DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Non-coding nucleotides
Rules that govern genetic translation
Site where the tRNA is released
Copying process that makes mRNA
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
Start codon
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Path of information. Central dogma
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Change in the genetic message
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick

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