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in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays subsequently named after him
1902
in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena
1902
in recognition of the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena
1903
in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by his discovery of spontaneous radioactivity
1903
in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel
1903
in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel
1904
for his investigations of the densities of the most important gases and for his discovery of argon in connection with these studies
1905
for his work on cathode rays
1906
in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical and experimental investigations on the conduction of electricity by gases
1907
for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid
1908
for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference
1909
in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy
1909
in recognition of their contributions to the development of wireless telegraphy
1910
for his work on the equation of state for gases and liquids
1911
for his discoveries regarding the laws governing the radiation of heat
1912
for his invention of automatic regulators for use in conjunction with gas accumulators for illuminating lighthouses and buoys
1913
for his investigations on the properties of matter at low temperatures which led, inter alia, to the production of liquid helium
1914
for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crystals
1915
for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays
1915
for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays
1917
for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements
1918
in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta
1919
for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal rays and the splitting of spectral lines in electric fields
1920
in recognition of the service he has rendered to precision measurements in Physics by his discovery of anomalies in nickel steel alloys
1921
for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect
1922
for his services in the investigation of the structure of atoms and of the radiation emanating from them
1923
for his work on the elementary charge of electricity and on the photoelectric effect
1924
for his discoveries and research in the field of X-ray spectroscopy
1925
for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom
1925
for their discovery of the laws governing the impact of an electron upon an atom
1926
for his work on the discontinuous structure of matter, and especially for his discovery of sedimentation equilibrium
1927
for his discovery of the effect named after him
1927
for his method of making the paths of electrically charged particles visible by condensation of vapour
1928
for his work on the thermionic phenomenon and especially for the discovery of the law named after him
1929
for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons
1930
for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him
1932
for the creation of quantum mechanics, the application of which has, inter alia, led to the discovery of the allotropic forms of hydrogen
1933
for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory
1933
for the discovery of new productive forms of atomic theory
1935
for the discovery of the neutron
1936
for his discovery of cosmic radiation
1936
for his discovery of the positron
1937
for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals
1937
for their experimental discovery of the diffraction of electrons by crystals
1938
for his demonstrations of the existence of new radioactive elements produced by neutron irradiation, and for his related discovery of nuclear reactions brought about by slow neutrons
1939
for the invention and development of the cyclotron and for results obtained with it, especially with regard to artificial radioactive elements
1943
for his contribution to the development of the molecular ray method and his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton
1944
for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei
1945
for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also called the Pauli Principle
1946
for the invention of an apparatus to produce extremely high pressures, and for the discoveries he made therewith in the field of high pressure physics
1947
for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer
1948
for his development of the Wilson cloud chamber method, and his discoveries therewith in the fields of nuclear physics and cosmic radiation
1949
for his prediction of the existence of mesons on the basis of theoretical work on nuclear forces
1950
for his development of the photographic method of studying nuclear processes and his discoveries regarding mesons made with this method
1951
for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles
1951
for their pioneer work on the transmutation of atomic nuclei by artificially accelerated atomic particles
1952
for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith
1952
for their development of new methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements and discoveries in connection therewith
1953
for his demonstration of the phase contrast method, especially for his invention of the phase contrast microscope
1954
for his fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially for his statistical interpretation of the wavefunction
1954
for the coincidence method and his discoveries made therewith
1955
for his discoveries concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen spectrum
1955
for his precision determination of the magnetic moment of the electron
1956
for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect
1956
for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect
1956
for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect
1957
for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles
1957
for their penetrating investigation of the so-called parity laws which has led to important discoveries regarding the elementary particles
1958
for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect
1958
for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect
1958
for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect
1959
for their discovery of the antiproton
1959
for their discovery of the antiproton
1960
for the invention of the bubble chamber
1961
for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his thereby achieved discoveries concerning the structure of the nucleons
1961
for his researches concerning the resonance absorption of gamma radiation and his discovery in this connection of the effect which bears his name
1962
for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, especially liquid helium
1963
for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles
1963
for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure
1963
for their discoveries concerning nuclear shell structure
1964
for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle
1964
for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle
1964
for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle
1965
for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles
1965
for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles
1965
for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles
1966
for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms
1967
for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars
1968
for his decisive contributions to elementary particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data analysis
1969
for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions
1970
for fundamental work and discoveries in magnetohydro- dynamics with fruitful applications in different parts of plasma physics
1970
for fundamental work and discoveries concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have led to important applications in solid state physics
