Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Where RNA is made
Subunit of Lipids
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
The process of splitting glucose
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Site of Protein Synthesis
Way to Increase a sample size
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
DefinitionTerm
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is released
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Nuclear Division
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Subunit of Proteins
Bond that holds amino acids
DNA wound around histones
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Modifies and packages proteins
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Nitrogenous Base 'A'

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term