Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Collects hearing data
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Nerve Impulse
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
The emotional brain
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Junction between two neurons
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Breathing Control
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Grooves in brain
'Rest and Digest'
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Gap between adjacent neurons
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Helps you physically say what you want to say
'Fight or Flight'
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Failure of cerebrum to form
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Ridges in brain
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Inflammation of meninges
Collects sight data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Protects neuron cell bodies
Understanding language *similar to another area*
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord

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