Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Way to Increase a sample size
The process of splitting glucose
Type of reaction where energy is released
Makes and Transports Liquids
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Bond that holds amino acids
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nuclear Division
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
DefinitionTerm
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Subunit of Lipids
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Site of Protein Synthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Where RNA is made
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Modifies and packages proteins
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
DNA wound around histones
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
DefinitionTerm
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Subunit of Proteins
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active

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