Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Bond that holds amino acids
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Makes and Transports Liquids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
False Belief that life can come from non-life
DefinitionTerm
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Modifies and packages proteins
Site of Protein Synthesis
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Cells with no Nucleus
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Way to Increase a sample size
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Variable that is measured in an experiment
DefinitionTerm
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Subunit of Lipids
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nuclear Division
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
DNA wound around histones
The process of splitting glucose
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Subunit of Proteins
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Where RNA is made
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place

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