Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Site of Protein Synthesis
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Proteins
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Subunit of Lipids
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
DefinitionTerm
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Where RNA is made
Way to Increase a sample size
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nuclear Division
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DNA wound around histones
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Modifies and packages proteins
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
DefinitionTerm
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Makes and Transports Liquids
Bond that holds amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is released
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Variable that is measured in an experiment
The process of splitting glucose
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Cells with no Nucleus

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term