Biology Midterm Study Guide

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The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Nuclear Division
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Site of Protein Synthesis
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
The process of splitting glucose
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
DNA wound around histones
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Way to Increase a sample size
Bond that holds amino acids
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Subunit of Lipids
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Where RNA is made
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Subunit of Proteins
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Makes and Transports Liquids
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Type of reaction where energy is released
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Cells with no Nucleus
Modifies and packages proteins
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge

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