DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Change in the genetic message
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Rules that govern genetic translation
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
DefinitionTerm
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Start codon
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Site where the tRNA is released
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
DefinitionTerm
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Non-coding nucleotides
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Path of information. Central dogma
DefinitionTerm
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Copying process that makes mRNA
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin

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Created Nov 7, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, DNA, study