1971
for his invention and development of the holographic method
1972
for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory
1972
for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory
1972
for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory
Year
Name
Reason for Award:
1973
for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively
1973
for their experimental discoveries regarding tunneling phenomena in semiconductors and superconductors, respectively
1973
for his theoretical predictions of the properties of a supercurrent through a tunnel barrier, in particular those phenomena which are generally known as the Josephson effects
1974
for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars
1974
for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars
1975
for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection
1975
for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection
1975
for the discovery of the connection between collective motion and particle motion in atomic nuclei and the development of the theory of the structure of the atomic nucleus based on this connection
1976
for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind
1976
for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind
1977
for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems
1977
for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems
1977
for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems
1978
for his basic inventions and discoveries in the area of low-temperature physics
1978
for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation
1978
for their discovery of cosmic microwave background radiation
1979
for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current
1979
for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current
1979
for their contributions to the theory of the unified weak and electromagnetic interaction between elementary particles, including, inter alia, the prediction of the weak neutral current
1980
for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons
1980
for the discovery of violations of fundamental symmetry principles in the decay of neutral K-mesons
1981
for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy
1981
for their contribution to the development of laser spectroscopy
1981
for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy
1982
for his theory for critical phenomena in connection with phase transitions
1983
for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars
1983
for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe
1984
for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction
1984
for their decisive contributions to the large project, which led to the discovery of the field particles W and Z, communicators of weak interaction
1985
for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect
1986
for his fundamental work in electron optics, and for the design of the first electron microscope
1986
for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope
1986
for their design of the scanning tunneling microscope
1987
for their important break-through in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials
1987
for their important break-through in the discovery of superconductivity in ceramic materials
1988
for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino
1988
for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino
1988
for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino
1989
for the invention of the separated oscillatory fields method and its use in the hydrogen maser and other atomic clocks
1989
for the development of the ion trap technique
1989
for the development of the ion trap technique
1990
for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics
1990
for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics
1990
for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics
1991
for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid crystals and polymers
1992
for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber
1993
for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation
1993
for the discovery of a new type of pulsar, a discovery that has opened up new possibilities for the study of gravitation
1994
for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter; for the development of neutron spectroscopy
1994
for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scattering techniques for studies of condensed matter; for the development of the neutron diffraction technique
1995
for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics; for the discovery of the tau lepton
1995
for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics; for the detection of the neutrino
1996
for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3
1996
for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3
1996
for their discovery of superfluidity in helium-3
1997
for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light
1997
for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light
1997
for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light
1998
for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
1998
for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
1998
for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations
1999
for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics
1999
for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics
2000
for basic work on information and communication technology; for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics
2000
for basic work on information and communication technology; for developing semiconductor heterostructures used in high-speed- and opto-electronics
2000
for basic work on information and communication technology; for his part in the invention of the integrated circuit
2001
for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates
2001
for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates
2001
for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates
2002
for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos
2002
for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, in particular for the detection of cosmic neutrinos
2002
for pioneering contributions to astrophysics, which have led to the discovery of cosmic X-ray sources
2003
for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids
2003
for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids
2003
for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids
2004
for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction
2004
for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction
2004
for the discovery of asymptotic freedom in the theory of the strong interaction
2005
for his contribution to the quantum theory of optical coherence
2005
for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique
2005
for their contributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique
2006
for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation
2006
for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation
2007
for the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance
2007
for the discovery of Giant Magnetoresistance
2008
for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics
2008
for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature
2008
for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature
2009
for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication
2009
for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor
2009
for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor
2010
for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene
2010
for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene
2011
for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae
2011
for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae
2011
for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae
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