Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Conducts impulses toward cell body
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Grooves in brain
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
'Rest and Digest'
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Ridges in brain
Collects sight data
Collects hearing data
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Conducts impulses away from cell body
'Fight or Flight'
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Junction between two neurons
Breathing Control
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Inflammation of meninges
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Protects neuron cell bodies
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
The emotional brain
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Failure of cerebrum to form
Nerve Impulse
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Helps you physically say what you want to say
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Gap between adjacent neurons
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data

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