Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cells with no Nucleus
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Site of Protein Synthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
DNA wound around histones
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Cytoplasmic Division
Subunit of Lipids
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Modifies and packages proteins
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Type of reaction where energy is released
Subunit of Proteins
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Where RNA is made
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Organelle used in process of mitosis
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
The process of splitting glucose
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Bond that holds amino acids
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Makes and Transports Liquids
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Nuclear Division
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute

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