Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Nuclear Division
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
The process of splitting glucose
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Makes and Transports Liquids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
DNA wound around histones
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Where RNA is made
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Type of reaction where energy is released
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Cells with no Nucleus
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Proteins
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Cytoplasmic Division
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Bond that holds amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Way to Increase a sample size
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Site of Protein Synthesis
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Modifies and packages proteins

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term