Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Subunit of Proteins
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Type of reaction where energy is released
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Cells with no Nucleus
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Nuclear Division
Way to Increase a sample size
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Variable that is measured in an experiment
DefinitionTerm
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
DNA wound around histones
Modifies and packages proteins
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Where RNA is made
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Site of Protein Synthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Makes and Transports Liquids
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
DefinitionTerm
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Lipids
Bond that holds amino acids
The process of splitting glucose
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Nitrogenous Base 'T'

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term