Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
'Rest and Digest'
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
'Fight or Flight'
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Collects hearing data
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Failure of cerebrum to form
Nerve Impulse
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Collects sight data
Gap between adjacent neurons
Breathing Control
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Ridges in brain
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Inflammation of meninges
Protects neuron cell bodies
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Grooves in brain
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Conducts impulses away from cell body
I: Na+ ions into neuron
The emotional brain
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Junction between two neurons
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs

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