Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Subunit of Proteins
DNA wound around histones
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Modifies and packages proteins
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Makes and Transports Liquids
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is released
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Way to Increase a sample size
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Cytoplasmic Division
Nuclear Division
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Where RNA is made
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
The process of splitting glucose
Bond that holds amino acids
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Subunit of Lipids
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term