Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Ridges in brain
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
'Fight or Flight'
Junction between two neurons
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Protects neuron cell bodies
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Gap between adjacent neurons
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
'Rest and Digest'
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Nerve Impulse
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Collects sight data
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Breathing Control
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Grooves in brain
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
The emotional brain
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Failure of cerebrum to form
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Helps you physically say what you want to say
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Collects hearing data

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