Just For Fun / AS Computing revision

Random Just For Fun or definition Quiz

Can you name the AS Computing related terms?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

Forced Order
Permanent storage memory not directly connected to the processor; also called backing storage.
A very fast memory location inside the processor or I/O controller.
A register not assigned a specific role by the processor designer. Programmers may use general-purpose registers.
Hypertext Markup Language; the language used to write web pages. It consists of text that defines the content of the page and tags that define how the content should be structured.
Use digital means to generate audio signals resembling instrument sounds of the human voice.
A sequence of printable characters, organised line by line; it can be opened and read in a text editor.
A step or sequence of steps that are repeated until some condition is satisfied or while some condition is satisfied.
A quantity expressed as the number of pixels per row by the number of pixels per column.
A separate addressable area of main memory.
A routine that does not return a value; a procedure call is a statement in it’s own right, not part of an expression.
Handles the details of a particular networking application, e.g. a web browser using HTTP.
Can be one of two possible values, True or False.
The variable inside the routine uses a reference to the source memory location. The reference is the variable passed as a parameter.
A software process that provides a service requested by a client.
When the programmer has made a mistake and the program output is incorrect.
A desired outcome.
The time from the start of one storage device access to the time when the next access can be started.
The output is the inverse of the input.
The number of bits used to represent the colour of a single pixel in a bitmapped image.
Connects networks that use different link layer protocols.
Heading, paragraphs, line breaks, hypertext links, lists and embedded media.
A way of describing an FSM graphically. Each state is represented by a circle and each transition by an arrow labelled with the input that causes the transition plus any output res
A given where it is not immediately obvious how to reach the goal.
An address for a software process.
Adds source and destination IP addresses to packets on their way from the transport layer to the link layer, and removes source and destination IP addresses from packets on their w
The part of the routine that lists the parameters used to pass data into and out of the routine.
The output is true if either or both inputs are true.
The output is true if any input is false.
Breaks a problem into smaller problems that are easier to work on.
The main highway connecting the processor, main memory and I/O controllers; it is made up of a data bus, an address bus and a control bus.
The list of drawing commands that recreate a vector graphic.
Pulse Code Modulation; a process for coding sampled analogue signals by recording the height of each sample in a binary electrical equivalent.
Protects the name or logo used to identify a business or product.
Defines an ordered set of values such as integer, character, Boolean and enumerated types; real numbers are not of ordinal type.
A unique name given to a variable, a procedure, a function, etc.
When a program does not compile because of a syntax error or textual errors.
Uniform Resource Identifier; specifies how to access a resource on the internet.
A number system that uses the digits 0 to 9.
Software that can be used for many different tasks.
A collection of values of the same ordinal type with no associated order.
A routine that is called as part of an expression and returns a value.
A system that does not involve computers.
A variable declared at the beginning of a program and accessible from anywhere in the program.
Electronic/electrical circuits that a computer is assembled from. The platform in which the software executes.
A quantity expressed as the number of dots/pixels per inch or centimetre.
Created when the pixels of an image are mapped to positions in memory that store binary codes representing the colour of each pixel.
An equation that expresses a Boolean output Q in terms of Boolean inputs X,Y,Z, etc., to which one or more Boolean functions, such as OR, AND and NOT, are applied.
A name that identifies one or more IP addresses, e.g. the domain name Microsoft.com represents several IP addresses.
The study of a complex process in order to improve its efficiency.
A unique numeric code corresponding to a location in memory.
Used to challenge assumptions, establish facts and rules and define the boundaries of problem solving.
The process of breaking a problem down through successive steps into smaller problems.
Memory that is directly addressable by the processor.
A table that shows the outcome for a given logical condition.
Consists of sequences of instructions called programs that can be understood and executed by hardware.
A number with a decimal point and a fractional part.
Consecutive steps or groups of steps processed one after another in the order that they arise.
A unique address that identifies a computer or other electronic device on a network.
Record geometric and other information about the objects that make up an image.
A value that does not change throughout the program.
A software process that requests and uses the service provided by a server.
Protects how an invention works or what it does.
