Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Modifies and packages proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Type of reaction where energy is released
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Makes and Transports Liquids
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
DefinitionTerm
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Site of Protein Synthesis
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Bond that holds amino acids
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Cells with no Nucleus
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Subunit of Lipids
Where RNA is made
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nuclear Division
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Organelle used in process of mitosis
DefinitionTerm
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cytoplasmic Division
Subunit of Proteins
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
DNA wound around histones
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
The process of splitting glucose
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Way to Increase a sample size
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term