Biology Midterm Study Guide

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An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Makes and Transports Liquids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Type of reaction where energy is released
Site of Protein Synthesis
Subunit of Lipids
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Nuclear Division
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
The process of splitting glucose
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Modifies and packages proteins
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Where RNA is made
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Unraveling of an Enzyme
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Bond that holds amino acids
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
DNA wound around histones
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Way to Increase a sample size
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Subunit of Proteins

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term