Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Way to Increase a sample size
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Amino acids in a chain - not active
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Site of Protein Synthesis
Where RNA is made
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
DefinitionTerm
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
DNA wound around histones
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Makes and Transports Liquids
Bond that holds amino acids
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nuclear Division
Cells with no Nucleus
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Modifies and packages proteins
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
DefinitionTerm
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
The process of splitting glucose
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Subunit of Proteins
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Subunit of Lipids
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term