Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Breathing Control
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
The emotional brain
Junction between two neurons
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Ridges in brain
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
'Rest and Digest'
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Integrates and evaluates sight data
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Collects sight data
Collects hearing data
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Failure of cerebrum to form
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Nerve Impulse
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Protects neuron cell bodies
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Gap between adjacent neurons
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Grooves in brain
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Conducts impulses toward cell body
'Fight or Flight'
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid

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