Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Makes and Transports Liquids
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Cytoplasmic Division
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
DefinitionTerm
Cells with no Nucleus
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Bond that holds amino acids
Modifies and packages proteins
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
The process of splitting glucose
Site of Protein Synthesis
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
DefinitionTerm
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Way to Increase a sample size
Type of reaction where energy is released
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Where RNA is made
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Nuclear Division
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
False Belief that life can come from non-life
DNA wound around histones
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term