Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Cytoplasmic Division
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Modifies and packages proteins
Way to Increase a sample size
Bond that holds amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Subunit of Proteins
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
DNA wound around histones
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
False Belief that life can come from non-life
DefinitionTerm
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Site of Protein Synthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Subunit of Lipids
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
The process of splitting glucose
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Cells with no Nucleus
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Nuclear Division
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
DefinitionTerm
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Where RNA is made
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Makes and Transports Liquids
Unraveling of an Enzyme

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term