Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Breathing Control
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Inflammation of meninges
'Rest and Digest'
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Failure of cerebrum to form
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Conducts impulses toward cell body
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
The emotional brain
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Naming visual imput and understanding language
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
'Fight or Flight'
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Collects hearing data
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Junction between two neurons
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Gap between adjacent neurons
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Protects neuron cell bodies
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Ridges in brain
Grooves in brain
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Collects sight data
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Nerve Impulse
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite

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