Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Modifies and packages proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
The process of splitting glucose
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
DefinitionTerm
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Cells with no Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Bond that holds amino acids
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Unraveling of an Enzyme
DNA wound around histones
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Way to Increase a sample size
Site of Protein Synthesis
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Cytoplasmic Division
Subunit of Proteins
Where RNA is made
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
DefinitionTerm
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Nuclear Division
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Type of reaction where energy is released
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Subunit of Lipids
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term