History Midterm Study Guide

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Writer of the Epistles
Roman governor of Judea at the time of Jesus' crucifixion
Popular Tyrant in Athens, diversified the economy, supported public works projects and festivals
Tribune, suggested that all Italians have citizenship, murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Another name for the Persian Dynasty
City founded by Remus and Romulus on Italian Peninsula
Philosopher that believed truth exists, the ideal government was one were the wise lead
War between Troy and Achaeans (Greece)
Main entrance to Palace at Mycenae
First five emperors of Rome, until no heir was left
Jesus' Last Passover, gave his blood and flesh
Christian ritual started by John the Baptist
Series of Three Wars between Rome
Caesar's Right hand man, member of second triumvirate, fought war against Octavian
Twins raised by wolves, then one of them Founds Rome and becomes the first king of Rome
Battle between King Leonidas of Sparta against Xerxes of Persia, a traitor told Xerxes of a secret mountain pass so the could fight the Spartans on two fronts, Leonidas sacrified h
Someone who seizes power illegally
Mythical survivor at Troy, meets Dido the Queen of Carthage, then Leaves her and finds Rome
Inaccurate accounts of the teaching of Jesus
Egyptian part of Alexander's Empire was run by this general after Alex's death
Landmarks in Athens
Poet issued by Augustus to write about the founding of Rome
Ancient Writing deciphered by Michael Ventris
Assembly of Plebeians
Battle where Athens fought Persians on Land, fought with reinforced wings, 26 miles from Athens
Mythical King of Crete
Mystery religion influenced by Zoroastrianism, good vs. evil
Caesar crossed this river, symbolized him taking control of the army, started civil war, 'The die is cast'
Last of Julio-Claudians, Murdered mother and wife, persecuted Christians
Time of resettling after the Dorian invasion, writing is lost
Federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate the use of Military forces against Persia
Scipio Africanus won this battle in North Africa to end the 2nd Punic War
19th century Archaeologist, uncovers Minoan Palace
Vergil wrote this poem about the story of Aeneas
Large boulders that make up the walls of the palace at Mycenae
Mountain Range Between Northern Italy and Southern Gaul
Religions that explain mysteries, include Mithraism
Play about a woman who murdered her husband, Jason
'Et tu, ________?'
List of all of Augustus' accomplishments
Great Administrator, built royal road and started Satrapies
3rd emperor of Rome, Julio-Claudian, 'Little Boots', made his horse a senator, crazy, assassinated by Praetorian Guard
He led a slave rebellion against Rome
Minoan God represents strength, counter to Snake Goddess
Family dynasty of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian
Region north of Italy, Caesar held military campaigns there
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
Member of the First Triumvirate, Sent out by senate to fight Caesar after he took control of his army
Interpreter of Apollo at Delphi
Fought against Jugurtha, rose to optimate, seven time consul
Built by Darius I, 1700 miles long, made a quick route for troops and leads to Persepolis
Carthaginian General during First and Second Punic Wars
Illyrian emperor, he stabilized the economy, put a limit on how much you could charge for certain things, and established a tetrarchy
An agreement or pact made with God
4th emperor of Rome, finished bringing Britain into empire, deified after death
Enemy of Rome, lost all three Punic Wars
Poems by Homer about Odysseus
Myth about King Aegeus' son defeating a half-man half-bull
Eastern part of Alexander's Empire (Includes Babylon) was run by this general after Alex's death
War fought mainly between Athens and Sparta, for Hegemony
Temple dedicated to all of the Roman Gods and Goddesses, built by Marcus Agrippa
Tribune, limited land allowed per person, ran for reelection and murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Built Persian empire through conquest
Controversial preacher of God, performed baptisms in the Jordan River
Struggle between Patricians and Plebeians
League dominated by Athens, Athens offered protection from Persia in exchange for money, boats, or soldiers
Absolute Power
Polytheistic following of Roman Gods
Egyptian Queen, involved with Caesar and Antony
Dominating polis in the Peloponnesian, war oriented
Reformer in Athens, codified set of harsh, excessive laws
Built an empire through conquest, spanned from Macedonia to India to Egypt
A spanish emperor, he ended Roman conquest and instead turned the Empire to defensive, built a wall in Britain, put down revolt in Judea
Everybody in these cities died because of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, everything was preserved in ash
Annual event in Athens in which citizens vote for the 'most dangerous Athenian', if any one person receives more than 6000 votes, he is exiled for 10 years
Reformer in Athens, capped interest, started court of Appeals
Epic poem about events of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and Achillies, written by Homer
Battle formation in Athens, rows of eight men, as many wide as they could, soldiers wore Hoplite Armour
Refers to a future King of Israel who will rule the united tribes of Israel. Christians believe it to be Jesus Christ
Julius established outposts here, and Claudius finished bringing it into the Empire
Indecipherable writing of the Minoans
Writer of Oedipus Rex
Greek Philosopher, started the Lyceum, tutored Alexander the Great
Date of Caesar's Assassination
Athenian General who was a traitor and became a Spartan
Cultural crossroads on West coast of Turkey, region where many scholars were from
20 provinces of Persia set up by Darius I
Athenian General, negotiated a treaty with Sparta
Large Peninsula in Southern Greece, Includes Cities such as Sparta, Corith, Argos, and Megalopolis
War-oriented Civilization on Peloponnesus from 1400 - 1100 BCE
Remus and Romulus were found by a she-wolf at the bank of this River
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus, and Marcus Aurelius
A spanish emperor, the Empire boundaries reached their greatest extent under his reign
Belief in one God who guides humanity by ethical principles
Guerilla units that wanted to rebel against Herod
Region controlled by Carthage, and the by Rome
Accurate historian for the Peloponnesian War
Peace of Rome
An independent city-state in Greece
He put down rebellions in Masada, Finished building the Coliseum
Legendary lawgiver of Sparta
Strait that separates Anatolia from Europe
19th century German Archaeologist, found site at Mycenae
Heir to Caesar, First emperor of Rome, member of second Triumvirate
Second emperor of Rome, Became paranoid after murder of his son, held treason trials where guilty until proven innocent
Dictator, started proscription lists, doubled the size of the senate, made Cursus Honorum mandatory, set term limits
Codified Laws Posted in Forum
King of Macedonia, defeated Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea
Rich upper class families in Rome
Nominated during crisis, held power for up to Six Months (or were supposed to)
Latin for 'Our Sea'
This emperor put down rebellions in the east, he was the emperor during a plague that killed a quarter of the Roman population
Guard assign to protect Rome
Roman poet, wrote 'the founding of the city', glorifies Rome
Darius' Son, fought against Greeks in the Persian War, accused of Hubris
Labyrinth Palace of the Minoans
King of Lydia, fought Cyrus, and lost
Path of Honor to consulship
Last of Roman Kings
Island in the Mediterranean once inhabited by the Minoans
Country north of Greece, eventually controlled Greece
Grain producing province
Born in Nazareth, thought to be the messiah and the son of God, followed by Christians
Ten plebeians elected to represent plebeians, were sacrosanct, could veto laws but couldn't propose legislation
Battle between Augustus and Antony, and left Rome with sole and uncontested control of the Mediterranean
Polis founded by Patron Goddess Athena, the goddess of War
A system where the Empire is split into East and West. Both East and West had a ruler, called the 'Augustus'. Both Augustuses picked someone to be in training to become the next ru
Experienced advisors to consuls, served for life
Octavian, Antony, Lepidus
Father of History, Father of Lies, documented Persian Wars

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