Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
'Rest and Digest'
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Failure of cerebrum to form
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Grooves in brain
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Ridges in brain
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
'Fight or Flight'
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Breathing Control
Junction between two neurons
Protects neuron cell bodies
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Naming visual imput and understanding language
The emotional brain
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Gap between adjacent neurons
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Collects hearing data
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Collects sight data
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Nerve Impulse
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)

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