DNA and the Genetic Material

Random Science or biology Quiz

Can you name the DNA related terms?

Quiz not verified by Sporcle

How to Play
Share
Tweet
Embed
DefinitionTerm
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Start codon
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Rules that govern genetic translation
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
DefinitionTerm
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Non-coding nucleotides
Site where the tRNA is released
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
DefinitionTerm
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Change in the genetic message
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Path of information. Central dogma
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Copying process that makes mRNA
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
DefinitionTerm
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA

You're not logged in!

Compare scores with friends on all Sporcle quizzes.
Sign Up with Email
OR
Log In

You Might Also Like...

Show Comments

Extras