Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Protects neuron cell bodies
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Junction between two neurons
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Ridges in brain
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Grooves in brain
Nerve Impulse
Inflammation of meninges
Breathing Control
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
The emotional brain
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
'Rest and Digest'
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Collects sight data
'Fight or Flight'
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Failure of cerebrum to form
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Collects hearing data
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Gap between adjacent neurons
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS

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