DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Change in the genetic message
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
DefinitionTerm
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Site where the tRNA is released
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Start codon
Rules that govern genetic translation
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
DefinitionTerm
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Copying process that makes mRNA
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Non-coding nucleotides
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Path of information. Central dogma
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
DefinitionTerm
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus

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