Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Bond that holds amino acids
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Makes and Transports Liquids
The process of splitting glucose
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is released
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Subunit of Lipids
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
DefinitionTerm
Where RNA is made
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nuclear Division
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Modifies and packages proteins
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Subunit of Proteins
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
DefinitionTerm
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Way to Increase a sample size
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
DNA wound around histones
Cells with no Nucleus
Site of Protein Synthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term