Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Nerve Impulse
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Junction between two neurons
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Ridges in brain
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Breathing Control
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Inflammation of meninges
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
'Fight or Flight'
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Collects hearing data
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Understanding language *similar to another area*
'Rest and Digest'
Grooves in brain
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Gap between adjacent neurons
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Collects sight data
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Helps you physically say what you want to say
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
The emotional brain
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Protects neuron cell bodies
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Failure of cerebrum to form

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