Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Collects sight data
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Failure of cerebrum to form
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Inflammation of meninges
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Protects neuron cell bodies
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
'Fight or Flight'
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Junction between two neurons
Ridges in brain
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
The emotional brain
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Grooves in brain
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Collects hearing data
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Gap between adjacent neurons
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Nerve Impulse
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
'Rest and Digest'
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Breathing Control
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex

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