Nervous System Test

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Can you name the parts of the Nervous Sytem?

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Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Direct route from a sensory to motor neuron via an interneuron
Regulates body temp, H2O balance; part of limbic system
Rapid, predicatble and involuntary response to stimuli
Coordinates emotional response to pain and regulates rage and aggresion
Collects, integrates, and evaluates taste data
I: Na+ ions into neuron
P: Impulse moves toward cell body (hopping over myelin in PNS)
Conducts impulses away from cell body
Spiderlike phagocyte; disposes of debris
Protects neuron cell bodies
Fluid buildup on the brain due to failure of cerebrospinal fluid drainage
Fiber tracts such as Corpus Callosum
Integrates and evalutates hearing data
Involuntary coordination of body movements; balance; cauliflower-shaped
Plans carrying out complex motor sequences
D: change in polarity of cell membrane
Consists mostly of neuron cell bodies
The emotional brain
Creates new memories; spacial memory, navigation
Gap between adjacent neurons
Collects, integrates, and evaluates smell data
Consists of the brain and spinal cord
Neuromuscular disorder in which voluntary muscles are poorly controlled
Receives and interprets information from sensory receptors
Substance that continues a nerve impulse from an axon to a dendrite
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
R: Na+ and K+ change places VIA Sodium-Potassium pumps
Heart rate; blood pressure; breathing; swallowing; vomiting; not crocodiles
Specialized rough ER in neuron
Reflex centers for vision and hearing
Gaps in myelin sheath along an axon
Breathing Control
Junction between two neurons
Collects sight data
'Fight or Flight'
R: charge on membrane returns to normal when K+ moves out of neuron
Planning action and movement, abstract thought, emotion and judgment
Conducts impulses toward cell body
Cytoskeleton, maintains neuron shape
Pain, Temperature, Meissner corpuscle (touch/texture), Pacinian corpuscle (pressure)
Degenerative disorder of the CNS that impairs the sufferer's motor skills, cognitive processes (pill-rolling tremors)
Digestive organ control, consciousness and sleep cyles
Connects sensory and motor neurons
Star-shaped; braces neurons and controls chemical environment of brain
Result of excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Naming visual imput and understanding language
Connects the Left and Right hemispheres of Cerebrum
Division that carries info FROM body sense organs to CNS
Consists of cranial and spinal nerves
Houses pineal body and choroid plexus to make cerebrospinal fluid
Subdivision that deals with involuntary control of body
Function/DefinitionNervous System PartWhere in the Nervous System
Integrates and evaluates sight data
produces myelin sheath around CNS nerve fibers
Forgetfulness, irritability, difficulty concentrating as aging occurs
Understanding language *similar to another area*
Failure of cerebrum to form
Improper formation of the vertebra, leading to a pinched spinal cord
Inflammation of meninges
Nerve Impulse
Grooves in brain
'Rest and Digest'
Keeps harmful substances from brain through Blood
Golgi Tendon Organ, Muscle spindle, detecting stretch/tension in muscle
3 connective tissue membranes that cover brain and spinal cord
Relay station for sensory impulses and sends them to correct cortex
Watery cushion to protect brain, in subarachnoid space, ventricles, and central canal of spinal cord
Helps you physically say what you want to say
Forms myelin sheath in PNS
Division that carries info TO body tissues/organs from CNS
Subdivision that deals with voluntary/conscious control of body
Sends impulses to skeletal muscles
Collects hearing data
Lines cavities of brain and spinal cord; circulates cerebrospinal fluid
Ridges in brain

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