Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Subunit of Proteins
Site of Protein Synthesis
Where RNA is made
The process of splitting glucose
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Bond that holds amino acids
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Cytoplasmic Division
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
DefinitionTerm
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Subunit of Lipids
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
DNA wound around histones
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Modifies and packages proteins
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Cells with no Nucleus
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nuclear Division
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Type of reaction where energy is released
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Way to Increase a sample size
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Makes and Transports Liquids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell

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