Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Nerve Impulse
Grooves in brain
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Protects neuron cell bodies
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Inflammation of meninges
Failure of cerebrum to form
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
The emotional brain
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Integrates and evaluates sight data
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Gap between adjacent neurons
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Junction between two neurons
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
'Fight or Flight'
Collects hearing data
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Breathing Control
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Collects sight data
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Ridges in brain
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
'Rest and Digest'

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