Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Proteins
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is released
Way to Increase a sample size
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Makes and Transports Liquids
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
DNA wound around histones
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Where RNA is made
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cells with no Nucleus
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
The process of splitting glucose
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Bond that holds amino acids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nuclear Division
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Subunit of Lipids
Site of Protein Synthesis
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Cytoplasmic Division

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term