Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Variable that is measured in an experiment
Nuclear Division
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Way to Increase a sample size
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Where RNA is made
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Makes and Transports Liquids
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Cells with no Nucleus
DNA wound around histones
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Bond that holds amino acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Site of Protein Synthesis
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Subunit of Lipids
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Modifies and packages proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Unraveling of an Enzyme
The process of splitting glucose
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Cytoplasmic Division
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Type of reaction where energy is released

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term