Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Collects hearing data
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Gap between adjacent neurons
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
'Fight or Flight'
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Nerve Impulse
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Conducts impulses away from cell body
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Collects sight data
Grooves in brain
Breathing Control
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Ridges in brain
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
The emotional brain
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Protects neuron cell bodies
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Junction between two neurons
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Failure of cerebrum to form
Integrates and evaluates sight data
'Rest and Digest'
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)

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