Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Cells with no Nucleus
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Makes and Transports Liquids
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Site of Protein Synthesis
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Modifies and packages proteins
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Bond that holds amino acids
DNA wound around histones
DefinitionTerm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Where RNA is made
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
The process of splitting glucose
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Cytoplasmic Division
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Amino acids in a chain - not active
DefinitionTerm
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Subunit of Lipids
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nuclear Division
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Type of reaction where energy is inputed

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term