China on the AP GovPol Test

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Can you name the terms concerning China for this test?

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DefinitionTerm
Process of bringing government closer to the people
Freedom of speech among party members until decision is made- then all must adhere to it, concentrates power in hands of party elite
All that matters is results; if capitalism works, then so be it. MAIN IDEA: Results over ideals
Emperor is both religious head and elected leader
Rises and falls of dynasties in empirical china
All people should be treated as equals
Ideology of Mao; in order to be a good communist, you must suffer = what doesn't kill you makes you stronger
Letting go/tightening up cycle under Deng Xiaoping's system of socialist central planning with a capitalist market economy - economic reform, democratization, and tightening up by
Migration pattern in China began in the 1990's, a movement from country to city, central and western regions to eastern regions, to more industrial areas
Agriculture, Industry, Science and Military
Caucasians settling in China - Hong Kong translates to gui-lo in Chinese, meaning 'dead ghost man'
Radicals who tried to control China after the death of Mao, they were led by his wife and arrested by the moderate communists, led by Deng Xiaoping, who took over
Connections and relationships
Utopian effort to accelerate China's economic development, led by Mao Zedong
The majority ethnic group in China, with 91% of the population
A sense of entitlement to a job, housing, services, etc.
Took power after Deng Xiaoping, continued more capitalist economy and modernization, helped the economy progress
Dominant political, economic, or social power extended by ruling group
Put into place in the 1980's - major decisions about agricultural production are made by individual farm families rather than the government
Took power after Jiang Zemin, handpicked by Deng Xiaoping, has continued economic modernization and reformation of communism, although has not loosened party control or individual
Premier of China, was the first to follow the constitution and leave office after his two year term in 1998
Mao was forced to retreat from the Nationalists. But Russia held the Nationalist leader's son as a hostage, and Mao was able to escape
The idea that Chinese leaders have a god given right to rule China, prominent under the emperor system
Leader of China that brought many communist reforms, led the Long March and initiated the Great Leap Forward as well as the Cultural Revolution
Based on ideals over results, Mao's take on Marxism-Leninism
political, organizational or leadership method developed by Mao Zedong and the Chinese Communist (CCP) during the Chinese revolution.
DefinitionTerm
Many Chinese peasants living int eh countryside were moved into cities to help with industrialization
What China was called in the Middle Ages, when it was isolated from other nations
Original party during the creation of the Republic of China, joined with the Communists to fight off the warlords, and was then ousted by Mao and the Communists. It is the main par
One of the highest organs of the CCP, approve decisions made by top leaders and showcase policies
A plan to help the 800 million people living in the countryside catch up economically with people in the cities. More rural investment and agricultural subsidies and improved socia
A system of giving political jobs to party elite and loyalists
Private organizations that seek to influence public policies
Refers to the idea that there are two systems, a Communist structure and a national government structure
Parallel system is like the one in the CCP where Congresses represent those who are members of the CCP
Nomenklatura, but for China instead of Russia
Highest Court in Mainland China, consists of 200 members that meet in smaller tribunals to decide cases. It recently took back the authority to have final approval on death sentenc
The highest agency at the national level responsible for both prosecution and investigation in the People's Republic of China
The country's ground, air and naval armed services, there is a draft, but serving is considered an honor. There are strong ties to the CCP.
According to the adopted constitution, the highest organ of state power. It is the legislature, and elects the President and Vice President
A meeting of the CCP to discuss party policies.
The highest organs in the CCP elected by the central committee.
One of the highest organs of the CCP, 198 full and 158 alternate members. It is higher in power than the Party Congress and consists of party leaders from around the country. It me
The highest officials and most powerful people in politics
Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan - rapidly developed cities/nations that industrialized quickly in the 1990s.
Economy has both elements of socialism and capitalism, it is subordinate to government planning and CCP leadership
South Korea's rapid economic and social transformation
Process through which authoritarian governments become more democratic
a body of social science theories predicated on the notion that resources flow from a 'periphery' of poor and inter-developed states to a 'core' of wealthy states, enriching the we
Primary: involves changing natural resources into primary products. secondary: involves those sectors that create a finished, usable product tertiary: producing a service instead o
Purchasing Power Parity Acronym, in China in 2009, it was $7,903,235
Literally, the 3rd leader, being Jiang Zemin.
DefinitionTerm
Literally, the 4th leader, being Hu Jintao
People who occupy positions of authority in communist party states
One of the key bodies in charge of the PLA, they are two organizations run by both the PRC and the CCP and CCMC chair is same person as state PRC CMC chair. This chair is effective
Nationalist party leader who was driven out of china by Mao, and set up a nationalist government on Taiwan (Formosa)
Where agricultural land is taken away from private ownership and organized into large, state –run farms
The CCP's full name, the major party in China
A social philosophy that emphasizes social harmony, righteous behavior towards others and respect towards superiors (helped to create totalitarian state)
The political campaign in 1966- 1976 to stop drift away from socialism. There were purges that rid the country of intellectuals and those who didn’t agree with Maoist ideals.
Chinese term that means unit and is the basic level of social organization and a major means of political control in the communist party-state. It often refers to someone’s workp
the president follows the same laws as blue collar workers→ law is equal for all. However China does not necessarily operated under this rule.
Encourage foreign investments and act as buffer zones for Hong Kong, known as SEZs for short
Original leader of the nationalists who first created the Republic of China in 1912, and tried to unify the country under nationalist rule
The generation of rulers of China (Jiang and Hu) that succeeded Deng and Mao
Non agricultural businesses and factories owned and run by local governments and private entrepreneurs in china’s rural areas- operate according to market forces
The Republic of China (Taiwan) and the People's Republic of China (Mainland)
Premier of the PRC, this position is chosen by the president with approval of National People’s Congress. It is always given to a high standing member of the standing committee
Youth movement of the People's Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by Communist Party of China.
A protégé of Deng who was ousted after the 1989 Tiananmen square massacre because Deng believed him to be too sympathetic to the protesters, he was replaced by Jiang Zemin
Translates traditionally as 'Middle Kingdom,' or as 'central country.'
Capital of China and biggest city in the north, the center of government and the communist party
Spiritual leader of Tibet- has strained relationships with China because Tibet is occupied by China and has been in exile. China has declared that anyone who meets with the Dalai L
a system of beliefs and practices founded in China by Li Hongzhi in 1992. Considered to be a new religious movement by the West, although the Chinese government has declared it a c
A country that is occupied by China, and has been since 1950
The largest minority group within China- muslim- concentrated in Xinjiang province in China (northwest)
Those not part of the power structure/ government, China historically had no civil society, the emperor/ communist party mandated the way the Chinese would live
Local/ lower down organizations are under both the rule of the national government above them and the communist government at their level

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