DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Start codon
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Non-coding nucleotides
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Long chains of amino acid subunits
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Copying process that makes mRNA
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Rules that govern genetic translation
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Path of information. Central dogma
Change in the genetic message
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Site where the tRNA is released
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment

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