Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
'Fight or Flight'
Nerve Impulse
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Junction between two neurons
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Inflammation of meninges
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Conducts impulses away from cell body
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Ridges in brain
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Gap between adjacent neurons
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Grooves in brain
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
The emotional brain
Collects hearing data
'Rest and Digest'
Breathing Control
Failure of cerebrum to form
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Protects neuron cell bodies
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Collects sight data
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood

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