Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Where RNA is made
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
DNA wound around histones
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Bond that holds amino acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
DefinitionTerm
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cytoplasmic Division
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Modifies and packages proteins
Makes and Transports Liquids
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way to Increase a sample size
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
The process of splitting glucose
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
DefinitionTerm
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Type of reaction where energy is released
Cells with no Nucleus
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Nuclear Division
Subunit of Lipids
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Site of Protein Synthesis
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term