Science / Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Also try: Pascal's Triangle
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Subunit of Lipids
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Makes and Transports Liquids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Cells with no Nucleus
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Bond that holds amino acids
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Where RNA is made
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Cytoplasmic Division
The process of splitting glucose
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Modifies and packages proteins
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nuclear Division
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Way to Increase a sample size
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Site of Protein Synthesis
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
DNA wound around histones
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Variable that is measured in an experiment

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