Biology Midterm Study Guide

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Can you name the Biology Midterm Study?

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DefinitionTerm
Makes and Transports Liquids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Cytoplasmic Division
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
DNA wound around histones
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Subunit of Lipids
The process of splitting glucose
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Site of Protein Synthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
DefinitionTerm
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Subunit of Proteins
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
Way to Increase a sample size
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Cells with no Nucleus
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Nuclear Division
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Type of reaction where energy is released
DefinitionTerm
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Bond that holds amino acids
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Where RNA is made
Modifies and packages proteins

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