Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Lipids
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nuclear Division
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
The process of splitting glucose
Cells with no Nucleus
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Bond that holds amino acids
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Subunit of Proteins
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Variable that is measured in an experiment
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Site of Protein Synthesis
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
DefinitionTerm
DNA wound around histones
Where RNA is made
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Type of reaction where energy is released
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Way to Increase a sample size
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Makes and Transports Liquids
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term