Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Subunit of Lipids
Way to Increase a sample size
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Site of Protein Synthesis
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
DNA wound around histones
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Subunit of Proteins
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Type of reaction where energy is released
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Cytoplasmic Division
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Modifies and packages proteins
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Makes and Transports Liquids
Bond that holds amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Cells with no Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nuclear Division
Where RNA is made
The process of splitting glucose
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll

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