Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Gap between adjacent neurons
'Fight or Flight'
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Ridges in brain
'Rest and Digest'
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Inflammation of meninges
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Collects sight data
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Nerve Impulse
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Protects neuron cell bodies
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Junction between two neurons
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Grooves in brain
Collects hearing data
Breathing Control
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
The emotional brain
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Helps you physically say what you want to say
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Failure of cerebrum to form

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