Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Bond that holds amino acids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
DNA wound around histones
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Where RNA is made
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Type of reaction where energy is released
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Organelle used in process of mitosis
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Subunit of Proteins
Subunit of Carbohydrate
DefinitionTerm
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Way to Increase a sample size
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Cells with no Nucleus
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Modifies and packages proteins
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
DefinitionTerm
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
The process of splitting glucose
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Nuclear Division
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Makes and Transports Liquids
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active

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