DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Start codon
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Change in the genetic message
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Copying process that makes mRNA
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Path of information. Central dogma
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Site where the tRNA is released
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Non-coding nucleotides
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Rules that govern genetic translation
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]

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