Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Gap between adjacent neurons
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Ridges in brain
Breathing Control
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
I: Na+ ions into neuron
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Protects neuron cell bodies
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Grooves in brain
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Failure of cerebrum to form
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
'Rest and Digest'
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
The emotional brain
Collects sight data
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Inflammation of meninges
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Junction between two neurons
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Nerve Impulse
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
'Fight or Flight'
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Collects hearing data
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation

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