A variable declared in a program block and accessible only within the program block.
A high-level programming language based on C++ and developed specifically for Microsoft’s .Net framework.
Universal Serial Bus; allows peripherals to be connected using a standard interface socket.
An electronic circuit that connects to a systems bus and an I/O device; it provides the correct voltages and currents for the system bus and the I/O device.
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory; its contents may be altered but writing is about 100 times slower than reading.
Returns only the whole number part of a division.
A description, independent of any programming language, of a process that achieves some task. It is a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem.
A collection of protocol layers; each layer is responsible for part of the process governed by the stack.
Someone who processes data on behalf of a data controller.
The difference between the original amplitude and it’s sampled value.
The number of signal wires or lines allocated to the bus.
Digital-to-Analogue Converter; converts a digital signal into an equivalent analogue signal.
A set of system objectives.
A high-level programming language that took the language Basic and redefined it to work with Microsoft’s .Net framework.
A set of linked documents associated with a particular person, organisation or topic that is held on a computer system and can be accessed as part of the World Wide Web.
An electrical signal with voltage changes that are abrupt or in discrete steps.
Code that resembles a programming language but that uses less strict syntax to express an algorithm and s independent of any real programming language.
Data that relates to a living individual who can be identified from it.
A self-contained entity that results when a problem is divided into sub problems; each module corresponds to a sub problem.
Random Access Memory; volatile main memory in which the locations can be accessed directly in any order with the same access time for all writing and reading operations.
The part of a machine code instruction that denotes the basic machine operation, e.g. ADD.
The output is true only when all inputs are false.
Protects material, such as literature, art, music, sound recordings, films and broadcasts.
Analyses and executes a high-level program a line at a time.
A hardware unit that sends or receives data or stores data by communicating with the processor and main memory through an I/O controller.
A program must be resident in main memory to be executed; it is processed by fetching machine code instructions in sequence from main memory and executing them, one at a time, in t
Software that displays a web page by rendering the HTML elements.
A group of bytes.
Establishing the limits or rules about what can and cannot be done when solving a problem. These limits are a type of constraint.
An operation that assigns a value to a variable.
Used to select any HTNL element that has a class attribute.
Data that takes the form of discrete values.
The study of natural and artificial information processes.
Software where the owner places restrictions on its use, copying and modification.
The output is true if all inputs are true.
A set of agreed signals, codes and rules for data exchange between systems.
Illegally breaking into a computer system.
An individual who is the subject of personal data.
A variable that is part of a record.
Of a vector graphic object, describes things such as the size, direction, thickness, shading, font size or typeface.
Read-Only Memory; non-volatile main memory that cannot be written to once it is set up.
When the program crashes or gets stuck in a loop.
The smallest addressable area or smallest solid block of colour in an image.
A component of a vector graphic, such as a line, a rectangle or a circle.
Of a processor, the frequency in megahertz or gigahertz at which the processor executes instructions.
A program that runs in a text-based window into which the user types and which displays text output from the computer.
A number system that uses two digits, 0 and 1.
Returns True or False.
One of the concentric rings on a platter of a hard disk.
Data passes both ways at the same time.
Application of control technologies to limit the use of digital media.
Comma-Separated Values files; a text file with one record per line and the fields of each record separated by commas.
Placeholders for variables supplied at call time.
Things that can be used to reach a goal and impose constraints.
A whole number
Translates high level language code into object code. Or. A program that translates source code into executable object code.
The number of digits in a binary word.
The value of the calling code’s variable is copied to the routine’s parameter.
A combination of a host IP address and a port number.
A number system that uses the digits 0 to 9 and the letters A to F.
Shows the effect on the current state of an FSM of particular inputs and any corresponding output.
Software designed to support one specific task.
Without guessing a solution before confirming it.
A whole composed of parts in orderly arrangement.
Fully Qualified Domain Name; it consists of a host ID and domain name.
Measures what can and cannot be computed.
Someone who determines why and how personal data is processed.
Connects networks that use the same link layer protocol.
