Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Modifies and packages proteins
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Cytoplasmic Division
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Way to Increase a sample size
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Makes and Transports Liquids
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
DefinitionTerm
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Type of reaction where energy is released
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Bond that holds amino acids
Subunit of Lipids
Nuclear Division
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
DefinitionTerm
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Subunit of Proteins
Cells with no Nucleus
False Belief that life can come from non-life
DNA wound around histones
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
The process of splitting glucose
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Where RNA is made
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP

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