Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
'Fight or Flight'
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Gap between adjacent neurons
'Rest and Digest'
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Protects neuron cell bodies
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Junction between two neurons
Collects sight data
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Nerve Impulse
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Collects hearing data
Failure of cerebrum to form
The emotional brain
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Ridges in brain
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Inflammation of meninges
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Grooves in brain
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Breathing Control
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps

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