Biology Midterm Study Guide

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DefinitionTerm
Variable that changes throughout an experiment
Cells with no Nucleus
Phase of mitosis in which sister chromatids are separated and Mitochondria redistribute
Carbon dioxide, water, sunlight, and chlorophyll (more like BOREophyll) are used in this step of photosynthesis
Nitrogenous Base 'A'
Made of Cellulose, serves as structure for support in Cell
Nitrogenous Base 'T'
DNA wound around histones
Cell part that contains digestive enzymes
Site of Protein Synthesis
Base - Base held together by these types of bonds
Where RNA is made
The process of Cellular Respiration which results in releasing Carbon Dioxide
Stores food and water, very large in plant cells
Way of separating DNA fragment by size, shape, and charge
The process of splitting glucose
The process of Cellular Respiration which produces 34 ATP
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes uncoil, nuclear membrane reappears, nucleoli reappear, centrioles leave poles, and spindle fibers disappear
Two Chromosomes of the same type are called this
Part of Cell Cycle in which Cell does its job
Way to Increase a sample size
Variable that remains the same throughout an experiment
DefinitionTerm
Nuclear Division
Type of reaction where energy is inputed
Has a Phospholipid bilayer and keeps DNA inside of Nucleus
Ships proteins, carries them throughout cell
Amino Acids in multiple globs - active and held by hydrogen bonds
False Belief that life can come from non-life
Proteins that give structure to cell, helps the cell move and holds organelles in place
Movement from low concentration to high concentration, energy is used by cell
Bond that holds amino acids
An anaerobic Alternative to cellular respiration
Series of Membrane channels to transport cell products (such as proteins)
Organelle used in process of mitosis
Subunit of Lipids
Modifies and packages proteins
Subunit of Carbohydrate
Type of reaction where energy is released
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes become fully coiled and visible, nuclear membrane disappears, nucleoli disappear, centrioles go to poles, and spindle fibers form
Belief that life comes from pre-existing life
Movement from high concentration to low concentration, no energy is used by cell
Amino acids in a chain - not active
Phase of mitosis in which chromosomes line up at cell's equator and spindle fibers attach
Phosphate - Sugar/Sugar - Base is held together by these types of bonds
DefinitionTerm
Nitrogenous Base 'G'
Variable that is measured in an experiment
Energy added to enzyme in order to make work
Part of Protein Synthesis where DNA message is copied into mRNA language
Openings allow RNA out of nucleus to cytoplasm
Amino acids in a twisted chain - not active
Subunit of Proteins
Conversion of Radiant energy to Chemical energy
Double membrane organelle that contains chlorophyll
Amino Acids in a globbed, twisted chain - active
Unraveling of an Enzyme
Stage of Cell Cycle where DNA replication occurs
Double membrane organelle that converts glucose into usable ATP energy
Nitrogenous Base 'C'
Selectively permeable barrier, decides what enters and leaves the cell
Part of Protein Synthesis where mRNA codons are converted into amino acids
Nitrogenous Base 'U'
Subunit of Nucleic Acids
Makes and Transports Liquids
Cytoplasmic Division
Oxygen and Glucose are made in this step of photosynthesis
Holds and protects DNA and controls cell functions

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