Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Subunit of Proteins
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Bond that holds amino acids
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Organelle used in process of mitosis
The process of splitting glucose
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Subunit of Lipids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cytoplasmic Division
DNA wound around histones
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Nuclear Division
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Cells with no Nucleus
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Site of Protein Synthesis
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Modifies and packages proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Where RNA is made
Way to Increase a sample size
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Makes and Transports Liquids
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Type of reaction where energy is inputed

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