, letter or combination of letters that is used to represent a phoneme
A single word expressing a whole idea
A lexical item that has the same pronunciation as another
Exaggeration for emphasis
A superordinate, i.e. a word that is more generic or general and can have more specific words under it
A more specific word within a category or under a hypernym
The hierachial structure that exists between lexical items
The language of an individual
An expression whose meaning cannot be understood from the meanings of the individual lexemes that make up the expression
The alteration of words to make new grammatical forms
Power used to influence or persuade others
The way in which language is becomingincreasinglyinformal in all areas of society
Power used to maintain and enforce authority
The human brain's inbuilt capacity to acquire language
This refers to the child's interaction with the adults around them and how this interaction supports language development
A group of words with associated meanings and uses
The vocabulary of a language
Single verb that expresses the meain meaning
A measure of children's ability to produce stretches of language, the number of morphemes is divided by the total number of utterances to find the average length.
A comparison that describes a person, object or situation as if it were actually something else
Errors made by children when reading
Features of printed text combined with the features expected in conversation
Replaces the subject or object of the sentence
Words of one syllable
Texts that combine word, image and sound to produce meaning
Thos who believe that humans have an inbuilt capacity to acquire language
When an undesirable behaviour is unrewarded with the intention tht it will not be repeated
The awareness that objects continue to exist even when they cease to be visible
No longer having any use
The leaving out of a phoneme in a group of phonemes clustered together
When the sounds of a word echoes its meaning
The study of the use of letters and the rules of spelling in a language
A feature of a child's language where the word used to label something is 'stretched' to include things that aren't normally part of that words meaning
A learner's extension of a word meaning or grammatical rule beyond its normal rule
Prestige that attaches to respectable, socially desirable behaviour
Communication of meaning through body movements
Words that take the place of a proper noun
Small talk
The smallest unit of a sound in language
The variety of sounds is reduced to the sounds of main language used
The variety of sounds produced increases
Description of the sounds of a variety of language
A system of teaching reading and spelling that stresses basic symbol-sound relationships and their use in decoding words; a system used especially in the early stages of reading
Words of more than one syllable
Shows the relationship between the noun after it and something else in the sentence
Words or phrases used to replace those that are deemed offensive
When a behaviour is rewarded, including verbal praise to encourage this behaviour to be repeated
An attitude to language use that makes judgements about what is right and wrong and holds language up to an ideal standard that should be maintained
A summary to indicate that the conversation is at the end
Words that thake the place of a noun
Non-verbal aspects of speech
Non verbal aspects of speech such as volume, intonation, speed or pitch
The commenting on, extending and rephrasing of a child's utterance
Accent associated with upper-class speakers of the language
From the French fo rebirth, it refers to a cultural movement in European history from the middle of the 14th to the 17th century which looked back to the classical age for its insp
Resolves a problem that has arisen in conversation - correcting oneself
Either several or single words said many times
Where a question does not expect an answer, therefore having the impact of a statement
Occurs when words have similar word endings
The process of transferring a skill from adult to child and then withdrawing support once the skill has been mastered
A comparison that includes the words 'like', 'of' and 'as'
A sentence containing one clause
Those who believe that child language develops through interaction with carers
Variety of Language associated with a particular social group
Making all variations of language conform to the standard language
Forms of English considered to be formally correct
Verb that describes a state; stative verbs are not usually used in the progressive aspect, which is used for incomplete actions in progress
Refers to an approach that studies language at a theoretical point in time without considering the historical context
A word with a similar meaning to another word
Changing the subject on purpose
The study of the graphic features of the printed page
A feature of a child's language where the word used to label is 'reduced' to include only part of its normal meaning
The explanation that all world languages share the principles of grammar despite surface differences in lexis and phonology.
When regional features of speech are eliminated to move closer to Recieved Pronunciation
Syntactic errors made by young children in which the non-standard utterance reveals some understanding through incomplete, of standard syntax
A form used to address a person
A sound made without closure or audible friction

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