Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
DNA wound around histones
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Cells with no Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
DefinitionTerm
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Subunit of Lipids
The process of splitting glucose
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Bond that holds amino acids
Makes and Transports Liquids
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
DefinitionTerm
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Site of Protein Synthesis
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Subunit of Proteins
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Way to Increase a sample size
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nuclear Division
Where RNA is made

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