Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
The process of splitting glucose
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Where RNA is made
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Amino acids in a chain - not active
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Type of reaction where energy is released
Cells with no Nucleus
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Proteins
DNA wound around histones
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Nuclear Division
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Modifies and packages proteins
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Site of Protein Synthesis
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Way to Increase a sample size
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Bond that holds amino acids
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Subunit of Lipids
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide

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