Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Grooves in brain
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
The emotional brain
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
'Fight or Flight'
Failure of cerebrum to form
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Inflammation of meninges
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
'Rest and Digest'
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Collects sight data
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Nerve Impulse
Junction between two neurons
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Protects neuron cell bodies
Understanding language *similar to another area*
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Ridges in brain
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Collects hearing data
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Breathing Control
Gap between adjacent neurons
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body

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