Science / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Cells with no Nucleus
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Cytoplasmic Division
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
The process of splitting glucose
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Bond that holds amino acids
Modifies and packages proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Where RNA is made
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Way to Increase a sample size
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
DefinitionTerm
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Lipids
Type of reaction where energy is released
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
DNA wound around histones
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Nuclear Division
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Site of Protein Synthesis
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy

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