Miscellaneous / Sec 1A Torts Cases

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mental suffering: doesn't require physical impact, but does require physical manifestation
cannot recover for loss of enjoyment of life w/o cog. awareness
firefighter rule doesn't apply beyond premises liability
mental distress: dillon standard
when statute: private action must be consistent w/ legislative scheme
constructive notice of danger --> negligence
financial harm: no knowledge of particular use, therefore no duty
bring something onto land -->mischief-->you're responsible
knowingly encountering a risk created by D --> secondary assumption of risk
road surface, lack of signs: discretionary act -->liablity
No liability when result would be crushing liability
Common carriers required to exercise reasonable care NOT extraordinary care
Med Mal: national standard > similar localities test
res ipsa to smoke out which doc was negligent
spare tire flew off truck = res ipsa
'shocks the conscious' --> overrule compensatory damages
foreseeability: probable consequences standard
false information --> liable for resulting harm
complex product: use risk/utility
failure to follow industry standard doesn't establish negligence
Chem spill: use negligence, not SL
motorcycle w/ no leg guards --> design defect
no proof of elapsed time --> no constructive notice
established: lawful act + ordinary care = no liability
mental distress: lack of physical manifestation OK; standard: ordinary sensitive person
Dillon standard doesn't apply to mother + kidnapped baby in hospital
bible study group: licensee not invitee
no relationship if far away --> no duty
qualified immunity for govt
fungible product: liability by market share
Applies Birkner test for scope of employment --> vicarious liability
GM design defect, but P was responsible too
legal, but inherently dangerous activity: liable
safety statute = negligence per se; rule of the road doesn't
Jury decides reasonable precautions for crossing train tracks
econ harm: if foreseeable, can recover
No special relationship --> no aff duty
Negligent entrustment = not ok
Baller scientist gets disfigured: high non-pecuniary damages upheld
conscious disregard for others --> punitive damages
extreme event: only reasonable for damages that were foreseeable
state of the art: ex ante approach
No lights on buggy: negligence per se
Falling barrel = res ipsa
B < PL
Therapist has duty to protect threatened victim
FDA requires waning--> exception to learned intermediary doctrine
expert med testimony --> causation
Adequate precautions against foreseeable risks = no liability
police: no duty re: specific threats
products: rejects privity; duty of care to end users
no licensee/invitee distinction: both reasonable care
shift burden for causation to Ds in special cases
punitive: single-digit multiplier
Docs: no comparative negligence for Ps
SL for products
negligent sterilization: limited-recovery rule; but if birth defects, special expenses
Independent contractor: Apparent Auhority --> vicarious liability
Standard of care: get out of car, look/listen for trains
Med experts can testify --> educate jury about med mal res ipsa
Eggshell P rule
econ harm: surrounding businesses can't recover lost profits
causation: must show reasonable certainty for cause
release form for ski resort unenforceable
rape behind untrimmed hedges: not foreseeable
govt employee: ministerial/discretionary distinction
Non-commercial social host has no duty towards 3rd parties injured by drunk minors
drinking buddies --> special relationship; start helping --> special relationship
defective design for autos: compare to other similar models
Suing your parents is OK
warnings: enough to say 'serious injury' don't need to be specific
Duty to protect patrons on commercial prop? Balancing test
Asbestos: physical contact =/= physical impact
danger is obvious and necessary--> assumption of risk
careless + some foreseeable harm = responsible for all resulting harm
Jury should decide if airline is negligent for falling luggage
duty to fetus which will result in a child

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