Sample at a frequency at least twice the rate of the highest frequency in the sampled signal.
Allows the CPU to communicate with peripherals.
A branch of computing that studies the use f computers to perform computational processes normally associated with the human intellect.
A machine that consists of a fixed set of possible states with a set of allowable inputs that change the state and a set of possible outputs.
A document on the World Wide Web written in HTML and displayed in a web browser.
Handles all the physical details of interfacing with the cable including the network interface card and a device driver.
A list of planned tests with their data or referring to a set of test data.
A computer device that is not part of the CPU. It can be external (e.g. mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, memory stick or scanner) or internal, such as a CD-ROM drive.
Analogue-to-Digital Converter; converts an analogue signal into an equivalent digital signal.
A network of computer networks and computers using unique IP addresses and TCP/IP.
Written for a customer’s specific need.
The HTML code to create a web page.
Musical Information Digital Interface; a way of representing the sounds made by an instrument.
The set of a bit patterns or binary codes for the machine operations that a processor has been designed to perform.
The smallest unit of transfer between a computer and a disk; a disk sector.
A check made by a program to see that the data entered is reasonable.
A body of text, graphics, etc., stored in a machine-readable form and structured so that a reader can cross-refer between related items of information.
Translate assembly language program into machine code.
A private computer network used to share information or operations within an organisation.
A sequence of zero or more characters.
A protocol stack for TCP/IP; it has an application layer, a transport layer, a network layer and a link layer.
Updating a program to correct faults or improve features.
A program translated into machine code before it is executed on a digital computer.
A set of parallel wires connecting independent components of a computer system.
Temporary port numbers used by client processes; they lie in the range 49152 to 65535.
Any letter, numeral or symbol in the given character set, such as the ASCII character set.
A system that is unlikely to malfunction.
A decision-making step.
An ordered set of values.
An electronic circuit that performs a Boolean function.
The starting page for a web site; it often has links to other parts of the site.
A selector that is an HTML tag; it targets every instance of an element.
A high-level programming language designed to teach students structured programming.
A+B=(A'.B')' and A.B=(A'+B')'
Something that shows the data entered and the result from the program, e.g. a screenshot.
A system for representing negative numbers.
Pulsed Amplitude Modulation; a process that samples analogue signals at regular time intervals and produces electrical pulses of height proportional to the original signal’s ampl
An initial situation.
Universally known port numbers used by servers; they lie in the range 0 to 1023.
A binary code that a machine can understand and execute.
A subdivision of a track.
Illegally breaking into a computer system; programming in an unstructured way.
An indented, numbered list of steps produced by stepwise refinement.
A client software process initiates a request for a service from a server software process, and the server responds to that request.
An electrical signal that varies in a continuous manner.
A server that translates fully qualified domain names into IP addresses.
A very restricted subset of the English Language.
A binary digit; it can be 0 or 1.
The output is true if either input is true but not if both inputs are true.
Contains mostly unprintable characters.
A register assigned a specific role by the processor designer. Programmers may use some but not all dedicated registers.
A careful step-by-step simulation on paper of how an algorithm would be executed by a computer.
A group of 8 bits.
A location in memory that contains one or more data values.
Data that takes the form of discrete values.
A language that has English-like keywords and commands to express the basic constructs of sequence, selection (decision) and repetition (iteration).
A data structure that groups a number of variables.
Protects how something looks.
A link from one web page to another; a hypertext link.
A named field that appears inside an HTML tag.
A visual effect such as text colour, font size or background colour.
The act or process of calculating or determining something by mathematical, logical or interactive methods.
A table that shows the result of applying the logical function to all possible combinations of inputs.
A description in a programming language of a process that achieves some useful result.
The part of machine code instruction that represents a single item of binary data or the address of a single item of binary data.
Uniform Resource Locator; a URI that identifies a resource by it’s network location.
Squeezes data into a smaller number of bytes than the data would occupy if uncompressed.
May have two discrete possible values, e.g. true or false.

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments


Your Account Isn't Verified!

In order to create a playlist on Sporcle, you need to verify the email address you used during registration. Go to your Sporcle Settings to finish the process.