History Midterm Study Guide

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Labyrinth Palace of the Minoans
Built an empire through conquest, spanned from Macedonia to India to Egypt
Belief in one God who guides humanity by ethical principles
Interpreter of Apollo at Delphi
Caesar, Pompey, Crassus
King of Lydia, fought Cyrus, and lost
List of all of Augustus' accomplishments
Greek Philosopher, started the Lyceum, tutored Alexander the Great
Carthaginian General during First and Second Punic Wars
Egyptian part of Alexander's Empire was run by this general after Alex's death
Vergil wrote this poem about the story of Aeneas
Polis founded by Patron Goddess Athena, the goddess of War
Julius established outposts here, and Claudius finished bringing it into the Empire
Athenian General who was a traitor and became a Spartan
Annual event in Athens in which citizens vote for the 'most dangerous Athenian', if any one person receives more than 6000 votes, he is exiled for 10 years
First five emperors of Rome, until no heir was left
Egyptian Queen, involved with Caesar and Antony
Great Administrator, built royal road and started Satrapies
Mythical survivor at Troy, meets Dido the Queen of Carthage, then Leaves her and finds Rome
City founded by Remus and Romulus on Italian Peninsula
Legendary lawgiver of Sparta
Guard assign to protect Rome
Philosopher that believed truth exists, the ideal government was one were the wise lead
Second emperor of Rome, Became paranoid after murder of his son, held treason trials where guilty until proven innocent
Battle formation in Athens, rows of eight men, as many wide as they could, soldiers wore Hoplite Armour
Controversial preacher of God, performed baptisms in the Jordan River
Guerilla units that wanted to rebel against Herod
Heir to Caesar, First emperor of Rome, member of second Triumvirate
Last of Roman Kings
Accurate historian for the Peloponnesian War
Indecipherable writing of the Minoans
Rich upper class families in Rome
Temple dedicated to all of the Roman Gods and Goddesses, built by Marcus Agrippa
Roman poet, wrote 'the founding of the city', glorifies Rome
King of Macedonia, defeated Athens and Thebes at the Battle of Chaeronea
Grain producing province
Experienced advisors to consuls, served for life
3rd emperor of Rome, Julio-Claudian, 'Little Boots', made his horse a senator, crazy, assassinated by Praetorian Guard
Assembly of Plebeians
Religions that explain mysteries, include Mithraism
Mountain Range Between Northern Italy and Southern Gaul
Myth about King Aegeus' son defeating a half-man half-bull
Enemy of Rome, lost all three Punic Wars
Mythical King of Crete
Path of Honor to consulship
Main entrance to Palace at Mycenae
Minoan God represents strength, counter to Snake Goddess
Remus and Romulus were found by a she-wolf at the bank of this River
A spanish emperor, the Empire boundaries reached their greatest extent under his reign
Poet issued by Augustus to write about the founding of Rome
Strait that separates Anatolia from Europe
Tribune, limited land allowed per person, ran for reelection and murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Father of History, Father of Lies, documented Persian Wars
Darius' Son, fought against Greeks in the Persian War, accused of Hubris
Writer of Oedipus Rex
A system where the Empire is split into East and West. Both East and West had a ruler, called the 'Augustus'. Both Augustuses picked someone to be in training to become the next ru
Cultural crossroads on West coast of Turkey, region where many scholars were from
Epic poem about events of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and Achillies, written by Homer
Ten plebeians elected to represent plebeians, were sacrosanct, could veto laws but couldn't propose legislation
Last of Julio-Claudians, Murdered mother and wife, persecuted Christians
War fought mainly between Athens and Sparta, for Hegemony
Series of Three Wars between Rome
He put down rebellions in Masada, Finished building the Coliseum
Christian ritual started by John the Baptist
19th century Archaeologist, uncovers Minoan Palace
Island in the Mediterranean once inhabited by the Minoans
Landmarks in Athens
Nominated during crisis, held power for up to Six Months (or were supposed to)
