Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Makes and Transports Liquids
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
The process of splitting glucose
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Subunit of Lipids
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Site of Protein Synthesis
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Way to Increase a sample size
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Cells with no Nucleus
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DNA wound around histones
Subunit of Proteins
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Where RNA is made
Modifies and packages proteins
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Type of reaction where energy is released
Bond that holds amino acids
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Nuclear Division
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Cytoplasmic Division
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP

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Created Jan 15, 2010ReportNominate
Tags:biology, definition, guide, midterm, study, term