Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Subunit of Proteins
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Modifies and packages proteins
Nuclear Division
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Site of Protein Synthesis
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Where RNA is made
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
DefinitionTerm
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Carbohydrate
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Cells with no Nucleus
The process of splitting glucose
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Bond that holds amino acids
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Unraveling of an Enzyme
DNA wound around histones
Type of reaction where energy is released
Subunit of Lipids
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Way to Increase a sample size
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell

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