Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Cells with no Nucleus
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Subunit of Lipids
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Where RNA is made
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Subunit of Proteins
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Bond that holds amino acids
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
The process of splitting glucose
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
DNA wound around histones
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Nuclear Division
Site of Protein Synthesis
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
DefinitionTerm
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Type of reaction where energy is released
Way to Increase a sample size
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Makes and Transports Liquids
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Modifies and packages proteins
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term