DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Path of information. Central dogma
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
DefinitionTerm
Start codon
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Site where the tRNA is released
DefinitionTerm
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Rules that govern genetic translation
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Non-coding nucleotides
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
DefinitionTerm
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Change in the genetic message
Copying process that makes mRNA
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide

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Created Nov 7, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, DNA, study