Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Understanding language *similar to another area*
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
'Fight or Flight'
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Ridges in brain
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Gap between adjacent neurons
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Inflammation of meninges
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Protects neuron cell bodies
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Grooves in brain
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
The emotional brain
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Nerve Impulse
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Collects hearing data
Conducts impulses away from cell body
'Rest and Digest'
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Breathing Control
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Failure of cerebrum to form
Collects sight data
Junction between two neurons
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation

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