DNA and the Genetic Material

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Can you name the DNA related terms?

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DefinitionTerm
Non-coding nucleotides
Copying process that makes mRNA
The enzyme that makes mRNA
Corkscrew or coiled spring shaped. DNA structure suggested by Franklin
Direction by which the leading strand is composed
RNA copy of a gene used in the cell to produce a polypeptide
Stage of gene expression where mRNA molecules are synthesized from genes within the DNA
Genetic alteration of a cell by incorporation of DNA taken through the cell wall
Enzyme that carries out DNA replication
Site where the tRNA is released
Start codon
DefinitionTerm
Pyrimidine base in RNA that replaces Thymine
Enzymes that match amino acids in the cytoplasm with their proper tRNA
Enzyme that unwinds DNA
Mutation that throws the reading of the gene message out of register
New strand that is made in a continuous fashion
Experiment that concluded that the genes that viruses use to specify new viruses are made of DNA and not protein
Copies of genes sent outside the nucleus
Experiment that concluded that DNA is the hereditary material
Stage of gene expression where mRNA is used to direct the production of polypeptides
Site where tRNA first bind to mRNA
Experiment conducted in 1928 that described the process of transformation
DefinitionTerm
Long chains of amino acid subunits
Kind of RNA that binds to the surface of ribosome at the A,P,E binding site
Site where the incoming amino acid of a tRNA forms a peptide bond with the growing polypeptide chain
Path of information. Central dogma
Long chains of nucleotides subunits
Small bases [cytosine, thymine]
Composed of a sugar, a phosphate group, and an organic base
DNA nucleotide sequences encoding amino acid sequences of a polypeptide
Determines which amino acid will attach to a particular tRNA
Three nucleotide sequence on tRNA that is the complementary sequence to one of the 64 codons of the genetic code
New DNA strand that is assembled in segment
DefinitionTerm
Enzyme that covalently bonds nucleotides of new DNA strands after primers have been removed
Change in the genetic message
Mutations that only involve one or few base pairs
Large bases [adenine, guanine]
Currently accepted structure of DNA. Proposed by Watson and Crick
Organelle that uses mRNA to direct the synthesis of a polypeptide
Three nucleotides unit on mRNA read by the ribosome. Codes for a specific amino acid apart from three exceptions
Rules that govern genetic translation

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Created Nov 7, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, DNA, study