DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Rules that govern genetic translation
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Start codon
DefinitionTerm
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Change in the genetic message
DefinitionTerm
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Path of information. Central dogma
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
DefinitionTerm
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Site where the tRNA is released
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Non-coding nucleotides
Copying process that makes mRNA
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment

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Created Nov 7, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, DNA, study