Science / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Makes and Transports Liquids
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DNA wound around histones
Way to Increase a sample size
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Nuclear Division
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Type of reaction where energy is released
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Cytoplasmic Division
Subunit of Proteins
Site of Protein Synthesis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
The process of splitting glucose
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Cells with no Nucleus
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Bond that holds amino acids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Subunit of Lipids
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Where RNA is made

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