Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cytoplasmic Division
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Nuclear Division
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Cells with no Nucleus
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
DefinitionTerm
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Makes and Transports Liquids
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Site of Protein Synthesis
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Modifies and packages proteins
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
DefinitionTerm
Where RNA is made
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Subunit of Proteins
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
DNA wound around histones
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
The process of splitting glucose
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Subunit of Lipids
Bond that holds amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Way to Increase a sample size
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs

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