Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Inflammation of meninges
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Protects neuron cell bodies
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Failure of cerebrum to form
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
'Fight or Flight'
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Ridges in brain
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Breathing Control
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Grooves in brain
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Junction between two neurons
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Nerve Impulse
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Collects sight data
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Gap between adjacent neurons
Collects hearing data
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
'Rest and Digest'
Naming visual imput and understanding language
The emotional brain
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment

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