Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Grooves in brain
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Failure of cerebrum to form
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Inflammation of meninges
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Collects sight data
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
'Fight or Flight'
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Helps you physically say what you want to say
'Rest and Digest'
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Breathing Control
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Gap between adjacent neurons
Protects neuron cell bodies
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Junction between two neurons
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Ridges in brain
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Collects hearing data
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
The emotional brain
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Nerve Impulse
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body

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