Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Subunit of Proteins
Site of Protein Synthesis
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Way to Increase a sample size
Makes and Transports Liquids
Bond that holds amino acids
Modifies and packages proteins
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Nuclear Division
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
DefinitionTerm
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Type of reaction where energy is released
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Where RNA is made
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Cells with no Nucleus
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Cytoplasmic Division
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
DefinitionTerm
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
The process of splitting glucose
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Subunit of Lipids
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
DNA wound around histones
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds

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