Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
The process of splitting glucose
Where RNA is made
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Subunit of Proteins
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Site of Protein Synthesis
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Subunit of Carbohydrate
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Bond that holds amino acids
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Way to Increase a sample size
Type of reaction where energy is released
DNA wound around histones
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Nuclear Division
Makes and Transports Liquids
Cells with no Nucleus
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Subunit of Lipids
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term