History Midterm Study Guide

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Born in Nazareth, thought to be the messiah and the son of God, followed by Christians
3rd emperor of Rome, Julio-Claudian, 'Little Boots', made his horse a senator, crazy, assassinated by Praetorian Guard
He put down rebellions in Masada, Finished building the Coliseum
Legendary lawgiver of Sparta
This emperor put down rebellions in the east, he was the emperor during a plague that killed a quarter of the Roman population
Roman governor of Judea at the time of Jesus' crucifixion
Athenian General, negotiated a treaty with Sparta
An independent city-state in Greece
Built Persian empire through conquest
Experienced advisors to consuls, served for life
Guard assign to protect Rome
Carthaginian General during First and Second Punic Wars
Vergil wrote this poem about the story of Aeneas
Caesar's Right hand man, member of second triumvirate, fought war against Octavian
A spanish emperor, the Empire boundaries reached their greatest extent under his reign
Mystery religion influenced by Zoroastrianism, good vs. evil
Someone who seizes power illegally
Poet issued by Augustus to write about the founding of Rome
20 provinces of Persia set up by Darius I
Everybody in these cities died because of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, everything was preserved in ash
Egyptian part of Alexander's Empire was run by this general after Alex's death
Caesar crossed this river, symbolized him taking control of the army, started civil war, 'The die is cast'
King of Lydia, fought Cyrus, and lost
Peace of Rome
Battle between Augustus and Antony, and left Rome with sole and uncontested control of the Mediterranean
Struggle between Patricians and Plebeians
Built an empire through conquest, spanned from Macedonia to India to Egypt
Epic poem about events of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and Achillies, written by Homer
Labyrinth Palace of the Minoans
Tribune, suggested that all Italians have citizenship, murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Large boulders that make up the walls of the palace at Mycenae
Religions that explain mysteries, include Mithraism
Inaccurate accounts of the teaching of Jesus
Accurate historian for the Peloponnesian War
'Et tu, ________?'
Main entrance to Palace at Mycenae
Dictator, started proscription lists, doubled the size of the senate, made Cursus Honorum mandatory, set term limits
19th century Archaeologist, uncovers Minoan Palace
Built by Darius I, 1700 miles long, made a quick route for troops and leads to Persepolis
Island in the Mediterranean once inhabited by the Minoans
Last of Julio-Claudians, Murdered mother and wife, persecuted Christians
Mountain Range Between Northern Italy and Southern Gaul
League dominated by Athens, Athens offered protection from Persia in exchange for money, boats, or soldiers
Another name for the Persian Dynasty
Second emperor of Rome, Became paranoid after murder of his son, held treason trials where guilty until proven innocent
Tribune, limited land allowed per person, ran for reelection and murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Battle where Athens fought Persians on Land, fought with reinforced wings, 26 miles from Athens
A spanish emperor, he ended Roman conquest and instead turned the Empire to defensive, built a wall in Britain, put down revolt in Judea
Illyrian emperor, he stabilized the economy, put a limit on how much you could charge for certain things, and established a tetrarchy
Landmarks in Athens
Cultural crossroads on West coast of Turkey, region where many scholars were from
Region controlled by Carthage, and the by Rome
Mythical survivor at Troy, meets Dido the Queen of Carthage, then Leaves her and finds Rome
Darius' Son, fought against Greeks in the Persian War, accused of Hubris
Assembly of Plebeians
4th emperor of Rome, finished bringing Britain into empire, deified after death
Great Administrator, built royal road and started Satrapies
Heir to Caesar, First emperor of Rome, member of second Triumvirate
Family dynasty of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian
Time of resettling after the Dorian invasion, writing is lost
Scipio Africanus won this battle in North Africa to end the 2nd Punic War
Mythical King of Crete
City founded by Remus and Romulus on Italian Peninsula
19th century German Archaeologist, found site at Mycenae
Egyptian Queen, involved with Caesar and Antony
Last of Roman Kings
Roman poet, wrote 'the founding of the city', glorifies Rome
Christian ritual started by John the Baptist
Interpreter of Apollo at Delphi
War-oriented Civilization on Peloponnesus from 1400 - 1100 BCE
War fought mainly between Athens and Sparta, for Hegemony
Father of History, Father of Lies, documented Persian Wars
Indecipherable writing of the Minoans
Large Peninsula in Southern Greece, Includes Cities such as Sparta, Corith, Argos, and Megalopolis
Absolute Power
Polytheistic following of Roman Gods
Country north of Greece, eventually controlled Greece
First five emperors of Rome, until no heir was left
Remus and Romulus were found by a she-wolf at the bank of this River
He led a slave rebellion against Rome
Latin for 'Our Sea'
Rich upper class families in Rome
Grain producing province
Federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate the use of Military forces against Persia
Myth about King Aegeus' son defeating a half-man half-bull
Region north of Italy, Caesar held military campaigns there
Writer of Oedipus Rex
Nominated during crisis, held power for up to Six Months (or were supposed to)
Annual event in Athens in which citizens vote for the 'most dangerous Athenian', if any one person receives more than 6000 votes, he is exiled for 10 years
Play about a woman who murdered her husband, Jason
Reformer in Athens, codified set of harsh, excessive laws
Popular Tyrant in Athens, diversified the economy, supported public works projects and festivals
Eastern part of Alexander's Empire (Includes Babylon) was run by this general after Alex's death
Poems by Homer about Odysseus
Belief in one God who guides humanity by ethical principles
Enemy of Rome, lost all three Punic Wars
Battle formation in Athens, rows of eight men, as many wide as they could, soldiers wore Hoplite Armour
Twins raised by wolves, then one of them Founds Rome and becomes the first king of Rome
Series of Three Wars between Rome
Ancient Writing deciphered by Michael Ventris
Writer of the Epistles
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus, and Marcus Aurelius
Polis founded by Patron Goddess Athena, the goddess of War
Jesus' Last Passover, gave his blood and flesh
Path of Honor to consulship
Guerilla units that wanted to rebel against Herod
King of Macedonia, defeated Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea
Codified Laws Posted in Forum
Philosopher that believed truth exists, the ideal government was one were the wise lead
A system where the Empire is split into East and West. Both East and West had a ruler, called the 'Augustus'. Both Augustuses picked someone to be in training to become the next ru
War between Troy and Achaeans (Greece)
Reformer in Athens, capped interest, started court of Appeals
Controversial preacher of God, performed baptisms in the Jordan River
Minoan God represents strength, counter to Snake Goddess
Greek Philosopher, started the Lyceum, tutored Alexander the Great
Dominating polis in the Peloponnesian, war oriented
Octavian, Antony, Lepidus
List of all of Augustus' accomplishments
Ten plebeians elected to represent plebeians, were sacrosanct, could veto laws but couldn't propose legislation
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
Refers to a future King of Israel who will rule the united tribes of Israel. Christians believe it to be Jesus Christ
An agreement or pact made with God
Strait that separates Anatolia from Europe
Temple dedicated to all of the Roman Gods and Goddesses, built by Marcus Agrippa
Member of the First Triumvirate, Sent out by senate to fight Caesar after he took control of his army
Julius established outposts here, and Claudius finished bringing it into the Empire
Date of Caesar's Assassination
Battle between King Leonidas of Sparta against Xerxes of Persia, a traitor told Xerxes of a secret mountain pass so the could fight the Spartans on two fronts, Leonidas sacrified h
Fought against Jugurtha, rose to optimate, seven time consul
Athenian General who was a traitor and became a Spartan

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