A successful rebellion against the harsh previous dynasty brought about the birth of this dynasty. This dynasty was the first to implement confucian principles to rule. The regoin under thhis dynasty was centralized around the capital of Chang'an as the power of nibility was taken away. Its numerous cultural achievements, such as an increase in education, are a product of the Silk Road trade.
771 B.C. - 221 B.C.
This dynasty was the result of a previous dynasty being pushed east by northern barbarians. The emperors of this dynasty steadily lost power to strengthening feudal lords. The dynasty's capital was located in Loyang. It saw the development of the 100 schools of thought and many other diverse philosophies.
1369 A.D. - 1644 A.D.
This specific dynasty greatly expanded its rule into Mongolia and Central Asia. It also constructed more parts of the great wall. This dynasty had a complex bureaucracy based on the tipartite division. Religiously, Buddhsim broke apart into sects while Taoism lost influence at court. Neo-Confucianism filled this gap. During this time, the Yellow river again becomes the centerpoint of the dynasty. One highlight of this dynasty is its desire to explore which is exemplified by Yongle's voyages.
316 A.D. - 581 A.D.
This was a period of disunity during which numerous dynasties ruled. Dynasties included the Northern Wei, Northern Qi, Western Wei, Eastern Wei and the Chen. Buddhism fluorished in the North because confucian nobles migrated south and peasants stayed and adopted buddhism.
1127 A.D. - 1279 A.D.
During this period, this dynasty's economy shifts from the Yellow to the Yangtze river due to the Grand Canal. In regard to foreign policy, this dynasty was constantly paying tribute to the norther Jurchen people, and the dynasty's capital had to be moved east from Chang'an to Kaifeng.
1600 B.C. - 1046 B.C.
The first capital of this dynasty was located at Zhengzhou and its second capital was located at Anyang. Ritual, divination, and sacrifice were major parts of this dynasty's culture
916 A.D. - 1125 A.D.
One of the less known dynasties in China, the Khitan people to the north established this dynasty. The dynasty's domain mainly included Manchuria and Mongolia, It was eventually destoryed by the Jurchen people of Manchuria. This dynasty's most revolutionary characteristic was the division of its empire into northern and southern chancelleries. The northern chancellery was military and comprised mostly of nomadic steppe tribes while the southern chancellery was civil and comprised of Han chinese
1046 B.C. - 771 B.C.
This dynasty first arose in the Wei River Valley where it developed into a military power. The dynasty was the first to use the concept of 'mandate of heaven'. It started building walls to protect form invaders. Its capital was located at Xi'an.
960 A.D. - 1127 A.D.
In the very beginning, this dynasty's capital moves from Chang'an to Kaifeng. It is constantly pressured by Jurchen people to the north into paying tribute. It is the first dynasty to use paper money and also the first dynasty to establish a navy. It uses its navy to protect its trade interests in waters of East Asia.
221 B.C. - 206 B.C.
The short life of this dynasty was due to its harsh legalistic philosophy. It pioneered the use of cavalry in the far east and had great military power because of this. The dynasty had few cultural achievements but it did manage to standardize many aspects of society; including money. The dynasty built walls to the north to protect from invaders, but internal revolts brought its fall. It was the first dynasty to establish a loose bureaucracy based upon a tripartite divison.
9 A.D. - 23 A.D.
A very short lived dynasty which was founded by its sole emperor, Wang Mang. Wang Mang came to power as he allied with wealthy nobles to overthrow the previous rule. The dynasty fell due to the work of a secret society of peasants called the Red Eyebrows.
265 A.D. - 316 A.D.
This dynasty had its capital at Luoyang. It launched attacks against, and defeated, the Wu kingdom. After defeating the Wu kingdom, people sold their weapons becasue there was no longer fear of invasion. Huns eventually invaded and forced the dynasty to move. There was significant progress made in astronomy and medicine, and during this time, Buddhism began to spread throughout the region.
2100 B.C. - 1800 B.C.
Fairly recent archaeological evidence just proved the existence of this dynasty. It was the first dynasty described in the ancient historical text 'Records of the Grand Historian'.
25 A.D. - 220 A.D.
Millions of people died fighting for this dynasty to be formed. It was socially successful becuse the death of the nobles in the fighting left land open for the peasants. This dynasty was centralized and selected members of the bureaucracy using the civil service examination. It's capital was located in Chang'an.
581 A.D. - 618 A.D.
The capital of this dynasty was moved to Chang'an from the south. The dynasty's greatest accomplishment was the construction of the grand canal which connected the Yellow and Yangtze rivers. Culturally, Buddhism and Taoism were the dominant philosophies at the time.
618 A.D. - 907 A.D.
This was one of the most prosperous and long-lived dynasties. In terms of foreign affairs, it pacified northern nomads and took control of large territories such as Tibet. Culturally, Buddhism is at its strongest during this time and Buddhist monasteries spring up everywhere. Economically, the silk road was revived after the era of six dynasties. The downfall of this dynasty came when it allied with the Uighur nomads to the north which allowed for the Kirghiz nomads to overthrow it. It was the first dynasty to use gunpowder. After its collapse, a 53 year period of disunion ensued.
316 A.D. - 420 A.D.
The capital of this dynasty moved to Jiankang after attacks from external nomads. The dynasty barely survived for 104 years through numerous revolts and rebellions. Overall, the dynasty was weak and produced no significant cultural achievements. It ended with the abdication of its emperor.
1644 A.D. - 1911 A.D.
The last dynasty witnessed great prosperity at the beginning under emperors Kangxi and Qianlong, but the dynasty soon degraded. Its original capital was in Shengjing and but it later moved to Beijing. The Manchu rule was disliked by the han chinese majority. In addition, the dynasty failed to adapt and modernize when the west came in.
1231 A.D. -1368 A.D.
This dynasty was comprised of mongol rulers who resided in the capital at Khanbaliq. It revived the civil service examination and attempted to make it more equal. Since mongols controlled a majority of Eurasia at the time, the Silk Road fluorished under this dynasty. Although its rulers were tolerant, this dynasty ended due to factionalism, corruption, and a large peasant revolt.
The shortest-lived dynasty was founded in Xi'an. Its sole emperor, Li Zicheng was the leader of a great peasant rebellion. Li called himself king, but he was too weak to stop the Manchus who had crossed the border and eventually established themselves as the new dynasty.
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