Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Cells with no Nucleus
Subunit of Lipids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Subunit of Proteins
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cytoplasmic Division
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Way to Increase a sample size
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
DefinitionTerm
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Makes and Transports Liquids
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Type of reaction where energy is released
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
DNA wound around histones
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
DefinitionTerm
The process of splitting glucose
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Where RNA is made
Nuclear Division
Bond that holds amino acids

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term