Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Modifies and packages proteins
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
The process of splitting glucose
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Makes and Transports Liquids
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Subunit of Lipids
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Where RNA is made
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Bond that holds amino acids
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Cells with no Nucleus
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
DefinitionTerm
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DNA wound around histones
Nuclear Division
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Subunit of Proteins
Cytoplasmic Division
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Site of Protein Synthesis
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term