Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Cells with no Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Where RNA is made
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Cytoplasmic Division
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nuclear Division
Subunit of Lipids
The process of splitting glucose
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Bond that holds amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Modifies and packages proteins
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Type of reaction where energy is released
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Subunit of Proteins
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
DNA wound around histones
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term