Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
I: Na+ ions into neuron
Gap between adjacent neurons
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Breathing Control
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Collects hearing data
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Integrates and evaluates sight data
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Collects sight data
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
'Fight or Flight'
The emotional brain
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
Protects neuron cell bodies
Ridges in brain
Inflammation of meninges
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Failure of cerebrum to form
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
'Rest and Digest'
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Junction between two neurons
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Understanding language *similar to another area*
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Nerve Impulse
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Grooves in brain
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body

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