Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of splitting glucose
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Type of reaction where energy is released
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
DNA wound around histones
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Subunit of Proteins
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Bond that holds amino acids
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nuclear Division
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Subunit of Lipids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Modifies and packages proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Where RNA is made
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Cells with no Nucleus
Makes and Transports Liquids
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell

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