Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Nerve Impulse
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Ridges in brain
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Collects hearing data
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Failure of cerebrum to form
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Conducts impulses away from cell body
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Junction between two neurons
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
'Rest and Digest'
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Protects neuron cell bodies
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Gap between adjacent neurons
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Grooves in brain
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Collects sight data
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Inflammation of meninges
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Breathing Control
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
'Fight or Flight'
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
The emotional brain

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