Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Where RNA is made
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Site of Protein Synthesis
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Cells with no Nucleus
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nuclear Division
DefinitionTerm
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Way to Increase a sample size
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Subunit of Proteins
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Subunit of Lipids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Cytoplasmic Division
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Unraveling of an Enzyme
The process of splitting glucose
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
DNA wound around histones
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Modifies and packages proteins
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Bond that holds amino acids
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids

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