Dominating polis in the Peloponnesian, war oriented
Member of the First Triumvirate, Sent out by senate to fight Caesar after he took control of his army
War between Troy and Achaeans (Greece)
Roman governor of Judea at the time of Jesus' crucifixion
Dictator, started proscription lists, doubled the size of the senate, made Cursus Honorum mandatory, set term limits
Absolute Power
He led a slave rebellion against Rome
Caesar crossed this river, symbolized him taking control of the army, started civil war, 'The die is cast'
Country north of Greece, eventually controlled Greece
Born in Nazareth, thought to be the messiah and the son of God, followed by Christians
Someone who seizes power illegally
Popular Tyrant in Athens, diversified the economy, supported public works projects and festivals
Region north of Italy, Caesar held military campaigns there
Family dynasty of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian
Twins raised by wolves, then one of them Founds Rome and becomes the first king of Rome
Large boulders that make up the walls of the palace at Mycenae
Everybody in these cities died because of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, everything was preserved in ash
Poems by Homer about Odysseus
Scipio Africanus won this battle in North Africa to end the 2nd Punic War
Federation of Greek states created by Philip II of Macedon after the Battle of Chaeronea, to facilitate the use of Military forces against Persia
Built by Darius I, 1700 miles long, made a quick route for troops and leads to Persepolis
Built Persian empire through conquest
Codified Laws Posted in Forum
Refers to a future King of Israel who will rule the united tribes of Israel. Christians believe it to be Jesus Christ
League dominated by Athens, Athens offered protection from Persia in exchange for money, boats, or soldiers
Reformer in Athens, capped interest, started court of Appeals
A spanish emperor, he ended Roman conquest and instead turned the Empire to defensive, built a wall in Britain, put down revolt in Judea
Play about a woman who murdered her husband, Jason
Another name for the Persian Dynasty
Caesar's Right hand man, member of second triumvirate, fought war against Octavian
Date of Caesar's Assassination
20 provinces of Persia set up by Darius I
'Et tu, ________?'
Mystery religion influenced by Zoroastrianism, good vs. evil
Time of resettling after the Dorian invasion, writing is lost
An independent city-state in Greece
Athenian General, negotiated a treaty with Sparta
Tribune, suggested that all Italians have citizenship, murdered by Pontifex Maximus
Battle where Athens fought Persians on Land, fought with reinforced wings, 26 miles from Athens
This emperor put down rebellions in the east, he was the emperor during a plague that killed a quarter of the Roman population
Region controlled by Carthage, and the by Rome
Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus, and Marcus Aurelius
4th emperor of Rome, finished bringing Britain into empire, deified after death
Writer of the Epistles
Struggle between Patricians and Plebeians
Fought against Jugurtha, rose to optimate, seven time consul
Reformer in Athens, codified set of harsh, excessive laws
Illyrian emperor, he stabilized the economy, put a limit on how much you could charge for certain things, and established a tetrarchy
Latin for 'Our Sea'
Polytheistic following of Roman Gods
An agreement or pact made with God
Ancient Writing deciphered by Michael Ventris
Large Peninsula in Southern Greece, Includes Cities such as Sparta, Corith, Argos, and Megalopolis
Jesus' Last Passover, gave his blood and flesh
Octavian, Antony, Lepidus
Eastern part of Alexander's Empire (Includes Babylon) was run by this general after Alex's death
Peace of Rome
Inaccurate accounts of the teaching of Jesus
Battle between King Leonidas of Sparta against Xerxes of Persia, a traitor told Xerxes of a secret mountain pass so the could fight the Spartans on two fronts, Leonidas sacrified h
War-oriented Civilization on Peloponnesus from 1400 - 1100 BCE
19th century German Archaeologist, found site at Mycenae
Battle between Augustus and Antony, and left Rome with sole and uncontested control of the Mediterranean

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